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AutoHotkey_L Hotstrings and other utilities

My AutoHotkey shortcuts and helper scripts. (For the Unicode-aware AutoHotkey_L)

Special character shortcuts

I'm an electrical engineer and generally math/science-type person, so I've made a lot of shortcuts for typing special characters. This is the best way I've found to do this. Works in every text field in every application, and is much faster and easier than copying and pasting them or looking them up in a character map. (And stop using the Symbol font, people! Your "kΩ" are turning into "kW" whenever I copypaste them!)

Example: If you type:

5 |x 10sup7 kohm+-1% 3 nv/rthz 100degc 220 uF

it becomes:

5 × 10⁷ kΩ±1% 3 nV/√Hz 100°C 220 µF

So useful.

Thunderbird Auto Correct extension uses things like |c©, so I've adopted this convention for other special characters. |piπ, |<3, |:), |snowman, etc. Easier to remember than Unicode code points or Alt codes, pretty easy to type, and doesn't conflict with named HTML entities, etc. There might be a better initial character to use, but I haven't had any problems with | yet.

To do / wish list

  • Unify scroll wheel direction and zoom/drag functions across all applications
    • Inverting scroll wheel unfortunately inverts it for all parts of that app, not just the main view, but lists and stuff, too.
  • Disable shortcuts for Python terminals, PuTTY, etc.
    • #IfWinNotActive with source code extensions at the end, to disable shortcuts like <= that would conflict with writing code?
  • Automatically use newline-stripping paste if pasting into filename fields?
  • Hold down Caps Lock to emulate Archy leaping navigation?
  • or Caps Lock should act as a shift? Unless you hit it twice consecutively, or press Shift+Caps Lock
  • If Caps Lock is already pressed, and I press Shift, it should undo Caps Lock?
  • or it should just detect words sPELLED lIKE tHIS.
  • Simple calculator: Press some keyboard shortcut, dialog pops up, type in 4553+3243 and press Enter, and it pastes 7796 into your document.
  • Toggle UPPERCASE, lowercase, Title Case, etc for selected text in any app
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Disable Insert key
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$Insert::return
!Insert::Send, {Insert} ; Use Alt+Insert to toggle the 'Insert mode'
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Hand tool with middle button in Adobe Reader
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#IfWinActive ahk_class AdobeAcrobat
Mbutton::
#IfWinActive ahk_class AcrobatSDIWindow
Mbutton::
#IfWinActive ahk_class DSUI:PDFXCViewer
Mbutton::
Send {Space down}{LButton down} ; Hold down the left mouse button.
KeyWait Mbutton ; Wait for the user to release the middle button.
Send {LButton up}{Space up} ; Release the left mouse button.
return
#IfWinActive
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Hand tool with middle button in Sumatra PDF
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#IfWinActive ahk_class SUMATRA_PDF_FRAME
Mbutton::
Send {RButton down} ; Hold down the left mouse button.
KeyWait Mbutton ; Wait for the user to release the middle button.
Send {RButton up} ; Release the left mouse button.
return
#IfWinActive
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Ctrl+Q closes Firefox
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#IfWinActive ahk_class MozillaWindowClass
^q::
Send !f
Send !x
return
#IfWinActive
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Ctrl+W closes tabs in IAR compiler or TINA-TI
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#IfWinActive IAR Embedded Workbench IDE
^w::
#IfWinActive ahk_class TSchematicEditor
^w::
Send ^{F4}
return
#IfWinActive
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; WINDOWS KEY + H TOGGLES HIDDEN FILES
; from http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/keyboard-ninja/keyboard-ninja-toggle-hidden-files-with-a-shortcut-key-in-windows/
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#h::
RegRead, HiddenFiles_Status, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, Hidden
If HiddenFiles_Status = 2
RegWrite, REG_DWORD, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, Hidden, 1
Else
RegWrite, REG_DWORD, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, Hidden, 2
