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How to parse options in C++ using getopt_long
#include <getopt.h>
#include <iostream>
int num = -1;
bool is_beep = false;
float sigma = 2.034;
std::string write_file = "default_file.txt";
void PrintHelp()
{
std::cout <<
"--num <n>: Set number of program\n"
"--beep: Beep the user\n"
"--sigma <val>: Set sigma of program\n"
"--writeFile <fname>: File to write to\n"
"--help: Show help\n";
exit(1);
}
void ProcessArgs(int argc, char** argv)
{
const char* const short_opts = "n:bs:w:h";
const option long_opts[] = {
{"num", required_argument, nullptr, 'n'},
{"beep", no_argument, nullptr, 'b'},
{"sigma", required_argument, nullptr, 's'},
{"writeFile", required_argument, nullptr, 'w'},
{"help", no_argument, nullptr, 'h'},
{nullptr, no_argument, nullptr, 0}
};
while (true)
{
const auto opt = getopt_long(argc, argv, short_opts, long_opts, nullptr);
if (-1 == opt)
break;
switch (opt)
{
case 'n':
num = std::stoi(optarg);
std::cout << "Num set to: " << num << std::endl;
break;
case 'b':
is_beep = true;
std::cout << "Beep is set to true\n";
break;
case 's':
sigma = std::stof(optarg);
std::cout << "Sigma set to: " << sigma << std::endl;
break;
case 'w':
write_file = std::string(optarg);
std::cout << "Write file set to: " << write_file << std::endl;
break;
case 'h': // -h or --help
case '?': // Unrecognized option
default:
PrintHelp();
break;
}
}
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
ProcessArgs(argc, argv);
return 0;
}
/*
$ g++ -std=c++11 opt.cpp
$ ./a.out --help
--num <n>: Set number of program
--beep: Beep the user
--sigma <val>: Set sigma of program
--writeFile <fname>: File to write to
--help: Show help
$ ./a.out --num 10
Num set to: 10
$ ./a.out --num 10 --writeFile haha.txt --sigma 3.45 --beep
Num set to: 10
Write file set to: haha.txt
Sigma set to: 3.45
Beep is set to true
*/
@oxmon-2500

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@oxmon-2500 oxmon-2500 commented Apr 23, 2020

Hi, what does mean bs not separated by collon in short_opts?

@Asdas91

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@Asdas91 Asdas91 commented Jun 13, 2020

@oxmon_2500 It means 'b' doesn't take any arguments. The colon sign in short_opts is not a separator. It means that the preceding character/option takes arguments. Read the man page for getopt.

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