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Bitly tech talk 4/22/2010
On 4/22 we held a bit.ly tech talk on 'Command Line Fu', where we invited talented hackers to come share their best moves. Please correct my notes and add your fu here!
# jehiah
# in place file regex replacement
perl -pi -e 's/this/that/g' filename_pattern
# print the last column
cat access.log | awk '{print $NF}'
# auto re-tail when file is replaced
tail -F filename_pattern
# shell expansion (easily create backups)
cp this.filename{,.backup}
# shell expansion (open multiple items)
mate /bitly/src/svn/bitly/trunk/{opt,bitly2,tornado_v3}
# (source: http://blog.macromates.com/2008/working-with-history-in-bash/)
# de-duplicate history
export HISTCONTROL=erasedups
# append history on shell termination
shopt -s histappend
from hilary ¶
# .screenrc FOR MAX AWESOME
caption string "%?%F%{= Bk}%? %C%A %D %d-%m-%Y %{= kB} %t%= %?%F%{= Bk}%:%{= wk}%? %n "
hardstatus alwayslastline
hardstatus string '%{= kG}[ %{G}%H %{g}][%= %{= kw}%?%-Lw%?%{r}(%{W}%n*%f%t%?(%u)%?%{r})%{w}%?%+Lw%?%?%= %{g}][%{B} %d/%m %{W}%c %{g}]'
defscrollback 100000
vbell off
# add to your .bash_profile to see your current git branch in your prompt
function parse_git_branch {
git branch --no-color 2> /dev/null | sed -e '/^[^*]/d' -e 's/* \(.*\)/(\1)/'
}
function proml {
local BLUE="\[\033[0;34m\]"
local RED="\[\033[0;31m\]"
local LIGHT_RED="\[\033[1;31m\]"
local GREEN="\[\033[0;32m\]"
local LIGHT_GREEN="\[\033[1;32m\]"
local WHITE="\[\033[1;37m\]"
local LIGHT_GRAY="\[\033[0;37m\]"
case $TERM in
xterm*)
TITLEBAR='\[\033]0;\u@\h:\w\007\]'
;;
*)
TITLEBAR=""
;;
esac
PS1="${TITLEBAR}\
$BLUE[$BLUE\h:\w$GREEN\$(parse_git_branch)$BLUE]\
$LIGHT_GRAY\$ "
PS2='> '
PS4='+ '
}
proml
# from michael ¶
# Mac Terminal open the current working dir in Finder
open .
# how many instances of field N occur in file $file?
awk ‘{print $N}’ $file | sort | uniq –c | sort –nr
# for tab delimited, add
... | awk '{print $1"\t"$2}’ > file.xls
# do something foreach line in a file
foreach item (`cat $file`)
do something >> out
end
# Examples:
1. curl a bunch of URLs in a file
2. grep through files(s) for a bunch of strings
# tolower a file’s contents
cat $file | tr A-Z a-z > out
# alias the most used command to obvious and short
alias l='ls -l'
from the session ¶
#jehiah: bracket expansion
echo /service/blah/whatever-{history,realtime}-1
cp test{,.backup} # copies test to test.backup
# jehiah: perl to replace in a file
perl -pi -e 's/this/that/g' test
sed -i # can do this as well
# jehiah recommends using a ? instead of a * in ls and grep to match one char
# hilary -
echo '12 /3 ' | bc -l
# jay uses bc for practical things
# alex's version (using RPN)!
dc -e '5 k 12 3 / p'
# aditya is totally famous: http://aditya.sublucid.com/2009/07/09/best-shell-tip-ever-bck-i-search-or-reverse-i-search-for-the-bash-heads/
stty stop undef
# now Ctrl+S takes you forward in history search
# michael
open . # on mac
# in tcsh
foreach url (`cat tmp.txt`)
curl #url -o foo
end
# curls tons of URLs
echo "FOO" | tr A-Z a-z # tr lets you do a regex on a file or command line
alias l='ls -al'
# dave (bug labs)
ls -alF foo asdf # redirect, stderr/stdout
ls -alF foo asdf > out.txt 2>&1
exec >&- # closed stdout
&^ # shortcut for redirecting both stdin and stdout
# copy only files that match a filter while preserving the directory structure
find . -name '*.mp3' # gets list of all mp3s
tar c * # tars to stdout
# So...
find . -name '*.mp3' | tar cT - | (cd ../droid/; tar x) # omg awesome
echi hello bit.ly # oh no typo
^echi^echo # YAY!
!!:gs/echi/echo # global substitution on the last command
# alicia (from bug labs)
xwininfo # copy window ID
recordmydesktop -windowid 0x1a00da1
# writes an .ogv video of activity in the window
# eric (from drop.io) - port forwarding
ssh glitch@24.97.18.70 -L 9999:192.168.1.5:80 # also good for using connections that only block port 80
# alex's lemma to port forwarding
ssh -2 -f -N -R8888:localhost:22 alex@publicmachine # run this from a firewalled machine to allow you to access that machine from outside
# terry - ping tunnel
http://www.cs.uit.no/~daniels/PingTunnel/
# alex
sed -n '28757445{p;q;}' largefile # pull one line from a file
# heewa
find . -type f | grep ".c$" | xargs grep yay # chained greps -- this runs WAY faster than recursive grep because pipe is essentially parallel
find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 | grep *whatever # terry's corrolary - also use -r on xargs to stop running the command if no input on the file
tail -F -u / | grep "YAY" | head -n 1 # look at log file until a certain thing happens
# jehiah
watch date # watch will rerun any command every 2 secs
# terry
echo sdkfjsd sdkfjd sjdfd # if you want the last argument from the command
cat [meta]. # use meta or esc .
# dave (bug labs)
bash
set -o vi
# allows you to edit with vi syntax on the command line
# terry
for i in a b c
do
echo $i
done
# output
a
b
c
# ctrl+r to find, but instead of enter hit ctrl+o send the command and puts next command into your shell buffer
# keep hitting ctrl+o to go back through history
stty sane # fixes your terminal
reset # an alternative
cd - # back to the previous directory
pushd
popd
# kushal and greg want to know how to find things on a port
lsof -i tcp # every open tcp connection
# rich's awesome log tail with color coding script
http://github.com/dimartin
# alex is badass
sb 500
show variables like 'log_slave_updates';
set global log_slave_updates = 1;
show variables like 'log_slave_updates' \G; # \G prints results vertically
select * from user limit \G # paginated!!
# alex won't take no for an answer
system ps wwaux| grep mysqld
# grap pid
system gdb -p 2788 -ex "set opt_log_slave_updates=1" -batch #
@lizcrawford

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lizcrawford commented Apr 23, 2010

Didn't demo this cause requires a bunch of images, but you can use ffmpeg to make an animation out of any images you like.
For some reason ppl find animated graphs sexy. So have used this to show convergence in learning algorithms over time, improvements in performance over time etc. Also great if you ever need to make a video of what your robot is "seeing" after the vision system is done. :)

ffmpeg -f image2 -i img%d.jpg video.mpg

note that the image files need to be named in order, %d replaces the image number

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