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Last active Nov 30, 2018

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{
"Number theory – (The Hindu) Nov 30, 2018":[
{
"name":"cloud (verb) :",
"meaning":"confuse, muddle, make unclear."
},
{
"name":"slugfest (noun) :",
"meaning":"fight/dispute, fistfighting, commotion/ruckus."
},
{
"name":"backcasting (noun) :",
"meaning":"a method of planning that defines a future, and then works backwards to identify policies to connect that defined future to the present."
},
{
"name":"prone to (adjective) :",
"meaning":"vulnerable, susceptible/liable, at risk of."
},
{
"name":"contestation (noun) :",
"meaning":"fight, confrontation, conflict."
},
{
"name":"outdated (adjective) :",
"meaning":"old, out-of-date, obsolete."
},
{
"name":"subjective (adjective) :",
"meaning":"personal, individual, internal."
},
{
"name":"assumption (noun) :",
"meaning":"supposition, speculation, belief/thought."
},
{
"name":"throw in (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"include, add."
},
{
"name":"precede (verb) :",
"meaning":"go/come before (in time), pave the way for, lead up to."
},
{
"name":"predictably (adverb) :",
"meaning":"in a way that can be anticipated, as expected."
},
{
"name":"set off (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"cause, lead to, start/trigger."
},
{
"name":"storm (noun) :",
"meaning":"argument, commotion; controversy."
},
{
"name":"aggrieved (adjective) :",
"meaning":"distressed, upset, unhappy."
},
{
"name":"come under (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"be subjected to."
},
{
"name":"polarise (verb) :",
"meaning":"separate into two opposing groups."
},
{
"name":"academic (noun) :",
"meaning":"of only theoretical interest; theoretical, conceptual, notional/speculative."
},
{
"name":"insight (noun) :",
"meaning":"explanation/clarification, revelation, understanding."
},
{
"name":"glean (verb) :",
"meaning":"obtain, get, take/gather (with difficulty)."
},
{
"name":"lose sight of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"pay no attention to, fail to consider, be lax about."
},
{
"name":"lose sight of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"pay no attention to, fail to consider, be lax about."
},
{
"name":"decouple (verb) :",
"meaning":"unlink, undo, disengage."
},
{
"name":"going forward (phrase) :",
"meaning":"from now on, in the future."
},
{
"name":"take into account (phrase) :",
"meaning":"consider, respect, regard to."
},
{
"name":"thoroughly (adverb) :",
"meaning":"completely, extensively, carefully."
},
{
"name":"scrutinise (verb) :",
"meaning":"examine carefully, inspect; investigate."
},
{
"name":"convention (noun) :",
"meaning":"protocol, custom/practice, agreement."
},
{
"name":"optics (noun) :",
"meaning":"(typically in a political situation) the way in which an event is recognized by the public."
},
{
"name":"robustness (noun) :",
"meaning":"strength/stability, vitality/substance; soundness."
},
{
"name":"underline (verb) :",
"meaning":"emphasize, highlight, underscore."
},
{
"name":"insurance (noun) :",
"meaning":"protection, defence, safeguard/safety measure."
},
{
"name":"hijack (verb) :",
"meaning":"commandeer, seize/take over, expropriate, confiscate."
}
],
"Cool it – (The Hindu) Nov 30, 2018":[
{
"name":"heatwave (noun) :",
"meaning":"(a long period of) hot weather, hotness, humidity."
},
{
"name":"staggering (adjective) :",
"meaning":"shocking, appalling, surprising/astonishing."
},
{
"name":"curb (verb) :",
"meaning":"control, restrain, contain."
},
{
"name":"greenhouse gas (noun) :",
"meaning":"heat trapping gas; a gas (such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, etc) in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation, causing greenhouse effect and warming of Earth’s temperature."
},
{
"name":"countdown (noun) :",
"meaning":"a period of time leading up to a significant event."
},
{
"name":"implications (noun) :",
"meaning":"consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion."
},
{
"name":"well-being (noun) :",
"meaning":"prosperity, fortune, wealth."
},
{
"name":"at stake (phrase) :",
"meaning":"at risk, at issue, in question."
},
{
"name":"vulnerable (noun) :",
"meaning":"prone to, subject to, susceptible."
},
{
"name":"ambitious (adjective) :",
"meaning":"difficult, exacting, formidable/challenging."
},
{
"name":"cut back (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"reduce, cut, decrease."
},
{
"name":"obligation (noun) :",
"meaning":"condition, requirement; moral imperative/responsibility."
},
{
"name":"climate change (noun) :",
"meaning":"a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth"
},
{
"name":"sustained (adjective) :",
"meaning":"continuous, uninterrupted, constant."
},
{
"name":"renewable energy (noun) :",
"meaning":"energy generated from the natural resources (such as water, wind, solar energy)"
},
{
"name":"photovoltaics (noun) :",
"meaning":"the branch of technology used to generate electricity directly from sunlight by an electronic process naturally occurring in semiconductors."
},
{
"name":"cornerstone (noun) :",
"meaning":"focus/crux, fundamental principle, central component."
},
{
"name":"fossil fuel (noun) :",
"meaning":"non renewable resources (or fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas are formed from the buried /deposited organic materials)."
},
{
"name":"consensus (noun) :",
"meaning":"(general) opinion, view; agreement/concurrence."
},
{
"name":"catastrophe (nun) :",
"meaning":"disaster, calamity,crisis/tragedy."
},
{
"name":"rehabilitation (noun) :",
"meaning":"the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal."
},
{
"name":"underscore (verb) :",
"meaning":"emphasize, highlight, underline."
},
{
"name":"aggravated (adjective) :",
"meaning":"made serious/severe, exacerbated, enraged."
}
],
"Central bank recap – (The Hindu) Nov 29, 2018":[
{
"name":"recap (noun) :",
"meaning":"summary, synopsis, abstract/abridgement."
},
{
"name":"deposition (noun) :",
"meaning":"statement, affirmation, assertion/attestation."
},
{
"name":"detente (noun) :",
"meaning":"restoration of harmony, agreement, compromise/understanding."
},
{
"name":"takeaway (noun) :",
"meaning":"a key point/idea/fact (to be remembered)."
},
{
"name":"over the hump (phrase) :",
"meaning":"on the road to recovery, getting better, making progress (from the difficult/worst part)."
},
{
"name":"non-performing assets (NPAs) (noun) :",
"meaning":"bad loans, troubled accounts, stressed loans; an account where principal and/or interest remains overdue for a period of time."
},
{
"name":"slippage (noun) :",
"meaning":" failure to accomplish/complete a task. Fiscal slippage means the missing fiscal targets in the country’s budget."
},
{
"name":"heap (noun) :",
"meaning":"accumulation, pile, quantity/lot."
},
{
"name":"skeleton in the cupboard/closet (phrase) :",
"meaning":" (embarrassing & unpleasant) things in a person’s past that he/she wants to be (kept) hidden/disclosed."
},
{
"name":"onerous (adjective) :",
"meaning":"arduous, demanding, tough/ formidable."
},
{
"name":"hair-cut (noun) :",
"meaning":"a reduction in the mentioned value of an asset."
},
{
"name":"insolvency (noun) :",
"meaning":"a condition in which the financial difficulties of an individual or organisation are such it is unable to pay its debts."
},
{
"name":"wary (adjective) :",
"meaning":"cautious, careful, circumspect."
},
{
"name":"portfolio (noun) :",
"meaning":"a variety of products or services (investments, shares, bonds)."
},
{
"name":"forge (verb) :",
"meaning":"build, form, create."
},
{
"name":"reserves (noun) :",
"meaning":"funds (resources as stock/reservoir)."
},
{
"name":"nip something in the bud (phrase) :",
"meaning":"obstruct, block, stop."
},
{
"name":"preserve (noun) :",
"meaning":"department, domain, field."
},
{
"name":"gorilla/elephant in the room (phrase) :",
"meaning":"it is mostly used to refer to a serious problem — one which people are aware of, but choose to ignore. They think that if they do not talk about it, the problem will somehow go away."
},
{
"name":"cast a shadow over (phrase) :",
"meaning":"spoil, diminish, let down."
},
{
"name":"tenure (noun) :",
"meaning":"term, period, time (in office)."
}
],
"Dire strait – (The Hindu) Nov 29, 2018":[
{
"name":"dire (adjective) :",
"meaning":"terrible/awful, appalling, distressing."
},
{
"name":"strait (noun) :",
"meaning":"a bad/difficult situation; trouble, crisis."
},
{
"name":"persuade (verb) :",
"meaning":"convince, pressurize/coax, prompt."
},
{
"name":"escalation (noun) :",
"meaning":"growth, rise, increase."
},
{
"name":"flare-up (noun) :",
"meaning":"eruption, outbreak, outburst."
},
{
"name":"martial law (noun) :",
"meaning":"the imposition of direct military control of the usual functions carried out by a government. It is usually introduced for a limited period and often as a reaction to either an emergency, major disaster or invasion. Often they are introduced after a coup or when a popular uprising threatens the established (civilian) order."
