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A utility for signing an url using OAuth in a way that's convenient for debugging

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example.rb
Ruby
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require 'oauth_util.rb'
require 'net/http'
 
o = OauthUtil.new
 
o.consumer_key = 'examplek9SGJUTUpocjZ5QjBJmQ9WVdrOVVFNHdSR2x1TkhFbWNHbzlNQS0tJnM9Y29uc3VtkZXJzZWNyZXQmeD0yYg--';
o.consumer_secret = 'exampled88d4109c63e778dsadcdd5c1875814977';
 
url = 'http://query.yahooapis.com/v1/yql?q=select%20*%20from%20social.updates.search%20where%20query%3D%22search%20terms%22&diagnostics=true';
 
parsed_url = URI.parse( url )
 
Net::HTTP.start( parsed_url.host ) { | http |
req = Net::HTTP::Get.new "#{ parsed_url.path }?#{ o.sign(parsed_url).query_string }"
response = http.request(req)
print response.read_body
}
oauth_util.rb
Ruby
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# A utility for signing an url using OAuth in a way that's convenient for debugging
# Note: the standard Ruby OAuth lib is here http://github.com/mojodna/oauth
# License: http://gist.github.com/375593
# Usage: see example.rb below
 
require 'uri'
require 'cgi'
require 'openssl'
require 'base64'
 
class OauthUtil
attr_accessor :consumer_key, :consumer_secret, :token, :token_secret, :req_method,
:sig_method, :oauth_version, :callback_url, :params, :req_url, :base_str
def initialize
@consumer_key = ''
@consumer_secret = ''
@token = ''
@token_secret = ''
@req_method = 'GET'
@sig_method = 'HMAC-SHA1'
@oauth_version = '1.0'
@callback_url = ''
end
# openssl::random_bytes returns non-word chars, which need to be removed. using alt method to get length
# ref http://snippets.dzone.com/posts/show/491
def nonce
Array.new( 5 ) { rand(256) }.pack('C*').unpack('H*').first
end
def percent_encode( string )
# ref http://snippets.dzone.com/posts/show/1260
return URI.escape( string, Regexp.new("[^#{URI::PATTERN::UNRESERVED}]") ).gsub('*', '%2A')
end
# @ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#rfc.section.9.2
def signature
key = percent_encode( @consumer_secret ) + '&' + percent_encode( @token_secret )
# ref: http://blog.nathanielbibler.com/post/63031273/openssl-hmac-vs-ruby-hmac-benchmarks
digest = OpenSSL::Digest::Digest.new( 'sha1' )
hmac = OpenSSL::HMAC.digest( digest, key, @base_str )
# ref http://groups.google.com/group/oauth-ruby/browse_thread/thread/9110ed8c8f3cae81
Base64.encode64( hmac ).chomp.gsub( /\n/, '' )
end
# sort (very important as it affects the signature), concat, and percent encode
# @ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#rfc.section.9.1.1
# @ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#9.2.1
# @ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#rfc.section.A.5.1
def query_string
pairs = []
@params.sort.each { | key, val |
pairs.push( "#{ percent_encode( key ) }=#{ percent_encode( val.to_s ) }" )
}
pairs.join '&'
end
# organize params & create signature
def sign( parsed_url )
@params = {
'oauth_consumer_key' => @consumer_key,
'oauth_nonce' => nonce,
'oauth_signature_method' => @sig_method,
'oauth_timestamp' => Time.now.to_i.to_s,
'oauth_version' => @oauth_version
}
 
# if url has query, merge key/values into params obj overwriting defaults
if parsed_url.query
@params.merge! CGI.parse( parsed_url.query )
end
# @ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#rfc.section.9.1.2
@req_url = parsed_url.scheme + '://' + parsed_url.host + parsed_url.path
# create base str. make it an object attr for ez debugging
# ref http://oauth.net/core/1.0/#anchor14
@base_str = [
@req_method,
percent_encode( req_url ),
# normalization is just x-www-form-urlencoded
percent_encode( query_string )
].join( '&' )
 
# add signature
@params[ 'oauth_signature' ] = signature
return self
end
end

I'm interested in using this because the OAuth gem is horrid, and this turned up in google. I get either an error stating "no oauth_token parameter found" or when I add the param "Invalid signature. Expected signature base string: GET&http%3A%2F%2Fapi"

Any tips or advice?

I got

Please provide valid credentials

Suggested fix to ensure single url params aren't pushed to arrays (otherwise seems to have challenges when using params such as count=x&format=json) ... I'm no guru so maybe I was using it incorrectly at first..

# if url has query, merge key/values into params obj overwriting defaults
if parsed_url.query
  CGI.parse( parsed_url.query ).each do |k,v|
    if v.is_a?(Array) && v.count == 1
      @params[k] = v.first
    else
      @params[k] = v
    end
  end
end

Has anyone tested this recently? I've just tried to use this code, having only substituted my own consumer key and secret and I get OST_OAUTH_SIGNATURE_INVALID_ERROR, "Please provide valid credentials".

Update:
1) Apply change described by mhookey above to sign method of oauth_util.rb
2) If you're coming from the YDN BOSS example.rb, change "urlurl = url + ..." (line 8) to "url = url + ..."

@tylr yeah, no oauth_token is being sent at all

@asfarley , and @tylr

I had applied the above code and success, please refer to my detailed document here:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SdGSfakQM3ZuiqJK7keXhOfh6310-z_h0THl1_Jswxk/pub

P/S: Note that, the oauth_util.rb does not support to get access token, it only support for sending request to yahoo API, after you had received the access_token, and access_token_secret

For Zeokat deal with OAuth is always painfull, thanks for the code.

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