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@JinnLynn /taobao.py
Last active Apr 24, 2017

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淘宝消费情况统计
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""淘宝消费情况统计
使用方法:
python taobao.py -u USERNAME -p PASSWORD -s START-DATE -e END-DATE --verbose
所有参数均可选,如:
python taobao.py -u jinnlynn
统计用户jinnlynn所有订单的情况
python taobao.py -s 2014-12-12 -e 2014-12-12
统计用户(用户名在命令执行时会要求输入)在2014-12-12当天的订单情况
python taobao.py --verbose
统计并输出订单明细
Copyright (c) 2014 JinnLynn <eatfishlin@gmail.com>
Released under the terms of the MIT license.
"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals, print_function, absolute_import, division
import urllib
import urllib2
import urlparse
import cookielib
import re
import sys
import os
import json
import subprocess
import argparse
import platform
from getpass import getpass
from datetime import datetime
from pprint import pprint
try:
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
except ImportError:
sys.exit('BeautifulSoup4 missing.')
__version__ = '1.0.0'
__author__ = 'JinnLynn'
__copyright__ = 'Copyright (c) 2014 JinnLynn'
__license__ = 'The MIT License'
HEADERS = {
'x-requestted-with': 'XMLHttpRequest',
'Accept-Language': 'zh-cn',
'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip, deflate',
'ContentType': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; chartset=UTF-8',
'Cache-Control': 'no-cache',
'User-Agent' :'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_9_5) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/40.0.2214.38 Safari/537.36',
'Connection' : 'Keep-Alive'
}
DEFAULT_POST_DATA = {
'TPL_username' : '', #用户名
'TPL_password' : '', #密码
'TPL_checkcode' : '',
'need_check_code' : 'false',
'callback' : '0', # 有值返回JSON
}
# 无效订单状态
INVALID_ORDER_STATES = [
'CREATE_CLOSED_OF_TAOBAO', # 取消
'TRADE_CLOSED', # 订单关闭
]
LOGIN_URL = 'https://login.taobao.com/member/login.jhtml'
RAW_IMPUT_ENCODING = 'gbk' if platform.system() == 'Windows' else 'utf-8'
def _request(url, data, method='POST'):
if data:
data = urllib.urlencode(data)
if method == 'GET':
if data:
url = '{}?{}'.format(url, data)
data = None
# print(url)
# print(data)
req = urllib2.Request(url, data, HEADERS)
return urllib2.urlopen(req)
def stdout_cr(msg=''):
sys.stdout.write('\r{:10}'.format(' '))
sys.stdout.write('\r{}'.format(msg))
sys.stdout.flush()
def get(url, data=None):
return _request(url, data, method='GET')
def post(url, data=None):
return _request(url, data, method='POST')
def login_post(data):
login_data = DEFAULT_POST_DATA
login_data.update(data)
res = post(LOGIN_URL, login_data)
return json.load(res, encoding='gbk')
def login(usr, pwd):
data = {
'TPL_username' : usr.encode('utf-8' if platform.system() == 'Windows' else 'GB18030'),
'TPL_password' : pwd
}
# 1. 尝试登录
ret = login_post(data)
while not ret.get('state', False):
code = ret.get('data', {}).get('code', 0)
if code == 3425 or code == 1000:
print('INFO: {}'.format(ret.get('message')))
check_code = checkcode(ret.get('data', {}).get('ccurl'))
data.update({'TPL_checkcode' : check_code, 'need_check_code' : 'true'})
ret = login_post(data)
else:
sys.exit('ERROR. code: {}, message:{}'.format(code, ret.get('message', '')))
token = ret.get('data', {}).get('token')
print('LOGIN SUCCESS. token: {}'.format(token))
# 2. 重定向
# 2.1 st值
res = get('https://passport.alipay.com/mini_apply_st.js', {
'site' : '0',
'token' : token,
'callback' : 'stCallback4'})
content = res.read()
st = re.search(r'"st":"(\S*)"( |})', content).group(1)
# 2.1 重定向
get('http://login.taobao.com/member/vst.htm',
{'st' : st, 'TPL_uesrname' : usr.encode('GB18030')})
def checkcode(url):
filename, _ = urllib.urlretrieve(url)
