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Examples of compile/eval not giving me a chance to provide lexical bindings for it to snag closures from
def attempt_1():
data = list()
# no prob, bob. data is captured as a closure cell of action
action = lambda x: data.append(x)
return data
def attempt_2():
data = list()
# lambda is compiled without any outer lexical bindings, so it
# can't find a `data` to capture, so it presumes it must be a
# global...
src = "lambda x: data.append(x)"
code = compile(src, '<none>', 'eval')
action = eval(code, globals(), locals())
# boom. data wasn't in globals, it was in locals. the action never
# thought to look in locals, so it a-splodes
return data
def attempt_3():
data = list()
# here we'll promise to provide data later
src = "lambda data: lambda x: data.append(x)"
code = compile(src, '<none>', 'eval')
# then we have to fulfil that promise before we can actually use
# the lambda we wanted.
action = eval(code, globals(), locals())(data)
return data
print("attempt_1", attempt_1())
print("attempt_2", attempt_2())
except Exception as e:
print("attempt_2", e)
print("attempt_3", attempt_3())
# The end.

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@obriencj obriencj commented Feb 26, 2014

These are obviously contrived simple examples meant to illustrate the point.

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