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@mbostock
Last active Jan 23, 2020
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Scatterplot Matrix
license: gpl-3.0
border: no
height: 960
redirect: https://observablehq.com/@d3/scatterplot-matrix

The scatterplot matrix visualizations pairwise correlations for multi-dimensional data; each cell in the matrix is a scatterplot. This example uses Anderson's data of iris flowers on the Gaspé Peninsula. Scatterplot matrix design invented by J. A. Hartigan; see also R and GGobi. Data on Iris flowers collected by Edgar Anderson and published by Ronald Fisher.

See also this version with brushing.

sepal length sepal width petal length petal width species
5.1 3.5 1.4 0.2 setosa
4.9 3.0 1.4 0.2 setosa
4.7 3.2 1.3 0.2 setosa
4.6 3.1 1.5 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.6 1.4 0.2 setosa
5.4 3.9 1.7 0.4 setosa
4.6 3.4 1.4 0.3 setosa
5.0 3.4 1.5 0.2 setosa
4.4 2.9 1.4 0.2 setosa
4.9 3.1 1.5 0.1 setosa
5.4 3.7 1.5 0.2 setosa
4.8 3.4 1.6 0.2 setosa
4.8 3.0 1.4 0.1 setosa
4.3 3.0 1.1 0.1 setosa
5.8 4.0 1.2 0.2 setosa
5.7 4.4 1.5 0.4 setosa
5.4 3.9 1.3 0.4 setosa
5.1 3.5 1.4 0.3 setosa
5.7 3.8 1.7 0.3 setosa
5.1 3.8 1.5 0.3 setosa
5.4 3.4 1.7 0.2 setosa
5.1 3.7 1.5 0.4 setosa
4.6 3.6 1.0 0.2 setosa
5.1 3.3 1.7 0.5 setosa
4.8 3.4 1.9 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.0 1.6 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.4 1.6 0.4 setosa
5.2 3.5 1.5 0.2 setosa
5.2 3.4 1.4 0.2 setosa
4.7 3.2 1.6 0.2 setosa
4.8 3.1 1.6 0.2 setosa
5.4 3.4 1.5 0.4 setosa
5.2 4.1 1.5 0.1 setosa
5.5 4.2 1.4 0.2 setosa
4.9 3.1 1.5 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.2 1.2 0.2 setosa
5.5 3.5 1.3 0.2 setosa
4.9 3.6 1.4 0.1 setosa
4.4 3.0 1.3 0.2 setosa
5.1 3.4 1.5 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.5 1.3 0.3 setosa
4.5 2.3 1.3 0.3 setosa
4.4 3.2 1.3 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.5 1.6 0.6 setosa
5.1 3.8 1.9 0.4 setosa
4.8 3.0 1.4 0.3 setosa
5.1 3.8 1.6 0.2 setosa
4.6 3.2 1.4 0.2 setosa
5.3 3.7 1.5 0.2 setosa
5.0 3.3 1.4 0.2 setosa
7.0 3.2 4.7 1.4 versicolor
6.4 3.2 4.5 1.5 versicolor
6.9 3.1 4.9 1.5 versicolor
5.5 2.3 4.0 1.3 versicolor
6.5 2.8 4.6 1.5 versicolor
5.7 2.8 4.5 1.3 versicolor
6.3 3.3 4.7 1.6 versicolor
4.9 2.4 3.3 1.0 versicolor
6.6 2.9 4.6 1.3 versicolor
5.2 2.7 3.9 1.4 versicolor
5.0 2.0 3.5 1.0 versicolor
5.9 3.0 4.2 1.5 versicolor
6.0 2.2 4.0 1.0 versicolor
6.1 2.9 4.7 1.4 versicolor
5.6 2.9 3.6 1.3 versicolor
6.7 3.1 4.4 1.4 versicolor
5.6 3.0 4.5 1.5 versicolor
5.8 2.7 4.1 1.0 versicolor
6.2 2.2 4.5 1.5 versicolor
5.6 2.5 3.9 1.1 versicolor
5.9 3.2 4.8 1.8 versicolor
6.1 2.8 4.0 1.3 versicolor
6.3 2.5 4.9 1.5 versicolor
6.1 2.8 4.7 1.2 versicolor
6.4 2.9 4.3 1.3 versicolor
6.6 3.0 4.4 1.4 versicolor
6.8 2.8 4.8 1.4 versicolor
6.7 3.0 5.0 1.7 versicolor
6.0 2.9 4.5 1.5 versicolor
5.7 2.6 3.5 1.0 versicolor
5.5 2.4 3.8 1.1 versicolor
5.5 2.4 3.7 1.0 versicolor
5.8 2.7 3.9 1.2 versicolor
6.0 2.7 5.1 1.6 versicolor
5.4 3.0 4.5 1.5 versicolor
6.0 3.4 4.5 1.6 versicolor
6.7 3.1 4.7 1.5 versicolor
6.3 2.3 4.4 1.3 versicolor
5.6 3.0 4.1 1.3 versicolor
5.5 2.5 4.0 1.3 versicolor
5.5 2.6 4.4 1.2 versicolor
6.1 3.0 4.6 1.4 versicolor
5.8 2.6 4.0 1.2 versicolor
5.0 2.3 3.3 1.0 versicolor
5.6 2.7 4.2 1.3 versicolor
5.7 3.0 4.2 1.2 versicolor
5.7 2.9 4.2 1.3 versicolor
6.2 2.9 4.3 1.3 versicolor
5.1 2.5 3.0 1.1 versicolor
5.7 2.8 4.1 1.3 versicolor
6.3 3.3 6.0 2.5 virginica
5.8 2.7 5.1 1.9 virginica
7.1 3.0 5.9 2.1 virginica
6.3 2.9 5.6 1.8 virginica
6.5 3.0 5.8 2.2 virginica
7.6 3.0 6.6 2.1 virginica
4.9 2.5 4.5 1.7 virginica
7.3 2.9 6.3 1.8 virginica
6.7 2.5 5.8 1.8 virginica
7.2 3.6 6.1 2.5 virginica
6.5 3.2 5.1 2.0 virginica
6.4 2.7 5.3 1.9 virginica
6.8 3.0 5.5 2.1 virginica
5.7 2.5 5.0 2.0 virginica
5.8 2.8 5.1 2.4 virginica
6.4 3.2 5.3 2.3 virginica
6.5 3.0 5.5 1.8 virginica