WinGetClass, eh_Class,A
If (eh_Class = "#32770" OR A_OSVersion = "WIN_VISTA" OR A_OSVersion = "WIN_7")
send, {F5}
Else PostMessage, 0x111, 28931,,, A
Return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; WINDOWS KEY + Y TOGGLES FILE EXTENSIONS
; from http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/windows-vista/keyboard-ninja-toggle-file-extension-display-with-a-shortcut-key-in-windows/
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#y::
RegRead, HiddenFiles_Status, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, HideFileExt
If HiddenFiles_Status = 1
RegWrite, REG_DWORD, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, HideFileExt, 0
Else
RegWrite, REG_DWORD, HKEY_CURRENT_USER, Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced, HideFileExt, 1
WinGetClass, eh_Class,A
If (eh_Class = "#32770" OR A_OSVersion = "WIN_VISTA" OR A_OSVersion = "WIN_7")
send, {F5}
Else PostMessage, 0x111, 28931,,, A
Return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Google text from any app
; from http://superuser.com/questions/7271/most-useful-autohotkey-scripts/165220#165220
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#s::
MyClip := ClipboardAll
Clipboard = ; empty the clipboard
Send, ^c
ClipWait, 2
if ErrorLevel ; ClipWait timed out.
{
return
}
if RegExMatch(Clipboard, "^(https?://|www\.)[a-zA-Z0-9\-\.]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,3}(/\S*)?$")
{
Run % Clipboard
}
else
{
; Modify some characters that screw up the URL
; RFC 3986 section 2.2 Reserved Characters (January 2005): !*'();:@&=+$,/?#[]
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, `r`n, %A_Space%, All
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, #, `%23, All
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, &, `%26, All
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, +, `%2b, All
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, ", `%22, All
Run % "http://www.google.com/#hl=en&q=" . clipboard ; uriEncode(clipboard)
}
Clipboard := MyClip
return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Google translate selected text
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#g::
MyClip := ClipboardAll
Clipboard = ; empty the clipboard
Send, ^c
ClipWait, 2
if ErrorLevel ; ClipWait timed out.
{
return
}
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, `%, `%25, All ; has to come first
StringReplace, Clipboard, Clipboard, `r`n, `%0A, All
Run % "http://translate.google.com/#auto|en|" . clipboard ; uriEncode(clipboard)
Clipboard := MyClip
return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Shortcuts that do not fall under misspellings or typos
; (otherwise in AutoCorrect.ahk)
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; c = case sensitive
; c1 = ignore the case that was typed, always use the same case for output
; * = immediate change (no need for space, period, or enter)
; ? = triggered even when the character typed immediately before it is alphanumeric
; r = raw output
; Thunderbird autocorrect uses |c → ©, MS Word uses (c) → ©
; I don't know where | prefix comes from, but I am also adopting it as an
; "escape character" for literal symbols that might otherwise want to be
; written out. "pi" vs "π". for instance. Could also use ~ or something.
; Alternately, HTML entity references like "asymp" that are not otherwise words can safely be used alone?
; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_XML_and_HTML_character_entity_references#Character_entity_references_in_HTML
; But it's easier to just use the pipe character, so I've largely abandoned this
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Science/engineering
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Resistances using Greek uppercase omega character, not
; Unicode ohm sign (which only exists for backwards compatibility)
:c1*:kohm::; kiloohm
:c1*:okhm::; kiloohm
:c1*:mohm::; megaohm
:c1*:gohm::; gigaohm
:c1*:tohm::; teraohm
:*:|ohm::Ω
; :*:ohm::Ω ; not sure if want
; :*:ohms::Ω
; micro- prefix using Unicode micro sign (µ), not mu character (μ)
:c*:uA::µA ; microamp
:c*:uF::µF ; microfarad
:c*:uH::µH ; microhenry - needs to be case sensitive - "uh" is a word
:c*:uV::µV ; microvolt
:c*:uW::µW ; microwatt
:c*:uPa::µPa ; micropascal
:*:|um::µm
::microm::µm ; micrometer or micron
:*:|micron::µm
