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AndroidBluetoothChat
/*
* Copyright (C) 2009 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package com.example.android.BluetoothChat;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.KeyEvent;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.inputmethod.EditorInfo;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
/**
* This is the main Activity that displays the current chat session.
*/
public class BluetoothChat extends Activity {
// Debugging
private static final String TAG = "BluetoothChat";
private static final boolean D = true;
// Message types sent from the BluetoothChatService Handler
public static final int MESSAGE_STATE_CHANGE = 1;
public static final int MESSAGE_READ = 2;
public static final int MESSAGE_WRITE = 3;
public static final int MESSAGE_DEVICE_NAME = 4;
public static final int MESSAGE_TOAST = 5;
// Key names received from the BluetoothChatService Handler
public static final String DEVICE_NAME = "device_name";
public static final String TOAST = "toast";
// Intent request codes
private static final int REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_SECURE = 1;
private static final int REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_INSECURE = 2;
private static final int REQUEST_ENABLE_BT = 3;
// Layout Views
private TextView mTitle;
private ListView mConversationView;
private EditText mOutEditText;
private Button mSendButton;
// Name of the connected device
private String mConnectedDeviceName = null;
// Array adapter for the conversation thread
private ArrayAdapter<String> mConversationArrayAdapter;
// String buffer for outgoing messages
private StringBuffer mOutStringBuffer;
// Local Bluetooth adapter
private BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = null;
// Member object for the chat services
private BluetoothChatService mChatService = null;
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "+++ ON CREATE +++");
// Set up the window layout
requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_CUSTOM_TITLE);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
getWindow().setFeatureInt(Window.FEATURE_CUSTOM_TITLE, R.layout.custom_title);
// Set up the custom title
mTitle = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.title_left_text);
mTitle.setText(R.string.app_name);
mTitle = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.title_right_text);
// Get local Bluetooth adapter
mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
// If the adapter is null, then Bluetooth is not supported
if (mBluetoothAdapter == null) {
Toast.makeText(this, "Bluetooth is not available", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
finish();
return;
}
}
@Override
public void onStart() {
super.onStart();
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "++ ON START ++");
// If BT is not on, request that it be enabled.
// setupChat() will then be called during onActivityResult
if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
Intent enableIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE);
startActivityForResult(enableIntent, REQUEST_ENABLE_BT);
// Otherwise, setup the chat session
} else {
if (mChatService == null) setupChat();
}
}
@Override
public synchronized void onResume() {
super.onResume();
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "+ ON RESUME +");
// Performing this check in onResume() covers the case in which BT was
// not enabled during onStart(), so we were paused to enable it...
// onResume() will be called when ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE activity returns.
if (mChatService != null) {
// Only if the state is STATE_NONE, do we know that we haven't started already
if (mChatService.getState() == BluetoothChatService.STATE_NONE) {
// Start the Bluetooth chat services
mChatService.start();
}
}
}
private void setupChat() {
Log.d(TAG, "setupChat()");
// Initialize the array adapter for the conversation thread
mConversationArrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.message);
mConversationView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.in);
mConversationView.setAdapter(mConversationArrayAdapter);
// Initialize the compose field with a listener for the return key
mOutEditText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.edit_text_out);
mOutEditText.setOnEditorActionListener(mWriteListener);
// Initialize the send button with a listener that for click events
mSendButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button_send);
mSendButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View v) {
// Send a message using content of the edit text widget
TextView view = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.edit_text_out);
String message = view.getText().toString();
sendMessage(message);
}
});
// Initialize the BluetoothChatService to perform bluetooth connections
mChatService = new BluetoothChatService(this, mHandler);
// Initialize the buffer for outgoing messages
mOutStringBuffer = new StringBuffer("");
}
@Override
public synchronized void onPause() {
super.onPause();
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "- ON PAUSE -");
}
@Override
public void onStop() {
super.onStop();
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "-- ON STOP --");
}
@Override
public void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
// Stop the Bluetooth chat services
if (mChatService != null) mChatService.stop();
if(D) Log.e(TAG, "--- ON DESTROY ---");
}
private void ensureDiscoverable() {
if(D) Log.d(TAG, "ensure discoverable");
if (mBluetoothAdapter.getScanMode() !=
BluetoothAdapter.SCAN_MODE_CONNECTABLE_DISCOVERABLE) {
Intent discoverableIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_DISCOVERABLE);
discoverableIntent.putExtra(BluetoothAdapter.EXTRA_DISCOVERABLE_DURATION, 300);
startActivity(discoverableIntent);
}
}
/**
* Sends a message.