if not filename.endswith('.jpg'):
old_fn = filename
filename = '{}.jpg'.format(filename)
os.rename(old_fn, filename)
if platform.system() == 'Darwin':
# mac 下直接preview打开
subprocess.call(['open', filename])
elif platform.system() == 'Windows':
# windows 执行文件用默认程序打开
subprocess.call(filename, shell=True)
else:
# 其它系统 输出文件名
print('打开该文件获取验证码: {}'.format(filename))
return raw_input('输入验证码: '.encode(RAW_IMPUT_ENCODING))
def parse_bought_list(start_date=None, end_date=None):
url = 'http://buyer.trade.taobao.com/trade/itemlist/list_bought_items.htm'
# 运费险 增值服务 分段支付(定金,尾款)
extra_service = ['freight-info', 'service-info', 'stage-item']
stdout_cr('working... {:.0%}'.format(0))
# 1. 解析第一页
res = urllib2.urlopen(url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(res.read().decode('gbk'))
# 2. 获取页数相关
page_jump = soup.find('span', id='J_JumpTo')
jump_url = page_jump.attrs['data-url']
url_parts = urlparse.urlparse(jump_url)
query_data = dict(urlparse.parse_qsl(url_parts.query))
total_pages = int(query_data['tPage'])
# 解析
orders = []
cur_page = 1
out_date = False
errors = []
while True:
bought_items = soup.find_all('tbody', attrs={'data-orderid' : True})
# pprint(len(bought_items))
count = 0
for item in bought_items:
count += 1
# pprint('{}.{}'.format(cur_page, count))
try:
info = {}
# 订单在页面上的位置 页数.排序号
info['pos'] = '{}.{}'.format(cur_page, count)
info['orderid'] = item.attrs['data-orderid']
info['status'] = item.attrs['data-status']
# 店铺
node = item.select('tr.order-hd a.shopname')
if not node:
# 店铺不存在,可能是赠送彩票订单,忽略
# print('ignore')
continue
info['shop_name'] = node[0].attrs['title'].strip()
info['shop_url'] = node[0].attrs['href']
# 日期
node = item.select('tr.order-hd span.dealtime')[0]
info['date'] = datetime.strptime(node.attrs['title'], '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M')
if end_date and info['date'].toordinal() > end_date.toordinal():
continue
if start_date and info['date'].toordinal() < start_date.toordinal():
out_date = True
break
# 宝贝
baobei = []
node = item.find_all('tr', class_='order-bd')
# pprint(len(node))
for n in node:
try:
bb = {}
if [True for ex in extra_service if ex in n.attrs['class']]:
# 额外服务处理
# print('额外服务处理')
name_node = n.find('td', class_='baobei')
# 宝贝地址
bb['name'] = name_node.text.strip()
bb['url'] = ''
bb['spec'] = ''
# 宝贝快照
bb['snapshot'] = ''
# 宝贝价格
bb['price'] = 0.0
# 宝贝数量
bb['quantity'] = 1
bb['is_goods'] = False
try:
bb['url'] = name_node.find('a').attrs['href']
bb['price'] = float(n.find('td', class_='price').text)
except:
pass
else:
name_node = n.select('p.baobei-name a')
# 宝贝地址
bb['name'] = name_node[0].text.strip()
bb['url'] = name_node[0].attrs['href']
# 宝贝快照
bb['snapshot'] = ''
if len(name_node) > 1:
bb['snapshot'] = name_node[1].attrs['href']
# 宝贝规格
bb['spec'] = n.select('.spec')[0].text.strip()
# 宝贝价格
bb['price'] = float(n.find('td', class_='price').attrs['title'])
# 宝贝数量
bb['quantity'] = int(n.find('td', class_='quantity').attrs['title'])
bb['is_goods'] = True
baobei.append(bb)
# 尝试获取实付款
# 实付款所在的节点可能跨越多个tr的td
amount_node = n.select('td.amount em.real-price')
if amount_node:
info['amount'] = float(amount_node[0].text)
except Exception as e:
errors.append({
'type' : 'baobei',
'id' : '{}.{}'.format(cur_page, count),
'node' : '{}'.format(n),
'error' : '{}'.format(e)
})
except Exception as e:
errors.append({
'type' : 'order',
'id' : '{}.{}'.format(cur_page, count),
'node' : '{}'.format(item),
'error' : '{}'.format(e)
})
info['baobei'] = baobei
orders.append(info)
stdout_cr('working... {:.0%}'.format(cur_page / total_pages))
# 下一页
cur_page += 1
if cur_page > total_pages or out_date:
break
query_data.update({'pageNum' : cur_page})
