ThreadPool Growth: Some Important Details
The CLR ThreadPool has two types of threads - "Worker" and "I/O Completion Port" (aka IOCP) threads.
- Worker threads are used when for things like processing
ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(…)methods. These threads are also used by various components in the CLR when work needs to happen on a background thread.
- IOCP threads are used when asynchronous IO happens (e.g. reading from the network).
The thread pool provides new worker threads or I/O completion threads on demand (without any throttling) until it reaches the "Minimum" setting for each type of thread. By default, the minimum number of threads is set to the number of processors on a system.
Once the number of existing (busy) threads hits the "minimum" number of threads, the ThreadPool will throttle the rate at which is injects new threads to one thread per 500 milliseconds. This means that if your system gets a burst of work needing an IOCP thread, it will proces