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Cache.php
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<?php
 
class Cache {
 
private $Cache_Lite;
function __construct(array $options) {
$this->Cache_Lite = new Cache_Lite($options);
}
/**
* retrieving data.
*/
public function get($key) {
if (isset($GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key])) {
return $GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key];
} else { /* Use Cache_Lite as cache */
if ($data = $this->Cache_Lite->get($key)) { // cache hit !
$GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key] = $data;
return $data;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* store this data.
*/
public function set($key, $data) {
$this->Cache_Lite->save($data, $key);
$GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key] = $data;
}
/**
* store this data, but only if the server *doesn't* already hold data for this key
*/
public function add($key, $data) {
}
}
 
/**
* Fast, light and safe Cache Class
*
* Cache_Lite is a fast, light and safe cache system. It's optimized
* for file containers. It is fast and safe (because it uses file
* locking and/or anti-corruption tests).
*
* There are some examples in the 'docs/examples' file
* Technical choices are described in the 'docs/technical' file
*
* Memory Caching is from an original idea of
* Mike BENOIT <ipso@snappymail.ca>
*
* Nota : A chinese documentation (thanks to RainX <china_1982@163.com>) is
* available at :
* http://rainx.phpmore.com/manual/cache_lite.html
*
* @package Cache_Lite
* @category Caching
* @version $Id: Lite.php,v 1.54 2009/07/07 05:34:37 tacker Exp $
* @author Fabien MARTY <fab@php.net>
*/
 
define('CACHE_LITE_ERROR_RETURN', 1);
define('CACHE_LITE_ERROR_DIE', 8);
 
class Cache_Lite
{
 
// --- Private properties ---
 
/**
* Directory where to put the cache files
* (make sure to add a trailing slash)
*
* @var string $_cacheDir
*/
var $_cacheDir = '/tmp/';
 
/**
* Enable / disable caching
*
* (can be very usefull for the debug of cached scripts)
*
* @var boolean $_caching
*/
var $_caching = true;
 
/**
* Cache lifetime (in seconds)
*
* If null, the cache is valid forever.
*
* @var int $_lifeTime
*/
var $_lifeTime = 3600;
 
/**
* Enable / disable fileLocking
*
* (can avoid cache corruption under bad circumstances)
*
* @var boolean $_fileLocking
*/
var $_fileLocking = true;
 
/**
* Timestamp of the last valid cache
*
* @var int $_refreshTime
*/
var $_refreshTime;
 
/**
* File name (with path)
*
* @var string $_file
*/
var $_file;
/**
* File name (without path)
*
* @var string $_fileName
*/
var $_fileName;
 
/**
* Enable / disable write control (the cache is read just after writing to detect corrupt entries)
*
* Enable write control will lightly slow the cache writing but not the cache reading
* Write control can detect some corrupt cache files but maybe it's not a perfect control
*
* @var boolean $_writeControl
*/
var $_writeControl = true;
 
/**
* Enable / disable read control
*
* If enabled, a control key is embeded in cache file and this key is compared with the one
* calculated after the reading.
*
* @var boolean $_writeControl
*/
var $_readControl = true;
 
/**
* Type of read control (only if read control is enabled)
*
* Available values are :
* 'md5' for a md5 hash control (best but slowest)
* 'crc32' for a crc32 hash control (lightly less safe but faster, better choice)
* 'strlen' for a length only test (fastest)
*
* @var boolean $_readControlType
*/
var $_readControlType = 'crc32';
 
/**
* Pear error mode (when raiseError is called)
*
* (see PEAR doc)
*
* @see setToDebug()
* @var int $_pearErrorMode
*/
var $_pearErrorMode = CACHE_LITE_ERROR_RETURN;
/**
* Current cache id
*
* @var string $_id
*/
var $_id;
 
/**
* Current cache group
*
* @var string $_group
*/
var $_group;
 
/**
* Enable / Disable "Memory Caching"
*
* NB : There is no lifetime for memory caching !
*
* @var boolean $_memoryCaching
*/
var $_memoryCaching = false;
 
