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Flashing Watchman firmware to Crazyradio PA

How to flash Watchman firmware to a Crazyradio PA dongle

This is a quick guide on how to flash the Watchman firmware (SteamVR tracking dongle) onto Crazyradio PA dongle.

CAUTION: It seems like the dongles end up with really short range, they work technically but is not really all that usable at this time.


Note: If you are getting the dongle from any other source than the official one, make sure the nRF24LU1+ chip is the 32kB one not the 16kB one.
The firmware is made for the 32kB chip, and flashing this over the 16kB chip will most likely brick the dongle.
If you want to verify, the 32kB chip is marked with the name 24LU1P while the 16kB ones are marked with LU1P16


To use the firmware tools you will have to make sure that your Linux install has Python 2.7 installed, as well as the pyusb module.
After you have downloaded the SteamVR HDK you can find the firmware at Steam\steamapps\common\SteamVR Tracking HDK\firmware\dongle\watchman_dongle_combined.bin.

To simplify things, place the firmware binary in the same directory as the python scripts on your Linux machine.

Flashing the firmware

Once you have everything in place flashing the firmware should be straight forward.

  • Connect the Crazyradio PA to a USB port on your Linux device
  • From the directory the firmware scripts are in run sudo python to start the bootloader
  • To verify that things work and as a backup, you can dump the current flash by running sudo python dump ./binarydump.bin
  • If that is working you can flash the Watchman firmware by running sudo python flash ./watchman_dongle_combined.bin
  • Once flashing is complete (should be pretty fast), you can verify that the flash is correct by running sudo python verify ./watchman_dongle_combined.bin

Once these steps are done, you can unplug the USB dongle and connect it to the machine you are running SteamVR on, the dongle should register as a SteamVR dongle.
You can also verify this by running the lighthouse_console tool from "Steam\steamapps\common\SteamVR Tracking HDK\tools\bin\win32\lighthouse_console.exe".
Remember to unplug all other SteamVR devices to make sure you are indeed looking at the right device.

With all these things done you can pair the dongle as you would any other SteamVR dongle.

Have fun! :)

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IceCrack- commented Jan 7, 2021

Just letting you know I completed a hardware hack to increase the range by placing a 1K Ohms resistor from C14 to R11 enabling the LNA on the RFX2401C Chip that the firmware does not enable by default. Image 1

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SuperFlue commented Jan 8, 2021

That's brilliant!
I think I have the stuff i need to solder that as well so gonna try when I have time.

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