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Last active Jan 30, 2019

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Sankey from csv with d3.js

This is a sankey diagram used as an example in the book D3 Tips and Tricks. It is based on a simpler version here.

It demonstrates the construction of a sankey diagram using d3.js from external csv data that is formatted using just link data and named values. It should be taken in context with the text of the book which can be downloaded for free from Leanpub.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>SANKEY Experiment</title>
<style>
.node rect {
cursor: move;
fill-opacity: .9;
shape-rendering: crispEdges;
}
.node text {
pointer-events: none;
text-shadow: 0 1px 0 #fff;
}
.link {
fill: none;
stroke: #000;
stroke-opacity: .2;
}
.link:hover {
stroke-opacity: .5;
}
</style>
<body>
<p id="chart">
<script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<script src="sankey.js"></script>
<script>
var units = "Widgets";
var margin = {top: 10, right: 10, bottom: 10, left: 10},
width = 700 - margin.left - margin.right,
height = 300 - margin.top - margin.bottom;
var formatNumber = d3.format(",.0f"), // zero decimal places
format = function(d) { return formatNumber(d) + " " + units; },
color = d3.scale.category20();
// append the svg canvas to the page
var svg = d3.select("#chart").append("svg")
.attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
.attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
.append("g")
.attr("transform",
"translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");
// Set the sankey diagram properties
var sankey = d3.sankey()
.nodeWidth(36)
.nodePadding(40)
.size([width, height]);
var path = sankey.link();
// load the data (using the timelyportfolio csv method)
d3.csv("sankey.csv", function(error, data) {
//set up graph in same style as original example but empty
graph = {"nodes" : [], "links" : []};
data.forEach(function (d) {
graph.nodes.push({ "name": d.source });
graph.nodes.push({ "name": d.target });
graph.links.push({ "source": d.source,
"target": d.target,
"value": +d.value });
});
// return only the distinct / unique nodes
graph.nodes = d3.keys(d3.nest()
.key(function (d) { return d.name; })
.map(graph.nodes));
// loop through each link replacing the text with its index from node
graph.links.forEach(function (d, i) {
graph.links[i].source = graph.nodes.indexOf(graph.links[i].source);
graph.links[i].target = graph.nodes.indexOf(graph.links[i].target);
});
//now loop through each nodes to make nodes an array of objects
// rather than an array of strings
graph.nodes.forEach(function (d, i) {
graph.nodes[i] = { "name": d };
});
sankey
.nodes(graph.nodes)
.links(graph.links)
.layout(32);
// add in the links
var link = svg.append("g").selectAll(".link")
.data(graph.links)
.enter().append("path")
.attr("class", "link")
.attr("d", path)
.style("stroke-width", function(d) { return Math.max(1, d.dy); })
.sort(function(a, b) { return b.dy - a.dy; });
// add the link titles
link.append("title")
.text(function(d) {
return d.source.name + "" +
d.target.name + "\n" + format(d.value); });
// add in the nodes
var node = svg.append("g").selectAll(".node")
.data(graph.nodes)
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", "node")
.attr("transform", function(d) {
return "translate(" + d.x + "," + d.y + ")"; })
.call(d3.behavior.drag()
.origin(function(d) { return d; })
.on("dragstart", function() {
this.parentNode.appendChild(this); })
.on("drag", dragmove));
// add the rectangles for the nodes
node.append("rect")
.attr("height", function(d) { return d.dy; })
.attr("width", sankey.nodeWidth())
.style("fill", function(d) {
return d.color = color(d.name.replace(/ .*/, "")); })
.style("stroke", function(d) {
return d3.rgb(d.color).darker(2); })
.append("title")
.text(function(d) {
return d.name + "\n" + format(d.value); });
// add in the title for the nodes
node.append("text")
.attr("x", -6)
.attr("y", function(d) { return d.dy / 2; })
.attr("dy", ".35em")
.attr("text-anchor", "end")
.attr("transform", null)
.text(function(d) { return d.name; })
.filter(function(d) { return d.x < width / 2; })
.attr("x", 6 + sankey.nodeWidth())
.attr("text-anchor", "start");
// the function for moving the nodes
function dragmove(d) {
d3.select(this).attr("transform",
"translate(" + d.x + "," + (
d.y = Math.max(0, Math.min(height - d.dy, d3.event.y))
) + ")");
sankey.relayout();
link.attr("d", path);
}
});
</script>
</body>
</html>
source target value
Barry Elvis 2
Frodo Elvis 2
Frodo Sarah 2
Barry Alice 2
Elvis Sarah 2
Elvis Alice 2
Sarah Alice 4
d3.sankey = function() {
var sankey = {},
nodeWidth = 24,
nodePadding = 8,
size = [1, 1],
nodes = [],
links = [];
sankey.nodeWidth = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return nodeWidth;
nodeWidth = +_;
return sankey;
};
sankey.nodePadding = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return nodePadding;
nodePadding = +_;
return sankey;
};
sankey.nodes = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return nodes;
nodes = _;
return sankey;
};
sankey.links = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return links;
links = _;
return sankey;
};
sankey.size = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return size;
size = _;
return sankey;
};
sankey.layout = function(iterations) {
computeNodeLinks();
computeNodeValues();
computeNodeBreadths();
computeNodeDepths(iterations);
computeLinkDepths();
return sankey;
};
sankey.relayout = function() {
