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Better local require() paths for Node.js


When the directory structure of your Node.js application (not library!) has some depth, you end up with a lot of annoying relative paths in your require calls like:

const Article = require('../../../../app/models/article');

Those suck for maintenance and they're ugly.

Possible solutions


Folder Structure


  • Clear feature ownership
  • Module usage predictibility (refactoring, maintainence, you know what's shared, what's not, prevents accidental regressions, avoids huge directories of not-actually-reusable modules, etc)
View Event-stream based GraphQL

In this gist I would like to describe an idea for GraphQL subscriptions. It was inspired by conversations about subscriptions in the GraphQL slack channel and different GH issues, like #89 and #411.

Conceptual Model

At the moment GraphQL allows 2 types of queries:

  • query
  • mutation

Reference implementation also adds the third type: subscription. It does not have any semantics yet, so here I would like to propose one possible semantics interpretation and the reasoning behind it.

View linkheaderparser.js
// parse a Link header
// Link:<>; rel=meta
// var r = parseLinkHeader(xhr.getResponseHeader('Link');
// r['meta'] outputs
function parseLinkHeader(header) {
var linkexp = /<[^>]*>\s*(\s*;\s*[^\(\)<>@,;:"\/\[\]\?={} \t]+=(([^\(\)<>@,;:"\/\[\]\?={} \t]+)|("[^"]*")))*(,|$)/g;
var paramexp = /[^\(\)<>@,;:"\/\[\]\?={} \t]+=(([^\(\)<>@,;:"\/\[\]\?={} \t]+)|("[^"]*"))/g;
View PreBuild.targets.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<Project ToolsVersion="4.0" xmlns="">
Originally written by Daniel Chambers (
<Target Name="EmbedReferencedAssemblies" AfterTargets="ResolveAssemblyReferences">
<!-- get list of assemblies marked as CopyToLocal -->
<AssembliesToEmbed Include="@(ReferenceCopyLocalPaths)" Condition="'%(Extension)' == '.dll'"/>
View DeliminatorSeparatedPropertyNamesContractResolver.cs
public class DeliminatorSeparatedPropertyNamesContractResolver : DefaultContractResolver
private readonly string _separator;
protected DeliminatorSeparatedPropertyNamesContractResolver(char separator) : base(true)
_separator = separator.ToString();
protected override string ResolvePropertyName(string propertyName)
View jsViews in Backbone
var Form = Backbone.Model.extend({});
var FormView = Backbone.View.extend({
events: {
"click .save": "save",
"click .edit": "edit",
"click .cancel": "cancel"
initialize: function() {
//set up our input form template
View AppConfig.Transformation.targets
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<Project xmlns="">
<!-- 20110224 : Ryan Milligan : Created OverrideAppConfigWithTargetPath target to fix ClickOnce deploy bug -->
<!-- 20100827 : João Angelo : Fixed bug when using Publish command within Visual Studio -->
<!-- Prevent circular dependency on Build target -->
<!-- Override project config file name (By default is set to Web.config) -->