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/loop.ipynd Secret

Created Jul 6, 2015
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DeepDream loop
from os import listdir
from os.path import isfile, join
from cStringIO import StringIO
import numpy as np
import scipy.ndimage as nd
import PIL.Image
from IPython.display import clear_output, Image, display
from google.protobuf import text_format
import caffe
# uncomment if you compiled caffe with GPU support
def showarray(a, fmt='jpeg'):
a = np.uint8(np.clip(a, 0, 255))
f = StringIO()
PIL.Image.fromarray(a).save(f, fmt)
model_path = '../caffe/models/bvlc_googlenet/' # substitute your path here
net_fn = model_path + 'deploy.prototxt'
param_fn = model_path + 'bvlc_googlenet.caffemodel'
# Patching model to be able to compute gradients.
# Note that you can also manually add "force_backward: true" line to "deploy.prototxt".
model =
text_format.Merge(open(net_fn).read(), model)
model.force_backward = True
open('tmp.prototxt', 'w').write(str(model))
net = caffe.Classifier('tmp.prototxt', param_fn
,mean = np.float32([104.0, 116.0, 122.0]) # ImageNet mean, training set dependent
,channel_swap = (2,1,0)
) # the reference model has channels in BGR order instead of RGB
# a couple of utility functions for converting to and from Caffe's input image layout
def preprocess(net, img):
return np.float32(np.rollaxis(img, 2)[::-1]) - net.transformer.mean['data']
def deprocess(net, img):
return np.dstack((img + net.transformer.mean['data'])[::-1])
def make_step(net, step_size=1.5, end='inception_4c/output', jitter=32, clip=True):
'''Basic gradient ascent step.'''
src = net.blobs['data'] # input image is stored in Net's 'data' blob
dst = net.blobs[end]
ox, oy = np.random.randint(-jitter, jitter+1, 2)[0] = np.roll(np.roll([0], ox, -1), oy, -2) # apply jitter shift
dst.diff[:] = # specify the optimization objective
g = src.diff[0]
# apply normalized ascent step to the input image[:] += step_size/np.abs(g).mean() * g[0] = np.roll(np.roll([0], -ox, -1), -oy, -2) # unshift image
if clip:
bias = net.transformer.mean['data'][:] = np.clip(, -bias, 255-bias)
def deepdream(net, base_img, iter_n=10, octave_n=4, octave_scale=1.4, end='inception_4c/output', clip=True, **step_params):
# prepare base images for all octaves
octaves = [preprocess(net, base_img)]
for i in xrange(octave_n-1):
octaves.append(nd.zoom(octaves[-1], (1, 1.0/octave_scale,1.0/octave_scale), order=2))
src = net.blobs['data']
detail = np.zeros_like(octaves[-1]) # allocate image for network-produced details
for octave, octave_base in enumerate(octaves[::-1]):
h, w = octave_base.shape[-2:]
if octave > 0:
# upscale details from the previous octave
h1, w1 = detail.shape[-2:]
detail = nd.zoom(detail, (1, 1.0*h/h1,1.0*w/w1), order=2)
src.reshape(1,3,h,w) # resize the network's input image size[0] = octave_base+detail
for i in xrange(iter_n):
make_step(net, end=end, clip=clip, **step_params)
# extract details produced on the current octave
detail =[0]-octave_base
# returning the resulting image
return deprocess(net,[0])
# using two passes improves the quality of the loop but needs twice as long
two_passes = True
# how much of the previous frame should be used in the next frame
# experiment with different values between 0.1 and 0.9
factor = 0.2
# layer of the network to use
layer = 'inception_4d/output'
# number of octaves per frame
octave_n = 4
# number of iterations per octave
iter_n = 8
# folder containing the frames
in_dir = "rabbit/"
# folder where the output frames are going to be saved
out_dir = "rabbit/out/"
# get all files in in_dir
inputs = sorted([f for f in listdir(in_dir) if isfile(join(in_dir,f))])
input_len = len(inputs)
first_frame = True
iteration_count = input_len
if two_passes:
iteration_count *= 2
for it in xrange(iteration_count):
image = np.float32( + inputs[it % input_len]))
if first_frame:
first_frame = False
# apply part of the previous update to the current frame
image = image + diff*factor
res = deepdream(net, image, jitter=0, iter_n=iter_n, octave_n=octave_n, end=layer)
# store the difference to use it as bias for the next frame
diff = res - image
# save result
if (not two_passes) or (it >= input_len):
PIL.Image.fromarray(np.uint8(res)).save(out_dir + ("frame%04d.jpg"%(it%input_len)), quality=95)
print it+1, "/", iteration_count

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@Acanterelle Acanterelle commented Jul 20, 2015

Is the d of "loop.ipynd" a typo?

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