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ValidateXmlFile: a powershell script for validating XML
function ValidateXmlFile {
param ([string]$xmlFile = $(read-host "Please specify the path to the Xml file"))
$xmlFile = resolve-path $xmlFile
"Validating $xmlFile using the schemas locations specified in it"
# The validating reader silently fails to catch any problems if the schema locations aren't set up properly
# So attempt to get to the right place....
pushd (Split-Path $xmlFile)
try {
$ns = @{xsi=''}
# of course, if it's not well formed, it will barf here. Then we've also found a problem
# use * in the XPath because not all files begin with Configuration any more. We'll still
# assume the location is on the root element
$locationAttr = Select-Xml -Path $xmlFile -Namespace $ns -XPath */@xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation
if ($locationAttr -eq $null) {throw "Can't find schema location attribute. This ain't gonna work"}
$schemaLocation = resolve-path $locationAttr.Path
if ($schemaLocation -eq $null)
throw "Can't find schema at location specified in Xml file. Bailing"
$settings = new-object System.Xml.XmlReaderSettings
$settings.ValidationType = [System.Xml.ValidationType]::Schema
$settings.ValidationFlags = $settings.ValidationFlags `
-bor [System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchemaValidationFlags]::ProcessSchemaLocation
$handler = [System.Xml.Schema.ValidationEventHandler] {
$args = $_ # entering new block so copy $_
switch ($args.Severity) {
Error {
# Exception is an XmlSchemaException
Write-Host "ERROR: line $($args.Exception.LineNumber)" -nonewline
Write-Host " position $($args.Exception.LinePosition)"
Write-Host $args.Message
Warning {
# So far, everything that has caused the handler to fire, has caused an Error...
# So this /might/ be unreachable
Write-Host "Warning:: " + $args.Message
$reader = [System.Xml.XmlReader]::Create($xmlfile, $settings)
catch {
finally {
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