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Rspresso: Coffeescript for R

Rspresso

(Name and initial idea from robertzk.)

Assignment

number = 42 --> RSPRESSO! --> number <- 42

Functions

square = (x) -> x * x --> RSPRESSO! --> square <- function(x) x * x

Vectors

[10..1] --> RSPRESSO! --> seq(10,1)

[1, 2, 3] --> RSPRESSO! --> c(1, 2, 3)

Vector operations

[1, 2, 3] << 4 --> RSPRESSO! --> c(c(1, 2, 3), 4)

[a, b] = 2 --> RSPRESSO! --> a <- b <- 2

]a, b, c] = [2, 3, 4] --> RSPRESSO! --> a <- 2, b <- 3, c <- 4

Lists

{one: 1, two: 2, three: 3} --> RSPRESSO! --> list("one" = 1, "two" = 2, "three" = 3)

ll = {one: 1}; ll.one --> RSPRESSO! --> ll <- list("one" = 1); ll$one

{one: 1, two: 2, three: 3} << {four: 4} --> RSPRESSO! --> c(list("one" = 1, "two" = 2, "three" = 3), list("four" = 4)

Other Rubyisms

variable ||= 2 --> RSPRESSO! --> variable <- if (!(exists("variable")) variable else 2

"This is a string with a #{number} in it!" --> RSPRESSO! --> paste0("This is a string with a ", number, " in it!")

Conditionals

number = -42 if opposite --> RSPRESSO! --> if (opposite) number <- -42

number = 42 unless opposite --> RSPRESSO! --> if (!(opposite)) number <- 42

if happy and you_know_it --> RSPRESSO! --> if (happy & you_know_it)

if variable == 'value' --> RSPRESSO! --> if (identical(variable, 'value'))

date = if friday sue else jill --> RSPRESSO! --> date <- friday ? sue : jill

Indentation over brackets

if x == 5
  function_one
  function_two
  function_three
else
  function_a
  function_b

--> RSPRESSO! -->

if (x == 5) {
  function_one()
  function_two()
  function_three()
} else {
  function_a()
  function_b()
}

Chained Comparisons

healthy = 200 > cholesterol > 60 --> RSPRESSO! --> healthy <- (cholesterol > 60 & cholesterol < 200)

Loops

eat food for food in ['toast', 'cheese', 'wine'] --> RSPRESSO! --> sapply(['toast', 'cheese', 'wine'], function(food) { eat(food) })

evens = (x for x in [0..10] by 2) --> RSPRESSO! --> evens <- sapply(seq(0, 10, by=2), function(x) x)

Accessing

var[>20] --> RSPRESSO! --> var[var > 20 & !is.na(var)]

var[>10&<20] --> RSPRESSO! --> var[var > 10 & var < 20 & !is.na(var)]

var[$data==2, 3] --> RSPRESSO! --> var[var$data == 2, 3]

Try Catch

try
  17 / 0
catch error
  print error

--> RSPRESSO! -->

tryCatch({
  17/0
}, error = function(error) {
  print(error)
}

Existential Operator

variable? --> RSPRESSO! --> exists("variable")

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