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java.lang.Integer.numberOfLeadingZeros (Java 8)
/**
* Returns the number of zero bits preceding the highest-order
* ("leftmost") one-bit in the two's complement binary representation
* of the specified {@code int} value. Returns 32 if the
* specified value has no one-bits in its two's complement representation,
* in other words if it is equal to zero.
*
* <p>Note that this method is closely related to the logarithm base 2.
* For all positive {@code int} values x:
* <ul>
* <li>floor(log<sub>2</sub>(x)) = {@code 31 - numberOfLeadingZeros(x)}
* <li>ceil(log<sub>2</sub>(x)) = {@code 32 - numberOfLeadingZeros(x - 1)}
* </ul>
*
* @param i the value whose number of leading zeros is to be computed
* @return the number of zero bits preceding the highest-order
* ("leftmost") one-bit in the two's complement binary representation
* of the specified {@code int} value, or 32 if the value
* is equal to zero.
* @since 1.5
*/
public static int numberOfLeadingZeros(int i) {
// HD, Figure 5-6
if (i == 0)
return 32;
int n = 1;
if (i >>> 16 == 0) { n += 16; i <<= 16; }
if (i >>> 24 == 0) { n += 8; i <<= 8; }
if (i >>> 28 == 0) { n += 4; i <<= 4; }
if (i >>> 30 == 0) { n += 2; i <<= 2; }
n -= i >>> 31;
return n;
}
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