},
{
"name":"strait (noun) :",
"meaning":"a narrow passage/channel of water."
},
{
"name":"vessel (noun) :",
"meaning":"boat, ship, yacht."
},
{
"name":"impound (verb) :",
"meaning":"seize, take possession of, confiscate/appropriate."
},
{
"name":"prelude (noun) :",
"meaning":"introduction, beginning, opening move/overture."
},
{
"name":"invasion (noun) :",
"meaning":"attack, strike, offensive."
},
{
"name":"protracted (adjective) :",
"meaning":"prolonged, extended, lengthy."
},
{
"name":"lasting (adjective) :",
"meaning":"permanent, long-term, stable."
},
{
"name":"in sight (phrase) :",
"meaning":"close to being realized."
},
{
"name":"artillery (noun) :",
"meaning":"big guns, heavy weapons, cannons."
},
{
"name":"drag on (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"persist, continue/extend, be protracted."
},
{
"name":"smouldering (adjective) :",
"meaning":"fuming, simmering, festering (suppressed anger)."
},
{
"name":"schism (noun) :",
"meaning":"division, rift, split."
},
{
"name":"in turn (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in succession, successively, sequentially."
},
{
"name":"breakaway (noun) :",
"meaning":" separatist, secessionist, dissenting group."
},
{
"name":"enclave (noun) :",
"meaning":"(a portion of) territory; area, region."
},
{
"name":"skirmish (noun) :",
"meaning":"fight/battle, clash, conflict."
},
{
"name":"de-escalate (verb) :",
"meaning":"reduce, diminish, decrease."
},
{
"name":"rhetoric (noun) :",
"meaning":"bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language."
},
{
"name":"vis-a-vis (preposition) :",
"meaning":"in relation to, with regard to."
},
{
"name":"hardship (noun) :",
"meaning":"trouble, difficulty, problem."
},
{
"name":"sanctions (noun) :",
"meaning":"action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc "
},
{
"name":"confidence-building measures (noun) :",
"meaning":"confidence-building measures (CBMs) are planned procedures to prevent hostilities, to avert escalation, to reduce military tension, and to build mutual trust between countries."
},
{
"name":"advocate (verb) :",
"meaning":"support, champion, uphold."
},
{
"name":"provocation (noun) :",
"meaning":"annoyance, irritation, agitation."
},
{
"name":"erstwhile (adjective) :",
"meaning":"old, previous, former."
},
{
"name":"imperative (noun) :",
"meaning":"condition, factor, requirement."
},
{
"name":"hawk (noun) :",
"meaning":"a person with aggressive policy particularly in financial matters."
},
{
"name":"sagging (adjective) :",
"meaning":"declining, becoming weak."
},
{
"name":"humanitarian (adjective) :",
"meaning":"compassionate, humane, socially concerned."
},
{
"name":"brook (verb) :",
"meaning":"tolerate, allow, bear/withstand (an opposition)."
}
],
"Trail of destruction – (The Hindu) Nov 28, 2018":[
{
"name":"devastation (noun) :",
"meaning":"destruction, havoc, damage."
},
{
"name":"heave (verb) :",
"meaning":"let out, breathe, give/produce (a sigh)."
},
{
"name":"distraught (adjective) :",
"meaning":"very worried, distressed/devastated, upset."
},
{
"name":"lie (verb) :",
"meaning":"be placed, be set, be situated/placed."
},
{
"name":"ruined (adjective) :",
"meaning":"wrecked, devastated, destroyed."
},
{
"name":"contaminated (adjective) :",
"meaning":"polluted, adulterated; spoiled."
},
{
"name":"inaccessible (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unreachable, out of reach, beyond reach."
},
{
"name":"render (verb) :",
"meaning":"make, cause to be/become, leave."
},
{
"name":"cripple (verb) :",
"meaning":"injure, damage, disable."
},
{
"name":"fertile (adjective) :",
"meaning":"(of soil & land) fecund, productive/ high-yielding."
},
{
"name":"livestock (noun) :",
"meaning":"farm animals (cattle, goats & etc)."
},
{
"name":"hobble (verb) :",
"meaning":"restrict/control/limit the activity or development of something."
},
{
"name":"overnight (adverb) :",
"meaning":"immediately, very quickly, instantly."
},
{
"name":"stricken (adjective) :",
"meaning":"affected, afflicted, troubled."
},
{
"name":"moratorium (noun) :",
"meaning":"an authorization to a loan borrower (debtor) allowing temporary postponement of loan repayment; a temporary suspension of something."
},
{
"name":"pauper (noun) :",
"meaning":"poor person, beggar, down and out/destitute."
},
{
"name":"rehabilitation (noun) :",
"meaning":"the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal."
},
{
"name":"mitigation (noun) :",
"meaning":"alleviation, reduction; lessening."
},
{
"name":"horticultural (adjective) :",
"meaning":"related to the farming of fruits, vegetables and flowers."
},
{
"name":"shattered (adjective) :",
"meaning":"shell-shocked, distressed; heartbroken."
},
{
"name":"come up with (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"produce, propose/put forward, submit/recommend."
},
{
"name":"wrought (verb) :",
"meaning":"(old) past and past participle of work. inflict, cause, effect."
}
],
"Breathing space – (The Hindu) Nov 28, 2018":[
{
"name":"breathing space (noun) :",
"meaning":"interval, break/respite, stoppage."
},
{
"name":"gain ground (phrase) :",
"meaning":"make headway, make progress, advance."
},
{
"name":"fortunes (noun) :",
"meaning":"condition, position/status, circumstances."
},
{
"name":"appreciation (noun) :",
"meaning":"increase/rise, gain, growth."
},
{
"name":"tank (verb) :",
"meaning":"fail completely."
},
{
"name":"amid (preposition) :",
"meaning":" in the middle of, surrounded by; during."
},
{
"name":"uptrend (noun) :",
"meaning":"an upward tendency."
},
{
"name":"in tandem (phrase) :",
"meaning":"alongside each other."
},
{
"name":"boom (noun) :",
"meaning":"a period of rapid economic growth."
},
{
"name":"shale (noun) :",
"meaning":" shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock in which natural gas is trapped underground."
},
{
"name":"faltering (adjective) :",
"meaning":"delaying, indecisive/irresolute, fluctuating."
},
{
"name":"macroeconomic (adjective) :",
"meaning":" relating to the branch of economics concerned with large-scale factors (interest rates/national productivity)."
},
{
"name":"current account deficit (noun) :",
"meaning":"the amount by which money relating to trade, investment etc going out of a country is more than the amount coming in."
},
{
"name":"fiscal deficit (noun) :",
"meaning":"the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government."
},
{
"name":"please (verb) :",
"meaning":"satisfy, make happy, cheer up. "
},
{
"name":"run-up to (noun) :",
"meaning":"a period/time before an important event."
},
{
"name":"relieve (verb) :",
"meaning":"alleviate, mitigate, assuage/appease."
},
{
"name":"inflation (noun) :",
"meaning":"increase of price level of goods & services & vice versa decrease of currency value."
},
{
"name":"map (verb) :",
"meaning":"trace out, delineate, survey."
},
{
"name":"lie ahead (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"be going to happen."
},
{
"name":"break-even point (noun) :",
"meaning":"it is the production level where total revenues equals total expenses. The point at which cost or expenses and revenue are equal."
},
{
"name":"anyone’s guess (phrase) :",
"meaning":"unable/tough to predict/decide."
},
{
"name":"capitalise on (verb) :",
"meaning":"take advantage of, exploit, benefit from."
}
],
"Magnificent Mary – (The Hindu) Nov 27, 2018":[
{
"name":"draw (level) (verb) :",
"meaning":"to equalize."
},
{
"name":"Amateur boxing (noun) :",
"meaning":"Amateur boxing practised at the collegiate level and as many as associations (like Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games & etc); The rules of amateur boxing are geared to protect the health and safety of the athlete. Its objective is to win on points by landing more correct scoring blows on the opponent’s target area. Knock-downs do not result in extra points. Amateur athletes compete out of the love of the sport and pride for their province and country. They are not paid to compete. The rules, objectives & other aspects for “professional boxing” can vary significantly."
},
{
"name":"defy the odds (phrase) :",
"meaning":"achieve something considered as impossible."
},
{
"name":"bust (verb) :",
"meaning":"break, overcome, defeat."
},
{
"name":"stereotype (noun) :",
"meaning":"cliché, standard/conventional image; conventional label/tag."
},
{
"name":"hold back (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"prevent, block, thwart/retrain."
},
{
"name":"firm up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"make something resolute/firm, strengthen/reinforce/consolidate."
},
{
"name":"landscape (noun) :",
"meaning":"the distinctive features of a field of activity."
},
{
"name":"determination (noun) :",
"meaning":"resolution, resolve, strength of character."
},
{
"name":"grace (noun) :",
"meaning":"politeness, courtesy, propriety."
