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Last active Feb 8, 2020

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Database Info updated

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Database Info

C# Topics

C# Notes

C# Web API

C# Console Applications

Open Source

C# Code Snippets for VS

Articles on DEV

Kiron Roy's DEV Profile


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Console Programs on

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ASP .NET Framework / .NET Core

Windows Forms

Windows Presentation Foundation

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C# = is a programming language created by Anders Hejlsberg for Microsoft It created around 2000. .NET = is a framework for creating Windows Applications. Other languages are supported by the framework, like F# and VB NET

  • NET has two elements:
    • Common Language Runtime (CLR): The C# language is compiled to IL code (Intermediate Language).
    • In turn, the CLR translates this IL code to native code at runtime. This is known as Just In Time compilation (JIT)

Main Method = Is the entry point of the application. It is a "quarter back method" it tells what the other methods should do (Console Apps)

Solution = is a container that holds different projects

Assembly = is a single unit of .NET application deployments

Namespace = is a collection of classes

Classes = see further down

Using statements = shortcut code

using { ... } Using statement usually go with Interfaces (IDisposable).

  • A using statement shuts down the class at the end of a } as well as shutting down a connection to a database

References = bring in code

Static Classes = one copy for the entire lifetime of the application. Storing data inside a static class is not a good idea, because it increases the application's memory footprint. They aren't instantiated

  • Static means “associated with the class, not an instance”.
  • Static member is always accessed by the class name, rather than the instance name, like Forest.Area.
  • Static method cannot access non-static members.
  • Static constructor is run once per type, not per instance. It is invoked before the type is instantiated or a static member is accessed.

Instantiated Classes

Auto Properties = are more common because auto-properties target many types of applications WinForms, WPF, ASP.NET MVC...

Constructor = (ctor) is a method that is not static. It is part of the instantiated class. A constructor is a special type of method when a "car/house" (object) is built. It does not return anything

Method overloading

Extension Methods





Abstract Classes

Abstract Classes and Interface

Value Types: hold actual data

  • int
  • double
  • bool
  • char

Reference Types: refer to a location in memory

  • Classes

  • Objects

  • Arrays

  • Indexers

  • Interfaces

  • Every class is derived from Object — even user-defined classes.

  • Value types and strings also inherit from Object:

  • Strings are immutable: they cannot be changed after they are created. Anything that appears to modify a string actually returns a new string object.

C# Introduction

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Open Source




Stack and Heap

Programming Features Help


Console Games

IOT (Internet of Things)

Open Source


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Control Flow

Arrays and Lists







Additional Topics

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Database Information

Database Notes

Class library takes care of data access in Razor Pages (and other web applications) once

  • Connecting to a database is a two-way process. A user interface should not talk directly to a database.

    • When a application is talking to a database or getting information from a database, there needs to be a Model (directory)
    • A model is a class with a few properties. The model holds data together.
  • Databases (directory) has database/data access code. This where there is direct communication with a database

  • Data (directory) Classes in Data folder will talk to classes int the Databases folder which talks to the SQL database

    • Classes in the Data folder are what the user interface will talk to
    • The user interface may call a Data class, and a method inside the class can figure out the query it needs to get information
      • And then call class in Databases class

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C# Repl

> #r "C:\Users\yourusername\source\repos\BirdWatcher\BirdWatcher\BirdWatcher.dll" = your project will be linked to C# Interactive (REPL)

Code Snippets

Visual Studio Shortcuts

Control + Shift N = start a new project

Alt UP ARROW / DOWN ARROW = move a single or multiple lines of code up or down

control + j = brings back intellisense

control + h = replace text with

control + x = cut a single line

control + kc = // comment several lines out

control + . = // using System ...

control + k = uncomment several lines out

shift + tab = unindent lines of code

control shift b = complie (build)

control shift d = copy and past previous line

cw + tab tab = Control.WriteLine() (press tab twice)

try tab = try block created (works for if, while, do, for and foreach statements as well)

ctor = Makes a constructor

prop + tab tab = declare auto-properties

propfull + tab tab = declare full on properties

control + tab = get back to another file

type /// private static void addTwoNumbers ... = add /// <summary> comments </summary>

Control R + R = change name of a class

Control + Alt + Click = multiple line selection

Control + Home = Arrive at top of page (without scrolling)

Control + End = Arrive at end of page (without scrolling)

Control . = Recognize a class from another namespace

Control R, A = run test

mvcaction4 + tab = create a ActionResult (MVC)

In case mvcaction4 snippet does not work click here


F9 = add break point

F5 = run in debug mode

F10 = step over

Shift + F11 = step out of

Shift + F5 = exit debug mode

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