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获得方法形参名称列表(Java)
package org.nutz.lang.util;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
/**
* 通过读取Class文件,获得方法形参名称列表
* @author wendal(wendal1985@gmail.com)
*
*/
public class MethodParamNamesScaner {
/**
* 获取Method的形参名称列表
* @param method 需要解析的方法
* @return 形参名称列表,如果没有调试信息,将返回null
*/
public static List<String> getParamNames(Method method) {
try {
int size = method.getParameterTypes().length;
if (size == 0)
return new ArrayList<String>(0);
List<String> list = getParamNames(method.getDeclaringClass()).get(getKey(method));
if (list != null && list.size() != size)
return list.subList(0, size);
return list;
} catch (Throwable e) {
throw new RuntimeException(e);
}
}
/**
* 获取Constructor的形参名称列表
* @param constructor 需要解析的构造函数
* @return 形参名称列表,如果没有调试信息,将返回null
*/
public static List<String> getParamNames(Constructor<?> constructor) {
try {
int size = constructor.getParameterTypes().length;
if (size == 0)
return new ArrayList<String>(0);
List<String> list = getParamNames(constructor.getDeclaringClass()).get(getKey(constructor));
if (list != null && list.size() != size)
return list.subList(0, size);
return list;
} catch (Throwable e) {
throw new RuntimeException(e);
}
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* 获取一个类的所有方法/构造方法的形参名称Map
* @param klass 需要解析的类
* @return 所有方法/构造方法的形参名称Map
* @throws IOException 如果有任何IO异常,不应该有,如果是本地文件,那100%遇到bug了
*/
public static Map<String, List<String>> getParamNames(Class<?> klass) throws IOException {
InputStream in = klass.getResourceAsStream("/" + klass.getName().replace('.', '/') + ".class");
return getParamNames(in);
}
public static Map<String, List<String>> getParamNames(InputStream in) throws IOException {
DataInputStream dis = new DataInputStream(new BufferedInputStream(in));
Map<String, List<String>> names = new HashMap<String, List<String>>();
Map<Integer, String> strs = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
dis.skipBytes(4);//Magic
dis.skipBytes(2);//副版本号
dis.skipBytes(2);//主版本号
//读取常量池
int constant_pool_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
for (int i = 0; i < (constant_pool_count - 1); i++) {
byte flag = dis.readByte();
switch (flag) {
case 7://CONSTANT_Class:
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 9://CONSTANT_Fieldref:
case 10://CONSTANT_Methodref:
case 11://CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref:
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 8://CONSTANT_String:
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 3://CONSTANT_Integer:
case 4://CONSTANT_Float:
dis.skipBytes(4);
break;
case 5://CONSTANT_Long:
case 6://CONSTANT_Double:
dis.skipBytes(8);
i++;//必须跳过一个,这是class文件设计的一个缺陷,历史遗留问题
break;
case 12://CONSTANT_NameAndType:
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 1://CONSTANT_Utf8:
int len = dis.readUnsignedShort();
byte[] data = new byte[len];
dis.read(data);
strs.put(i + 1, new String(data, "UTF-8"));//必然是UTF8的
break;
case 15://CONSTANT_MethodHandle:
dis.skipBytes(1);
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 16://CONSTANT_MethodType:
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
case 18://CONSTANT_InvokeDynamic:
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
break;
default:
throw new RuntimeException("Impossible!! flag="+flag);
}
}
dis.skipBytes(2);//版本控制符
dis.skipBytes(2);//类名
dis.skipBytes(2);//超类
//跳过接口定义
int interfaces_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
dis.skipBytes(2 * interfaces_count);//每个接口数据,是2个字节
//跳过字段定义
int fields_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
for (int i = 0; i < fields_count; i++) {
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