* @param message A string of text to send.
*/
private void sendMessage(String message) {
// Check that we're actually connected before trying anything
if (mChatService.getState() != BluetoothChatService.STATE_CONNECTED) {
Toast.makeText(this, R.string.not_connected, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
return;
}
// Check that there's actually something to send
if (message.length() > 0) {
// Get the message bytes and tell the BluetoothChatService to write
byte[] send = message.getBytes();
mChatService.write(send);
// Reset out string buffer to zero and clear the edit text field
mOutStringBuffer.setLength(0);
mOutEditText.setText(mOutStringBuffer);
}
}
// The action listener for the EditText widget, to listen for the return key
private TextView.OnEditorActionListener mWriteListener =
new TextView.OnEditorActionListener() {
public boolean onEditorAction(TextView view, int actionId, KeyEvent event) {
// If the action is a key-up event on the return key, send the message
if (actionId == EditorInfo.IME_NULL && event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_UP) {
String message = view.getText().toString();
sendMessage(message);
}
if(D) Log.i(TAG, "END onEditorAction");
return true;
}
};
// The Handler that gets information back from the BluetoothChatService
private final Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
@Override
public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
switch (msg.what) {
case MESSAGE_STATE_CHANGE:
if(D) Log.i(TAG, "MESSAGE_STATE_CHANGE: " + msg.arg1);
switch (msg.arg1) {
case BluetoothChatService.STATE_CONNECTED:
mTitle.setText(R.string.title_connected_to);
mTitle.append(mConnectedDeviceName);
mConversationArrayAdapter.clear();
break;
case BluetoothChatService.STATE_CONNECTING:
mTitle.setText(R.string.title_connecting);
break;
case BluetoothChatService.STATE_LISTEN:
case BluetoothChatService.STATE_NONE:
mTitle.setText(R.string.title_not_connected);
break;
}
break;
case MESSAGE_WRITE:
byte[] writeBuf = (byte[]) msg.obj;
// construct a string from the buffer
String writeMessage = new String(writeBuf);
mConversationArrayAdapter.add("Me: " + writeMessage);
break;
case MESSAGE_READ:
byte[] readBuf = (byte[]) msg.obj;
// construct a string from the valid bytes in the buffer
String readMessage = new String(readBuf, 0, msg.arg1);
mConversationArrayAdapter.add(mConnectedDeviceName+": " + readMessage);
break;
case MESSAGE_DEVICE_NAME:
// save the connected device's name
mConnectedDeviceName = msg.getData().getString(DEVICE_NAME);
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Connected to "
+ mConnectedDeviceName, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
break;
case MESSAGE_TOAST:
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), msg.getData().getString(TOAST),
Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
break;
}
}
};
public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
if(D) Log.d(TAG, "onActivityResult " + resultCode);
switch (requestCode) {
case REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_SECURE:
// When DeviceListActivity returns with a device to connect
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
connectDevice(data, true);
}
break;
case REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_INSECURE:
// When DeviceListActivity returns with a device to connect
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
connectDevice(data, false);
}
break;
case REQUEST_ENABLE_BT:
// When the request to enable Bluetooth returns
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
// Bluetooth is now enabled, so set up a chat session
setupChat();
} else {
// User did not enable Bluetooth or an error occured
Log.d(TAG, "BT not enabled");
Toast.makeText(this, R.string.bt_not_enabled_leaving, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
finish();
}
}
}
private void connectDevice(Intent data, boolean secure) {
// Get the device MAC address
String address = data.getExtras()
.getString(DeviceListActivity.EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS);
// Get the BLuetoothDevice object
BluetoothDevice device = mBluetoothAdapter.getRemoteDevice(address);
// Attempt to connect to the device
mChatService.connect(device, secure);
}
@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
inflater.inflate(R.menu.option_menu, menu);
return true;
}
@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
Intent serverIntent = null;
switch (item.getItemId()) {
case R.id.secure_connect_scan:
// Launch the DeviceListActivity to see devices and do scan
serverIntent = new Intent(this, DeviceListActivity.class);
startActivityForResult(serverIntent, REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_SECURE);
return true;
case R.id.insecure_connect_scan:
// Launch the DeviceListActivity to see devices and do scan
serverIntent = new Intent(this, DeviceListActivity.class);
startActivityForResult(serverIntent, REQUEST_CONNECT_DEVICE_INSECURE);
return true;
case R.id.discoverable:
// Ensure this device is discoverable by others
ensureDiscoverable();
return true;
}
return false;
}
}
/*
* Copyright (C) 2009 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package com.example.android.BluetoothChat;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.UUID;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothServerSocket;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothSocket;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.util.Log;
/**
* This class does all the work for setting up and managing Bluetooth
* connections with other devices. It has a thread that listens for
* incoming connections, a thread for connecting with a device, and a
* thread for performing data transmissions when connected.
