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[TSV] Novial etymology in Swadesh list
me FE me
vu F vous (sg.)
lo F il, lui | -o male
nus F nous | -s pl.
vus F vous | -s pl.
los lo + -s pl.
disi E this, D dieser
ti E that, R то (to), L iste; -i adj.
hir E here, D hier
dar D da, dort, E there
que F qui | -e common
quum F quoi
vor E where, D wo
quand F quand
quam L quam → H cuan
non F non
omni L omnis
multi L multus
kelki F quelque
poki HI poco, F peu
altri L alter → F autre, H otro, I altro
un F un
du L duo → F deux, H dos, I due
tri E three, L trēs → F trois
quar L quar- (E quarter, quartet)
sink H cinco
grandi F grand
longi FE long, D lang
larji F large (not E large: grandi)
gros F gros
grav F grave
mikri micro-
kurti F court, D kurz
angusti D eng
tenu F tenu, E tenuous
fema F femme (E female) | -a female
viro L vir | -o male
home H hombre, F homme, E human | -e common
infante E infant, F enfant | -e common
marita F mari, I marito | -a female
marito F mari, I marito | -o male
matra L māter/mātris → F mère, HI madre | -a female
patro L pater/patris → F père, HI padre | -o male
animale EF animal
fishe E fish, D Fisch
fogle D Vogel
hunde D Hund, E hound
lause D Laus, E louse
serpente EF serpent
verme L vermis → F ver, HI verme | E worm, D Wurm
arbre F arbre
foreste E forest, F forêt, D Forst
bastone F bâton
frukte D Frucht, FE fruit
seme F semence, D Same(n)
folie L folium → F feuille
radike FE radical, E radix
kortise I cortice, FE cortex
flore L flōs/flōris → F fleur
gasone F gazon
korde L chorda → FE cord, chord
pele L pellis → F peau, D Pelle
karne L carō/carnis → F chair, HI carne
sange F sang
ose F os
grasi F gras
ove L ōvum → F œuf, H huevo, I uovo
korne F corne, E horn, D Horn
kaude L cauda → F queue, H cola, I coda
plume F plume
hare D Haar, E hair
kape L caput, D Kopf ← L cūpa
orele F oreille, D Ohr, E ear
okule L oculus → F œil, H óculo, I oculo
nase D Nase, E nose, F nez
boke H boca, I bocca, F bouche
dente F dent (E dental)
lange F langue
ungle L ungula → F ongle, H uña, I unghia
pede L pēs/pedis → F pied, I piede, H pie (E pedal)
gambe I gamba, F jambe
genu L genū → F genou | E knee, D Knie (Grimm's law)
manu L manus → F main, HI mano (E manual)
ale L āla → F aile
ventre F ventre
intestines E intestines, F intestins
kole L collum → F cou, H cuello, I collo
dorse L dorsum → F dos, HI dorso
pektore L pectus/pectoris → F poitrine, H pecho, I petto
kordie L cor/cordis → F cœur, I cuore | E heart, D Herz (Grimm's law)
hepate E hepatic, F hépatique, H hepático
drinka E drink, D trinken
manja F manger
morda F mordre
suka E suck, F sucer, D saugen.
sputa L spūtāre → H esputar (E sputum)
vomi F vomir, E vomit, D vomieren
sufla L sufflāre → F souffler, H soplar, I soffiare
spira L spīrāre → H espirar (F respirer)
rida L rīdēre → F rire, H reír, I ridere (E ridiculous)
vida L vidēre → F voir, H ver, I vedere (E video)
audi L audīre → F ouïr, H oír, I udire (E audio)
sava F savoir
pensa F penser
flara F flairer (E fragrance)
tima L timēre → H temer, I temere (E timid)
dormi F dormir (E dormitory)
viva F vivre (E revival)
mori L morior → F mourir (E mortal)
tua F tuer
kombata FE combat
chasa F chasser, E chase
frapa F frapper
seka L secāre → F scier, H segar
fenda F fendre
pika F piquer (E pick)
grata F gratter (E grate)
fosa L fossāre
svima E swim, D schwimmen
vola F voler
marcha F marcher, E march, D marschieren
veni F venir | P.I.E. *gwem- → E come, D kommen
lia E lie, D liegen
sida E sit, D sitzen, L sedēre → F seoir
stea D stehen, E stand
rota E rotate
fala E fall, D fallen
dona F donner (E donor)
tena F tenir (E maintain)
klema D (zusammen)klemmen
frota F frotter → D frottieren
lava F laver (E lavatory)
visha D wischen
tira F tirer
shova E shove, D schieben
jeta F jeter
liga F liguer (F lier; F ligue, E league, D Liga)
suta FE suture
konta F compter (E computer)
dikte F dicter, E dictate
kanta L cantāre → E chanter (F chanson)
plea E play
flota F flotter, E float
flua F fluer (E fluent, fluid)
frosta E frost
infla E inflate, F enfler
sune E sun, D Sonne
lune F lune
stele L stella → F étoile, H estrella | E star, D Stern
aque L aqua → F eau, H agua, I acqua
pluve L pluvia → F pluie, H lluvia, I pioggia
fluvie L fluvius → F fleuve
lage HI lago, F lac (not related to E lake)
mare L mare → F mer, H mar (E marine) | D Meer
sale L sāl → F sel, I sale | E salt, D Salz
petre L petra → F pierre, H piedra, I pietra (E petroleum)
sande E sand, D Sand
polve H polvo, I polvere, F poudre
tere F terre
nube HI nube, F nue
neble D Nebel | L nebula
siele F ciel
vente F vent | E wind, D Wind
nive L nix/nivis → F neige, H nieve, I neve
glasie L glaciēs → F glace, H ghiaccio
fume F fumée
faire E fire, D Feuer
sindre E cinder, F cendre
brula F brûler
strade I strada, H estrada | E street, D Straße
monte F mont, E mount
red E red, D rot
verdi HI verde, F vert
gelbi D gelb | E yellow
blanki F blanc (E blank)
nigri L niger/nigra/nigrum → F noir, HI negro
nokte L nox/noctis → F nuit, H noche, I notte | E night, D Nacht
jorne F journée, I giorno
yare E year, D Jahr
varm ED warm
koldi E cold, D kalt
plen F plein
nov L novus → F nouveau, neuf, H nuevo, I nuovo | E new, D neu
old E old, D alt
bon F bon
mal F mal (E malice, malady)
putrit F putride, E putrid
sordid F sordide, E sordid
rekt H recto, I retto
rond F rond, E round, D rund
akut D akut, E acute, F aigu
obtus F obtus, E obtuse
glati D glatt
dessik des + sik
sik L siccus → F sec, H seco, I secco
justi F juste, E just
proxim L proximus → H próximo, I prossimo
ferni D fern, E far
dextri L dexter/dextra/dextrum → H diestro, I destro
lefti E left
che F chez
in ED in, F en
kun L cum → HI con
e F et
si F si
pro ke H por qué, I perché, F pourquoi
nome F nom, E name, D Name
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