:*:|us::µs ; microsecond
:*:usec::µs
:*c:uS::µS ; microsiemens
; :c*:MWe::MWₑ ; Probably a bad idea
:c1:pf::pF ; picofarad
:c1:nf::nF ; nanofarad
; :c:mv::mV ; millivolt - conflicts with bash command
:c:nv::nV ; nanovolt
:*?:degC::°C ; degrees Celsius
:*?:degF::°F ; degrees Fahrenheit
:*?:|deg::° ; degree symbol
:*:rthz::√Hz ; square root of hertz
:r:thdn::THD+N ; total harmonic distortion and noise
::|diam::; diameter symbol - alternately could be "Latin small letter o with stroke" (ø) if no font support
::m^2::; Maybe a bad idea
; ::1/4"::¼" ; Probably a bad idea
; ::1/4"::¼″ ; technically should be a double prime
; add Unicode non-breaking spaces before units? or is that too pedantic?
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Math
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
:?*:+-::± ; plus-or-minus sign
:?:|-::; true minus sign
:?:|minus::; true minus sign
:?:|x::× ; true times sign
:?:|times::×
::divby::÷ ; division sign or obelus
::./.::÷ ; any conflicts?
:?:|*::; "dot operator" (&sdot;), for multiplication, dot product
; sdot ⋅ U+22C5 HTMLsymbol dot operator ('dot operator' is NOT the same character as U+00B7 'middle dot'.)
; Experimental:
:?:1x::1×
:?:2x::2×
:?:3x::3×
:?:4x::4×
:?:5x::5×
:?:6x::6×
:?:7x::7×
:?:8x::8×
:?:9x::9×
; "Unicode also includes a handful of vulgar fractions as compatibility characters, but discourages their use."
::|1/2::½
::|1/4::¼
::|3/4::¾
::|>=::; '>=' conflicts with usage in programming. Alternatively, it could specify different rules for code windows.
::|<=::
::|!=::; not equal to
::|>>::; much greater than
::|<<::; much less than
::|!=::
::notequal::
::approx::; approximately equal to
::asymp::
::|~::
::|propto::; proportional to
::|=-::; mathematical identity
::|===::
::|propersubset::; SUBSET OF
::|propersuperset::; SUPERSET OF
::|notsubset::; NOT A SUBSET OF
::|subset::; SUBSET OF OR EQUAL TO
::|superset::; SUPERSET OF OR EQUAL TO
; superscripts and subscripts from HTML entity names sup2 and sup3
; Examples: km² V₊ V₋ CuSO₄·5H₂O or ²³⁸U (hard to type, ugly, but actually used, according to Google)
; Alternate notation: x^2 → x², x_2 → x₂
; Of course, that would conflict with programming variable names like max_3
; There's also ⁼⁽⁾₌₍₎ᵃᵇᶜᵈᵉᶠᵍʰⁱʲᵏˡᵐⁿᵒᵖʳˢᵗᵘᵛʷˣʸᶻᴬᴮᴰᴱᴳᴴᴵᴶᴷᴸᴹᴺᴼᴾᴿᵀᵁⱽᵂₐₑₕᵢₖₗₘₙₒₚᵣₛₜᵤᵥₓᵅᵝᵞᵟᵋᶿᶥᶲᵠᵡᵦᵧᵨᵩᵪ
:?:sup0::
:?:sup1::¹
:?:sup2::² ; common
:?:sup3::³ ; common
:?:sup4::
:?:sup5::
:?:sup6::
:?:sup7::
:?:sup8::
:?:sup9::
:?:sup+::
:?:sup-::
:?:supn::
:?:supi::
:?:sub0::
:?:sub1::
:?:sub2::
:?:sub3::
:?:sub4::
:?:sub5::
:?:sub6::
:?:sub7::
:?:sub8::
:?:sub9::
:?:sub+::
:?:sub-::
::|sqrt::; square root
::radic::
::|inf::
; Greek characters for math, etc.
:C:|Alpha::Α
:C:|Beta::Β
:C:|Gamma::Γ
:C:|Delta::Δ
:C:|Epsilon::Ε
:C:|Zeta::Ζ
:C:|Eta::Η
:C:|Theta::Θ
:C:|Iota::Ι
:C:|Kappa::Κ
:C:|Lambda::Λ
:C:|Mu::Μ
:C:|Nu::Ν
:C:|Xi::Ξ
:C:|Omicron::Ο
:C:|Pi::Π
:C:|Rho::Ρ
:C:|Sigma::Σ
:C:|Tau::Τ
:C:|Upsilon::Υ
:C:|Phi::Φ
:C:|Chi::Χ
:C:|Psi::Ψ
:C*:|Omega::Ω
:C:|alpha::α
:C:|beta::β
:C:|gamma::γ
:C:|delta::δ
:C:|epsilon::ε
:C:|zeta::ζ
:C:|eta::η
:C:|theta::θ
:C:|iota::ι
:C:|kappa::κ
:C:|lambda::λ
:C:|mu::μ
:C:|nu::ν
:C:|xi::ξ
:C:|omicron::ο
:C?:|pi::π
:C:|rho::ρ
:C:|sigmaf::ς
:C:|sigma::σ
:C:|tau::τ
:C:|upsilon::υ
:C:|phi::φ
:C:|chi::χ
:C:|psi::ψ
:C*:|omega::ω
:C*:|thetasym::ϑ
:C:|upsih::ϒ
:C:|piv::ϖ
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Typography / symbols
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
::|c::© ; copyright symbol
::(c)::©
::|r::® ; registered symbol
::(r)::®
::|s::§ ; section symbol
::(tm)::; trademark symbol
:c:|o::; bullet
::|bull::
::|bullet::
:c:|O::; black circle
::|()::; white circle
; these don't work due to minus sign. needs to ignore dashes as closing characters for just these. also hard to remember since -- is usually em.
;::|--::– ; en dash –
;::|---::— ; em dash —
::|en::
::|em::
; ¦ ; broken bar
:?*:|cent::¢ ; cents symbol
; middot · U+00B7 HTMLlat1 middle dot (= Georgian comma = Greek middle dot)
:?:|.::· ; "middle dot" (&middot;), for interword separation, punctuation, ???
::|...::; Doesn't work due to above
; Arrows
:?*:-->::
:?*:==>::
:?*:<--::
:?*:<==::
:?*:<->::
:?*:<=>::
::|^::
::|v::
; Special characters
;:r:|nbsp:: ; Doesn't work?
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Emoticons
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