},
{
"name":"cement (verb) :",
"meaning":"establish firmly."
},
{
"name":"haul (noun) :",
"meaning":" the number of (medals)."
},
{
"name":"clinch (verb) :",
"meaning":"win, achieve, success in, triumph."
},
{
"name":"bout (noun) :",
"meaning":"match, round, contest."
},
{
"name":"fuel (verb) :",
"meaning":" stimulate, boost, support."
},
{
"name":"burst (noun) :",
"meaning":"spell, session, stint."
},
{
"name":"pursuit (noun) :",
"meaning":"goal, objective, aim."
},
{
"name":"hail (verb) :",
"meaning":"acclaim, praise/applaud, commend."
},
{
"name":"humble (adjective) :",
"meaning":" lower-class, poor, simple/ordinary."
},
{
"name":"chronicle (verb) :",
"meaning":"record, register, set down."
},
{
"name":"sum up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"review, summarize, outline."
},
{
"name":"diverse (adjective) :",
"meaning":"various, multiple, manifold."
},
{
"name":"on a par with (phrase) :",
"meaning":"as good as, equal to, on a level with."
},
{
"name":"remuneration (noun) :",
"meaning":"payment, earnings, wages."
},
{
"name":"give heart to (phrase) :",
"meaning":"make someone more confident/hopeful."
}
],
"Temple timing – (The Hindu) Nov 27, 2018":[
{
"name":"affiliate (noun) :",
"meaning":"associate, partner, confederate."
},
{
"name":"mobilisation (noun) :",
"meaning":"the act of bringing people together for a particular cause."
},
{
"name":"muscle (noun) :",
"meaning":"strength, power."
},
{
"name":"the executive (noun) :",
"meaning":"the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary."
},
{
"name":"stakeholder (noun) :",
"meaning":"a person with an interest in something."
},
{
"name":"pave the way for (phrase) :",
"meaning":"clear the way for, set the scene for, procede/usher in."
},
{
"name":"be seized of (verb) :",
"meaning":"be aware of, be informed of."
},
{
"name":"give up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"cede/renounce, relinquish/abandon, forgo."
},
{
"name":"expedite (verb) :",
"meaning":"speed up, accelerate, hurry."
},
{
"name":"outfit (noun) :",
"meaning":"organization, group, team."
},
{
"name":"forefront (noun) :",
"meaning":"vanguard, leading position, driving force."
},
{
"name":"abide by (verb) :",
"meaning":"comply with, conform to, adhere to/respect."
},
{
"name":"unequivocal (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable/undeniable."
},
{
"name":"court (verb) :",
"meaning":"pursue/push towards; risk, provoke."
},
{
"name":"constituency (noun) :",
"meaning":"a group of people with common (political) interests."
},
{
"name":"equivocation (noun) :",
"meaning":"prevarication, vagueness, indecision/ambiguity."
},
{
"name":"bypass (verb) :",
"meaning":"circumvent, avoid, dodge."
},
{
"name":"executive order (noun) :",
"meaning":"an order issued by the president."
},
{
"name":"ill-advised (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unwise, misguided, short-sighted/thoughtless."
},
{
"name":"strike down (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"abolish, annul, nullify (a law or regulation)."
},
{
"name":"contemplate (verb) :",
"meaning":"think, ponder, consider."
},
{
"name":"impeachment (noun) :",
"meaning":"the act of charging or accusing (a public official) with a crime done while in office."
},
{
"name":"credit (noun) :",
"meaning":"commendation, acclaim, praise."
},
{
"name":"bear on (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"relate to, pertain to, concern/be connected with."
},
{
"name":"intimidation (noun) :",
"meaning":"frightening, threatening, oppression."
},
{
"name":"far-right (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to the extreme right wing of a political party or group."
},
{
"name":"call for (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"require, make necessary, demand."
},
{
"name":"step back (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"withdraw, disengage, pull out/pull back."
},
{
"name":"stare down (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"look fixedly at someone (in a threatening way)."
}
],
"Taliban surge – (The Hindu) Oct 20, 2018":[
{
"name":"surge (noun)",
"meaning":" sudden increase, rise, growth."
},
{
"name":"militant (noun)",
"meaning":"extremist, radical, fanatic."
},
{
"name":"strike a blow to (phrase)",
"meaning":"do something to hinder/prevent something."
},
{
"name":"deteriorating (adjective)",
"meaning":"worsening, declining, degenerating."
},
{
"name":"infiltrate (verb)",
"meaning":" penetrate, invade, intrude/trespass on."
},
{
"name":"notwithstanding (preposition) ",
"meaning":"in spite of, despite, regardless of."
},
{
"name":"heightened (adjective)",
"meaning":" intensified, increased, amplified."
},
{
"name":"assault (verb)",
"meaning":"attack, strike, invasion/offensive."
},
{
"name":"conflicting (adjective)",
"meaning":"at variance, contradictory, clashing."
},
{
"name":"ally (noun)",
"meaning":"associate, supporter, partner."
},
{
"name":"instrumental (adjective) ",
"meaning":"significant, important, influential/play a part in."
},
{
"name":"vacuum (noun) ",
"meaning":"gap, lacuna, deficiency."
},
{
"name":"all-out (phrase)",
"meaning":"forceful, vigorous, powerful."
},
{
"name":"dire (adjective)",
"meaning":"terrible, dreadful, outrageous."
},
{
"name":"overstretched (adjective)",
"meaning":"pressurized, pressured, burdened."
},
{
"name":"fallout (noun)",
"meaning":"adverse results; repercussions, after-effects."
},
{
"name":"setback (noun) ",
"meaning":"problem, difficulty, issue."
},
{
"name":"way out (noun)",
"meaning":"solution, remedy, antidote/panacea."
},
{
"name":"envoy (noun)",
"meaning":"ambassador, diplomat, consul."
},
{
"name":"drift (verb)",
"meaning":" digress/diverge, depart, deviate."
},
{
"name":"stalemate (noun)",
"meaning":"deadlock, impasse, standstill/stand-off."
},
{
"name":"outright (adverb)",
"meaning":" instantly, immediately, straight away."
},
{
"name":"come around (phrasal verb)",
"meaning":"gree with, change one’s mind, give way to."
},
{
"name":"turn up (phrasal verb) ",
"meaning":"increase, raise, intensify."
},
{
"name":"on the ground (phrase)",
"meaning":"in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically."
},
{
"name":"advance (noun)",
"meaning":" growth, rise, escalation."
}
],
"Keep the peace – (The Hindu) Oct 20, 2018":[
{
"name":"dial down (phrasal verb) ",
"meaning":"reduce, lessen, decrease (the intensity of something)."
},
{
"name":"riotous (adjective)",
"meaning":"disorderly, disruptive, unruly."
},
{
"name":"ought to (modal verb)",
"meaning":" must, should."
},
{
"name":"persuade (verb)",
"meaning":"convince, influence, coax/prompt."
},
{
"name":"stand on (phrasal verb)",
"meaning":"observe something carefully."
},
{
"name":"surcharged (adjective)",
"meaning":"relating to the excessive tension/emotion."
},
{
"name":"stoke (verb)",
"meaning":"incite, encourage, fuel."
},
{
"name":"law of the land (phrase)",
"meaning":"equivalent to the Latin “lex terrae”; all of the laws in force within a country."
},
{
"name":"overturn (verb)",
"meaning":"reverse, overrule, nullify/cancel."
},
{
"name":"consume (verb)",
"meaning":"preoccupy/engross/absorb; overwhelm, dominate."
},
{
"name":"sizeable (adjective) ",
"meaning":"substantial, considerable, significant."
},
{
"name":"unseemly (adjective)",
"meaning":"improper, inappropriate, undignified."
},
{
"name":"turn away (phrasal verb)",
"meaning":"refuse admittance to, send away, reject/rebuff/repel."
},
{
"name":"augur well (verb)",
"meaning":"bode, indicate, portend (a good outcome)."
},
{
"name":"terrain (noun)",
"meaning":"ground, area, field."
},
{
"name":"render (verb)",
"meaning":"make, cause to be."
},
{
"name":"it transpires (phrase) ",
"meaning":"become known, become apparent, be revealed."
},
{
"name":"make a statement (phrase)",
"meaning":"to express one’s views/beliefs/opinions in writing/speech officially."
},
{
"name":"reflection (noun)",
"meaning":"opinion, thought, viewpoint."
},
{
"name":"provocation (noun)",
"meaning":"stirring, incitement, inducement."
},
{
"name":"entitle to (verb)",
"meaning":"allow, permit, qualify/authorize."
},
{
"name":"volatile (adjective)",
"meaning":"unpredictable, changeable, variable/inconstant."
},
{
"name":"score (verb)",
"meaning":" be a success, have an impact, win."
},
{
"name":"reiterate (verb)",
"meaning":"repeat, say again, restate."
},
{
"name":"fritter away (phrasal verb)",
"meaning":"squander, waste, misuse."
