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Torrents Time bundles certificates and private keys.

Torrents Time bundles certificates and private keys

So, with all the news about how Torrents Time is insecure.. I figured I might as well reverse it.

It seems to have three components, one (on windows) is a native service (TTService.exe) that runs as SYSTEM, another (TTPlayer.exe) runs under a lower privileged user. There's also a nodejs application, server.js.

The native service seems to set up a localhost HTTPd, on either port 12400, 11400, 10400 or 9400, using whichever is open.

So, I browsed to it, and was astonished to discover it was running with TLS, and gave the browser a valid certificate, signed by Thawte! (the cert was issued to localhost.ttconfig.xyz, obviously to work around new CA rules. For the record, it currently resolves to 127.0.0.1 as you'd probably expect.)

Quick examination shows that the certificate and corresponding private key is located base64 encoded inside the TTService.exe binary. (And yes, they base64 encoded PEM format certificates and private keys, which are themselves base64 encoded...)

And not just that one. Base64 encoded inside the binary I found a grand total of three certificates, and corresponding private keys. All were issued to localhost.ttconfig.xyz, but they were issued by different CAs:

  • One certificate issued by Comodo, valid from 22 October, 2015 to 21 October, 2016
  • One certificate issued by RapidSSL, valid from 24 October, 2015 to 25 October, 2016
  • One certificate issued by Thawte, valid from 25 October, 2015 to 24 October, 2016

Each of those certificates and the corresponding private keys can be found attached to this gist in PEM format. Hopefully the CAs will revoke them quickly. Sure, it'll break Torrents Time in a visible way, but as you already know, having read this post, it was broken anyway.

Uninstallation of Torrents Time is extremely recommended, it seems the Torrents Time devs really don't know what they are doing...

-> slipstream, a member of Ring of Lightning and LizardHQ <-

-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEpQIBAAKCAQEA1ECzHjRVDtjpRhsgmnyYtQjSYCVaASXCBSXjd8CXlbSKox9A
Tkm4+XKyNZlxbZtrmomGiHrMsnoMX1UwEZVH3zOW0CcsYPM3ISkUBezHIa8oGGSb
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qoEzASWmHnx+l53M3LEnes8zqZrvAL+rLWzCLUiU+dyK3SYcoYJf3VM=
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
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ZXgn7HkXxzDaAUh7bwMYQKE=
-----END PRIVATE KEY-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIENTCCAx2gAwIBAgIDB9R0MA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBCwUAMEcxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVT
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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEJTCCAw2gAwIBAgIDAjp3MA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBCwUAMEIxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVT
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gP8L8mJMcCaY
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIDVDCCAjygAwIBAgIDAjRWMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMEIxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVT
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5fEWCRE11azbJHFwLJhWC9kXtNHjUStedejV0NxPNO3CBWaAocvmMw==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEvgIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAASCBKgwggSkAgEAAoIBAQC+zfdQfvLN8okk
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Vk9Wh1RDvXTSMzpxVIXBMw5f
-----END PRIVATE KEY-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEiDCCA3CgAwIBAgIQXaIoVDkXMlrWeWYR5KkhZjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADBj
MQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzEVMBMGA1UEChMMdGhhd3RlLCBJbmMuMR0wGwYDVQQLExRE
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k4IFhYw04e22Li30
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIE0jCCA7qgAwIBAgIQLGnhL2pnC9md0g+RnvCeUTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADCB
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lYOcue07pe8I4HT5wxvmB6PuB9dCInkhoKHUHSbT0NamXStBwHk=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIEIDCCAwigAwIBAgIQNE7VVyDV7exJ9C/ON9srbTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFADCB
qTELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxFTATBgNVBAoTDHRoYXd0ZSwgSW5jLjEoMCYGA1UECxMf
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DW5FvlXok9LOAz/t2iWwHVfLHjp2oEzsUHboZHIMpKnxuIvW1oeEuzLlQRHAd9mz
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LHbTY5xZ3Y+m4Q6gLkH3LpVHz7z9M/P2C2F+fpErgUfCJzDupxBdN49cOSvkBPB7
jVaMaA==
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
@SchizoDuckie

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commented Feb 12, 2016

image
^torrents time devs

@m00dy

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commented Feb 13, 2016

So what ?

@wodim

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commented Feb 13, 2016

As long as localhost.ttconfig.xyz always resolves to 127.0.0.1 what's the damn problem?

@joepie91

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commented Feb 13, 2016

@wodim That you've now introduced an MITM vector that wasn't there before.

@jduncanator

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commented Feb 13, 2016

@wodim Assuming the attacker is in a position to MITM the traffic anyway, it doesn't matter what the DNS records say for localhost.ttconfig.xyz, if I'm in a position to alter every packet to and from your computer, I can just modify the DNS response to point to a location of my choice, use the private keys in the binary to MITM the TLS connection and exploit any number of available XSS attacks present in TT to run arbitrary JavaScript on any page the plugin is present on. Private keys are called private keys for a reason.

@Codeusa

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@krisives

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commented Feb 14, 2016

As long as localhost.ttconfig.xyz always resolves to 127.0.0.1 what's the damn problem?

How would we guarantee that it always resolves to that? We can't, so it's a problem.

@krisives

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commented Feb 14, 2016

@jduncanator Currently one person (the owner of the DNS records) could flip a switch and essentially start MITM anyone using Torrents-Time even though he doesn't have the ability to MITM the individual connections.

@SchizoDuckie

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commented Feb 14, 2016

All of this together is really a 3 way attack vector:

  • we already knew you can do malicious stuff from javascript, that requires browsing to a hijacked page (passive)
  • the thing is listening on 0.0.0.0, so you can connect to the socket from lan and send malicous commands (active)
  • You can hijack the dns and send forged traffic when someone wants to connect to it (passive)
@Wack0

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commented Feb 15, 2016

The Comodo cert has been revoked.

comodorevoked

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