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Modifying a Force Layout II
license: gpl-3.0

This example modifies a force-layout with transitions for smooth enter and exit. An interesting technique here is the use of transition.attrTween to keep the exiting links connected to the moving nodes, even after the links have been removed from the link selection.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<svg width="960" height="500"></svg>
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>
<script>
var svg = d3.select("svg"),
width = +svg.attr("width"),
height = +svg.attr("height"),
color = d3.scaleOrdinal(d3.schemeCategory10);
var a = {id: "a"},
b = {id: "b"},
c = {id: "c"},
nodes = [a, b, c],
links = [];
var simulation = d3.forceSimulation(nodes)
.force("charge", d3.forceManyBody().strength(-1000))
.force("link", d3.forceLink(links).distance(200))
.force("x", d3.forceX())
.force("y", d3.forceY())
.alphaTarget(1)
.on("tick", ticked);
var g = svg.append("g").attr("transform", "translate(" + width / 2 + "," + height / 2 + ")"),
link = g.append("g").attr("stroke", "#000").attr("stroke-width", 1.5).selectAll(".link"),
node = g.append("g").attr("stroke", "#fff").attr("stroke-width", 1.5).selectAll(".node");
restart();
d3.timeout(function() {
links.push({source: a, target: b}); // Add a-b.
links.push({source: b, target: c}); // Add b-c.
links.push({source: c, target: a}); // Add c-a.
restart();
}, 1000);
d3.interval(function() {
nodes.pop(); // Remove c.
links.pop(); // Remove c-a.
links.pop(); // Remove b-c.
restart();
}, 2000, d3.now());
d3.interval(function() {
nodes.push(c); // Re-add c.
links.push({source: b, target: c}); // Re-add b-c.
links.push({source: c, target: a}); // Re-add c-a.
restart();
}, 2000, d3.now() + 1000);
function restart() {
// Apply the general update pattern to the nodes.
node = node.data(nodes, function(d) { return d.id;});
node.exit().transition()
.attr("r", 0)
.remove();
node = node.enter().append("circle")
.attr("fill", function(d) { return color(d.id); })
.call(function(node) { node.transition().attr("r", 8); })
.merge(node);
// Apply the general update pattern to the links.
link = link.data(links, function(d) { return d.source.id + "-" + d.target.id; });
// Keep the exiting links connected to the moving remaining nodes.
link.exit().transition()
.attr("stroke-opacity", 0)
.attrTween("x1", function(d) { return function() { return d.source.x; }; })
.attrTween("x2", function(d) { return function() { return d.target.x; }; })
.attrTween("y1", function(d) { return function() { return d.source.y; }; })
.attrTween("y2", function(d) { return function() { return d.target.y; }; })
.remove();
link = link.enter().append("line")
.call(function(link) { link.transition().attr("stroke-opacity", 1); })
.merge(link);
// Update and restart the simulation.
simulation.nodes(nodes);
simulation.force("link").links(links);
simulation.alpha(1).restart();
}
function ticked() {
node.attr("cx", function(d) { return d.x; })
.attr("cy", function(d) { return d.y; })
link.attr("x1", function(d) { return d.source.x; })
.attr("y1", function(d) { return d.source.y; })
.attr("x2", function(d) { return d.target.x; })
.attr("y2", function(d) { return d.target.y; });
}
</script>
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