/**
* Enable / Disable "Only Memory Caching"
* (be carefull, memory caching is "beta quality")
*
* @var boolean $_onlyMemoryCaching
*/
var $_onlyMemoryCaching = false;
 
/**
* Memory caching array
*
* @var array $_memoryCachingArray
*/
var $_memoryCachingArray = array();
 
/**
* Memory caching counter
*
* @var int $memoryCachingCounter
*/
var $_memoryCachingCounter = 0;
 
/**
* Memory caching limit
*
* @var int $memoryCachingLimit
*/
var $_memoryCachingLimit = 1000;
/**
* File Name protection
*
* if set to true, you can use any cache id or group name
* if set to false, it can be faster but cache ids and group names
* will be used directly in cache file names so be carefull with
* special characters...
*
* @var boolean $fileNameProtection
*/
var $_fileNameProtection = true;
/**
* Enable / disable automatic serialization
*
* it can be used to save directly datas which aren't strings
* (but it's slower)
*
* @var boolean $_serialize
*/
var $_automaticSerialization = false;
/**
* Disable / Tune the automatic cleaning process
*
* The automatic cleaning process destroy too old (for the given life time)
* cache files when a new cache file is written.
* 0 => no automatic cache cleaning
* 1 => systematic cache cleaning
* x (integer) > 1 => automatic cleaning randomly 1 times on x cache write
*
* @var int $_automaticCleaning
*/
var $_automaticCleaningFactor = 0;
/**
* Nested directory level
*
* Set the hashed directory structure level. 0 means "no hashed directory
* structure", 1 means "one level of directory", 2 means "two levels"...
* This option can speed up Cache_Lite only when you have many thousands of
* cache file. Only specific benchs can help you to choose the perfect value
* for you. Maybe, 1 or 2 is a good start.
*
* @var int $_hashedDirectoryLevel
*/
var $_hashedDirectoryLevel = 0;
/**
* Umask for hashed directory structure
*
* @var int $_hashedDirectoryUmask
*/
var $_hashedDirectoryUmask = 0700;
/**
* API break for error handling in CACHE_LITE_ERROR_RETURN mode
*
* In CACHE_LITE_ERROR_RETURN mode, error handling was not good because
* for example save() method always returned a boolean (a PEAR_Error object
* would be better in CACHE_LITE_ERROR_RETURN mode). To correct this without
* breaking the API, this option (false by default) can change this handling.
*
* @var boolean
*/
var $_errorHandlingAPIBreak = false;
// --- Public methods ---
 
