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PhoneGap Camera.java (Hacked up)
/*
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
distributed with this work for additional information
regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
"License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
software distributed under the License is distributed on an
"AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
specific language governing permissions and limitations
under the License.
*/
package com.phonegap;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import com.phonegap.api.Plugin;
import com.phonegap.api.PluginResult;
import com.phonegap.api.LOG;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.Bitmap.CompressFormat;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
/**
* This class launches the camera view, allows the user to take a picture, closes the camera view,
* and returns the captured image. When the camera view is closed, the screen displayed before
* the camera view was shown is redisplayed.
*/
public class CameraLauncher extends Plugin {
private static final int DATA_URL = 0; // Return base64 encoded string
private static final int FILE_URI = 1; // Return file uri (content://media/external/images/media/2 for Android)
private static final int PHOTOLIBRARY = 0; // Choose image from picture library (same as SAVEDPHOTOALBUM for Android)
private static final int CAMERA = 1; // Take picture from camera
private static final int SAVEDPHOTOALBUM = 2; // Choose image from picture library (same as PHOTOLIBRARY for Android)
private static final int PICTURE = 0; // allow selection of still pictures only. DEFAULT. Will return format specified via DestinationType
private static final int VIDEO = 1; // allow selection of video only, ONLY RETURNS URL
private static final int ALLMEDIA = 2; // allow selection from all media types
private static final int JPEG = 0; // Take a picture of type JPEG
private static final int PNG = 1; // Take a picture of type PNG
private static final String GET_PICTURE = "Get Picture";
private static final String GET_VIDEO = "Get Video";
private static final String GET_All = "Get All";
private static final String LOG_TAG = "CameraLauncher";
private int mQuality; // Compression quality hint (0-100: 0=low quality & high compression, 100=compress of max quality)
private int targetWidth; // desired width of the image
private int targetHeight; // desired height of the image
private Uri imageUri; // Uri of captured image
private int encodingType; // Type of encoding to use
private int mediaType; // What type of media to retrieve
public String callbackId;
private int numPics;
/**
* Constructor.
*/
public CameraLauncher() {
}
/**
* Executes the request and returns PluginResult.
*
* @param action The action to execute.
* @param args JSONArry of arguments for the plugin.
* @param callbackId The callback id used when calling back into JavaScript.
* @return A PluginResult object with a status and message.
*/
public PluginResult execute(String action, JSONArray args, String callbackId) {
PluginResult.Status status = PluginResult.Status.OK;
String result = "";
this.callbackId = callbackId;
try {
if (action.equals("takePicture")) {
int srcType = CAMERA;
int destType = DATA_URL;
this.targetHeight = 400;
this.targetWidth = 400;
this.encodingType = JPEG;
this.mediaType = PICTURE;
this.mQuality = 20;
JSONObject options = args.optJSONObject(0);
if (options != null) {
srcType = options.getInt("sourceType");
destType = options.getInt("destinationType");
this.targetHeight = options.getInt("targetHeight");
this.targetWidth = options.getInt("targetWidth");
this.encodingType = options.getInt("encodingType");
this.mediaType = options.getInt("mediaType");
this.mQuality = options.getInt("quality");
}
if (srcType == CAMERA) {
this.takePicture(destType, encodingType);
}
else if ((srcType == PHOTOLIBRARY) || (srcType == SAVEDPHOTOALBUM)) {
this.getImage(srcType, destType);
}
PluginResult r = new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.NO_RESULT);
r.setKeepCallback(true);
return r;
}
return new PluginResult(status, result);
} catch (JSONException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
return new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.JSON_EXCEPTION);
}
}
/**
* A safer decodeStream method
* rather than the one of {@link BitmapFactory}
* which will be easy to get OutOfMemory Exception
* while loading a big image file.
