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Created Feb 14, 2014
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heat@Linux:~$ $ pacmd
$: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Center.wav
Playing WAVE '/usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Center.wav' : Signed 16 bit Little Endian, Rate 48000 Hz, Mono
heat@Linux:~$ aplay -l
aplay: device_list:252: no soundcards found...
heat@Linux:~$ lspci -v | grep -A7 -i "audio"
00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) HD Audio Controller (rev 07)
Subsystem: Dell Device 02c6
Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 10
Memory at d83a0000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel modules: snd-hda-intel
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) PCI Express Port 1 (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
heat@Linux:~$ sndconfig
sndconfig: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ yast2 sound
yast2: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ alsaconf
alsaconf: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ hwinfo --sound
The program 'hwinfo' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install hwinfo
heat@Linux:~$ sudo apt-get install hwinfo
[sudo] password for heat:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
libhal1 libhd16
The following NEW packages will be installed:
hwinfo libhal1 libhd16
0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 776 kB of archives.
After this operation, 2,235 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise/universe libhal1 i386 0.5.14-8 [76.8 kB]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise/universe libhd16 i386 16.0-2.1 [681 kB]
Get:3 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise/universe hwinfo i386 16.0-2.1 [18.2 kB]
Fetched 776 kB in 2s (345 kB/s)
debconf: unable to initialize frontend: Dialog
debconf: (Dialog frontend requires a screen at least 13 lines tall and 31 columns wide.)
debconf: falling back to frontend: Readline
Selecting previously unselected package libhal1.
(Reading database ... 171960 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking libhal1 (from .../libhal1_0.5.14-8_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libhd16.
Unpacking libhd16 (from .../libhd16_16.0-2.1_i386.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package hwinfo.
Unpacking hwinfo (from .../hwinfo_16.0-2.1_i386.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
debconf: unable to initialize frontend: Dialog
debconf: (Dialog frontend requires a screen at least 13 lines tall and 31 columns wide.)
debconf: falling back to frontend: Readline
Setting up libhal1 (0.5.14-8) ...
Setting up libhd16 (16.0-2.1) ...
Setting up hwinfo (16.0-2.1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
heat@Linux:~$ hwinfo --sound
> hal.1: read hal dataprocess 4958: arguments to dbus_move_error() were incorrect, assertion "(dest) == NULL || !dbus_error_is_set ((dest))" failed in file ../../dbus/dbus-errors.c line 282.
This is normally a bug in some application using the D-Bus library.
libhal.c 3483 : Error unsubscribing to signals, error=The name org.freedesktop.Hal was not provided by any .service files
09: PCI 1b.0: 0403 Audio device
[Created at pci.318]
Unique ID: u1Nb.CPcQ+HOChJB
SysFS ID: /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1b.0
SysFS BusID: 0000:00:1b.0
Hardware Class: sound
Model: "Intel System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) HD Audio Controller"
Vendor: pci 0x8086 "Intel Corporation"
Device: pci 0x811b "System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) HD Audio Controller"
SubVendor: pci 0x1028 "Dell"
SubDevice: pci 0x02c6
Revision: 0x07
Memory Range: 0xd83a0000-0xd83a3fff (rw,non-prefetchable)
IRQ: 10 (no events)
Module Alias: "pci:v00008086d0000811Bsv00001028sd000002C6bc04sc03i00"
Driver Info #0:
Driver Status: snd_hda_intel is not active
Driver Activation Cmd: "modprobe snd_hda_intel"
Config Status: cfg=new, avail=yes, need=no, active=unknown
heat@Linux:~$ modprobe snd_hda_intel avail=yes ./config
WARNING: All config files need .conf: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save, it will be ignored in a future release.
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 45: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 46: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 48: ignoring bad line starting with 'killall'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 50: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 52: ignoring bad line starting with 'pulseaudio'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 53: ignoring bad line starting with 'G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 54: ignoring bad line starting with '^G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 57: ignoring bad line starting with '^X'
FATAL: Error inserting snd_hda_intel (/lib/modules/3.8.0-35-generic/kernel/sound/pci/hda/snd-hda-intel.ko): Operation not permitted
heat@Linux:~$ sudo modprobe snd_hda_intel
WARNING: All config files need .conf: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save, it will be ignored in a future release.