/**
* Constructor
*
* $options is an assoc. Available options are :
* $options = array(
* 'cacheDir' => directory where to put the cache files (string),
* 'caching' => enable / disable caching (boolean),
* 'lifeTime' => cache lifetime in seconds (int),
* 'fileLocking' => enable / disable fileLocking (boolean),
* 'writeControl' => enable / disable write control (boolean),
* 'readControl' => enable / disable read control (boolean),
* 'readControlType' => type of read control 'crc32', 'md5', 'strlen' (string),
* 'pearErrorMode' => pear error mode (when raiseError is called) (cf PEAR doc) (int),
* 'memoryCaching' => enable / disable memory caching (boolean),
* 'onlyMemoryCaching' => enable / disable only memory caching (boolean),
* 'memoryCachingLimit' => max nbr of records to store into memory caching (int),
* 'fileNameProtection' => enable / disable automatic file name protection (boolean),
* 'automaticSerialization' => enable / disable automatic serialization (boolean),
* 'automaticCleaningFactor' => distable / tune automatic cleaning process (int),
* 'hashedDirectoryLevel' => level of the hashed directory system (int),
* 'hashedDirectoryUmask' => umask for hashed directory structure (int),
* 'errorHandlingAPIBreak' => API break for better error handling ? (boolean)
* );
*
* @param array $options options
* @access public
*/
function Cache_Lite($options = array(NULL))
{
foreach($options as $key => $value) {
$this->setOption($key, $value);
}
}
/**
* Generic way to set a Cache_Lite option
*
* see Cache_Lite constructor for available options
*
* @var string $name name of the option
* @var mixed $value value of the option
* @access public
*/
function setOption($name, $value)
{
$availableOptions = array('errorHandlingAPIBreak', 'hashedDirectoryUmask', 'hashedDirectoryLevel', 'automaticCleaningFactor', 'automaticSerialization', 'fileNameProtection', 'memoryCaching', 'onlyMemoryCaching', 'memoryCachingLimit', 'cacheDir', 'caching', 'lifeTime', 'fileLocking', 'writeControl', 'readControl', 'readControlType', 'pearErrorMode');
if (in_array($name, $availableOptions)) {
$property = '_'.$name;
$this->$property = $value;
}
}
/**
* Test if a cache is available and (if yes) return it
*
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @param boolean $doNotTestCacheValidity if set to true, the cache validity won't be tested
* @return string data of the cache (else : false)
* @access public
*/
function get($id, $group = 'default', $doNotTestCacheValidity = false)
{
$this->_id = $id;
$this->_group = $group;
$data = false;
if ($this->_caching) {
$this->_setRefreshTime();
$this->_setFileName($id, $group);
clearstatcache();
if ($this->_memoryCaching) {
if (isset($this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file])) {
if ($this->_automaticSerialization) {
return unserialize($this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file]);
}
return $this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file];
}
if ($this->_onlyMemoryCaching) {
return false;
}
}
if (($doNotTestCacheValidity) || (is_null($this->_refreshTime))) {
if (file_exists($this->_file)) {
$data = $this->_read();
}
} else {
if ((file_exists($this->_file)) && (@filemtime($this->_file) > $this->_refreshTime)) {
$data = $this->_read();
}
}
if (($data) and ($this->_memoryCaching)) {
$this->_memoryCacheAdd($data);
}
if (($this->_automaticSerialization) and (is_string($data))) {
$data = unserialize($data);
}
return $data;
}
return false;
}
/**
* Save some data in a cache file
*
* @param string $data data to put in cache (can be another type than strings if automaticSerialization is on)
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @return boolean true if no problem (else : false or a PEAR_Error object)
* @access public
*/
function save($data, $id = NULL, $group = 'default')
{
if ($this->_caching) {
if ($this->_automaticSerialization) {
$data = serialize($data);
}
if (isset($id)) {
$this->_setFileName($id, $group);
}
if ($this->_memoryCaching) {
$this->_memoryCacheAdd($data);
if ($this->_onlyMemoryCaching) {
return true;
}
}
if ($this->_automaticCleaningFactor>0 && ($this->_automaticCleaningFactor==1 || mt_rand(1, $this->_automaticCleaningFactor)==1)) {
$this->clean(false, 'old');
}
if ($this->_writeControl) {
$res = $this->_writeAndControl($data);
if (is_bool($res)) {
if ($res) {
return true;
}
// if $res if false, we need to invalidate the cache
@touch($this->_file, time() - 2*abs($this->_lifeTime));
return false;
}
} else {
$res = $this->_write($data);
}
if (is_object($res)) {
// $res is a PEAR_Error object
if (!($this->_errorHandlingAPIBreak)) {
return false; // we return false (old API)
}
}
return $res;
}
return false;
}
 
/**
* Remove a cache file
*
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @param boolean $checkbeforeunlink check if file exists before removing it
* @return boolean true if no problem
* @access public
*/
function remove($id, $group = 'default', $checkbeforeunlink = false)
{
$this->_setFileName($id, $group);
if ($this->_memoryCaching) {
if (isset($this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file])) {
unset($this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file]);
$this->_memoryCachingCounter = $this->_memoryCachingCounter - 1;
}
if ($this->_onlyMemoryCaching) {
return true;
}
}
if ( $checkbeforeunlink ) {
if (!file_exists($this->_file)) return true;
}
return $this->_unlink($this->_file);
}
 
