This chart shows the path of the Sun in the sky today based on your current location. The red dot represents the current apparent position of the Sun in terms of azimuth and elevation.
The outer black circle represents the horizon, where the elevation of the Sun is 0°. If the Sun is outside this circle, it is below the horizon. (This means it’s dark outside, though note that some definitions of twilight extend as far as 18° below the horizon.) Where the path intersects the horizon determines sunrise and sunset. The inner concentric circles represent higher solar elevations.
The radiating lines of the graticule represent azimuth. For example, 0° azimuth means that the Sun is due North of your current location. The azimuth tells you the direction of shadows cast by the Sun, while the elevation determines their length.