Developing Chrome Extensions is REALLY fun if you are a Front End engineer. If you, however, struggle with visualizing the architecture of an application, then developing a Chrome Extension is going to bite your butt multiple times due the amount of excessive components the extension works with. Here are some pointers in how to start, what problems I encounter and how to avoid them.
Note: I'm not covering chrome package apps, which although similar, work in a different way. I also won't cover the page options api neither the new brand event pages. What I explain covers most basic chrome applications and should be enough to get you started.