/**
* Clean the cache
*
* if no group is specified all cache files will be destroyed
* else only cache files of the specified group will be destroyed
*
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @param string $mode flush cache mode : 'old', 'ingroup', 'notingroup',
* 'callback_myFunction'
* @return boolean true if no problem
* @access public
*/
function clean($group = false, $mode = 'ingroup')
{
return $this->_cleanDir($this->_cacheDir, $group, $mode);
}
/**
* Set to debug mode
*
* When an error is found, the script will stop and the message will be displayed
* (in debug mode only).
*
* @access public
*/
function setToDebug()
{
$this->setOption('pearErrorMode', CACHE_LITE_ERROR_DIE);
}
 
/**
* Set a new life time
*
* @param int $newLifeTime new life time (in seconds)
* @access public
*/
function setLifeTime($newLifeTime)
{
$this->_lifeTime = $newLifeTime;
$this->_setRefreshTime();
}
 
/**
* Save the state of the caching memory array into a cache file cache
*
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @access public
*/
function saveMemoryCachingState($id, $group = 'default')
{
if ($this->_caching) {
$array = array(
'counter' => $this->_memoryCachingCounter,
'array' => $this->_memoryCachingArray
);
$data = serialize($array);
$this->save($data, $id, $group);
}
}
 
/**
* Load the state of the caching memory array from a given cache file cache
*
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @param boolean $doNotTestCacheValidity if set to true, the cache validity won't be tested
* @access public
*/
function getMemoryCachingState($id, $group = 'default', $doNotTestCacheValidity = false)
{
if ($this->_caching) {
if ($data = $this->get($id, $group, $doNotTestCacheValidity)) {
$array = unserialize($data);
$this->_memoryCachingCounter = $array['counter'];
$this->_memoryCachingArray = $array['array'];
}
}
}
/**
* Return the cache last modification time
*
* BE CAREFUL : THIS METHOD IS FOR HACKING ONLY !
*
* @return int last modification time
*/
function lastModified()
{
return @filemtime($this->_file);
}
/**
* Trigger a PEAR error
*
* To improve performances, the PEAR.php file is included dynamically.
* The file is so included only when an error is triggered. So, in most
* cases, the file isn't included and perfs are much better.
*
* @param string $msg error message
* @param int $code error code
* @access public
*/
function raiseError($msg, $code)
{
include_once('PEAR.php');
return PEAR::raiseError($msg, $code, $this->_pearErrorMode);
}
/**
* Extend the life of a valid cache file
*
* see http://pear.php.net/bugs/bug.php?id=6681
*
* @access public
*/
function extendLife()
{
@touch($this->_file);
}
// --- Private methods ---
/**
* Compute & set the refresh time
*
* @access private
*/
function _setRefreshTime()
{
if (is_null($this->_lifeTime)) {
$this->_refreshTime = null;
} else {
$this->_refreshTime = time() - $this->_lifeTime;
}
}
/**
* Remove a file
*
* @param string $file complete file path and name
* @return boolean true if no problem
* @access private
*/
function _unlink($file)
{
if (!@unlink($file)) {
return $this->raiseError('Cache_Lite : Unable to remove cache !', -3);
}
return true;
}
 