*
* @param uri
* @param width
* @param height
* @return
* @throws FileNotFoundException
*/
protected Bitmap safeDecodeStream(Uri uri, int width, int height)
throws FileNotFoundException{
int scale = 1;
BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();
android.content.ContentResolver resolver = this.ctx.getContentResolver();
if(width>0 || height>0){
// Decode image size without loading all data into memory
options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
BitmapFactory.decodeStream(
new BufferedInputStream(resolver.openInputStream(uri), 16*1024),
null,
options);
int w = options.outWidth;
int h = options.outHeight;
while (true) {
if ((width>0 && w/2 < width)
|| (height>0 && h/2 < height)){
break;
}
w /= 2;
h /= 2;
scale *= 2;
}
}
// Decode with inSampleSize option
options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
options.inSampleSize = scale;
return BitmapFactory.decodeStream(
new BufferedInputStream(resolver.openInputStream(uri), 16*1024),
null,
options);
}
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------
// LOCAL METHODS
//--------------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Take a picture with the camera.
* When an image is captured or the camera view is cancelled, the result is returned
* in PhonegapActivity.onActivityResult, which forwards the result to this.onActivityResult.
*
* The image can either be returned as a base64 string or a URI that points to the file.
* To display base64 string in an img tag, set the source to:
* img.src="data:image/jpeg;base64,"+result;
* or to display URI in an img tag
* img.src=result;
*
* @param quality Compression quality hint (0-100: 0=low quality & high compression, 100=compress of max quality)
* @param returnType Set the type of image to return.
*/
public void takePicture(int returnType, int encodingType) {
// Save the number of images currently on disk for later
this.numPics = queryImgDB().getCount();
// Display camera
Intent intent = new Intent("android.media.action.IMAGE_CAPTURE");
// Specify file so that large image is captured and returned
// TODO: What if there isn't any external storage?
File photo = createCaptureFile(encodingType);
intent.putExtra(android.provider.MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(photo));
this.imageUri = Uri.fromFile(photo);
this.ctx.startActivityForResult((Plugin) this, intent, (CAMERA+1)*16 + returnType+1);
}
/**
* Create a file in the applications temporary directory based upon the supplied encoding.
*
* @param encodingType of the image to be taken
* @return a File object pointing to the temporary picture
*/
private File createCaptureFile(int encodingType) {
File photo = null;
if (encodingType == JPEG) {
photo = new File(DirectoryManager.getTempDirectoryPath(ctx), "Pic.jpg");
} else if (encodingType == PNG) {
photo = new File(DirectoryManager.getTempDirectoryPath(ctx), "Pic.png");
} else {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid Encoding Type: " + encodingType);
}
return photo;
}
/**
* Get image from photo library.
*
* @param quality Compression quality hint (0-100: 0=low quality & high compression, 100=compress of max quality)
* @param srcType The album to get image from.
* @param returnType Set the type of image to return.
*/
// TODO: Images selected from SDCARD don't display correctly, but from CAMERA ALBUM do!
public void getImage(int srcType, int returnType) {
Intent intent = new Intent();
String title = GET_PICTURE;
if (this.mediaType == PICTURE) {
intent.setType("image/*");
}
else if (this.mediaType == VIDEO) {
intent.setType("video/*");
title = GET_VIDEO;
}
else if (this.mediaType == ALLMEDIA) {
// I wanted to make the type 'image/*, video/*' but this does not work on all versions
// of android so I had to go with the wildcard search.
intent.setType("*/*");
title = GET_All;
}
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
this.ctx.startActivityForResult((Plugin) this, Intent.createChooser(intent,
new String(title)), (srcType+1)*16 + returnType + 1);
}
/**
* Scales the bitmap according to the requested size.
*
* @param bitmap The bitmap to scale.
* @return Bitmap A new Bitmap object of the same bitmap after scaling.