page_url = '{}?{}'.format(url, urllib.urlencode(query_data))
res = urllib2.urlopen(page_url)
soup = BeautifulSoup(res.read().decode('gbk'))
stdout_cr()
if errors:
print('INFO. 有错误发生,统计结果可能不准确。')
# pprint(errors)
return orders
def output(orders, start_date, end_date):
amount = 0.0
org_amount = 0
baobei_count = 0
order_count = 0
invaild_order_count = 0
for order in orders:
if order['status'] in INVALID_ORDER_STATES:
invaild_order_count += 1
continue
amount += order['amount']
order_count += 1
for baobei in order.get('baobei', []):
if not baobei['is_goods']:
continue
org_amount += baobei['price'] * baobei['quantity']
baobei_count += baobei['quantity']
print('{:<9} {}'.format('累计消费:', amount))
print('{:<9} {}/{}'.format('订单/宝贝:', order_count, baobei_count))
if invaild_order_count:
print('{:<9} {} (退货或取消等, 不在上述订单之内)'.format('无效订单:', invaild_order_count))
print('{:<7} {}'.format('宝贝原始总价:', org_amount))
print('{:<7} {:.2f}'.format('宝贝平均单价:', 0 if baobei_count == 0 else org_amount / baobei_count))
print('{:<9} {} ({:.2%})'.format('节约了(?):',
org_amount - amount,
0 if org_amount == 0 else (org_amount - amount) / org_amount))
from_date = start_date if start_date else orders[-1]['date']
to_date = end_date if end_date else datetime.now()
print('{:<9} {:%Y-%m-%d} - {:%Y-%m-%d}'.format('统计区间:', from_date, to_date))
if not start_date:
print('{:<9} {:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M}'.format('败家始于:', orders[-1]['date']))
def ouput_orders(orders):
print('所有订单:')
if not orders:
print(' --')
return
for order in orders:
print(' {:-^20}'.format('-'))
print(' * 订单号: {orderid} 实付款: {amount} 店铺: {shop_name} 时间: {date:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M}'.format(**order))
for bb in order['baobei']:
if not bb['is_goods']:
continue
print(' - {name}'.format(**bb))
if bb['spec']:
print(' {spec}'.format(**bb))
print(' {price} X {quantity}'.format(**bb))
def main():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
prog='python {}'.format(__file__)
)
parser.add_argument('-u', '--username', help='淘宝用户名')
parser.add_argument('-p', '--password', help='淘宝密码')
parser.add_argument('-s', '--start', help='起始时间,可选, 格式如: 2014-11-11')
parser.add_argument('-e', '--end', help='结束时间,可选, 格式如: 2014-11-11')
parser.add_argument('--verbose', action='store_true', default=False, help='订单详细输出')
parser.add_argument('-v', '--version', action='version',
version='v{}'.format(__version__), help='版本号')
args = parser.parse_args()
usr = args.username
if not usr:
usr = raw_input('输入淘宝用户名: '.encode(RAW_IMPUT_ENCODING))
usr = usr.decode('utf-8') # 中文输入问题
pwd = args.password
if not pwd:
if platform.system() == 'Windows':
# Windows下中文输出有问题
pwd = getpass()
else:
pwd = getpass('输入淘宝密码: '.encode('utf-8'))
pwd = pwd.decode('utf-8')
verbose = args.verbose
start_date = None
if args.start:
try:
start_date = datetime.strptime(args.start, '%Y-%m-%d')
except Exception as e:
sys.exit('ERROR. {}'.format(e))
end_date = None
if args.end:
try:
end_date = datetime.strptime(args.end, '%Y-%m-%d')
except Exception as e:
sys.exit('ERROR. {}'.format(e))
if start_date and end_date and start_date > end_date:
sys.exit('ERROR, 结束日期必须晚于或等于开始日期')
cj_file = './{}.tmp'.format(usr)
cj = cookielib.LWPCookieJar()
try:
cj.load(cj_file)
except:
pass
opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj), urllib2.HTTPHandler)
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
login(usr, pwd)
try:
cj.save(cj_file)
except:
pass
orders = parse_bought_list(start_date, end_date)
output(orders, start_date, end_date)
# 输出订单明细
if verbose:
ouput_orders(orders)
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
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