/**
* Recursive function for cleaning cache file in the given directory
*
* @param string $dir directory complete path (with a trailing slash)
* @param string $group name of the cache group
* @param string $mode flush cache mode : 'old', 'ingroup', 'notingroup',
'callback_myFunction'
* @return boolean true if no problem
* @access private
*/
function _cleanDir($dir, $group = false, $mode = 'ingroup')
{
if ($this->_fileNameProtection) {
$motif = ($group) ? 'cache_'.md5($group).'_' : 'cache_';
} else {
$motif = ($group) ? 'cache_'.$group.'_' : 'cache_';
}
if ($this->_memoryCaching) {
foreach($this->_memoryCachingArray as $key => $v) {
if (strpos($key, $motif) !== false) {
unset($this->_memoryCachingArray[$key]);
$this->_memoryCachingCounter = $this->_memoryCachingCounter - 1;
}
}
if ($this->_onlyMemoryCaching) {
return true;
}
}
if (!($dh = opendir($dir))) {
return $this->raiseError('Cache_Lite : Unable to open cache directory !', -4);
}
$result = true;
while ($file = readdir($dh)) {
if (($file != '.') && ($file != '..')) {
if (substr($file, 0, 6)=='cache_') {
$file2 = $dir . $file;
if (is_file($file2)) {
switch (substr($mode, 0, 9)) {
case 'old':
// files older than lifeTime get deleted from cache
if (!is_null($this->_lifeTime)) {
if ((time() - @filemtime($file2)) > $this->_lifeTime) {
$result = ($result and ($this->_unlink($file2)));
}
}
break;
case 'notingrou':
if (strpos($file2, $motif) === false) {
$result = ($result and ($this->_unlink($file2)));
}
break;
case 'callback_':
$func = substr($mode, 9, strlen($mode) - 9);
if ($func($file2, $group)) {
$result = ($result and ($this->_unlink($file2)));
}
break;
case 'ingroup':
default:
if (strpos($file2, $motif) !== false) {
$result = ($result and ($this->_unlink($file2)));
}
break;
}
}
if ((is_dir($file2)) and ($this->_hashedDirectoryLevel>0)) {
$result = ($result and ($this->_cleanDir($file2 . '/', $group, $mode)));
}
}
}
}
return $result;
}
/**
* Add some date in the memory caching array
*
* @param string $data data to cache
* @access private
*/
function _memoryCacheAdd($data)
{
$this->_memoryCachingArray[$this->_file] = $data;
if ($this->_memoryCachingCounter >= $this->_memoryCachingLimit) {
list($key, ) = each($this->_memoryCachingArray);
unset($this->_memoryCachingArray[$key]);
} else {
$this->_memoryCachingCounter = $this->_memoryCachingCounter + 1;
}
}
 