7.7 3.8 6.7 2.2 virginica
7.7 2.6 6.9 2.3 virginica
6.0 2.2 5.0 1.5 virginica
6.9 3.2 5.7 2.3 virginica
5.6 2.8 4.9 2.0 virginica
7.7 2.8 6.7 2.0 virginica
6.3 2.7 4.9 1.8 virginica
6.7 3.3 5.7 2.1 virginica
7.2 3.2 6.0 1.8 virginica
6.2 2.8 4.8 1.8 virginica
6.1 3.0 4.9 1.8 virginica
6.4 2.8 5.6 2.1 virginica
7.2 3.0 5.8 1.6 virginica
7.4 2.8 6.1 1.9 virginica
7.9 3.8 6.4 2.0 virginica
6.4 2.8 5.6 2.2 virginica
6.3 2.8 5.1 1.5 virginica
6.1 2.6 5.6 1.4 virginica
7.7 3.0 6.1 2.3 virginica
6.3 3.4 5.6 2.4 virginica
6.4 3.1 5.5 1.8 virginica
6.0 3.0 4.8 1.8 virginica
6.9 3.1 5.4 2.1 virginica
6.7 3.1 5.6 2.4 virginica
6.9 3.1 5.1 2.3 virginica
5.8 2.7 5.1 1.9 virginica
6.8 3.2 5.9 2.3 virginica
6.7 3.3 5.7 2.5 virginica
6.7 3.0 5.2 2.3 virginica
6.3 2.5 5.0 1.9 virginica
6.5 3.0 5.2 2.0 virginica
6.2 3.4 5.4 2.3 virginica
5.9 3.0 5.1 1.8 virginica
<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
svg {
font: 10px sans-serif;
padding: 10px;
}
.axis,
.frame {
shape-rendering: crispEdges;
}
.axis line {
stroke: #ddd;
}
.axis path {
display: none;
}
.cell text {
font-weight: bold;
text-transform: capitalize;
}
.frame {
fill: none;
stroke: #aaa;
}
circle {
fill-opacity: .7;
}
</style>
<body>
<script src="//d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<script>
var width = 960,
size = 230,
padding = 20;
var x = d3.scale.linear()
.range([padding / 2, size - padding / 2]);
var y = d3.scale.linear()
.range([size - padding / 2, padding / 2]);
var xAxis = d3.svg.axis()
.scale(x)
.orient("bottom")
.ticks(6);
var yAxis = d3.svg.axis()
.scale(y)
.orient("left")
.ticks(6);
var color = d3.scale.category10();
d3.csv("flowers.csv", function(error, data) {
if (error) throw error;
var domainByTrait = {},
traits = d3.keys(data[0]).filter(function(d) { return d !== "species"; }),
n = traits.length;
traits.forEach(function(trait) {
domainByTrait[trait] = d3.extent(data, function(d) { return d[trait]; });
});
xAxis.tickSize(size * n);
yAxis.tickSize(-size * n);
var svg = d3.select("body").append("svg")
.attr("width", size * n + padding)
.attr("height", size * n + padding)
.append("g")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + padding + "," + padding / 2 + ")");
svg.selectAll(".x.axis")
.data(traits)
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", "x axis")
.attr("transform", function(d, i) { return "translate(" + (n - i - 1) * size + ",0)"; })
.each(function(d) { x.domain(domainByTrait[d]); d3.select(this).call(xAxis); });
svg.selectAll(".y.axis")
.data(traits)
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", "y axis")
.attr("transform", function(d, i) { return "translate(0," + i * size + ")"; })
.each(function(d) { y.domain(domainByTrait[d]); d3.select(this).call(yAxis); });
var cell = svg.selectAll(".cell")
.data(cross(traits, traits))
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", "cell")
.attr("transform", function(d) { return "translate(" + (n - d.i - 1) * size + "," + d.j * size + ")"; })
.each(plot);
// Titles for the diagonal.
cell.filter(function(d) { return d.i === d.j; }).append("text")
.attr("x", padding)
.attr("y", padding)
.attr("dy", ".71em")
.text(function(d) { return d.x; });
function plot(p) {
var cell = d3.select(this);
x.domain(domainByTrait[p.x]);
y.domain(domainByTrait[p.y]);
cell.append("rect")
.attr("class", "frame")
.attr("x", padding / 2)
.attr("y", padding / 2)
.attr("width", size - padding)
.attr("height", size - padding);
cell.selectAll("circle")
.data(data)
.enter().append("circle")
.attr("cx", function(d) { return x(d[p.x]); })
.attr("cy", function(d) { return y(d[p.y]); })
.attr("r", 4)
.style("fill", function(d) { return color(d.species); });
}
});
function cross(a, b) {
var c = [], n = a.length, m = b.length, i, j;
for (i = -1; ++i < n;) for (j = -1; ++j < m;) c.push({x: a[i], i: i, y: b[j], j: j});
return c;
}
</script>
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