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tomcat init.d
#!/bin/sh
#
# /etc/init.d/tomcat -- startup script for the Tomcat servlet engine
#
# Written by Miquel van Smoorenburg <miquels@cistron.nl>.
# Modified for Debian GNU/Linux by Ian Murdock <imurdock@gnu.ai.mit.edu>.
# Modified for Tomcat by Stefan Gybas <sgybas@debian.org>.
# Modified for Tomcat6 by Thierry Carrez <thierry.carrez@ubuntu.com>.
# Modified for Tomcat7 by Ernesto Hernandez-Novich <emhn@itverx.com.ve>.
# Additional improvements by Jason Brittain <jason.brittain@mulesoft.com>.
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: tomcat
# Required-Start: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Should-Start: $named
# Should-Stop: $named
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start Tomcat.
# Description: Start the Tomcat servlet engine.
### END INIT INFO
set -e
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin
NAME=tomcat
DESC="Tomcat servlet engine"
DEFAULT=/etc/default/$NAME
JVM_TMP=/tmp/tomcat-$NAME-tmp
if [ `id -u` -ne 0 ]; then
echo "You need root privileges to run this script"
exit 1
fi
# Make sure tomcat is started with system locale
if [ -r /etc/default/locale ]; then
. /etc/default/locale
export LANG
fi
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
if [ -r /etc/default/rcS ]; then
. /etc/default/rcS
fi
# The following variables can be overwritten in $DEFAULT
# Run Tomcat as this user ID and group ID
TOMCAT_USER=tomcat
TOMCAT_GROUP=tomcat
# this is a work-around until there is a suitable runtime replacement
# for dpkg-architecture for arch:all packages
# this function sets the variable JDK_DIRS
find_jdks()
{
for java_version in 9 8
do
for jvmdir in /usr/lib/jvm/java-${java_version}-openjdk-* \
/usr/lib/jvm/jdk-${java_version}-oracle-* \
/usr/lib/jvm/jre-${java_version}-oracle-* \
/usr/lib/jvm/java-${java_version}-oracle
do
if [ -d "${jvmdir}" ]
then
JDK_DIRS="${JDK_DIRS} ${jvmdir}"
fi
done
done
}
# The first existing directory is used for JAVA_HOME (if JAVA_HOME is not
# defined in $DEFAULT)
JDK_DIRS="/usr/lib/jvm/default-java"
find_jdks
# Look for the right JVM to use
for jdir in $JDK_DIRS; do
if [ -r "$jdir/bin/java" -a -z "${JAVA_HOME}" ]; then
JAVA_HOME="$jdir"
fi
done
export JAVA_HOME
# Directory where the Tomcat binary distribution resides
CATALINA_HOME=/opt/$NAME
# Directory for per-instance configuration files and webapps
CATALINA_BASE=/opt/$NAME
# Use the Java security manager? (yes/no)
TOMCAT_SECURITY=no
# Default Java options
# Set java.awt.headless=true if JAVA_OPTS is not set so the
# Xalan XSL transformer can work without X11 display on JDK 1.4+
if [ -z "$JAVA_OPTS" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true"
fi
# End of variables that can be overwritten in $DEFAULT
# overwrite settings from default file
if [ -f "$DEFAULT" ]; then
. "$DEFAULT"
fi
if [ ! -f "$CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar" ]; then
log_failure_msg "$NAME is not installed"
exit 1
fi
POLICY_CACHE="$CATALINA_BASE/policy/catalina.policy"
if [ -z "$CATALINA_TMPDIR" ]; then
CATALINA_TMPDIR="$JVM_TMP"
fi
# Set the JSP compiler if set in the tomcat.default file
if [ -n "$JSP_COMPILER" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="$JAVA_OPTS -Dbuild.compiler=\"$JSP_COMPILER\""
fi
SECURITY=""
if [ "$TOMCAT_SECURITY" = "yes" ]; then
SECURITY="-security"
fi
# Define other required variables
CATALINA_PID="/var/run/$NAME.pid"
CATALINA_SH="$CATALINA_HOME/bin/catalina.sh"
# Look for Java Secure Sockets Extension (JSSE) JARs
if [ -z "${JSSE_HOME}" -a -r "${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/jsse.jar" ]; then
JSSE_HOME="${JAVA_HOME}/jre/"
fi
catalina_sh() {
# Escape any double quotes in the value of JAVA_OPTS
JAVA_OPTS="$(echo $JAVA_OPTS | sed 's/\"/\\\"/g')"
AUTHBIND_COMMAND=""
if [ "$AUTHBIND" = "yes" -a "$1" = "start" ]; then
AUTHBIND_COMMAND="/usr/bin/authbind --deep /bin/bash -c "