/**
* Make a file name (with path)
*
* @param string $id cache id
* @param string $group name of the group
* @access private
*/
function _setFileName($id, $group)
{
if ($this->_fileNameProtection) {
$suffix = 'cache_'.md5($group).'_'.md5($id);
} else {
$suffix = 'cache_'.$group.'_'.$id;
}
$root = $this->_cacheDir;
if ($this->_hashedDirectoryLevel>0) {
$hash = md5($suffix);
for ($i=0 ; $i<$this->_hashedDirectoryLevel ; $i++) {
$root = $root . 'cache_' . substr($hash, 0, $i + 1) . '/';
}
}
$this->_fileName = $suffix;
$this->_file = $root.$suffix;
}
/**
* Read the cache file and return the content
*
* @return string content of the cache file (else : false or a PEAR_Error object)
* @access private
*/
function _read()
{
$fp = @fopen($this->_file, "rb");
if ($this->_fileLocking) @flock($fp, LOCK_SH);
if ($fp) {
clearstatcache();
$length = @filesize($this->_file);
$mqr = get_magic_quotes_runtime();
if ($mqr) {
set_magic_quotes_runtime(0);
}
if ($this->_readControl) {
$hashControl = @fread($fp, 32);
$length = $length - 32;
}
if ($length) {
$data = @fread($fp, $length);
} else {
$data = '';
}
if ($mqr) {
set_magic_quotes_runtime($mqr);
}
if ($this->_fileLocking) @flock($fp, LOCK_UN);
@fclose($fp);
if ($this->_readControl) {
$hashData = $this->_hash($data, $this->_readControlType);
if ($hashData != $hashControl) {
if (!(is_null($this->_lifeTime))) {
@touch($this->_file, time() - 2*abs($this->_lifeTime));
} else {
@unlink($this->_file);
}
return false;
}
}
return $data;
}
return $this->raiseError('Cache_Lite : Unable to read cache !', -2);
}
/**
* Write the given data in the cache file
*
* @param string $data data to put in cache
* @return boolean true if ok (a PEAR_Error object else)
* @access private
*/
function _write($data)
{
if ($this->_hashedDirectoryLevel > 0) {
$hash = md5($this->_fileName);
$root = $this->_cacheDir;
for ($i=0 ; $i<$this->_hashedDirectoryLevel ; $i++) {
$root = $root . 'cache_' . substr($hash, 0, $i + 1) . '/';
if (!(@is_dir($root))) {
@mkdir($root, $this->_hashedDirectoryUmask);
}
}
}
$fp = @fopen($this->_file, "wb");
if ($fp) {
if ($this->_fileLocking) @flock($fp, LOCK_EX);
if ($this->_readControl) {
@fwrite($fp, $this->_hash($data, $this->_readControlType), 32);
}
$mqr = get_magic_quotes_runtime();
if ($mqr) {
set_magic_quotes_runtime(0);
}
@fwrite($fp, $data);
if ($mqr) {
set_magic_quotes_runtime($mqr);
}
if ($this->_fileLocking) @flock($fp, LOCK_UN);
@fclose($fp);
return true;
}
return $this->raiseError('Cache_Lite : Unable to write cache file : '.$this->_file, -1);
}
/**
* Write the given data in the cache file and control it just after to avoir corrupted cache entries
*
* @param string $data data to put in cache
* @return boolean true if the test is ok (else : false or a PEAR_Error object)
* @access private
*/
function _writeAndControl($data)
{
$result = $this->_write($data);
if (is_object($result)) {
return $result; # We return the PEAR_Error object
}
$dataRead = $this->_read();
if (is_object($dataRead)) {
return $dataRead; # We return the PEAR_Error object
}
if ((is_bool($dataRead)) && (!$dataRead)) {
return false;
}
return ($dataRead==$data);
}
/**
* Make a control key with the string containing datas
*
* @param string $data data
* @param string $controlType type of control 'md5', 'crc32' or 'strlen'
* @return string control key
* @access private
*/
function _hash($data, $controlType)
{
switch ($controlType) {
case 'md5':
return md5($data);
case 'crc32':
return sprintf('% 32d', crc32($data));
case 'strlen':
return sprintf('% 32d', strlen($data));
default:
return $this->raiseError('Unknown controlType ! (available values are only \'md5\', \'crc32\', \'strlen\')', -5);
}
}
}
 
?>
Cache2.php
PHP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
<?php
 
/*
Uses http://pear.php.net/package/Cache_Lite/download
*/
require('./Cache.php');
 
class Cache {
 
private $Cache_Lite;
function __construct(array $options) {
$this->Cache_Lite = new Cache_Lite($options);
}
/**
* retrieving data.
*/
public function get($key) {
if (isset($GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key])) {
return $GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key];
} else { /* Use Cache_Lite as cache */
if ($data = $this->Cache_Lite->get($key)) { // cache hit !
$GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key] = $data;
return $data;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* store this data.
*/
public function set($key, $data) {
$this->Cache_Lite->save($data, $key);
$GLOBALS['CACHE'][$key] = $data;
}
/**
* store this data, but only if the server *doesn't* already hold data for this key
*/
public function add($key, $data) {
}
}
CacheTest.php
PHP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
<?php
 
/*
http://pear.php.net/package/Cache_Lite/download
=>
http://download.pear.php.net/package/Cache_Lite-1.7.8.tgz
*/
require('./Cache.php');
 
class CacheTest extends PHPUnit_Framework_TestCase {
protected $cache;
protected function setUp() {
$options = array(
/* Use /dev/shm/ of available because in memory and lightning fast. */
'cacheDir' => '/dev/shm/lite/test/',
'lifeTime' => 3600
);
 
$this->cache = new Cache($options);
}
public function testRetrievingItemWhichDoesNotExist() {
$this->assertEquals(NULL, $this->cache->get(time()));
}
public function testAddingItemToCache() {
$key = 'alfred';
$value = 'westerveld';
$this->cache->set($key, $value);
$this->assertEquals($value, $this->cache->get($key));
}
public function testRetrievingItemFromCache() {
$this->assertEquals('westerveld', $this->cache->get('alfred'));
}
}

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