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@sdspieg sdspieg/Stephan1
Created Sep 23, 2012

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Zotero Ebsco-translator 50
Could not read chrome manifest 'file:///C:/Program%20Files%20(x86)/Mozilla%20Firefox/extensions/%7B972ce4c6-7e08-4474-a285-3208198ce6fd%7D/chrome.manifest'.
1348398916869 Sync.Engine.Tabs WARN DATA LOSS: Both local and remote changes to record: -8XaZ9H5JFgr
[JavaScript Error: "[Exception... "Component returned failure code: 0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED) [nsIEditor.selectionController]" nsresult: "0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED)" location: "JS frame :: chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml :: formatValue :: line 161" data: no]" {file: "chrome://browser/content/tabbrowser.xml" line: 377}]
[JavaScript Error: "[Exception... "Component returned failure code: 0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED) [nsIEditor.selectionController]" nsresult: "0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED)" location: "JS frame :: chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml :: formatValue :: line 161" data: no]" {file: "chrome://browser/content/tabbrowser.xml" line: 377}]
[JavaScript Error: "[Exception... "Component returned failure code: 0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED) [nsIEditor.selectionController]" nsresult: "0xc1f30001 (NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED)" location: "JS frame :: chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml :: formatValue :: line 161" data: no]" {file: "chrome://browser/content/tabbrowser.xml" line: 377}]
[JavaScript Error: "The character encoding of the plain text document was not declared. The document will render with garbled text in some browser configurations if the document contains characters from outside the US-ASCII range. The character encoding of the file needs to be declared in the transfer protocol or file needs to use a byte order mark as an encoding signature." {file: "zotero://debug/" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "Image corrupt or truncated: <unknown>" {file: "<unknown>" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "Translator with ID d0b1914a-11f1-4dd7-8557-b32fe8a3dd47 already loaded from "EBSCOhost.js"" {file: "file:///D:/Zotero/translators/EBSCOhost.js.txt" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "Exposing chrome JS objects to content without __exposedProps__ is insecure and deprecated. See https://developer.mozilla.org/en/XPConnect_wrappers for more information." {file: "D:\Zotero\translators\EBSCOhost.js" line: 265}]
[JavaScript Error: "Image corrupt or truncated: <unknown>" {file: "<unknown>" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "this.editor is null" {file: "chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml" line: 161}]
[JavaScript Error: "this.editor is null" {file: "chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml" line: 161}]
[JavaScript Error: "The character encoding of the plain text document was not declared. The document will render with garbled text in some browser configurations if the document contains characters from outside the US-ASCII range. The character encoding of the file needs to be declared in the transfer protocol or file needs to use a byte order mark as an encoding signature." {file: "zotero://debug/" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "this.editor is null" {file: "chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml" line: 161}]
[JavaScript Error: "this.editor is null" {file: "chrome://browser/content/urlbarBindings.xml" line: 161}]
[JavaScript Error: "The character encoding of the plain text document was not declared. The document will render with garbled text in some browser configurations if the document contains characters from outside the US-ASCII range. The character encoding of the file needs to be declared in the transfer protocol or file needs to use a byte order mark as an encoding signature." {file: "zotero://debug/" line: 0}]
[JavaScript Error: "Exposing chrome JS objects to content without __exposedProps__ is insecure and deprecated. See https://developer.mozilla.org/en/XPConnect_wrappers for more information." {file: "D:\Zotero\translators\EBSCOhost.js" line: 265}]
version => 3.0.8, platform => Win32, oscpu => Windows NT 6.1; WOW64, locale => en-US, appName => Firefox, appVersion => 15.0.1
=========================================================
(3)(+0045557): Translators: Looking for translators for http://ct5.addthis.com/static/r07/sh101.html#
(4)(+0000007): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://ct5.addthis.com/static/r07/sh101.html#
(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for unAPI
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for COinS
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for DOI
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for Embedded Metadata
(3)(+0000001): Translate: All translator detect calls and RPC calls complete
(5)(+0000000): Translate: Running handler 0 for translators
(3)(+0001841): Zotero.Proxies.proxyToProper: http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl to http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(3)(+0000000): Translators: Looking for translators for http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for EBSCOhost
(4)(+0000021): Translate: Parsing code for unAPI
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for COinS
(4)(+0000004): Translate: Parsing code for DOI
(4)(+0000005): Translate: Parsing code for Embedded Metadata
(3)(+0000003): Translate: All translator detect calls and RPC calls complete
(5)(+0000000): Translate: Running handler 0 for translators
(4)(+0009908): Translate: Parsing code for EBSCOhost
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Beginning translation with EBSCOhost
(5)(+0000017): Translate: Running handler 0 for select
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(3)(+0000006): created hidden browser (68)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SrKor1G0q64%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (69)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Sbevr1C0q68%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (70)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Ta%2btsku1rbM%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (71)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Tq%2brt0uzq7I%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (72)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TLGms0i3rbU%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (73)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Ta%2botkyurLE%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (74)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TbKqs0q2qLA%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (75)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Sbemr1G0prc%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (76)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Sa%2bst0m1prM%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (77)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SbCps0uxra8%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (78)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7S6%2buslGuqLQ%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (79)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7S7aor0uyrLI%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (80)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TLKpskuyq7Y%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (81)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7T7Gnsk%2bvqLI%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000006): created hidden