},
{
"name":"recur (verb)",
"meaning":"reoccur, occur again, be repeated."
},
{
"name":"unfounded (adjective)",
"meaning":"baseless, unproven, unjustified."
}
],
"Another outbreak – (The Hindu) Oct 18, 2018":[
{
"name":"outbreak (noun) :",
"meaning":"sudden appearance/occurrence. outburst, epidemic."
},
{
"name":"so far (phrase) :",
"meaning":"until now, up to the present, up to this point."
},
{
"name":"keep under wraps (phrase) :",
"meaning":"keep secret, keep something concealed/hidden."
},
{
"name":"transparency (noun) :",
"meaning":"clarity, straightforwardness, openness."
},
{
"name":"surveillance (noun) :",
"meaning":"observation, scrutiny, inspection."
},
{
"name":"halt (verb) :",
"meaning":"stop, discontinue, end."
},
{
"name":"breeding (noun) :",
"meaning":"reproduction."
},
{
"name":"Aedes aegypti (noun) :",
"meaning":"the main vector (a biting insect, mosquito) that transmits the Zika virus & also causes dengue."
},
{
"name":"challenging (adjective) :",
"meaning":"demanding, difficult, taxing."
},
{
"name":"asymptomatic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to a condition with no symptoms."
},
{
"name":"foetus (noun) :",
"meaning":"unborn child; the spelling “fetus” is american."
},
{
"name":"manifest (verb) :",
"meaning":"indicate, appear, display."
},
{
"name":"diagnose (verb) :",
"meaning":"identify, determine, detect."
},
{
"name":"Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) (noun) :",
"meaning":"it is a neurological complication (nerve damage that can result in weakened muscles and paralysis) seen in Zika-infected adults; Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare condition in which a person’s immune system attacks the peripheral nerves."
},
{
"name":"index case. (noun) :",
"meaning":"the first (diagnosed) case."
},
{
"name":"prevalent (adjective) :",
"meaning":"widespread, usual/common, ubiquitous."
},
{
"name":"spurt (noun) :",
"meaning":"a sudden burst, increase of activity."
},
{
"name":"window (noun) :",
"meaning":"opportunity, chance, opening."
},
{
"name":"microcephaly (noun) :",
"meaning":"a condition in which babies to being born with extremely small heads & and possible brain damage."
},
{
"name":"imminent (adjective) :",
"meaning":"close/near, upcoming, impending."
},
{
"name":"onset (noun) :",
"meaning":"start, beginning/opening, appearance."
},
{
"name":"conducive (adjective) :",
"meaning":"favourable, beneficial, advantageous."
},
{
"name":"call for (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"require, make necessary, demand."
}
],
"No show – (The Hindu) Oct 18, 2018":[
{
"name":"wake-up call (noun) :",
"meaning":"something which alerts a person to a problem and makes him/her to do some remedial action."
},
{
"name":"electorate (noun) :",
"meaning":"all the people who entitled to vote in an election."
},
{
"name":"boycott (noun) :",
"meaning":"ban, prohibition, restriction."
},
{
"name":"accord (verb) :",
"meaning":"give, grant/present, confer on."
},
{
"name":"mobilisation (noun) :",
"meaning":"the act of bringing people together for a particular cause."
},
{
"name":"resonance (noun) :",
"meaning":"clear quality/fullness, power/ability (to evoke memories/emotions)."
},
{
"name":"participation (noun) :",
"meaning":"involvement, taking part, engagement/contribution."
},
{
"name":"undermine (verb) :",
"meaning":"weaken, compromise, subvert."
},
{
"name":"victor (noun) :",
"meaning":"winner, conqueror, champion."
},
{
"name":"dismal (adjective) :",
"meaning":"bad, awful, terrible."
},
{
"name":"fraught (adjective) :",
"meaning":"anxious, worried, distressed/panicky."
},
{
"name":"fray (noun) :",
"meaning":"battle, fight, contest/competition."
},
{
"name":"heighten (verb) :",
"meaning":"intensify, increase, amplify."
},
{
"name":"alienation (noun) :",
"meaning":"isolation, detachment, estrangement/separation."
},
{
"name":"reversal (noun) :",
"meaning":" turnaround, sea change, turnabout."
},
{
"name":"separatist (adjective) :",
"meaning":"dissenting, rebellious, sectarian."
},
{
"name":"willing (adjective) :",
"meaning":"keen, happy, agreeable."
},
{
"name":"come up with (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"put forward, present, suggest."
},
{
"name":"coherent (adjective) :",
"meaning":"logical, reasonable, rational."
},
{
"name":"unrest (noun) :",
"meaning":"disruption, disturbance, disorder."
},
{
"name":"rage (verb) :",
"meaning":"be angry, be furious, protest strongly at."
},
{
"name":"exacerbate (verb) :",
"meaning":"aggravate, make worse/worsen, compound."
},
{
"name":"interlocutor (noun) :",
"meaning":"a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation."
},
{
"name":"carry forward (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"have something to continue/handle at a later stage (to make progress)."
},
{
"name":"misgiving (noun) :",
"meaning":"doubt, suspicion, apprehension."
},
{
"name":"double_down (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"to be more firm & resolute on something (decided) even if that might be a risky choice."
},
{
"name":"forge (verb) :",
"meaning":"build, form, create."
},{
"name":"reverse (verb) :",
"meaning":"cancel, overrule, withdraw."
},
{
"name":"appeal to (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"persuade, invoke, lobby."
},
{
"name":"core constituency (noun) :",
"meaning":"a group whose continuing support is crucial for survival & success of (ideology of) any organization or individual."
},
{
"name":"bound to (adjective) :",
"meaning":"certain/sure, very likely, guaranteed."
},
{
"name":"fallout (noun) :",
"meaning":"adverse results; repercussions, after-effects."
}
],
"Istanbul mystery – (The Hindu) Oct 17, 2018":[
{
"name":"trigger (verb) :",
"meaning":"prompt, cause, give rise to."
},
{
"name":"diplomatic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"(delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy, political."
},
{
"name":"storm (noun) :",
"meaning":"argument, commotion; controversy."
},
{
"name":"turn up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"increase, raise, amplify/intensify."
},
{
"name":"the consulate (noun) :",
"meaning":"embassy; the building where a consul lives and works."
},
{
"name":"fiancée (noun) :",
"meaning":"bride-to-be, prospective spouse."
},
{
"name":"vow (verb) :",
"meaning":"promise, swear, pledge/affirm."
},
{
"name":"do the rounds (phrase) :",
"meaning":"spread, be passed around, get around."
},
{
"name":"dismember (verb) :",
"meaning":"cut off, mutilate, disjoint (the limbs of a person)."
},
{
"name":"disposal (noun) :",
"meaning":"throwing away, discarding, jettisoning."
},
{
"name":"forensic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to the application of scientific knowledge & methods to legal problems and legal proceeding."
},
{
"name":"assassination (noun) :",
"meaning":"murder, killing."
},
{
"name":"so far (phrase) :",
"meaning":"until now, up to the present, up to this point."
},
{
"name":"burden of proof (phrase) :",
"meaning":"the duty/obligation of a party to prove/disprove their claims/allegations."
},
{
"name":"credible (adjective) :",
"meaning":"convincing, acceptable; reasonable."
},
{
"name":"backer (noun) :",
"meaning":"supporter, upholder, defender."
},
{
"name":"big-ticket (adjective) :",
"meaning":"very expensive, major."
},
{
"name":"pull out (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"withdraw, leave, get out."
},
{
"name":"make matters worse (phrase) :",
"meaning":"to make the condition/situation more difficult."
},
{
"name":"watch (noun) :",
"meaning":"stint, spell, period."
}
],
"Slippery slope – (The Hindu) Oct 17, 2018":[
{
"name":"slippery slope (noun) :",
"meaning":"a series of actions that can’t be controlled over once it has begun and the series of actions are going to create a lot of problems."
},
{
"name":"diversify (verb) :",
"meaning":"enlarge/expand, widen, branch out."
},
{
"name":"energy basket (noun) :",
"meaning":"it is usually comprised of several commodities. Coal, natural gas, biomass and uranium are responsible for most nations’ electricity generation while petroleum and its products dominate the transportation sector."
},
{
"name":"proactively (adverb) :",
"meaning":"farsightedly, presciently, providently."
},
{
"name":"fortunes (noun) :",
"meaning":"circumstances, state of affairs, conditions; success/failure of a organisation over period of time."
},
{
"name":"call for (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"require, make necessary, demand."
},
{
"name":"in order to (phrase) :",
"meaning":"as a ways/methods to."
},
{
"name":"in the wake of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"aftermath, as a result of, because of."
},
{
"name":"well over (phrase) :",
"meaning":"more than."
},
{
"name":"at stake (phrase) :",
"meaning":"at risk, at issue, in question."
},
{
"name":"in the midst of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in the middle of."
},
{
"name":"headwinds (noun) :",
"meaning":"(in business) situations or conditions that make growth harder/difficult. Tailwinds (noun) – (in business) it describes a situation or condition that will move growth, revenues, or profits higher."
