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Circle Packing
license: gpl-3.0
height: 960
border: no
redirect: https://beta.observablehq.com/@mbostock/d3-circle-packing

Enclosure diagrams use containment to represent the hierarchy. Although circle packing is not as space-efficient as a treemap, it better reveals the hierarchy. Implementation based on work by Jeff Heer. Data shows the Flare class hierarchy, also courtesy Jeff Heer.

See also this zoomable version.

{
"name": "flare",
"children": [
{
"name": "analytics",
"children": [
{
"name": "cluster",
"children": [
{"name": "AgglomerativeCluster", "size": 3938},
{"name": "CommunityStructure", "size": 3812},
{"name": "HierarchicalCluster", "size": 6714},
{"name": "MergeEdge", "size": 743}
]
},
{
"name": "graph",
"children": [
{"name": "BetweennessCentrality", "size": 3534},
{"name": "LinkDistance", "size": 5731},
{"name": "MaxFlowMinCut", "size": 7840},
{"name": "ShortestPaths", "size": 5914},
{"name": "SpanningTree", "size": 3416}
]
},
{
"name": "optimization",
"children": [
{"name": "AspectRatioBanker", "size": 7074}
]
}
]
},
{
"name": "animate",
"children": [
{"name": "Easing", "size": 17010},
{"name": "FunctionSequence", "size": 5842},
{
"name": "interpolate",
"children": [
{"name": "ArrayInterpolator", "size": 1983},
{"name": "ColorInterpolator", "size": 2047},
{"name": "DateInterpolator", "size": 1375},
{"name": "Interpolator", "size": 8746},
{"name": "MatrixInterpolator", "size": 2202},
{"name": "NumberInterpolator", "size": 1382},
{"name": "ObjectInterpolator", "size": 1629},
{"name": "PointInterpolator", "size": 1675},
{"name": "RectangleInterpolator", "size": 2042}
]
},
{"name": "ISchedulable", "size": 1041},
{"name": "Parallel", "size": 5176},
{"name": "Pause", "size": 449},
{"name": "Scheduler", "size": 5593},
{"name": "Sequence", "size": 5534},
{"name": "Transition", "size": 9201},
{"name": "Transitioner", "size": 19975},
{"name": "TransitionEvent", "size": 1116},
{"name": "Tween", "size": 6006}
]
},
{
"name": "data",
"children": [
{
"name": "converters",
"children": [
{"name": "Converters", "size": 721},
{"name": "DelimitedTextConverter", "size": 4294},
{"name": "GraphMLConverter", "size": 9800},
{"name": "IDataConverter", "size": 1314},
{"name": "JSONConverter", "size": 2220}
]
},
{"name": "DataField", "size": 1759},
{"name": "DataSchema", "size": 2165},
{"name": "DataSet", "size": 586},
{"name": "DataSource", "size": 3331},
{"name": "DataTable", "size": 772},
{"name": "DataUtil", "size": 3322}
]
},
{
"name": "display",
"children": [
{"name": "DirtySprite", "size": 8833},
{"name": "LineSprite", "size": 1732},
{"name": "RectSprite", "size": 3623},
{"name": "TextSprite", "size": 10066}
]
},
{
"name": "flex",
"children": [
{"name": "FlareVis", "size": 4116}
]
},
{
"name": "physics",
"children": [
{"name": "DragForce", "size": 1082},
{"name": "GravityForce", "size": 1336},
{"name": "IForce", "size": 319},
{"name": "NBodyForce", "size": 10498},
{"name": "Particle", "size": 2822},
{"name": "Simulation", "size": 9983},
{"name": "Spring", "size": 2213},
{"name": "SpringForce", "size": 1681}
]
},
{
"name": "query",
"children": [
{"name": "AggregateExpression", "size": 1616},
{"name": "And", "size": 1027},
{"name": "Arithmetic", "size": 3891},
{"name": "Average", "size": 891},
{"name": "BinaryExpression", "size": 2893},
{"name": "Comparison", "size": 5103},
{"name": "CompositeExpression", "size": 3677},
{"name": "Count", "size": 781},
{"name": "DateUtil", "size": 4141},
{"name": "Distinct", "size": 933},
{"name": "Expression", "size": 5130},
{"name": "ExpressionIterator", "size": 3617},
{"name": "Fn", "size": 3240},
{"name": "If", "size": 2732},
{"name": "IsA", "size": 2039},
{"name": "Literal", "size": 1214},
{"name": "Match", "size": 3748},
{"name": "Maximum", "size": 843},
{
"name": "methods",
"children": [
{"name": "add", "size": 593},
{"name": "and", "size": 330},