browser (82)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SrKvsE2urbc%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (83)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Tretr0ivqLc%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000006): created hidden browser (84)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Ta%2bur1CxrbU%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (85)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7S6%2bosE2wqK4%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (86)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Tbetrkuup7M%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (87)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SrastUyvqbI%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (88)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7S7GqrkmvqLc%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (89)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SbWmtlGxr7M%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (90)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SrStrk6xq7I%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (91)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7T7GusE2urrI%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (92)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Sq6nt0u3rLY%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (93)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TbOrt02vqLA%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (94)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TbarsFCwrq8%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (95)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7S66vt0y2p6R%2b7ejrefKz5I3q4vJ99uoA&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (96)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TK6or0q0p7A%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (97)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SbCptlG2rbM%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (98)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7TbCqt0%2b1q7Q%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000004): created hidden browser (99)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7SrKos1Gxq68%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0000005): created hidden browser (100)
(3)(+0000000): loading http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/viewarticle?data=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bZRt62wUbCk63nn5Kx95uXxjL6vrUqxpbBIr6ieT7imsVKxpp5Zy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVbSrrk61rbBPs5zqeezdu33snOJ6u9e3gKTq33%2b7t8w%2b3%2bS7Tq6nsEqzrrA%2b5OXwhd%2fqu37z4uqM4%2b7y&hid=14
(3)(+0001945): Translate: (1) Fetching RIS from '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_17343197_AN?sid=d833abe0-f323-4775-b062-6638015771d2%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1' with prefs:
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'itemType' => "journalArticle"
'id' => 1
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_17343197_AN?sid=d833abe0-f323-4775-b062-6638015771d2%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1
(3)(+0002957): Translate: (2) Fetching RIS from '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_19593838_AN?sid=59fd501b-9807-4050-8bf1-93dab51de827%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1' with prefs:
(3)(+0000000): 'fetchPDF' => 1
'itemType' => "journalArticle"
'id' => 2
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_19593838_AN?sid=59fd501b-9807-4050-8bf1-93dab51de827%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1
(3)(+0000038): Translate: (3) Fetching RIS from '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_31225223_AN?sid=441e2fe0-a0bf-4f6d-b5b7-2d1954944a0c%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1' with prefs:
(3)(+0000000): 'fetchPDF' => 1
'itemType' => "journalArticle"
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Jacob, Ray Ikechukwu
T1 - Politics of Power Acquisition and Decision-Making Implementations by Manipulation: The Paradigm of Nigeria Leadership.
JO - Asian Social Science
JF - Asian Social Science
Y1 - 2012/04//
VL - 8
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 285
EP - 296
PB - Canadian Center of Science & Education
SN - 19112017
AB - This paper examines how the modern politics of power acquisition and decision-making implementations has become the paradigm of the Nigerian leadership. It has also become a pivotal paradigm in helping as instrumental for violence in the said society. Imperatively, war can be possible through decision making implemented wrongly, either by a local government, State, federal government or even by an individual. Also, Scholars of conflict had enormously argued that conflict can occur as a result of various reasons such as, geographical proximity, group identity, deliberate manipulation of negative perceptions by Political power leaders, competition of resources, weakness of political institution transitions to democracy to mention but a few. However, the main focus of this paper is the implementation of Shari'a law in Nigeria and how the decision and the implementations has led to bloody war in the north. The implications had been overwhelmingly diverstating in the country. Uncountable lives have been lost via mayhem bloody wars, homes, properties and enumerable destruction of things and displacement. The economic implication of ethnic conflict has resulted in unequal distribution of resources among individual, groups and regions within the country. Therefore, political power-holders' decision-making is one source that could lead to ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural and ethnic country like Nigeria. Decision-making approach was used to examine the scene of conflict by focusing only on the religious conflict in the North. In Nigeria, religious conflict also involving ethnic conflict caused Muslims and Christians represented by different ethnic groups and regions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asian Social Science is the property of Canadian Center of Science & Education and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - POWER (Social sciences)
KW - DECISION making
KW - ISLAMIC law
KW - SECTARIAN conflict
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - NIGERIA
KW - Decision-making
KW - Ethnic conflict
KW - Government
KW - Politics
KW - Power
KW - Religious conflict
N1 - Accession Number: 74477149; Jacob, Ray Ikechukwu 1; Email Address: Rayjek.kita.ukm@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: Program Coordinator, Africa Studies Unit, Africa -- Malaysia Engagement Project, Institute of Malaysian & International Studies -- (IKMAS), National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia; Source Info: Apr2012, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p285; Subject Term: POWER (Social sciences); Subject Term: DECISION making; Subject Term: ISLAMIC law; Subject Term: SECTARIAN conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: NIGERIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Decision-making; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: Government; Author-Supplied Keyword: Politics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Power; Author-Supplied Keyword: Religious conflict; Number of Pages: 12p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 1 Map; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.5539/ass.v8n4p285
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=74477149&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (4) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Jacob, Ray Ikechukwu
T1 - Politics of Power Acquisition and Decision-Making Implementations by Manipulation: The Paradigm of Nigeria Leadership.
