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deleting array items in javascript with forEach() and splice()
// This is from my comment here: http://wolfram.kriesing.de/blog/index.php/2008/javascript-remove-element-from-array/comment-page-2#comment-466561
/*
* How to delete items from an Array in JavaScript, an exhaustive guide
*/
// DON'T use the delete operator, it leaves a hole in the array:
var arr = [4, 5, 6];
delete arr[1]; // arr now: [4, undefined, 6]
// DO use splice:
var arr = [4, 5, 6];
arr.splice(1, 1);
// If you want to find the item to delete you can use .indexOf()
var arr = [4, 5, 6];
var idx = arr.indexOf(5); // 1
// be careful, .indexOf() will return -1 if the item is not found
if (idx !== -1) {
arr.splice(idx, 1);
}
// Not all browsers support .indexOf(), so here's a monkey-patch:
if (!Array.prototype.indexOf) {
// augment the Array prototype with an indexOf that conforms
// to ECMAScript5
// item - this is the object we're looking for
// start - this is where to start looking
// returns the index of the item if found, otherwise -1
Array.prototype.indexOf = function (item, start) {
start = start || 0;
for( ; start < this.length; start++) {
if (this[start] === item) {
return start;
}
}
return -1;
};
}
// If you want to splice in an iterator like Array's forEach()
// DON'T do this:
var arr = [5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
arr.forEach(function (item, index) {
if (item === 7 || item === 8) {
arr.splice(index, 1);
}
});
// arr is now something like: [5, 6, 8, 9]
// ALSO DON'T use the third argument to the iterator function thinking it's a clone:
var arr = [5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
arr.forEach(function (item, index, arr) {
if (item === 7 || item === 8) {
arr.splice(index, 1);
}
});
// arr is now something like: [5, 6, 8, 9]
// DO use a reverse for-loop:
var arr = [5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
var i;
for (i = arr.length - 1; i >= 0; i -= 1) {
if (arr[i] === 7 || arr[i] === 8) {
arr.splice(i, 1);
}
}
// arr is now: [5, 6, 9]
/ *
* Another way is to augment the Array prototype to have a reject
* function that is the opposite of the filter function (and add
* the filter function if it doesn't exist)
*/
if (!Array.prototype.filter) {
// augment the Array prototype with a filter() that conforms
// to ECMAScript5
// iterator - this function is called for each item, if it return
// a truthy value, that item is added to the returned array
// context - this is optional context to call the iterator. 'this'
// inside the iterator will be set to context.
// returns an array with only items for which the iterator returned
// a truthy value
Array.prototype.filter = function (iterator, context) {
var arr = [];
var i;
for (i = 0; i < this.length; i += 1) {
if (iterator.call(context, this[i])) {
arr.push(this[i]);
}
}
return arr;
};
}
if (!Array.prototype.reject) {
// augment the Array prototype with a reject() that is the opposite
// of filter().
// iterator - this function is called for each item, if it return
// a truthy value, that item is not added to the returned array
// context - this is optional context to call the iterator. 'this'
// inside the iterator will be set to context.
// returns an array with only items for which the iterator did not
// return a truthy value
Array.prototype.reject = function (iterator, context) {
return this.filter(function (item) {
return !iterator.call(context, item);
});
};
}
var arr = [5, 6, 7, 8, 9];
arr = arr.reject(function (item) {
return item === 7 || item === 8;
});
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