},
{
"name":"current account deficit (noun) :",
"meaning":"the amount by which money relating to trade, investment etc going out of a country is more than the amount coming in."
},
{
"name":"adversely (adverb) :",
"meaning":"unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly."
},
{
"name":"shoot through the roof (phrase) :",
"meaning":"to increase greatly."
},
{
"name":"weigh on (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"oppress, be a burden to, trouble/disturb."
},
{
"name":"prospects (noun) :",
"meaning":"future, chances/opportunities, possibilities."
},
{
"name":"scenario (noun) :",
"meaning":"course of events, situation."
},
{
"name":"steep (adjective) :",
"meaning":"sharp, sudden, rapid/high."
},
{
"name":"carry through (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"complete, fulfil, carry out/realize."
},
{
"name":"fiscal (adjective) :",
"meaning":"financial."
},
{
"name":"tap (into) (verb) :",
"meaning":"draw on, exploit, make use of/utilize."
},
{
"name":"look to (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"consider, give thought to, think about."
},
{
"name":"wean off (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"to detach, disconnect, separate someone from depending on something."
},
{
"name":"over-reliance (noun) :",
"meaning":"excessive dependency."
},
{
"name":"for good (phrase) :",
"meaning":"forever, permanently, for all time."
}
],
"Not just liquidity – (The Hindu) Oct 16, 2018":[
{
"name":"liquidity (noun) :",
"meaning":"a measure of activity (i.e. the ability to buy or sell easily) in a market."
},
{
"name":"default (noun) :",
"meaning":"non-payment, failure to pay, non-remittance."
},
{
"name":"debt obligation (noun) :",
"meaning":"debt/liability (loans, bonds, leases, and other debt instruments), financial obligation, borrowed capital."
},
{
"name":"debt pile (noun) :",
"meaning":"debt accumulation."
},
{
"name":"saga (noun) :",
"meaning":"chain/series of events."
},
{
"name":"underlying (adjective) :",
"meaning":"fundamental, basic, primary."
},
{
"name":"sustain (verb) :",
"meaning":"continue, carry on, protract."
},
{
"name":"shaky (adjective) :",
"meaning":"questionable, unreliable, undependable."
},
{
"name":"roll over (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"contrive, manage, extend (a financial obligation/arrangement)."
},
{
"name":"credit crunch (noun) :",
"meaning":"economic decline, downturn, credit squeeze."
},
{
"name":"aftermath (noun) :",
"meaning":"consequence, result/outcome, repercussion."
},
{
"name":"put an end to (phrase) :",
"meaning":"end, stop, abolish."
},
{
"name":"amidst (preposition) :",
"meaning":"amid, in the middle of; during."
},
{
"name":"precipitous (adjective) :",
"meaning":"sudden, rapid, quick."
},
{
"name":"defining moment (noun) :",
"meaning":"a point in life when someone is urged to make an important decision, or when someone experience something that fundamentally changes everything."
},
{
"name":"fuel (verb) :",
"meaning":"stimulate, boost, support."
},
{
"name":"demise (noun) :",
"meaning":"end, failure, collapse/downfall."
},
{
"name":"be bogged down (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"prevent, entangle, restrict/be stuck."
},
{
"name":"non-performing loans (noun) :",
"meaning":"bad loans; non-performing assets (NPAs), troubled accounts, stressed loans; an account where principal and/or interest remains overdue for a period of time."
},
{
"name":"systemic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"constructional, organizational."
},
{
"name":"warrant (verb) :",
"meaning":"justify, vindicate, validate."
},
{
"name":"fraught with (adjective) :",
"meaning":"full of, filled with, loaded with."
},
{
"name":"in the midst of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in the middle of."
},
{
"name":"prolonged (adjective) :",
"meaning":"continuous, ongoing, persistent."
},
{
"name":"unsustainable (adjective) :",
"meaning":"undefendable, unjustified/insupportable, irrational."
},
{
"name":"bubble (noun) :",
"meaning":"a situation when the prices of something rise so sharply above their intrinsic (basic) value and making a sudden collapse."
},
{
"name":"bailout (noun) :",
"meaning":"an act of providing money or financial assistance by the outside investors (usually given by the government) to organisations/industries which faces serious financial difficulty, that are on the verge of going bankrupt."
},
{
"name":"hazard (noun) :",
"meaning":"danger, risk, peril."
},
{
"name":"lifeline (noun) :",
"meaning":"preservation, conservation, means of escape."
},
{
"name":"tap (into) (verb) :",
"meaning":"draw on, exploit, make use of/utilize."
}
],
"The Bhutan vote – (The Hindu) Oct 16, 2018":[
{
"name":"repercussion (noun) :",
"meaning":"consequence, result/outcome, aftermath."
},
{
"name":"ousting (noun) :",
"meaning":"removal from the office, overthrowing, unseating."
},
{
"name":"incumbent (adjective) :",
"meaning":"current, existing, present."
},
{
"name":"fray (noun) :",
"meaning":"battle, fight, conflict."
},
{
"name":"neophyte (noun) :",
"meaning":"beginner, learner, novice."
},
{
"name":"on the other hand (phrase) :",
"meaning":"as an alternative, as another option/substitute."
},
{
"name":"throw up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"produce something."
},
{
"name":"glaring (adjective) :",
"meaning":"obvious, flagrant, blatant."
},
{
"name":"queue up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"be (very) interested to do something."
},
{
"name":"personnel (noun) :",
"meaning":"staff, employees, workforce."
},
{
"name":"swing (verb) :",
"meaning":"change, alter, shift."
},
{
"name":"disquiet (verb) :",
"meaning":"upset, disturb, unnerve/unsettle."
},
{
"name":"polarise (verb) :",
"meaning":"separate into two opposing groups."
},
{
"name":"prosperous (adjective) :",
"meaning":"prospering/ burgeoning, successful, strong."
},
{
"name":"discontent (noun) :",
"meaning":"dissatisfaction, disaffection, frustration."
},
{
"name":"Gross National Happiness (GNH) (noun) :",
"meaning":"a new approach by the government of Bhutan to development, which measures prosperity through a set of formal, guiding,principles through which Bhutan people are navigating their path towards a sustainable and equitable society."
},
{
"name":"quotient (noun) :",
"meaning":"answer, solution, calculation."
},
{
"name":"accord (verb) :",
"meaning":"give, grant, present/agree."
},
{
"name":"customary (adjective) :",
"meaning":"usual, normal, ordinary."
},
{
"name":"influence (noun) :",
"meaning":"power, control, authority."
},
{
"name":"predecessor (noun) :",
"meaning":"ancestor, forefather, antecedent."
},
{
"name":"bilateral (adjective) :",
"meaning":"involving two groups or countries."
},
{
"name":"motto (noun) :",
"meaning":"saying/phrase, slogan, catchphrase."
},
{
"name":"sovereignty (noun) :",
"meaning":"autonomy, independence, self-government/self-rule."
},
{
"name":"self-sufficiency (noun) :",
"meaning":"self-reliance, self-support, self-sustenance."
},
{
"name":"standoff (noun) :",
"meaning":"deadlock, stalemate, impasse."
},
{
"name":"plateau (noun) :",
"meaning":"an area of highland, high plain; flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area."
},
{
"name":"mainstay (noun) :",
"meaning":"backbone, cornerstone, strength."
},
{
"name":"lose no time (phrase) :",
"meaning":"move quickly, go fast, hasten/speed."
},
{
"name":"consolidate (verb) :",
"meaning":"strengthen, reinforce, fortify."
},
{
"name":"in the saddle (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in charge, responsible, in authority."
}
],
"Resisting resistance – (The Hindu) Oct 15, 2018":[
{
"name":"resistance (noun) :",
"meaning":"ability to fight off, ability to counteract/withstand, immunity from."
},
{
"name":"antibiotic (noun) :",
"meaning":"a chemical substance/drug used to destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria that causes infectious diseases."
},
{
"name":"efficacy (noun) :",
"meaning":"effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results."
},
{
"name":"business as usual (phrase) :",
"meaning":"routine, regularity, normal pattern."
},
{
"name":"business as usual (phrase) :",
"meaning":"routine, regularity, normal pattern."
},
{
"name":"stall (verb) :",
"meaning":"obstruct, impede, stop."
},
{
"name":"apocalypse (noun) :",
"meaning":"an event involving destruction or damage."
},
{
"name":"poultry (noun) :",
"meaning":"birds (such as chickens and ducks) that are raised on farms for their eggs or meat."
},
{
"name":"regulate (verb) :",
"meaning":"control, adjust, manage."
},
{
"name":"comply with (verb) :",
"meaning":"abide by, adhere/conform to, follow."
},
{
"name":"self-defeating (adjective) :",
"meaning":"futile, pointless, useless."
},
{
"name":"stand ( verb) :",
"meaning":"be in a particular situation."
