Obtain P value from positive and negative Z scores
My fiancée is working on her master's thesis and her professor recommended a website that gives her P values when she plugs in Z scores.
The website works fine (although it crashes for a while on incorrect input) but it provides no transparency as to the formula used to compute the P value.
More problematic, she had to input hundreds of numbers into it which took forever. I tried to find an Excel formula that could replicate the results of the website predictably so that she could just use that instead.
This formula first checks whether the Z score is a positive number.
If it is positive, it will run the
function on it then subtract 1, then multiply the result by two
with gives you the result for a two-tailed hypothesis.
# with A1 as the column containing your first Z score value IF(A1 > 0, (2 × ( 1 − NORMSDIST(A1) )), ( 2 × (NORMSDIST(A1))) )
I have no idea why it's necessary to subtract
1 from all positive values and not
from negative values but that's the only thing that provided matching
results for positive Z scores. I'm just as confused as to why it's not
necessary for negative values, but it works, reliably. Please comment if you find
a flaw in the function, or if it can be improved at all.