This is the initial Ellcrys exchange algorithm. It is designed to allow millions of people participate in the banknote scanning
operation without significantly inflating the value of already circulating ells. A few things to note:
All amount are assumed to be USD. Banknotes of other currencies must be converted to USD.
The amount of Ells depreciates by 2% every year from epoch (launch time).
The estimated number of banknote scanners (set to 1 million) helps to further depreciate the USD making room for more people
to participate in scanning. This also increases by 2% every year.
This algorithm makes it extremely expensive to get 1 Ell. It will take 1,000,000 USD (in first year / epoch) to get 1 Ell.
At a point in the future, a dollar denomination will generate zero Ells. A $100 bill will return 0 Ell in year 2067.