},
{
"name":"mortality rate (noun) :",
"meaning":"(in a particular time/for a cause) the rate of death."
},
{
"name":"pick up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"improve, increase, get stronger."
},
{
"name":"contamination (noun) :",
"meaning":"pollutant, impurity, adulterant."
},
{
"name":"prescription (noun) :",
"meaning":"instruction, direction."
},
{
"name":"as far as (phrase) :",
"meaning":"to the extent/degree."
},
{
"name":"last-resort (phrase) :",
"meaning":"temporary solution, expedient, makeshift."
},
{
"name":"over the counter (phrase) :",
"meaning":"relating to retail sale without prescription & license."
},
{
"name":"sewer (noun) :",
"meaning":"drain."
},
{
"name":"explosion (noun) :",
"meaning":"sudden/rapid increase, escalation."
},
{
"name":"toll (noun) :",
"meaning":"damage, suffering, loss."
},
{
"name":"alarming (adjective) :",
"meaning":"disturbing, worrying."
},
{
"name":"sepsis (noun) :",
"meaning":"contamination, poison."
},
{
"name":"mount (verb) :",
"meaning":"increase, grow, rise."
}
],
"Untenable – (The Hindu) Oct 15, 2018":[
{
"name":"untenable (adjective) :",
"meaning":"undefendable, unjustified, unacceptable."
},
{
"name":"legacy (noun) :",
"meaning":"footprint, effect/outcome (something received from a predecessor or from the past)."
},
{
"name":"go on the offensive (phrase) :",
"meaning":"begin to attack, be aggressive, start a quarrel."
},
{
"name":"string (noun) :",
"meaning":"series, succession, chain/sequence."
},
{
"name":"harassment (noun) :",
"meaning":"persecution/abuse, aggressive intimidation, persistent annoyance."
},
{
"name":"tissue (noun) :",
"meaning":"web, tangle, set."
},
{
"name":"spin (verb) :",
"meaning":"tell, narrate, unfold."
},
{
"name":"conspiracy (noun) :",
"meaning":"collusion, intrigue, collaboration."
},
{
"name":"spate (noun) :",
"meaning":"series, flurry; a large number of something (taking place at the same period)."
},
{
"name":"round the corner (phrase) :",
"meaning":"coming soon, approaching, forthcoming."
},
{
"name":"gravamen (noun) :",
"meaning":"the most important part of a complaint/accusation/grievance."
},
{
"name":"vague (adjective) :",
"meaning":"imprecise/uncertain, ambiguous, speculative."
},
{
"name":"unsubstantiated (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unconfirmed, unsupported, not validated."
},
{
"name":"paint (verb) :",
"meaning":"portray, depict, represent."
},
{
"name":"systematic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"structured, methodical, organized/planned."
},
{
"name":"innuendo (noun) :",
"meaning":"insinuation, implication, hint/overtone."
},
{
"name":"outright (adverb) :",
"meaning":"instantly, immediately, straight away."
},
{
"name":"molestation (noun) :",
"meaning":"sexual assault/abuse (of a woman/child particularly)."
},
{
"name":"at the hands of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"(suffer, get hurt & be treated badly) as a consequence of someone’s actions."
},
{
"name":"settle upon (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"decide, fix, choose."
},
{
"name":"loom (verb) :",
"meaning":"be imminent, be close, impend."
},
{
"name":"heft (noun) :",
"meaning":"importance, influence, ability."
},
{
"name":"tarnish (verb) :",
"meaning":"spoil, ruin, damage."
},
{
"name":"dig in one’s heels (phrase) :",
"meaning":"oppose, fight against, refuse to accept."
},
{
"name":"sift (verb) :",
"meaning":"examine, inspect, investigate/probe."
},
{
"name":"take stock (phrase) :",
"meaning":"review, assess, appraise."
},
{
"name":"misdemeanour (noun) :",
"meaning":"wrongdoing, evil deed, crime act."
},
{
"name":"step down (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"resign, give up one’s job, stand down."
},
{
"name":"stand behind (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"to support someone."
}
],
"Reading between the rankings – (The Hindu) Oct 13, 2018":[
{
"name":"read between (the lines) (phrase) :",
"meaning":"try to understand the meaning of something which is not written openly/explicitly."
},
{
"name":"repressive (adjective) :",
"meaning":"oppressive, dominating/coercive, authoritarian/draconian."
},
{
"name":"bode (ill) (verb) :",
"meaning":"augur, presage, portend (something bad/disastrous)."
},
{
"name":"bearing (noun) :",
"meaning":"relevance, importance/significance, pertinence/connection."
},
{
"name":"elicit (verb) :",
"meaning":"obtain, bring forth/bring out, draw out."
},
{
"name":"knee-jerk (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unthinking, automatic, unplanned."
},
{
"name":"breadth (noun) :",
"meaning":"range, extent, scope."
},
{
"name":"of interest (phrase) :",
"meaning":"interesting."
},
{
"name":"cling to (verb) :",
"meaning":"hold on to, stick/adhere to, depend on."
},
{
"name":"nimble (adjective) :",
"meaning":"quick, active/fast, quick-thinking/skilful."
},
{
"name":"pursue (verb) :",
"meaning":"engage in, follow, conduct."
},
{
"name":"line of thought (noun) :",
"meaning":"a particular way of thinking about a particular topic, concept, or problem."
},
{
"name":"curricula (plural noun) :",
"meaning":"syllabus, course of studies, subjects."
},
{
"name":"eminence (noun) :",
"meaning":"distinction, notability, reputation."
},
{
"name":"underlie (verb) :",
"meaning":"be fundamental, be basic, be essential."
},
{
"name":"lag (verb) :",
"meaning":"fall behind, straggle, delay."
},
{
"name":"dissemination (noun) :",
"meaning":"spreading, circulation, distribution."
},
{
"name":"peer (noun) :",
"meaning":"equal, fellow/co-worker."
},
{
"name":"lament (verb) :",
"meaning":"rue; complain about, regret."
},
{
"name":"opacity (noun) :",
"meaning":"lack of clarity, obscurity, unclearness."
},
{
"name":"inhabitant (noun) :",
"meaning":"resident, occupier, settler."
},
{
"name":"presumably (adverb) :",
"meaning":"probably, in all likelihood, undoubtedly."
},
{
"name":"wanting (adjective) :",
"meaning":"deficient, inadequate, lacking/imperfect."
},
{
"name":"reflect upon (verb) :",
"meaning":"think about, consider, review."
},
{
"name":"pervade (verb) :",
"meaning":"spread through."
},
{
"name":"mushroom cloud (noun) :",
"meaning":"mushroom-shaped cloud of debris/smoke and usually condensed water vapor resulting from a large explosion."
},
{
"name":"empowerment (noun) :",
"meaning":"accreditation, authorization, validation."
},
{
"name":"mediocrity (noun) :",
"meaning":"ordinariness, lack of inspiration, amateurishness."
},
{
"name":"owing to (phrase) :",
"meaning":"because of, as a result of, on account of."
},
{
"name":"illustration (noun) :",
"meaning":"exemplification, showing, instancing."
},
{
"name":"in this regard (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in connection with the aspect/consideration/point referred earlier."
},
{
"name":"say (noun) :",
"meaning":"influence, sway, weight, authority."
},
{
"name":"crystallisation (verb) :",
"meaning":"formation, solidification."
},
{
"name":"thwart (verb) :",
"meaning":"prevent, block, impede/hinder."
},
{
"name":"persuasion (noun) :",
"meaning":"coercion, inducement, prompting."
},
{
"name":"invasion (noun) :",
"meaning":"occupation, seizure; violation, infringement."
},
{
"name":"harbour (verb) :",
"meaning":"nurse, nurture, foster."
},
{
"name":"rue (verb) :",
"meaning":"regret, be sorry about, feel apologetic."
},
{
"name":"flourish (verb) :",
"meaning":"thrive/prosper, be strong, be well."
},
{
"name":"short-sightedness (noun) :",
"meaning":"lack of imagination, lack of foresight/planning."
}
],
"Bolsonaro’s Brazil? – (The Hindu) Oct 13, 2018":[
{
"name":"far-right (noun) :",
"meaning":"extreme right wing of a political party or group."
},
{
"name":"notch up (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"score, achieve, attain/record."
},
{
"name":"outright (adverb) :",
"meaning":"instantly, immediately, straight away."
},
{
"name":"graphic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"explicit, expressive, detailed."
},
{
"name":"illustration (noun) :",
"meaning":"exemplification, showing, instancing."
},
{
"name":"polarisation (noun) :",
"meaning":"separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs)."
},
{
"name":"garner (verb) :",
"meaning":"gather, collect, accumulate."
},
{
"name":"far behind (preposition) :",
"meaning":"after, following, on the further side of."
},
{
"name":"put paid to (phrase) :",
"meaning":"stop, oppose, prevent."
},
{
"name":"speculation (noun) :",
"meaning":"conjuncture/supposition, guesswork, surmise."