int attributes_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
for (int j = 0; j < attributes_count; j++) {
dis.skipBytes(2);//跳过访问控制符
int attribute_length = dis.readInt();
dis.skipBytes(attribute_length);
}
}
//开始读取方法
int methods_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
for (int i = 0; i < methods_count; i++) {
dis.skipBytes(2); //跳过访问控制符
String methodName = strs.get(dis.readUnsignedShort());
String descriptor = strs.get(dis.readUnsignedShort());
short attributes_count = dis.readShort();
for (int j = 0; j < attributes_count; j++) {
String attrName = strs.get(dis.readUnsignedShort());
int attribute_length = dis.readInt();
if ("Code".equals(attrName)) { //形参只在Code属性中
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
int code_len = dis.readInt();
dis.skipBytes(code_len); //跳过具体代码
int exception_table_length = dis.readUnsignedShort();
dis.skipBytes(8 * exception_table_length); //跳过异常表
int code_attributes_count = dis.readUnsignedShort();
for (int k = 0; k < code_attributes_count; k++) {
int str_index = dis.readUnsignedShort();
String codeAttrName = strs.get(str_index);
int code_attribute_length = dis.readInt();
if ("LocalVariableTable".equals(codeAttrName)) {//形参在LocalVariableTable属性中
int local_variable_table_length = dis.readUnsignedShort();
List<String> varNames = new ArrayList<String>(local_variable_table_length);
for (int l = 0; l < local_variable_table_length; l++) {
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
String varName = strs.get(dis.readUnsignedShort());
dis.skipBytes(2);
dis.skipBytes(2);
if (!"this".equals(varName)) //非静态方法,第一个参数是this
varNames.add(varName);
}
names.put(methodName + "," + descriptor, varNames);
} else
dis.skipBytes(code_attribute_length);
}
} else
dis.skipBytes(attribute_length);
}
}
dis.close();
return names;
}
/**
* 传入Method或Constructor,获取getParamNames方法返回的Map所对应的key
*/
public static String getKey(Object obj) {
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
if (obj instanceof Method) {
sb.append(((Method)obj).getName()).append(',');
getDescriptor(sb, (Method)obj);
} else if (obj instanceof Constructor) {
sb.append("<init>,"); //只有非静态构造方法才能用有方法参数的,而且通过反射API拿不到静态构造方法
getDescriptor(sb, (Constructor<?>)obj);
} else
throw new RuntimeException("Not Method or Constructor!");
return sb.toString();
}
public static void getDescriptor(StringBuilder sb ,Method method){
sb.append('(');
for (Class<?> klass : method.getParameterTypes())
getDescriptor(sb, klass);
sb.append(')');
getDescriptor(sb, method.getReturnType());
}
public static void getDescriptor(StringBuilder sb , Constructor<?> constructor){
sb.append('(');
for (Class<?> klass : constructor.getParameterTypes())
getDescriptor(sb, klass);
sb.append(')');
sb.append('V');
}
/**本方法来源于ow2的asm库的Type类*/
public static void getDescriptor(final StringBuilder buf, final Class<?> c) {
Class<?> d = c;
while (true) {
if (d.isPrimitive()) {
char car;
if (d == Integer.TYPE) {
car = 'I';
} else if (d == Void.TYPE) {
car = 'V';
} else if (d == Boolean.TYPE) {
car = 'Z';
} else if (d == Byte.TYPE) {
car = 'B';
} else if (d == Character.TYPE) {
car = 'C';
} else if (d == Short.TYPE) {
car = 'S';
} else if (d == Double.TYPE) {
car = 'D';
} else if (d == Float.TYPE) {
car = 'F';
} else /* if (d == Long.TYPE) */{
car = 'J';
}
buf.append(car);
return;
} else if (d.isArray()) {
buf.append('[');
d = d.getComponentType();
} else {
buf.append('L');
String name = d.getName();
int len = name.length();
for (int i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
char car = name.charAt(i);
buf.append(car == '.' ? '/' : car);
}
buf.append(';');
return;
}
}
}
}
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