This is a strawman proposal for adding pattern matching to ECMAScript. Pattern matching is useful for matching a value to some structure in a similar way to destructuring. The primary difference between destructuring and pattern matching are the use cases involved - destructuring is useful for binding pieces out of larger structures whereas pattern matching is useful for mapping a value's structure to data or a set of behaviors. In practice this means that destructuring tends to allow many shapes of data and will do its best to bind something out of it, whereas pattern matching will tend to be more conservative.
Additionally, the power of pattern matching is increased substantially when values are allowed to participate in the pattern matching semantics as a matcher as well as a matchee. This proposal includes the notion of a pattern matching protocol - a symbol method that can be implemented by objects that enables developers to use those values in pattern matching. A common scenario w