::0_0::ಠ_ಠ ; look of disapproval
::|<3::
::(:))::
::|:)::
::(:()::
::|:(::
::|snowman::
::|skull::
::|music::♪♫
:r:|hug::(>^_^)> <(^.^<)
::|nerd::□_□
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; HTML shortcuts
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
:*b0:|bq::{bs 3}<blockquote></blockquote>{left 13}
; :*:|bq::<blockquote>
:*:|/bq::</blockquote>
:*:|\bq::</blockquote>
:*b0:|qu::{bs 3}[QUOTE][/QUOTE]{left 8}
:*:|/qu::[/QUOTE]
:*:|\qu::[/QUOTE]
:*b0:<em>::</em>{left 5}
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Insert timestamp
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Should be a keyboard shortcut or a phrase?
; Needs to be compatible with spreadsheet formats
+!d:: ;Shift-Alt-D: Insert current date and time stamp
FormatTime, T, %A_Now%, yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss tt ; 2012-01-24 10:54:31 PM - works in LibreOffice, Google Spreadsheet, Excel
SendInput %T%
return
::|date:: ;Insert current date
FormatTime, T, %A_Now%, yyyy-MM-dd ; 2011-07-25
SendInput %T%
return
::|time:: ;Insert current time
FormatTime, T, %A_Now%, hh:mm:sstt ; 09:24:20AM
SendInput %T%
return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Make windows transparent
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#T::
DetectHiddenWindows, on
WinGet, curtrans, Transparent, A
if ! curtrans
curtrans = 255
newtrans := curtrans - 64
if newtrans > 0
{
WinSet, Transparent, %newtrans%, A
}
else
{
WinSet, Transparent, 255, A
WinSet, Transparent, OFF, A
}
return
#w::
DetectHiddenWindows, on
WinSet, TransColor, Black 128, A
return
#o::
WinSet, Transparent, 255, A
WinSet, Transparent, OFF, A
return
#g:: ; Press Win+G to show the current settings of the window under the mouse.
MouseGetPos,,, MouseWin
WinGet, Transparent, Transparent, ahk_id %MouseWin%
WinGet, TransColor, TransColor, ahk_id %MouseWin%
ToolTip Translucency:`t%Transparent%`nTransColor:`t%TransColor%
return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Win+V: Paste as plain text from clipboard
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#v::
Clip0 = %ClipBoardAll%
ClipBoard = %ClipBoard% ; Convert to plain text
Send ^v ; For best compatibility: SendPlay
Sleep 50 ; Don't change clipboard while it is pasted! (Sleep > 0)
ClipBoard = %Clip0% ; Restore original ClipBoard
VarSetCapacity(Clip0, 0) ; Free memory
Return
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Win+Alt+V: Paste plain text only, stripping characters unsafe for filenames
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#!v:: ; paste without formatting
StringReplace, clipboardt, clipboard, `r`n, %A_Space%, All
clipboardt := RegExReplace(clipboardt, "` {2,}", "` ")
StringLeft, 1st, clipboardt, 1
IfInString, 1st, %A_Space%
StringTrimLeft, clipboardt, clipboardt, 1
StringRIght, last, clipboardt, 1
IfInString, last, %A_Space%
StringTrimRight, clipboardt, clipboardt, 1
;Send {Raw}%clipboardt%
Clip0 = %ClipBoardAll%
ClipBoard = %clipboardt% ; Convert to plain text
Send ^v ; For best compatibility: SendPlay
Sleep 50 ; Don't change clipboard while it is pasted! (Sleep > 0)
ClipBoard = %Clip0% ; Restore original ClipBoard
VarSetCapacity(Clip0, 0) ; Free memory
clipboardt =
return
; I don't use these anymore.
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Change scroll behavior in Protel
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; I never use this anymore - Altium Designer has a better interface
#IfWinActive ahk_class Design Explorer 99 SE Main Window
WheelUp::send, {PgUp}
WheelDown::send, {PgDn}
Mbutton::Send {Home}
;Mbutton::
;{
; Loop
; {
; Sleep, 10
; GetKeyState, state, Mbutton, P
; if state = U ; The key has been released, so break out of the loop.
; break
; Send {Home}
; }
;}
#IfWinActive
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Change scroll wheel behavior in Adobe Illustrator
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; I never use this now that I know Adobe Reader can handle .ai files
#IfWinActive ahk_class Illustrator9
WheelUp::send, ^=
WheelDown::send, ^-
Mbutton::
Send {Space down}{LButton down} ; Hold down the left-arrow key.
KeyWait Mbutton ; Wait for the user to release the middle button.
Send {LButton up}{Space up} ; Release the left-arrow key.
return
#IfWinActive
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