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Stupid simple setting up WireGuard - Server and multiple peers
Install WireGuard via whatever package manager you use. For me, I use apt.
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:wireguard/wireguard
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install wireguard
MacOS
$ brew install wireguard-tools
Generate key your key pairs. The key pairs are just that, key pairs. They can be
generated on any device, as long as you keep the private key on the source and
place the public on the destination.
$ wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey
example privatekey - mNb7OIIXTdgW4khM7OFlzJ+UPs7lmcWHV7xjPgakMkQ=
example publickey - 0qRWfQ2ihXSgzUbmHXQ70xOxDd7sZlgjqGSPA9PFuHg=
Take the above private key, and place it in the server. And conversely, put the
public key on the peer. Generate a second key pair, and do the opposite, put the
public on the server and the private on the peer.
On the server, create a conf file - /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf (These are examples,
so use whatever IP ranges and CIDR blocks that will work for your network.
################################
[Interface]
Address = 10.0.0.1/24
DNS = 1.1.1.1
PrivateKey = [ServerPrivateKey]
ListenPort = 51820
PostUp = iptables -A FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -A FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o enp9s0 -j MASQUERADE
PostDown = iptables -D FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -D FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o enp9s0 -j MASQUERADE
[Peer]
#Peer #1
PublicKey = [Peer#1PublicKey]
AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.3/32
[Peer]
#Peer #2
PublicKey = [Peer#2PublicKey]
AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.10/32
[Peer]
#Peer #3
PublicKey = [Peer#3PublicKey]
AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.2/32
[Peer]
#Peer #4
PublicKey = [Peer#4PublicKey]
AllowedIPs = 10.0.0.11/32
##################################
On each client, define a /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf -
###################################
[Interface]
Address = 10.0.0.3/24
PrivateKey = [PrivateKeyPeer#1]
[Peer]
PublicKey = [ServerPublicKey]
Endpoint = some.domain.com:51820
AllowedIPs = 0.0.0.0/0
# This is for if you're behind a NAT and
# want the connection to be kept alive.
PersistentKeepalive = 25
########################################
sudo wg show
#########################################
peer: Peer #1
endpoint: 192.168.2.1:50074
allowed ips: 10.0.0.2/32
latest handshake: 4 minutes, 16 seconds ago
transfer: 57.58 KiB received, 113.32 KiB sent
peer: Peer #2
endpoint: 99.203.28.43:36770
allowed ips: 10.0.0.10/32
latest handshake: 5 minutes, 30 seconds ago
transfer: 92.98 KiB received, 495.89 KiB sent
##################################################
Start/stop interface
wg-quick up wg0
wg-quick down wg0
Start/stop service
$ sudo systemctl stop wg-quick@wg0.service
$ sudo systemctl start wg-quick@wg0.service
Instead of having to modify the file for every client you want to add to the
server you could also use the wg tool instead:
# add peer
wg set wg0 peer <client_pubkey> allowed-ips 10.0.0.x/32
# verify connection
wg
# save to config
wg-quick save wg0
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