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@egomez99 egomez99/PubNub.h Secret
Created Oct 16, 2015

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#ifndef PubNub_h
#define PubNub_h
#include <stdint.h>
/* By default, the PubNub library is built to work with the Ethernet
* shield. WiFi shield support can be enabled by commenting the
* following line and commenting out the line after that. Refer
* to the PubNubJsonWifi sketch for a complete example. */
//#define PubNub_Ethernet
//#define PubNub_WiFi
//#define PubNub_GPRS
#define PubNub_GPRS
#elif defined(PubNub_GPRS)
#include <LGPRSClient.h>
#define PubNub_BASE_CLIENT LGPRSClient
#if defined(PubNub_Ethernet)
#include <Ethernet.h>
#define PubNub_BASE_CLIENT EthernetClient
#elif defined(PubNub_WiFi)
#include <WiFi.h>
#define PubNub_BASE_CLIENT WiFiClient
#error PubNub_BASE_CLIENT set to an invalid value!
/* Some notes:
* (i) There is no SSL support on Arduino, it is unfeasible with
* Arduino Uno or even Arduino Mega's computing power and memory limits.
* All the traffic goes on the wire unencrypted and unsigned.
* (ii) We re-resolve the origin server IP address before each request.
* This means some slow-down for intensive communication, but we rather
* expect light traffic and very long-running sketches (days, months),
* where refreshing the IP address is quite desirable.
* (iii) We let the users read replies at their leisure instead of
* returning an already preloaded string so that (a) they can do that
* in loop() code while taking care of other things as well (b) we don't
* waste precious RAM by pre-allocating buffers that are never needed.
* (iv) If you are having problems connecting, maybe you have hit
* a bug in Debian's version of Arduino pertaining the DNS code. Try using
* an IP address as origin and/or upgrading your Arduino package.
* (v) The optional timeout parameter allows you to specify a timeout
* period after which the subscribe call shall be retried. Note
* that this timeout is applied only for reading response, not for
* connecting or sending data; use retransmission parameters of
* the Ethernet library to tune this. As a rule of thumb, timeout
* smaller than 30 seconds may still block longer with flaky
* network. Default server-side timeout of PubNub API is 300s.
* (vi) If some of the PubNub calls fail with your WiFi shield (e.g. you
* see "subscribe error" and similar messages in serial console), your
* WiFi shield firmware may be buggy - e.g. a WiFi shield bought
* commercially in May 2013 had a firmware that had to be upgaded.
* This is not so difficult to do, simply follow:
* (vii) The vendor firmware for the WiFi shield has dubious TCP implementation;
* for example, TCP ports of outgoing connections are always chosen from the
* same sequence, so if you reset your Arduino, some of the new connections
* may interfere with an outstanding TCP connection that has not been closed
* before the reset; i.e. you will typically see a single failed request
* somewhere down the road after a reset.
* (viii) It is essential to use a new enough Arduino version so that
* the WiFi library actually works properly. Most notably, version 1.0.5
* has been confirmed to work while Arduino 1.0.4 is broken.
/* This class is a thin EthernetClient wrapper whose goal is to
* automatically acquire time token information when reading
* subscribe call response.
* (i) The user application sees only the JSON body, not the timetoken.
* As soon as the body ends, PubSubclient reads the rest of HTTP reply
* itself and disconnects. The stored timetoken is used in the next call
* to the PubSub::subscribe method then. */
class PubSubClient : public PubNub_BASE_CLIENT {
PubSubClient() :
PubNub_BASE_CLIENT(), json_enabled(false)
strcpy(timetoken, "0");
/* Customized functions that make reading stop as soon as we
* have hit ',' outside of braces and string, which indicates
* end of JSON body. */
virtual int read();
virtual int read(uint8_t *buf, size_t size);
virtual void stop();
/* Block until data is available. Returns false in case the
* connection goes down or timeout expires. */
bool wait_for_data(int timeout = 310);
/* Enable the JSON state machine. */
void start_body();
inline char *server_timetoken() { return timetoken; }
void _state_input(uint8_t ch, uint8_t *nextbuf, size_t nextsize);
void _grab_timetoken(uint8_t *nextbuf, size_t nextsize);
/* JSON state machine context */
bool json_enabled:1;
bool in_string:1;
bool after_backslash:1;
int braces_depth;
/* Time token acquired during the last subscribe request. */
char timetoken[22];
enum PubNub_BH {
class PubNub {
/* Init the Pubnub Client API
* This should be called after Ethernet.begin().
* Note that the string parameters are not copied; do not
* overwrite or free the memory where you stored the keys!
* (If you are passing string literals, don't worry about it.)
* Note that you should run only a single publish at once.
* @param string publish_key required key to send messages.
* @param string subscribe_key required key to receive messages.
* @param string origin optional setting for cloud origin.
* @return boolean whether begin() was successful. */
bool begin(const char *publish_key, const char *subscribe_key, const char *origin = "");
/* Set the UUID identification of PubNub client. This is useful
* e.g. for presence identification.
* Pass NULL to unset. The string is not copied over (just like
* in begin()). See the PubNubSubscriber example for simple code
* that generates a random UUID (although not 100% reliable). */
void set_uuid(const char *uuid);
/* Publish
* Send a message (assumed to be well-formed JSON) to a given channel.
* Note that the reply can be obtained using code like:
client = publish("demo", "\"lala\"");
if (!client) return; // error
while (client->connected()) {
// More sophisticated code will want to add timeout handling here
while (client->connected() && !client->available()) ; // wait
char c = client->read();
* You will get content right away, the header has been already
* skipped inside the function. If you do not care about
* the reply, just call client->stop(); immediately.
* It returns an object that is typically EthernetClient (but it
* can be a WiFiClient if you enabled the WiFi shield).
* @param string channel required channel name.
* @param string message required message string in JSON format.
* @param string timeout optional timeout in seconds.
* @return string Stream-ish object with reply message or NULL on error. */
PubNub_BASE_CLIENT *publish(const char *channel, const char *message, int timeout = 30);
* Subscribe
* Listen for a message on a given channel. The function will block
* and return when a message arrives. Typically, you will run this
* function from loop() function to keep listening for messages
* indefinitely.
* As a reply, you will get a JSON array with messages, e.g.:
* ["msg1",{msg2:"x"}]
* and so on. Empty reply [] is also normal and your code must be
* able to handle that. Note that the reply specifically does not
* include the time token present in the raw reply.
* @param string channel required channel name.
* @param string timeout optional timeout in seconds.
* @return string Stream-ish object with reply message or NULL on error. */
PubSubClient *subscribe(const char *channel, int timeout = 310);
* History
* Receive list of the last N messages on the given channel.
* @param string channel required channel name.
* @param int limit optional number of messages to retrieve.
* @param string timeout optional timeout in seconds.
* @return string Stream-ish object with reply message or NULL on error. */
PubNub_BASE_CLIENT *history(const char *channel, int limit = 10, int timeout = 310);
enum PubNub_BH _request_bh(PubNub_BASE_CLIENT &client, unsigned long t_start, int timeout, char qparsep);
const char *publish_key, *subscribe_key;
const char *origin;
const char *uuid;
PubNub_BASE_CLIENT publish_client, history_client;
PubSubClient subscribe_client;
extern class PubNub PubNub;
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