{"name": "average", "size": 287},
{"name": "count", "size": 277},
{"name": "distinct", "size": 292},
{"name": "div", "size": 595},
{"name": "eq", "size": 594},
{"name": "fn", "size": 460},
{"name": "gt", "size": 603},
{"name": "gte", "size": 625},
{"name": "iff", "size": 748},
{"name": "isa", "size": 461},
{"name": "lt", "size": 597},
{"name": "lte", "size": 619},
{"name": "max", "size": 283},
{"name": "min", "size": 283},
{"name": "mod", "size": 591},
{"name": "mul", "size": 603},
{"name": "neq", "size": 599},
{"name": "not", "size": 386},
{"name": "or", "size": 323},
{"name": "orderby", "size": 307},
{"name": "range", "size": 772},
{"name": "select", "size": 296},
{"name": "stddev", "size": 363},
{"name": "sub", "size": 600},
{"name": "sum", "size": 280},
{"name": "update", "size": 307},
{"name": "variance", "size": 335},
{"name": "where", "size": 299},
{"name": "xor", "size": 354},
{"name": "_", "size": 264}
]
},
{"name": "Minimum", "size": 843},
{"name": "Not", "size": 1554},
{"name": "Or", "size": 970},
{"name": "Query", "size": 13896},
{"name": "Range", "size": 1594},
{"name": "StringUtil", "size": 4130},
{"name": "Sum", "size": 791},
{"name": "Variable", "size": 1124},
{"name": "Variance", "size": 1876},
{"name": "Xor", "size": 1101}
]
},
{
"name": "scale",
"children": [
{"name": "IScaleMap", "size": 2105},
{"name": "LinearScale", "size": 1316},
{"name": "LogScale", "size": 3151},
{"name": "OrdinalScale", "size": 3770},
{"name": "QuantileScale", "size": 2435},
{"name": "QuantitativeScale", "size": 4839},
{"name": "RootScale", "size": 1756},
{"name": "Scale", "size": 4268},
{"name": "ScaleType", "size": 1821},
{"name": "TimeScale", "size": 5833}
]
},
{
"name": "util",
"children": [
{"name": "Arrays", "size": 8258},
{"name": "Colors", "size": 10001},
{"name": "Dates", "size": 8217},
{"name": "Displays", "size": 12555},
{"name": "Filter", "size": 2324},
{"name": "Geometry", "size": 10993},
{
"name": "heap",
"children": [
{"name": "FibonacciHeap", "size": 9354},
{"name": "HeapNode", "size": 1233}
]
},
{"name": "IEvaluable", "size": 335},
{"name": "IPredicate", "size": 383},
{"name": "IValueProxy", "size": 874},
{
"name": "math",
"children": [
{"name": "DenseMatrix", "size": 3165},
{"name": "IMatrix", "size": 2815},
{"name": "SparseMatrix", "size": 3366}
]
},
{"name": "Maths", "size": 17705},
{"name": "Orientation", "size": 1486},
{
"name": "palette",
"children": [
{"name": "ColorPalette", "size": 6367},
{"name": "Palette", "size": 1229},
{"name": "ShapePalette", "size": 2059},
{"name": "SizePalette", "size": 2291}
]
},
{"name": "Property", "size": 5559},
{"name": "Shapes", "size": 19118},
{"name": "Sort", "size": 6887},
{"name": "Stats", "size": 6557},
{"name": "Strings", "size": 22026}
]
},
{
"name": "vis",
"children": [
{
"name": "axis",
"children": [
{"name": "Axes", "size": 1302},
{"name": "Axis", "size": 24593},
{"name": "AxisGridLine", "size": 652},
{"name": "AxisLabel", "size": 636},
{"name": "CartesianAxes", "size": 6703}
]
},
{
"name": "controls",
"children": [
{"name": "AnchorControl", "size": 2138},
{"name": "ClickControl", "size": 3824},
{"name": "Control", "size": 1353},
{"name": "ControlList", "size": 4665},
{"name": "DragControl", "size": 2649},
{"name": "ExpandControl", "size": 2832},
{"name": "HoverControl", "size": 4896},
{"name": "IControl", "size": 763},
{"name": "PanZoomControl", "size": 5222},
{"name": "SelectionControl", "size": 7862},
{"name": "TooltipControl", "size": 8435}
]
},
{
"name": "data",
"children": [
{"name": "Data", "size": 20544},
{"name": "DataList", "size": 19788},
{"name": "DataSprite", "size": 10349},
{"name": "EdgeSprite", "size": 3301},
{"name": "NodeSprite", "size": 19382},
{
"name": "render",
"children": [
{"name": "ArrowType", "size": 698},
{"name": "EdgeRenderer", "size": 5569},
{"name": "IRenderer", "size": 353},
{"name": "ShapeRenderer", "size": 2247}
]
},
{"name": "ScaleBinding", "size": 11275},