*/
public class BluetoothChatService {
// Debugging
private static final String TAG = "BluetoothChatService";
private static final boolean D = true;
// Name for the SDP record when creating server socket
private static final String NAME_SECURE = "BluetoothChatSecure";
private static final String NAME_INSECURE = "BluetoothChatInsecure";
// Unique UUID for this application
private static final UUID MY_UUID_SECURE =
UUID.fromString("fa87c0d0-afac-11de-8a39-0800200c9a66");
private static final UUID MY_UUID_INSECURE =
UUID.fromString("8ce255c0-200a-11e0-ac64-0800200c9a66");
// Member fields
private final BluetoothAdapter mAdapter;
private final Handler mHandler;
private AcceptThread mSecureAcceptThread;
private AcceptThread mInsecureAcceptThread;
private ConnectThread mConnectThread;
private ConnectedThread mConnectedThread;
private int mState;
// Constants that indicate the current connection state
public static final int STATE_NONE = 0; // we're doing nothing
public static final int STATE_LISTEN = 1; // now listening for incoming connections
public static final int STATE_CONNECTING = 2; // now initiating an outgoing connection
public static final int STATE_CONNECTED = 3; // now connected to a remote device
/**
* Constructor. Prepares a new BluetoothChat session.
* @param context The UI Activity Context
* @param handler A Handler to send messages back to the UI Activity
*/
public BluetoothChatService(Context context, Handler handler) {
mAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
mState = STATE_NONE;
mHandler = handler;
}
/**
* Set the current state of the chat connection
* @param state An integer defining the current connection state
*/
private synchronized void setState(int state) {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "setState() " + mState + " -> " + state);
mState = state;
// Give the new state to the Handler so the UI Activity can update
mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_STATE_CHANGE, state, -1).sendToTarget();
}
/**
* Return the current connection state. */
public synchronized int getState() {
return mState;
}
/**
* Start the chat service. Specifically start AcceptThread to begin a
* session in listening (server) mode. Called by the Activity onResume() */
public synchronized void start() {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "start");
// Cancel any thread attempting to make a connection
if (mConnectThread != null) {mConnectThread.cancel(); mConnectThread = null;}
// Cancel any thread currently running a connection
if (mConnectedThread != null) {mConnectedThread.cancel(); mConnectedThread = null;}
setState(STATE_LISTEN);
// Start the thread to listen on a BluetoothServerSocket
if (mSecureAcceptThread == null) {
mSecureAcceptThread = new AcceptThread(true);
mSecureAcceptThread.start();
}
if (mInsecureAcceptThread == null) {
mInsecureAcceptThread = new AcceptThread(false);
mInsecureAcceptThread.start();
}
}
/**
* Start the ConnectThread to initiate a connection to a remote device.