},
{
"name":"radical (noun) :",
"meaning":"extremist, diehard, fanatic."
},
{
"name":"run-off (noun) :",
"meaning":"election, competition."
},
{
"name":"on his hands (phrase) :",
"meaning":"to deal with someone/something."
},
{
"name":"espouse (verb) :",
"meaning":"adopt, embrace; support/endorse (a cause)."
},
{
"name":"generous (adjective) :",
"meaning":"large, huge, ample."
},
{
"name":"electorate (noun) :",
"meaning":"all the people who entitled to vote in an election."
},
{
"name":"patronage (noun) :",
"meaning":"backing/support, advocacy, assistance/protection."
},
{
"name":"sleaze (noun) :",
"meaning":"dishonesty, wrongdoing, immoral."
},
{
"name":"compromised (adjective) :",
"meaning":"undermined, weakened, damaged."
},
{
"name":"reluctant (adjective) :",
"meaning":"unwilling, disinclined, opposed."
},
{
"name":"throw one’s weight behind (phrase) :",
"meaning":"use/exert one’s influence to assist something."
},
{
"name":"liberal (noun) :",
"meaning":"a person with liberal views (progressive, forward-thinking, reformist)."
},
{
"name":"bloated (adjective) :",
"meaning":"inflated, enlarged, expanded."
},
{
"name":"occasion (verb) :",
"meaning":"cause, effect, bring on/result in."
},
{
"name":"populist (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people."
},
{
"name":"misogynistic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"firmly biased against women."
},
{
"name":"homophobic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to a dislike/hostility against homosexual people."
},
{
"name":"water down (phrase) :",
"meaning":"weaken, dilute; moderate, tone down."
},
{
"name":"trigger-happy (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to someone who is too ready and willing to use violent methods without any focus/attention."
},
{
"name":"instinct (noun) :",
"meaning":"inclination, desire, tendency/urge."
},
{
"name":"tolerance (noun) :",
"meaning":"forbearance, toleration, sufferance/liberality."
},
{
"name":"venality (noun) :",
"meaning":"corruptible state; a state of being vulnerable to be corrupt/bribery/grafting."
},
{
"name":"wear thin (phrase) :",
"meaning":"be less convincing, become unacceptable, be less effective."
},
{
"name":"count on (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"rely on, depend on, have confidence in."
},
{
"name":"crack down on (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"get tough on, take severe action against, eliminate/eradicate/abolish."
},
{
"name":"moderate (adjective) :",
"meaning":"control, temper, regulate."
},
{
"name":"alienation (noun) :",
"meaning":"isolation, detachment, estrangement/separation."
},
{
"name":"constituency (noun) :",
"meaning":"a group of people with common interests."
}
],
"By extension – (The Hindu) Oct 13, 2018":[
{
"name":"by extension (phrase) :",
"meaning":"used for mentioning something in connection to something else."
},
{
"name":"fault line (noun) :",
"meaning":"a divisive issue, a difference of opinion."
},
{
"name":"tag (verb) :",
"meaning":"add, attach, join."
},
{
"name":"deport (verb) :",
"meaning":"expel, banish, exile (a foreigner from a country)."
},
{
"name":"influx (noun) :",
"meaning":"the arrival of a large number of people simultaneously."
},
{
"name":"amount to (verb) :",
"meaning":"be regarded as, be equivalent to, be tantamount to."
},
{
"name":"aggression (noun) :",
"meaning":"hostility, aggressiveness, belligerence."
},
{
"name":"recourse to (noun) :",
"meaning":" resort to, make use of, appeal to."
},
{
"name":"tripartite (adjective) :",
"meaning":"involving three parties."
},
{
"name":"accord (noun) :",
"meaning":"agreement, treaty, pact/deal."
},
{
"name":"repatriation (noun) :",
"meaning":"the act of sending people to their own country."
},
{
"name":"possession (noun) :",
"meaning":"ownership, proprietorship, hold."
},
{
"name":"cut-off date (noun) :",
"meaning":"the date at which a process/course of action is stopped (from continuing)."
},
{
"name":"contextualise (verb) :",
"meaning":"study, review, investigate (in context)."
},
{
"name":"in the light of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"considering, taking into account, keeping in mind."
},
{
"name":"empowerment (noun) :",
"meaning":"accreditation, authorization, validation."
},
{
"name":"erode (verb) :",
"meaning":"(gradually) deteriorate, destroy, spoil."
},
{
"name":"insurgent (adjective) :",
"meaning":"rebellious/rebel, revolutionary, subversive/agitational."
},
{
"name":"quell (verb) :",
"meaning":"abolish, terminate, demolish/thwart."
},
{
"name":"concede (verb) :",
"meaning":"admit, acknowledge, accept,/allow."
},
{
"name":"deportation (noun) :",
"meaning":"expulsion, expelling, expatriation."
},
{
"name":"fraught with (adjective) :",
"meaning":"full of, filled with, brimful of."
},
{
"name":"antecedent (noun) :",
"meaning":"ancestor, forefather, predecessor."
},
{
"name":"hang in the balance (phrase) :",
"meaning":"uncertain, undetermined, unresolved."
},
{
"name":"notwithstanding (preposition) :",
"meaning":"in spite of, despite, regardless of."
},
{
"name":"legitimacy (noun) :",
"meaning":"conformity (to the law/rules); justification, validity."
},
{
"name":"embark on (verb) :",
"meaning":"begin, start, undertake."
},
{
"name":"bureaucratic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"institutional, procedural, official/governmental."
},
{
"name":"humanitarian (adjective) :",
"meaning":"compassionate, humane, generous; socially concerned."
},
{
"name":"unanimity (noun) :",
"meaning":"agreement, consensus/solidarity, like-mindedness."
},
{
"name":"undo (verb) :",
"meaning":"revoke, cancel, negate."
},
{
"name":"reconciliation (noun) :",
"meaning":"reunion, resolution, restoration of harmony."
},
{
"name":"cognisant (adjective) :",
"meaning":"aware, well informed about, familiar with."
}
],
"An economics fix – (The Hindu) Oct 12, 2018":[
{
"name":"sustained (adjective) :",
"meaning":"continuous, uninterrupted/prolonged, constant."
},
{
"name":"sustainable (adjective) :",
"meaning":"acceptable, valid/reliable, dependable."
},
{
"name":"devote (verb) :",
"meaning":"allocate, assign, allot/give (one’s full time)."
},
{
"name":"externality (noun) :",
"meaning":"consequence, result/ outcome, repercussion ( due to an industrial or commercial activity)."
},
{
"name":"spillover (noun) :",
"meaning":"repercussion, consequence, outcome (unexpected one)."
},
{
"name":"pioneer (noun) :",
"meaning":"front runner, pathfinder, creator."
},
{
"name":"quantify (verb) :",
"meaning":"determine, evaluate, measure."
},
{
"name":"in turn (phrase) :",
"meaning":"in succession, successively, sequentially."
},
{
"name":"climate change (noun) :",
"meaning":"a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth."
},
{
"name":"detrimental (adjective) :",
"meaning":"harmful, dangerous, inimical."
},
{
"name":"in the long run (phrase) :",
"meaning":"eventually, in the end."
},
{
"name":"on the other hand (phrase) :",
"meaning":"as an alternative, as another option/substitute."
},
{
"name":"endogenous (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to something which is developed & caused inside the system."
},
{
"name":"outgrowth (noun) :",
"meaning":"result, aftermath, outcome/effect."
},
{
"name":"undersupply (noun) :",
"meaning":"shortage, scarcity, insufficiency."
},
{
"name":"flaw (noun) :",
"meaning":"defect, fault/imperfection, limitation."
},
{
"name":"arrive at (verb) :",
"meaning":"achieve, attain, reach."
},
{
"name":"objective (noun) :",
"meaning":"intention, purpose, target/aim."
},
{
"name":"nonetheless (adverb) :",
"meaning":"notwithstanding, nevertheless, in spite of that/however."
}
],
"#UsToo – Oct 12, 2018":[
{
"name":"thick with (adjective) :",
"meaning":"filled, packed, congested."
},
{
"name":"harassment (noun) :",
"meaning":"persecution/abuse, aggressive intimidation, persistent annoyance."
},
{
"name":"aftermath (noun) :",
"meaning":"consequence, result/outcome, repercussion."
},
{
"name":"at the hands of (phrase) :",
"meaning":"as a consequence of actions (suffer, get hurt & be treated badly by someone)."
},
{
"name":"trauma (noun) :",
"meaning":"torment, distress, suffering."
},
{
"name":"testimony (noun) :",
"meaning":"proof, evidence, witness."
},
{
"name":"proposition (verb) :",
"meaning":"propose sex with, make sexual overture (signal/offer) to, make an indecent proposal to."
},
{
"name":"stalk (verb) :",
"meaning":"chase/follow consistently; persecute, harass/trouble persistently."
},
{
"name":"breezily (adverb) :",
"meaning":"in a casual, relaxed way, easily."