fi
# Define the command to run Tomcat's catalina.sh as a daemon
# set -a tells sh to export assigned variables to spawned shells.
TOMCAT_SH="set -a; JAVA_HOME=\"$JAVA_HOME\"; source \"$DEFAULT\"; \
CATALINA_HOME=\"$CATALINA_HOME\"; \
CATALINA_BASE=\"$CATALINA_BASE\"; \
JAVA_OPTS=\"$JAVA_OPTS\"; \
CATALINA_PID=\"$CATALINA_PID\"; \
CATALINA_TMPDIR=\"$CATALINA_TMPDIR\"; \
LANG=\"$LANG\"; JSSE_HOME=\"$JSSE_HOME\"; \
cd \"$CATALINA_BASE\"; \
\"$CATALINA_SH\" $@"
if [ "$AUTHBIND" = "yes" -a "$1" = "start" ]; then
TOMCAT_SH="'$TOMCAT_SH'"
fi
# Run the catalina.sh script as a daemon
set +e
if [ ! -f "$CATALINA_BASE"/logs/catalina.out ]; then
# run install as tomcat to work around #841371
su $TOMCAT_USER -s /bin/bash -c "install -m 644 /dev/null $CATALINA_BASE/logs/catalina.out"
fi
install -o $TOMCAT_USER -g adm -m 644 /dev/null "$CATALINA_PID"
start-stop-daemon --start -b -u "$TOMCAT_USER" -g "$TOMCAT_GROUP" \
-c "$TOMCAT_USER" -d "$CATALINA_TMPDIR" -p "$CATALINA_PID" \
-x /bin/bash -- -c "$AUTHBIND_COMMAND $TOMCAT_SH"
status="$?"
set +a -e
return $status
}
case "$1" in
start)
if [ -z "$JAVA_HOME" ]; then
log_failure_msg "no JDK or JRE found - please set JAVA_HOME"
exit 1
fi
if [ ! -d "$CATALINA_BASE/conf" ]; then
log_failure_msg "invalid CATALINA_BASE: $CATALINA_BASE"
exit 1
fi
# Change the home directory to /var/lib/tomcat for older installations (to be removed in tomcat9)
usermod --home /var/lib/tomcat $TOMCAT_USER > /dev/null 2>&1 || true
log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null; then
# Regenerate POLICY_CACHE file
umask 022
rm -rf "$CATALINA_BASE/policy"
mkdir "$CATALINA_BASE/policy"
echo "// AUTO-GENERATED FILE from /etc/tomcat/policy.d/" \
> "$POLICY_CACHE"
echo "" >> "$POLICY_CACHE"
if [ -d "$CATALINA_BASE/conf/policy.d" ]; then
cat $CATALINA_BASE/conf/policy.d/*.policy \
>> "$POLICY_CACHE"
fi
# Remove / recreate JVM_TMP directory
rm -rf "$JVM_TMP"
mkdir "$JVM_TMP" || {
log_failure_msg "could not create JVM temporary directory"
exit 1
}
chown -h $TOMCAT_USER "$JVM_TMP"
catalina_sh start $SECURITY
sleep 5
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null; then
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
rm -f "$CATALINA_PID"
fi
log_end_msg 1
else
log_end_msg 0
fi
else
log_progress_msg "(already running)"
log_end_msg 0
fi
;;
stop)
log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
set +e
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
start-stop-daemon --stop --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user "$TOMCAT_USER" \
--retry=TERM/20/KILL/5 >/dev/null
if [ $? -eq 1 ]; then
log_progress_msg "$DESC is not running but pid file exists, cleaning up"
elif [ $? -eq 3 ]; then
PID="`cat $CATALINA_PID`"
log_failure_msg "Failed to stop $NAME (pid $PID)"
exit 1
fi
rm -f "$CATALINA_PID"
rm -rf "$JVM_TMP"
else
log_progress_msg "(not running)"
fi
log_end_msg 0
set -e
;;
status)
set +e
start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null 2>&1
if [ "$?" = "0" ]; then
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
log_success_msg "$DESC is not running, but pid file exists."
exit 1
else
log_success_msg "$DESC is not running."
exit 3
fi
else
log_success_msg "$DESC is running with pid `cat $CATALINA_PID`"
fi
set -e
;;
restart|force-reload)
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
$0 stop
sleep 1
fi
$0 start
;;
try-restart)
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null; then
$0 start
fi
;;
*)
log_success_msg "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|try-restart|force-reload|status}"
exit 1
;;
esac
exit 0
# Run Tomcat as this user ID. Not setting this or leaving it blank will use the
# default of tomcat.
TOMCAT_USER=tomcat
# Run Tomcat as this group ID. Not setting this or leaving it blank will use
# the default of tomcat.
TOMCAT_GROUP=tomcat
# The home directory of the Java development kit (JDK). You need at least
# JDK version 8. If JAVA_HOME is not set, some common directories for
# OpenJDK and the Oracle JDK are tried.
#JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk
# You may pass JVM startup parameters to Java here. If unset, the default
# options will be: -Djava.awt.headless=true -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC
#
# Use "-XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC" to enable the CMS garbage collector (improved
# response time). If you use that option and you run Tomcat on a machine with
# exactly one CPU chip that contains one or two cores, you should also add
# the "-XX:+CMSIncrementalMode" option.
JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC"
# To enable remote debugging uncomment the following line.
# You will then be able to use a java debugger on port 8000.
#JAVA_OPTS="${JAVA_OPTS} -Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=8000,server=y,suspend=n"
# Java compiler to use for translating JavaServer Pages (JSPs). You can use all
# compilers that are accepted by Ant's build.compiler property.
#JSP_COMPILER=javac
# Use the Java security manager? (yes/no, default: no)
#TOMCAT_SECURITY=no
# Number of days to keep logfiles in /var/log/tomcat. Default is 14 days.
#LOGFILE_DAYS=14
# Whether to compress logfiles older than today's
#LOGFILE_COMPRESS=1
# Location of the JVM temporary directory
# WARNING: This directory will be destroyed and recreated at every startup !
#JVM_TMP=/tmp/tomcat-temp
# If you run Tomcat on port numbers that are all higher than 1023, then you
# do not need authbind. It is used for binding Tomcat to lower port numbers.
# (yes/no, default: no)
#AUTHBIND=no
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