* @param device The BluetoothDevice to connect
* @param secure Socket Security type - Secure (true) , Insecure (false)
*/
public synchronized void connect(BluetoothDevice device, boolean secure) {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "connect to: " + device);
// Cancel any thread attempting to make a connection
if (mState == STATE_CONNECTING) {
if (mConnectThread != null) {mConnectThread.cancel(); mConnectThread = null;}
}
// Cancel any thread currently running a connection
if (mConnectedThread != null) {mConnectedThread.cancel(); mConnectedThread = null;}
// Start the thread to connect with the given device
mConnectThread = new ConnectThread(device, secure);
mConnectThread.start();
setState(STATE_CONNECTING);
}
/**
* Start the ConnectedThread to begin managing a Bluetooth connection
* @param socket The BluetoothSocket on which the connection was made
* @param device The BluetoothDevice that has been connected
*/
public synchronized void connected(BluetoothSocket socket, BluetoothDevice
device, final String socketType) {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "connected, Socket Type:" + socketType);
// Cancel the thread that completed the connection
if (mConnectThread != null) {mConnectThread.cancel(); mConnectThread = null;}
// Cancel any thread currently running a connection
if (mConnectedThread != null) {mConnectedThread.cancel(); mConnectedThread = null;}
// Cancel the accept thread because we only want to connect to one device
if (mSecureAcceptThread != null) {
mSecureAcceptThread.cancel();
mSecureAcceptThread = null;
}
if (mInsecureAcceptThread != null) {
mInsecureAcceptThread.cancel();
mInsecureAcceptThread = null;
}
// Start the thread to manage the connection and perform transmissions
mConnectedThread = new ConnectedThread(socket, socketType);
mConnectedThread.start();
// Send the name of the connected device back to the UI Activity
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_DEVICE_NAME);
Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
bundle.putString(BluetoothChat.DEVICE_NAME, device.getName());
msg.setData(bundle);
mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
setState(STATE_CONNECTED);
}
/**
* Stop all threads
*/
public synchronized void stop() {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "stop");
if (mConnectThread != null) {
mConnectThread.cancel();
mConnectThread = null;
}
if (mConnectedThread != null) {
mConnectedThread.cancel();
mConnectedThread = null;
}
if (mSecureAcceptThread != null) {
mSecureAcceptThread.cancel();
mSecureAcceptThread = null;
}
if (mInsecureAcceptThread != null) {
mInsecureAcceptThread.cancel();
mInsecureAcceptThread = null;
}
setState(STATE_NONE);
}
/**
* Write to the ConnectedThread in an unsynchronized manner
* @param out The bytes to write
* @see ConnectedThread#write(byte[])
*/
public void write(byte[] out) {
// Create temporary object
ConnectedThread r;
// Synchronize a copy of the ConnectedThread
synchronized (this) {
if (mState != STATE_CONNECTED) return;
r = mConnectedThread;
}
// Perform the write unsynchronized
r.write(out);
}
/**
* Indicate that the connection attempt failed and notify the UI Activity.
*/
private void connectionFailed() {
// Send a failure message back to the Activity
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_TOAST);
Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
bundle.putString(BluetoothChat.TOAST, "Unable to connect device");
msg.setData(bundle);
mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
// Start the service over to restart listening mode
BluetoothChatService.this.start();
}
/**
* Indicate that the connection was lost and notify the UI Activity.
*/
private void connectionLost() {
// Send a failure message back to the Activity
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_TOAST);
Bundle bundle = new Bundle();
bundle.putString(BluetoothChat.TOAST, "Device connection was lost");
msg.setData(bundle);
mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
// Start the service over to restart listening mode
BluetoothChatService.this.start();
}
/**
* This thread runs while listening for incoming connections. It behaves
* like a server-side client. It runs until a connection is accepted
* (or until cancelled).
*/
private class AcceptThread extends Thread {
// The local server socket
private final BluetoothServerSocket mmServerSocket;
private String mSocketType;
public AcceptThread(boolean secure) {
BluetoothServerSocket tmp = null;
mSocketType = secure ? "Secure":"Insecure";
// Create a new listening server socket
try {
if (secure) {
tmp = mAdapter.listenUsingRfcommWithServiceRecord(NAME_SECURE,
MY_UUID_SECURE);
} else {
tmp = mAdapter.listenUsingInsecureRfcommWithServiceRecord(
NAME_INSECURE, MY_UUID_INSECURE);
}
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Socket Type: " + mSocketType + "listen() failed", e);
}
mmServerSocket = tmp;
}
public void run() {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "Socket Type: " + mSocketType +
"BEGIN mAcceptThread" + this);
setName("AcceptThread" + mSocketType);
BluetoothSocket socket = null;
// Listen to the server socket if we're not connected
while (mState != STATE_CONNECTED) {
try {
// This is a blocking call and will only return on a
// successful connection or an exception
socket = mmServerSocket.accept();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Socket Type: " + mSocketType + "accept() failed", e);
break;
}
// If a connection was accepted
if (socket != null) {
synchronized (BluetoothChatService.this) {
switch (mState) {
case STATE_LISTEN:
case STATE_CONNECTING:
// Situation normal. Start the connected thread.