},
{
"name":"boys will be boys (phrase) :",
"meaning":"used to tell that it is not a surprise or unusual when boys or men behave badly, aggressively & etc,."
},
{
"name":"currency (noun) :",
"meaning":"publicity, exposure; popularity."
},
{
"name":"corroborate (verb) :",
"meaning":"confirm, verify/certify, validate."
},
{
"name":"systemic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"constructional, organizational."
},
{
"name":"outpouring (noun) :",
"meaning":"a sudden release of strong emotion."
},
{
"name":"grave (adjective) :",
"meaning":"(very) serious, crucial, critical."
},
{
"name":"disquiet (noun) :",
"meaning":"distress, worry, anxiety."
},
{
"name":"suppressed (verb) :",
"meaning":"kept hidden/secret, restrained, muzzled/prevented."
},
{
"name":"break free (phrasal verb) :",
"meaning":"escape, get away, get out."
},
{
"name":"humiliation (noun) :",
"meaning":"embarrassment, disgrace, discomfiture."
},
{
"name":"transgression (noun) :",
"meaning":"breach, violation, defiance."
},
{
"name":"due process (noun) :",
"meaning":" fair treatment (per established principles & procedures)."
},
{
"name":"deem (verb) :",
"meaning":"regard as, consider; think/judge."
},
{
"name":"proportionate (adjective) :",
"meaning":"corresponding, comparable, equivalent."
},
{
"name":"misdemeanour (noun) :",
"meaning":"wrongdoing, evil deed, crime act."
},
{
"name":"disregard (noun) :",
"meaning":"indifference, inattention, negligence."
},
{
"name":"bind (verb) :",
"meaning":"tie, hold together, secure."
},
{
"name":"internalise (verb) :",
"meaning":"accept/agree, personalise, embody."
},
{
"name":"autonomy (noun) :",
"meaning":"independence, individualism, self-determination."
},
{
"name":"discrimination (noun) :",
"meaning":"prejudice, bias/bigotry, unfairness/inequity."
}
],
"Shocking negligence – Aug 31, 2018":[
{
"name":"negligence (noun):",
"meaning":"carelessness, irresponsibility; inattention/laxness."
},
{
"name":"materio-vigilance (noun) :",
"meaning":"close study & monitoring of any undesirable occurrence/incidents resulting from using medical devices."
},
{
"name":"prosthetics (noun) :",
"meaning":"an artificial device that replaces a missing or injured part of the body."
},
{
"name":"incriminate (verb):",
"meaning":"make someone appear guilty of a crime; implicate, inform against."
},
{
"name":"articular (adjective) :",
"meaning":" connecting or relating to the joints."
},
{
"name":"implant (noun) :",
"meaning":"transplant, graft, implantation."
},
{
"name":"ball and socket joint (noun):",
"meaning":"also called as spheroidal joint; A articulation/joint (such as hip joint) in which the round (ball like) end of a bone fits into the cavity of another bone and it provides swinging and rotating movements."
},
{
"name":"degenerative (adjective) :",
"meaning":"deteriorating, weakened, emaciated."
},
{
"name":"orthopaedic (adjective) :",
"meaning":"relating to a branch of medicine which deals with the treatment or study of bones."
},
{
"name":"undergo (verb) :",
"meaning":"suffer, endure, go through."
},
{
"name":"regulator (noun):",
"meaning":"supervising/monitoring organization."
},
{
"name":"recall (noun):",
"meaning":"recollection, withdrawal, cancellation."
},
{
"name":"corrective (noun):",
"meaning":"remedy, curative, restorative."
},
{
"name":"ineptitude (noun):",
"meaning":"capability, potential, power."
},
{
"name":"adverse (adjective) :",
"meaning":"dangerous, injurious, terrible."
},
{
"name":"in no hurry (phrase) :",
"meaning":"reluctant, unwilling, disinclined (to do something)."
},
{
"name":"take forward (phrase):",
"meaning":"make arrangements for, undertake, sort out."
},
{
"name":"deliberate (verb):",
"meaning":" think about, ponder, consider."
},
{
"name":"deliberation (noun) :",
"meaning":"consideration, thinking, contemplation/discussion."
},
{
"name":"accountable (adjective):",
"meaning":"responsible, liable, answerable."
}
],
"Cauvery again – The Hindu (Apr 02 2018)":[
{
"name": "litigation (noun) :",
"type": null,
"meaning":"legal action, legal process, legal dispute."
},
{
"name": "contempt ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"disrespectful, disregardful, neglectful (of a court of law)."
},
{
"name": "comply with ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"abide by, conform to, adhere to/respect."
},
{
"name": "set out ",
"type": "phrasal verb",
"meaning":"describe, declare, state."
},
{
"name": "perplexing",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":"confusing, puzzling, baffling/bewildering."
},
{
"name": "get over",
"type": "phrasal verb",
"meaning":"complete (a tough) task promptly. overcome, deal with."
},
{
"name": "buy time ",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":"take one’s time, linger, hold back/waste time."
},
{
"name": "come up with ",
"type": "phrasal verb",
"meaning":"submit/produce, propose, put forward."
},
{
"name": "at variance",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":" inconsistent, conflicting, contrary."
},
{
"name": "divergence",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"difference, variance; dissimilarity."
},
{
"name": "composition",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"structure, formation, organization."
},
{
"name": "envisage ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"foresee, predict; contemplate/envision."
},
{
"name": "contend ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":" assert, claim, argue."
},
{
"name": "discretion ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":" judgement, preference, disposition."
},
{
"name": "oversee",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"supervise, manage, control."
},
{
"name": "deprive (of)",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"deny, prevent; divest."
},
{
"name": "nomenclature",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":" terms, a system of names used in particular field."
},
{
"name": "equity ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"fairness and justice,"
},
{
"name": "prolong",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":" make longer, extend, protract."
},
{
"name": "expedient",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":"convenient, advantageous; strategic, tactical (although possibly improper or immoral)."
},
{
"name": "amount to ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"constitute, comprise, be equivalent to."
},
{
"name": "undermine ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":" weaken, compromise, diminish/reduce."
},
{
"name": "finality",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"decision."
},
{
"name": "unwaveringly ",
"type": "adverb",
"meaning":" steadily, firmly, relentlessly."
},
{
"name": "in aid of ",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":" in support of."
}
],
"No surprises – The Hindu (Apr 02 2018)":[
{
"name": "curate ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"organize."
},
{
"name": "arab spring",
"type": "proper noun",
"meaning":" it refers to the democratic protests, uprisings, and demonstrations that arose independently and spread across the Arab countries in 2011."
},{
"name": "oust ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":" remove, expel, dismiss from power/office."
},{
"name": "landslide",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":"decisive, runaway (victory), overwhelming majority."
},{
"name": "all along ",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":" from the beginning, all the time."
},{
"name": "backlash ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":" a strong negative reaction; adverse response, counteraction."
},{
"name": "upsurge ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"sudden increase or rise."
},{
"name": "ballot",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"public vote, plebiscite, popular vote."
},{
"name": "on the cards",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":" likely, possible, expected."
},{
"name": "entrant ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"new member, beginner, newcomer."
},{
"name": "thrust forward",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":"force, urge, push."
},{
"name": "embarrassment",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"difficulty, predicament, plight/problem."
},{
"name": "staunch",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":"loyal/faithful, trusty, committed."
},{
"name": "charade ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"a ridiculous act/show, false display, farce."
},{
"name": "deem ",
"type": "verb",
"meaning":" regard as, consider; think/judge."
},{
"name": "political will",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":" political intention/desire (to complete a scheme/project even if it is not admired/welcomed in the beginning)."
},{
"name": "tumultuous",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":"violent, volatile; restless/uncontrolled."
},{
"name": "exhortation",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"urging, encouragement, insistence."
},{
"name": "franchise ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"right to vote, voting rights, the vote/ballot."
},{
"name": "cynicism",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"scepticism, doubtful, distrust."
},{
"name": "hardship ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"poverty, financial distress, privation/destitution."
},{
"name": "repression",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"suppression, domination, oppression."
},{
"name": "roll-back",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"reduction, cut/decrease, trimming."
},{
"name": "hefty ",
"type": "adjective",
"meaning":" large, heavy, substantial."
},{
"name": "squeeze",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"pressure, demand."
},{
"name": "inflation",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"an increase in the price level of goods & services and vice versa decrease of currency value."
},{
"name": "take a toll ",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":"have an adverse effect."
},{
"name": "stranglehold",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"complete control, power, influence/domination."
},{
"name": "old order",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"an old system of doing things; (an old government)."
},{
"name": "fire-fighting ",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"an act of dealing problems as they come (instead of avoiding them strategically)."
}
],
"High hopes? – The Hindu (Apr 02 2018)":[
{
"name": "privatisation",
"type": "noun",
"meaning":"transfer of a business, industry, or service from public to private ownership and control."
},
{
"name": "in principle",
"type": "phrase",
"meaning":"generally, by and large; theoretically."
},{
"name": "nod <