*/
public Bitmap scaleBitmap(Bitmap bitmap) {
int newWidth = this.targetWidth;
int newHeight = this.targetHeight;
int origWidth = bitmap.getWidth();
int origHeight = bitmap.getHeight();
// If no new width or height were specified return the original bitmap
if (newWidth <= 0 && newHeight <= 0) {
return bitmap;
}
// Only the width was specified
else if (newWidth > 0 && newHeight <= 0) {
newHeight = (newWidth * origHeight) / origWidth;
}
// only the height was specified
else if (newWidth <= 0 && newHeight > 0) {
newWidth = (newHeight * origWidth) / origHeight;
}
// If the user specified both a positive width and height
// (potentially different aspect ratio) then the width or height is
// scaled so that the image fits while maintaining aspect ratio.
// Alternatively, the specified width and height could have been
// kept and Bitmap.SCALE_TO_FIT specified when scaling, but this
// would result in whitespace in the new image.
else {
double newRatio = newWidth / (double)newHeight;
double origRatio = origWidth / (double)origHeight;
if (origRatio > newRatio) {
newHeight = (newWidth * origHeight) / origWidth;
} else if (origRatio < newRatio) {
newWidth = (newHeight * origWidth) / origHeight;
}
}
return Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(bitmap, newWidth, newHeight, true);
}
/**
* Called when the camera view exits.
*
* @param requestCode The request code originally supplied to startActivityForResult(),
* allowing you to identify who this result came from.
* @param resultCode The integer result code returned by the child activity through its setResult().
* @param intent An Intent, which can return result data to the caller (various data can be attached to Intent "extras").
*/
public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent intent) {
// Get src and dest types from request code
int srcType = (requestCode/16) - 1;
int destType = (requestCode % 16) - 1;
// If CAMERA
if (srcType == CAMERA) {
// If image available
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
try {
// Create an ExifHelper to save the exif data that is lost during compression
ExifHelper exif = new ExifHelper();
if (this.encodingType == JPEG) {
exif.createInFile(DirectoryManager.getTempDirectoryPath(ctx) + "/Pic.jpg");
exif.readExifData();
}
// Read in bitmap of captured image
Bitmap bitmap;
try {
bitmap = android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.getBitmap(this.ctx.getContentResolver(), imageUri);
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
Uri uri = intent.getData();
//android.content.ContentResolver resolver = this.ctx.getContentResolver();
//bitmap = android.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(resolver.openInputStream(uri));
bitmap = safeDecodeStream(uri, this.targetWidth, this.targetHeight);
}
bitmap = scaleBitmap(bitmap);
// If sending base64 image back
if (destType == DATA_URL) {
this.processPicture(bitmap);
checkForDuplicateImage(DATA_URL);
}
// If sending filename back
else if (destType == FILE_URI){
// Create entry in media store for image
// (Don't use insertImage() because it uses default compression setting of 50 - no way to change it)
ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
values.put(android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.MIME_TYPE, "image/jpeg");
Uri uri = null;
try {
uri = this.ctx.getContentResolver().insert(android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);
} catch (UnsupportedOperationException e) {
LOG.d(LOG_TAG, "Can't write to external media storage.");
try {
uri = this.ctx.getContentResolver().insert(android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);
} catch (UnsupportedOperationException ex) {
LOG.d(LOG_TAG, "Can't write to internal media storage.");
this.failPicture("Error capturing image - no media storage found.");
return;
}
}
// Add compressed version of captured image to returned media store Uri
OutputStream os = this.ctx.getContentResolver().openOutputStream(uri);
bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, this.mQuality, os);
os.close();
// Restore exif data to file
if (this.encodingType == JPEG) {
exif.createOutFile(FileUtils.getRealPathFromURI(uri, this.ctx));
exif.writeExifData();
}
// Send Uri back to JavaScript for viewing image
String hackUri = uri.toString() + "?orientation=" + exif.orientation;
this.success(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.OK, hackUri), this.callbackId);
}
bitmap.recycle();
bitmap = null;
System.gc();
checkForDuplicateImage(FILE_URI);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
this.failPicture("Error capturing image.");
}
}
// If cancelled
else if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_CANCELED) {