connected(socket, socket.getRemoteDevice(),
mSocketType);
break;
case STATE_NONE:
case STATE_CONNECTED:
// Either not ready or already connected. Terminate new socket.
try {
socket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Could not close unwanted socket", e);
}
break;
}
}
}
}
if (D) Log.i(TAG, "END mAcceptThread, socket Type: " + mSocketType);
}
public void cancel() {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "Socket Type" + mSocketType + "cancel " + this);
try {
mmServerSocket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Socket Type" + mSocketType + "close() of server failed", e);
}
}
}
/**
* This thread runs while attempting to make an outgoing connection
* with a device. It runs straight through; the connection either
* succeeds or fails.
*/
private class ConnectThread extends Thread {
private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket;
private final BluetoothDevice mmDevice;
private String mSocketType;
public ConnectThread(BluetoothDevice device, boolean secure) {
mmDevice = device;
BluetoothSocket tmp = null;
mSocketType = secure ? "Secure" : "Insecure";
// Get a BluetoothSocket for a connection with the
// given BluetoothDevice
try {
if (secure) {
tmp = device.createRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(
MY_UUID_SECURE);
} else {
tmp = device.createInsecureRfcommSocketToServiceRecord(
MY_UUID_INSECURE);
}
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Socket Type: " + mSocketType + "create() failed", e);
}
mmSocket = tmp;
}
public void run() {
Log.i(TAG, "BEGIN mConnectThread SocketType:" + mSocketType);
setName("ConnectThread" + mSocketType);
// Always cancel discovery because it will slow down a connection
mAdapter.cancelDiscovery();
// Make a connection to the BluetoothSocket
try {
// This is a blocking call and will only return on a
// successful connection or an exception
mmSocket.connect();
} catch (IOException e) {
// Close the socket
try {
mmSocket.close();
} catch (IOException e2) {
Log.e(TAG, "unable to close() " + mSocketType +
" socket during connection failure", e2);
}
connectionFailed();
return;
}
// Reset the ConnectThread because we're done
synchronized (BluetoothChatService.this) {
mConnectThread = null;
}
// Start the connected thread
connected(mmSocket, mmDevice, mSocketType);
}
public void cancel() {
try {
mmSocket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "close() of connect " + mSocketType + " socket failed", e);
}
}
}
/**
* This thread runs during a connection with a remote device.
* It handles all incoming and outgoing transmissions.
*/
private class ConnectedThread extends Thread {
private final BluetoothSocket mmSocket;
private final InputStream mmInStream;
private final OutputStream mmOutStream;
public ConnectedThread(BluetoothSocket socket, String socketType) {
Log.d(TAG, "create ConnectedThread: " + socketType);
mmSocket = socket;
InputStream tmpIn = null;
OutputStream tmpOut = null;
// Get the BluetoothSocket input and output streams
try {
tmpIn = socket.getInputStream();
tmpOut = socket.getOutputStream();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "temp sockets not created", e);
}
mmInStream = tmpIn;
mmOutStream = tmpOut;
}
public void run() {
Log.i(TAG, "BEGIN mConnectedThread");
byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
int bytes;
// Keep listening to the InputStream while connected
while (true) {
try {
// Read from the InputStream
bytes = mmInStream.read(buffer);
// Send the obtained bytes to the UI Activity
mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_READ, bytes, -1, buffer)
.sendToTarget();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "disconnected", e);
connectionLost();
break;
}
}
}
/**
* Write to the connected OutStream.
* @param buffer The bytes to write
*/
public void write(byte[] buffer) {
try {
mmOutStream.write(buffer);
// Share the sent message back to the UI Activity
mHandler.obtainMessage(BluetoothChat.MESSAGE_WRITE, -1, -1, buffer)
.sendToTarget();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "Exception during write", e);
}
}
public void cancel() {
try {
mmSocket.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
Log.e(TAG, "close() of connect socket failed", e);
}
}
}
}
/*
* Copyright (C) 2009 The Android Open Source Project
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package com.example.android.BluetoothChat;
import java.util.Set;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
/**
* This Activity appears as a dialog. It lists any paired devices and
* devices detected in the area after discovery. When a device is chosen
* by the user, the MAC address of the device is sent back to the parent
* Activity in the result Intent.