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 45: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 46: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 48: ignoring bad line starting with 'killall'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 50: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 52: ignoring bad line starting with 'pulseaudio'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 53: ignoring bad line starting with 'G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 54: ignoring bad line starting with '^G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 57: ignoring bad line starting with '^X'
FATAL: Error inserting snd_hda_intel (/lib/modules/3.8.0-35-generic/kernel/sound/pci/hda/snd-hda-intel.ko): Invalid argument
heat@Linux:~$ whatis avail
avail: nothing appropriate.
heat@Linux:~$ what is modprobe
No command 'what' found, did you mean:
Command 'wcat' from package 'sac' (universe)
Command 'chat' from package 'ppp' (main)
Command 'jhat' from package 'openjdk-6-jdk' (main)
Command 'jhat' from package 'openjdk-7-jdk' (universe)
what: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ whatis ./config
./config: nothing appropriate.
heat@Linux:~$ sudo modprobe snd_hda_intel avail
WARNING: All config files need .conf: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save, it will be ignored in a future release.
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 45: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 46: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 48: ignoring bad line starting with 'killall'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 50: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 52: ignoring bad line starting with 'pulseaudio'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 53: ignoring bad line starting with 'G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 54: ignoring bad line starting with '^G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 57: ignoring bad line starting with '^X'
FATAL: Error inserting snd_hda_intel (/lib/modules/3.8.0-35-generic/kernel/sound/pci/hda/snd-hda-intel.ko): Invalid argument
heat@Linux:~$ cat /dev/urandom >/dev/dsp
bash: /dev/dsp: Permission denied
heat@Linux:~$ modinfo soundcore
filename: /lib/modules/3.8.0-35-generic/kernel/sound/soundcore.ko
license: GPL
author: Alan Cox
description: Core sound module
srcversion: 8ABC5ACBDA218CE05EAE01E
depends:
intree: Y
vermagic: 3.8.0-35-generic SMP mod_unload modversions 686
heat@Linux:~$ alias snd-card-0 snd-intel8x0
bash: alias: snd-card-0: not found
bash: alias: snd-intel8x0: not found
heat@Linux:~$ alsa force-reload snd-hda-intel
mkdir: cannot create directory `/var/run/alsa': Permission denied
/sbin/alsa: Warning: Failed to create /var/run/alsa/.
/sbin/alsa: Warning: Not keeping list of removed modules because /var/run/alsa is absent.
It will not be possible automatically to reload these modules.
Unloading ALSA sound driver modules:/sbin/alsa: 135: /sbin/alsa: cannot create /var/run/alsa/modules-removed: Directory nonexistent
snd-hda-codec snd-hwdep snd-pcm snd-seq-midi snd-rawmidi snd-seq-midi-event snd-seq snd-timer snd-seq-device snd-page-alloc.
mkdir: cannot create directory `/var/run/alsa': Permission denied
Loading ALSA sound driver modules: (none to reload).
heat@Linux:~$ sudo modprobe snd_hda_intel=YES
WARNING: All config files need .conf: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save, it will be ignored in a future release.
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 45: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 46: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 48: ignoring bad line starting with 'killall'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 50: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 52: ignoring bad line starting with 'pulseaudio'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 53: ignoring bad line starting with 'G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 54: ignoring bad line starting with '^G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 57: ignoring bad line starting with '^X'
FATAL: Module snd_hda_intel=YES not found.
heat@Linux:~$ sudo apt-get install snd_hda_intel
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package snd_hda_intel
heat@Linux:~$ sudo modprobe snd_hda_intel ENABLE=YES
WARNING: All config files need .conf: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save, it will be ignored in a future release.