{"name": "Tree", "size": 7147},
{"name": "TreeBuilder", "size": 9930}
]
},
{
"name": "events",
"children": [
{"name": "DataEvent", "size": 2313},
{"name": "SelectionEvent", "size": 1880},
{"name": "TooltipEvent", "size": 1701},
{"name": "VisualizationEvent", "size": 1117}
]
},
{
"name": "legend",
"children": [
{"name": "Legend", "size": 20859},
{"name": "LegendItem", "size": 4614},
{"name": "LegendRange", "size": 10530}
]
},
{
"name": "operator",
"children": [
{
"name": "distortion",
"children": [
{"name": "BifocalDistortion", "size": 4461},
{"name": "Distortion", "size": 6314},
{"name": "FisheyeDistortion", "size": 3444}
]
},
{
"name": "encoder",
"children": [
{"name": "ColorEncoder", "size": 3179},
{"name": "Encoder", "size": 4060},
{"name": "PropertyEncoder", "size": 4138},
{"name": "ShapeEncoder", "size": 1690},
{"name": "SizeEncoder", "size": 1830}
]
},
{
"name": "filter",
"children": [
{"name": "FisheyeTreeFilter", "size": 5219},
{"name": "GraphDistanceFilter", "size": 3165},
{"name": "VisibilityFilter", "size": 3509}
]
},
{"name": "IOperator", "size": 1286},
{
"name": "label",
"children": [
{"name": "Labeler", "size": 9956},
{"name": "RadialLabeler", "size": 3899},
{"name": "StackedAreaLabeler", "size": 3202}
]
},
{
"name": "layout",
"children": [
{"name": "AxisLayout", "size": 6725},
{"name": "BundledEdgeRouter", "size": 3727},
{"name": "CircleLayout", "size": 9317},
{"name": "CirclePackingLayout", "size": 12003},
{"name": "DendrogramLayout", "size": 4853},
{"name": "ForceDirectedLayout", "size": 8411},
{"name": "IcicleTreeLayout", "size": 4864},
{"name": "IndentedTreeLayout", "size": 3174},
{"name": "Layout", "size": 7881},
{"name": "NodeLinkTreeLayout", "size": 12870},
{"name": "PieLayout", "size": 2728},
{"name": "RadialTreeLayout", "size": 12348},
{"name": "RandomLayout", "size": 870},
{"name": "StackedAreaLayout", "size": 9121},
{"name": "TreeMapLayout", "size": 9191}
]
},
{"name": "Operator", "size": 2490},
{"name": "OperatorList", "size": 5248},
{"name": "OperatorSequence", "size": 4190},
{"name": "OperatorSwitch", "size": 2581},
{"name": "SortOperator", "size": 2023}
]
},
{"name": "Visualization", "size": 16540}
]
}
]
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
circle {
fill: rgb(31, 119, 180);
fill-opacity: .25;
stroke: rgb(31, 119, 180);
stroke-width: 1px;
}
.leaf circle {
fill: #ff7f0e;
fill-opacity: 1;
}
text {
font: 10px sans-serif;
text-anchor: middle;
}
</style>
<svg width="960" height="960"></svg>
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>
<script>
var svg = d3.select("svg"),
diameter = +svg.attr("width"),
g = svg.append("g").attr("transform", "translate(2,2)"),
format = d3.format(",d");
var pack = d3.pack()
.size([diameter - 4, diameter - 4]);
d3.json("flare.json", function(error, root) {
if (error) throw error;
root = d3.hierarchy(root)
.sum(function(d) { return d.size; })
.sort(function(a, b) { return b.value - a.value; });
var node = g.selectAll(".node")
.data(pack(root).descendants())
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", function(d) { return d.children ? "node" : "leaf node"; })
.attr("transform", function(d) { return "translate(" + d.x + "," + d.y + ")"; });
node.append("title")
.text(function(d) { return d.data.name + "\n" + format(d.value); });
node.append("circle")
.attr("r", function(d) { return d.r; });
node.filter(function(d) { return !d.children; }).append("text")
.attr("dy", "0.3em")
.text(function(d) { return d.data.name.substring(0, d.r / 3); });
});
</script>
@Klaus70

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Klaus70 commented Oct 28, 2016

Hi Mike

Your Circle Packing is amazing.
Is it possible to integrate or to relate your solution as visualization with an excel table, who gives me the dimension of varius inner circles?
It would be enough for 2 levels - different inner circles with 1 outer circle.

Kind regards

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