*/
public class DeviceListActivity extends Activity {
// Debugging
private static final String TAG = "DeviceListActivity";
private static final boolean D = true;
// Return Intent extra
public static String EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS = "device_address";
// Member fields
private BluetoothAdapter mBtAdapter;
private ArrayAdapter<String> mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter;
private ArrayAdapter<String> mNewDevicesArrayAdapter;
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
// Setup the window
requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_INDETERMINATE_PROGRESS);
setContentView(R.layout.device_list);
// Set result CANCELED incase the user backs out
setResult(Activity.RESULT_CANCELED);
// Initialize the button to perform device discovery
Button scanButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button_scan);
scanButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View v) {
doDiscovery();
v.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}
});
// Initialize array adapters. One for already paired devices and
// one for newly discovered devices
mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.device_name);
mNewDevicesArrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, R.layout.device_name);
// Find and set up the ListView for paired devices
ListView pairedListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.paired_devices);
pairedListView.setAdapter(mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter);
pairedListView.setOnItemClickListener(mDeviceClickListener);
// Find and set up the ListView for newly discovered devices
ListView newDevicesListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.new_devices);
newDevicesListView.setAdapter(mNewDevicesArrayAdapter);
newDevicesListView.setOnItemClickListener(mDeviceClickListener);
// Register for broadcasts when a device is discovered
IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND);
this.registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter);
// Register for broadcasts when discovery has finished
filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_DISCOVERY_FINISHED);
this.registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter);
// Get the local Bluetooth adapter
mBtAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
// Get a set of currently paired devices
Set<BluetoothDevice> pairedDevices = mBtAdapter.getBondedDevices();
// If there are paired devices, add each one to the ArrayAdapter
if (pairedDevices.size() > 0) {
findViewById(R.id.title_paired_devices).setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
for (BluetoothDevice device : pairedDevices) {
mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress());
}
} else {
String noDevices = getResources().getText(R.string.none_paired).toString();
mPairedDevicesArrayAdapter.add(noDevices);
}
}
@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
// Make sure we're not doing discovery anymore
if (mBtAdapter != null) {
mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery();
}
// Unregister broadcast listeners
this.unregisterReceiver(mReceiver);
}
/**
* Start device discover with the BluetoothAdapter
*/
private void doDiscovery() {
if (D) Log.d(TAG, "doDiscovery()");
// Indicate scanning in the title
setProgressBarIndeterminateVisibility(true);
setTitle(R.string.scanning);
// Turn on sub-title for new devices
findViewById(R.id.title_new_devices).setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
// If we're already discovering, stop it
if (mBtAdapter.isDiscovering()) {
mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery();
}
// Request discover from BluetoothAdapter
mBtAdapter.startDiscovery();
}
// The on-click listener for all devices in the ListViews
private OnItemClickListener mDeviceClickListener = new OnItemClickListener() {
public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> av, View v, int arg2, long arg3) {
// Cancel discovery because it's costly and we're about to connect
mBtAdapter.cancelDiscovery();
// Get the device MAC address, which is the last 17 chars in the View
String info = ((TextView) v).getText().toString();
String address = info.substring(info.length() - 17);
// Create the result Intent and include the MAC address
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.putExtra(EXTRA_DEVICE_ADDRESS, address);
// Set result and finish this Activity
setResult(Activity.RESULT_OK, intent);
finish();
}
};
// The BroadcastReceiver that listens for discovered devices and
// changes the title when discovery is finished
private final BroadcastReceiver mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
@Override
public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
String action = intent.getAction();
// When discovery finds a device
if (BluetoothDevice.ACTION_FOUND.equals(action)) {
// Get the BluetoothDevice object from the Intent
BluetoothDevice device = intent.getParcelableExtra(BluetoothDevice.EXTRA_DEVICE);
// If it's already paired, skip it, because it's been listed already
if (device.getBondState() != BluetoothDevice.BOND_BONDED) {
mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.add(device.getName() + "\n" + device.getAddress());
}
// When discovery is finished, change the Activity title
} else if (BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_DISCOVERY_FINISHED.equals(action)) {
setProgressBarIndeterminateVisibility(false);
setTitle(R.string.select_device);
if (mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.getCount() == 0) {
String noDevices = getResources().getText(R.string.none_found).toString();
mNewDevicesArrayAdapter.add(noDevices);
}
}
}
};
}
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