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 45: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 46: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 48: ignoring bad line starting with 'killall'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 50: ignoring bad line starting with 'sudo'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 52: ignoring bad line starting with 'pulseaudio'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 53: ignoring bad line starting with 'G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 54: ignoring bad line starting with '^G'
WARNING: /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf.save line 57: ignoring bad line starting with '^X'
FATAL: Error inserting snd_hda_intel (/lib/modules/3.8.0-35-generic/kernel/sound/pci/hda/snd-hda-intel.ko): Invalid argument
heat@Linux:~$ device sound
device: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ device snd_hda
device: command not found
heat@Linux:~$ snd_hda_load="YES"
heat@Linux:~$ sudo apt-get install hda-analyzer
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package hda-analyzer
heat@Linux:~$ /proc/asound/card*/codec#* files
bash: /proc/asound/card*/codec#*: No such file or directory
heat@Linux:~$ lspci -vvnn
00:00.0 Host bridge [0600]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) [8086:8100] (rev 07)
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) Graphics Controller [8086:8108] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 16
Region 0: Memory at d8100000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=512K]
Region 1: I/O ports at 1800 [size=8]
Region 2: Memory at d0000000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=128M]
Region 3: Memory at d8380000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=128K]
Expansion ROM at <unassigned> [disabled]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: gma500
Kernel modules: gma500_gfx
00:1b.0 Audio device [0403]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) HD Audio Controller [8086:811b] (rev 07)
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0, Cache Line Size: 64 bytes
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 10
Region 0: Memory at d83a0000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel modules: snd-hda-intel
00:1c.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) PCI Express Port 1 [8086:8110] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0, Cache Line Size: 64 bytes
Bus: primary=00, secondary=02, subordinate=02, sec-latency=0
I/O behind bridge: 00002000-00002fff
Memory behind bridge: 40000000-404fffff
Prefetchable memory behind bridge: d8400000-d84fffff
Secondary status: 66MHz- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- <SERR- <PERR-
BridgeCtl: Parity- SERR- NoISA+ VGA- MAbort- >Reset- FastB2B-
PriDiscTmr- SecDiscTmr- DiscTmrStat- DiscTmrSERREn-
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: pcieport
Kernel modules: shpchp
00:1c.1 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) PCI Express Port 2 [8086:8112] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [Normal decode])
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0, Cache Line Size: 64 bytes
Bus: primary=00, secondary=03, subordinate=03, sec-latency=0
I/O behind bridge: 00003000-00003fff
Memory behind bridge: d8000000-d80fffff
Prefetchable memory behind bridge: 40500000-406fffff
Secondary status: 66MHz- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- <SERR- <PERR-
BridgeCtl: Parity- SERR- NoISA+ VGA- MAbort- >Reset- FastB2B-
PriDiscTmr- SecDiscTmr- DiscTmrStat- DiscTmrSERREn-
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: pcieport
Kernel modules: shpchp
00:1d.0 USB controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) USB UHCI #1 [8086:8114] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 23
Region 4: I/O ports at 1820 [size=32]
Kernel driver in use: uhci_hcd
00:1d.1 USB controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) USB UHCI #2 [8086:8115] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Interrupt: pin B routed to IRQ 19
Region 4: I/O ports at 1840 [size=32]
Kernel driver in use: uhci_hcd
00:1d.2 USB controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) USB UHCI #3 [8086:8116] (rev 07) (prog-if 00 [UHCI])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Interrupt: pin C routed to IRQ 18
Region 4: I/O ports at 1860 [size=32]
Kernel driver in use: uhci_hcd
00:1d.7 USB controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) USB EHCI #1 [8086:8117] (rev 07) (prog-if 20 [EHCI])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Interrupt: pin D routed to IRQ 21
Region 0: Memory at d83a4000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=1K]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: ehci-pci
00:1f.0 ISA bridge [0601]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) LPC Bridge [8086:8119] (rev 07)
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Kernel modules: lpc_sch
00:1f.1 IDE interface [0101]: Intel Corporation System Controller Hub (SCH Poulsbo) IDE Controller [8086:811a] (rev 07) (prog-if 80 [Master])
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0
Region 0: [virtual] Memory at 000001f0 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=8]
Region 1: [virtual] Memory at 000003f0 (type 3, non-prefetchable) [size=1]
Region 2: [virtual] Memory at 00000170 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=8]
Region 3: [virtual] Memory at 00000370 (type 3, non-prefetchable) [size=1]
Region 4: I/O ports at 1810 [size=16]
Kernel driver in use: pata_sch
Kernel modules: pata_sch
02:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller [10ec:8136] (rev 02)
Subsystem: Dell Device [1028:02c6]
Control: I/O+ Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx+
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0, Cache Line Size: 64 bytes
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 40
Region 0: I/O ports at 2000 [size=256]
Region 2: Memory at d8410000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=4K]
Region 4: Memory at d8400000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=64K]
[virtual] Expansion ROM at d8420000 [disabled] [size=128K]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: r8169
Kernel modules: r8169
03:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Broadcom Corporation BCM4312 802.11b/g LP-PHY [14e4:4315] (rev 01)
Subsystem: Dell Wireless 1397 WLAN Mini-Card [1028:000c]
Control: I/O- Mem+ BusMaster+ SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr- Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap+ 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=fast >TAbort- <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Latency: 0, Cache Line Size: 64 bytes
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 17
Region 0: Memory at d8000000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16K]
Capabilities: <access denied>
Kernel driver in use: b43-pci-bridge
Kernel modules: ssb
heat@Linux:~$ dd if=/dev/urandom of=/dev/dsp
dd: opening `/dev/dsp': Permission denied
heat@Linux:~$ #options snd-hda-intel enable=1
heat@Linux:~$ /etc/init.d/alsasound restart
bash: /etc/init.d/alsasound: No such file or directory
heat@Linux:~$ sudo apt-get install alsasound libasound2
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package alsasound
heat@Linux:~$
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