computeLinkDepths();
return sankey;
};
sankey.link = function() {
var curvature = .5;
function link(d) {
var x0 = d.source.x + d.source.dx,
x1 = d.target.x,
xi = d3.interpolateNumber(x0, x1),
x2 = xi(curvature),
x3 = xi(1 - curvature),
y0 = d.source.y + d.sy + d.dy / 2,
y1 = d.target.y + d.ty + d.dy / 2;
return "M" + x0 + "," + y0
+ "C" + x2 + "," + y0
+ " " + x3 + "," + y1
+ " " + x1 + "," + y1;
}
link.curvature = function(_) {
if (!arguments.length) return curvature;
curvature = +_;
return link;
};
return link;
};
// Populate the sourceLinks and targetLinks for each node.
// Also, if the source and target are not objects, assume they are indices.
function computeNodeLinks() {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
node.sourceLinks = [];
node.targetLinks = [];
});
links.forEach(function(link) {
var source = link.source,
target = link.target;
if (typeof source === "number") source = link.source = nodes[link.source];
if (typeof target === "number") target = link.target = nodes[link.target];
source.sourceLinks.push(link);
target.targetLinks.push(link);
});
}
// Compute the value (size) of each node by summing the associated links.
function computeNodeValues() {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
node.value = Math.max(
d3.sum(node.sourceLinks, value),
d3.sum(node.targetLinks, value)
);
});
}
// Iteratively assign the breadth (x-position) for each node.
// Nodes are assigned the maximum breadth of incoming neighbors plus one;
// nodes with no incoming links are assigned breadth zero, while
// nodes with no outgoing links are assigned the maximum breadth.
function computeNodeBreadths() {
var remainingNodes = nodes,
nextNodes,
x = 0;
while (remainingNodes.length) {
nextNodes = [];
remainingNodes.forEach(function(node) {
node.x = x;
node.dx = nodeWidth;
node.sourceLinks.forEach(function(link) {
nextNodes.push(link.target);
});
});
remainingNodes = nextNodes;
++x;
}
//
moveSinksRight(x);
scaleNodeBreadths((width - nodeWidth) / (x - 1));
}
function moveSourcesRight() {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
if (!node.targetLinks.length) {
node.x = d3.min(node.sourceLinks, function(d) { return d.target.x; }) - 1;
}
});
}
function moveSinksRight(x) {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
if (!node.sourceLinks.length) {
node.x = x - 1;
}
});
}
function scaleNodeBreadths(kx) {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
node.x *= kx;
});
}
function computeNodeDepths(iterations) {
var nodesByBreadth = d3.nest()
.key(function(d) { return d.x; })
.sortKeys(d3.ascending)
.entries(nodes)
.map(function(d) { return d.values; });
//
initializeNodeDepth();
resolveCollisions();
for (var alpha = 1; iterations > 0; --iterations) {
relaxRightToLeft(alpha *= .99);
resolveCollisions();
relaxLeftToRight(alpha);
resolveCollisions();
}
function initializeNodeDepth() {
var ky = d3.min(nodesByBreadth, function(nodes) {
return (size[1] - (nodes.length - 1) * nodePadding) / d3.sum(nodes, value);
});
nodesByBreadth.forEach(function(nodes) {
nodes.forEach(function(node, i) {
node.y = i;
node.dy = node.value * ky;
});
});
links.forEach(function(link) {
link.dy = link.value * ky;
});
}
function relaxLeftToRight(alpha) {
nodesByBreadth.forEach(function(nodes, breadth) {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
if (node.targetLinks.length) {
var y = d3.sum(node.targetLinks, weightedSource) / d3.sum(node.targetLinks, value);
node.y += (y - center(node)) * alpha;
}
});
});
function weightedSource(link) {
return center(link.source) * link.value;
}
}
function relaxRightToLeft(alpha) {
nodesByBreadth.slice().reverse().forEach(function(nodes) {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
if (node.sourceLinks.length) {
var y = d3.sum(node.sourceLinks, weightedTarget) / d3.sum(node.sourceLinks, value);
node.y += (y - center(node)) * alpha;
}
});
});
function weightedTarget(link) {
return center(link.target) * link.value;
}
}
function resolveCollisions() {
nodesByBreadth.forEach(function(nodes) {
var node,
dy,
y0 = 0,
n = nodes.length,
i;
// Push any overlapping nodes down.
nodes.sort(ascendingDepth);
for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
node = nodes[i];
dy = y0 - node.y;
if (dy > 0) node.y += dy;
y0 = node.y + node.dy + nodePadding;
}
// If the bottommost node goes outside the bounds, push it back up.
dy = y0 - nodePadding - size[1];
if (dy > 0) {
y0 = node.y -= dy;
// Push any overlapping nodes back up.
for (i = n - 2; i >= 0; --i) {
node = nodes[i];
dy = node.y + node.dy + nodePadding - y0;
if (dy > 0) node.y -= dy;
y0 = node.y;
}
}
});
}
function ascendingDepth(a, b) {
return a.y - b.y;
}
}
function computeLinkDepths() {
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
node.sourceLinks.sort(ascendingTargetDepth);
node.targetLinks.sort(ascendingSourceDepth);
});
nodes.forEach(function(node) {
var sy = 0, ty = 0;
node.sourceLinks.forEach(function(link) {
link.sy = sy;
sy += link.dy;
});
node.targetLinks.forEach(function(link) {
link.ty = ty;
ty += link.dy;
});
});
function ascendingSourceDepth(a, b) {
return a.source.y - b.source.y;
}
function ascendingTargetDepth(a, b) {
return a.target.y - b.target.y;
}
}
function center(node) {
return node.y + node.dy / 2;
}
function value(link) {
return link.value;
}
return sankey;
};
@akshayshenvi30

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commented Feb 26, 2016

is there a way to import from .xlsx format instead of .csv?

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