this.failPicture("Camera cancelled.");
}
// If something else
else {
this.failPicture("Did not complete!");
}
}
// If retrieving photo from library
else if ((srcType == PHOTOLIBRARY) || (srcType == SAVEDPHOTOALBUM)) {
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
Uri uri = intent.getData();
//android.content.ContentResolver resolver = this.ctx.getContentResolver();
// If you ask for video or all media type you will automatically get back a file URI
// and there will be no attempt to resize any returned data
if (this.mediaType != PICTURE) {
this.success(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.OK, uri.toString()), this.callbackId);
}
else {
// If sending base64 image back
if (destType == DATA_URL) {
try {
//Bitmap bitmap = android.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(resolver.openInputStream(uri));
//bitmap = scaleBitmap(bitmap);
Bitmap bitmap = safeDecodeStream(uri, this.targetWidth, this.targetHeight);
this.processPicture(bitmap);
bitmap.recycle();
bitmap = null;
System.gc();
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
this.failPicture("Error retrieving image.");
}
}
// If sending filename back
else if (destType == FILE_URI) {
// Do we need to scale the returned file
if (this.targetHeight > 0 && this.targetWidth > 0) {
try {
//Bitmap bitmap = android.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(resolver.openInputStream(uri));
//bitmap = scaleBitmap(bitmap);
Bitmap bitmap = safeDecodeStream(uri, this.targetWidth, this.targetHeight);
String fileName = DirectoryManager.getTempDirectoryPath(ctx) + "/resize.jpg";
OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(fileName);
bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, this.mQuality, os);
os.close();
bitmap.recycle();
bitmap = null;
// The resized image is cached by the app in order to get around this and not have to delete you
// application cache I'm adding the current system time to the end of the file url.
this.success(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.OK, ("file://" + fileName + "?" + System.currentTimeMillis())), this.callbackId);
System.gc();
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
this.failPicture("Error retrieving image.");
}
}
else {
this.success(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.OK, uri.toString()), this.callbackId);
}
}
}
}
else if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_CANCELED) {
this.failPicture("Selection cancelled.");
}
else {
this.failPicture("Selection did not complete!");
}
}
}
/**
* Creates a cursor that can be used to determine how many images we have.
*
* @return a cursor
*/
private Cursor queryImgDB() {
return this.ctx.getContentResolver().query(
android.provider.MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI,
new String[] { MediaStore.Images.Media._ID },
null,
null,
null);
}
/**
* Used to find out if we are in a situation where the Camera Intent adds to images
* to the content store. If we are using a FILE_URI and the number of images in the DB
* increases by 2 we have a duplicate, when using a DATA_URL the number is 1.
*
* @param type FILE_URI or DATA_URL
*/
private void checkForDuplicateImage(int type) {
int diff = 1;
Cursor cursor = queryImgDB();
int currentNumOfImages = cursor.getCount();
if (type == FILE_URI) {
diff = 2;
}
// delete the duplicate file if the difference is 2 for file URI or 1 for Data URL
if ((currentNumOfImages - numPics) == diff) {
cursor.moveToLast();
int id = Integer.valueOf(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(MediaStore.Images.Media._ID))) - 1;
Uri uri = Uri.parse(MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI + "/" + id);
this.ctx.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null);
}
}
/**
* Compress bitmap using jpeg, convert to Base64 encoded string, and return to JavaScript.
*
* @param bitmap
*/
public void processPicture(Bitmap bitmap) {
ByteArrayOutputStream jpeg_data = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
try {
if (bitmap.compress(CompressFormat.JPEG, mQuality, jpeg_data)) {
byte[] code = jpeg_data.toByteArray();
byte[] output = Base64.encodeBase64(code);
String js_out = new String(output);
this.success(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.OK, js_out), this.callbackId);
js_out = null;
output = null;
code = null;
}
}
catch(Exception e) {
this.failPicture("Error compressing image.");
}
jpeg_data = null;
}
/**
* Send error message to JavaScript.
*
* @param err
*/
public void failPicture(String err) {
this.error(new PluginResult(PluginResult.Status.ERROR, err), this.callbackId);
}
}
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