JO - Asian Social Science
JF - Asian Social Science
Y1 - 2012/04//
VL - 8
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 285
EP - 296
PB - Canadian Center of Science & Education
SN - 19112017
AB - This paper examines how the modern politics of power acquisition and decision-making implementations has become the paradigm of the Nigerian leadership. It has also become a pivotal paradigm in helping as instrumental for violence in the said society. Imperatively, war can be possible through decision making implemented wrongly, either by a local government, State, federal government or even by an individual. Also, Scholars of conflict had enormously argued that conflict can occur as a result of various reasons such as, geographical proximity, group identity, deliberate manipulation of negative perceptions by Political power leaders, competition of resources, weakness of political institution transitions to democracy to mention but a few. However, the main focus of this paper is the implementation of Shari'a law in Nigeria and how the decision and the implementations has led to bloody war in the north. The implications had been overwhelmingly diverstating in the country. Uncountable lives have been lost via mayhem bloody wars, homes, properties and enumerable destruction of things and displacement. The economic implication of ethnic conflict has resulted in unequal distribution of resources among individual, groups and regions within the country. Therefore, political power-holders' decision-making is one source that could lead to ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural and ethnic country like Nigeria. Decision-making approach was used to examine the scene of conflict by focusing only on the religious conflict in the North. In Nigeria, religious conflict also involving ethnic conflict caused Muslims and Christians represented by different ethnic groups and regions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asian Social Science is the property of Canadian Center of Science & Education and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - POWER (Social sciences)
KW - DECISION making
KW - ISLAMIC law
KW - SECTARIAN conflict
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - NIGERIA
KW - Decision-making
KW - Ethnic conflict
KW - Government
KW - Politics
KW - Power
KW - Religious conflict
N1 - Accession Number: 74477149; Jacob, Ray Ikechukwu 1; Email Address: Rayjek.kita.ukm@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: Program Coordinator, Africa Studies Unit, Africa -- Malaysia Engagement Project, Institute of Malaysian & International Studies -- (IKMAS), National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia; Source Info: Apr2012, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p285; Subject Term: POWER (Social sciences); Subject Term: DECISION making; Subject Term: ISLAMIC law; Subject Term: SECTARIAN conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: NIGERIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Decision-making; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: Government; Author-Supplied Keyword: Politics; Author-Supplied Keyword: Power; Author-Supplied Keyword: Religious conflict; Number of Pages: 12p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 1 Map; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.5539/ass.v8n4p285
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=74477149&site=ehost-live
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Banks, Glenn
T1 - Understanding ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 23
EP - 34
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - Papua New Guinea, with its heavy dependence on natural resources, limited economic development in the past two decades, poor record of governance and high-profile separatist conflicts such as the Bougainville civil war, appears to be an exemplar of the ‘Resource Curse’ theory – the notion that natural resources actively undermine economic development. Using a number of examples from a range of scales, this paper argues that what appear to be ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea are actually better conceived as conflicts around identity and social relationships. The very different conceptualisation of natural resources in most Melanesian societies – as elements of the social world as much as any external environmental sphere – means that resources become a conduit for local social and political agendas and tensions to be expressed. The nature of traditional conflict in Melanesian societies is discussed as a guide to the better management and resolution of what appear to be ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - NATURAL resources
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - ECONOMIC policy
KW - GROUP identity
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - SOCIAL problems
KW - MELANESIANS
KW - PAPUA New Guinea
KW - conflict
KW - mining
KW - natural resources
KW - resolution
N1 - Accession Number: 31225223; Banks, Glenn 1; Email Address: g.a.banks@massey.ac.nz; Affiliation: 1: Development Studies, School of People, Environment and Planning, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p23; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: NATURAL resources; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: ECONOMIC policy; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: SOCIAL problems; Subject Term: MELANESIANS; Subject Term: PAPUA New Guinea; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: mining; Author-Supplied Keyword: natural resources; Author-Supplied Keyword: resolution; Number of Pages: 12p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00358.x
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (3) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Banks, Glenn
T1 - Understanding ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 23
EP - 34
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - Papua New Guinea, with its heavy dependence on natural resources, limited economic development in the past two decades, poor record of governance and high-profile separatist conflicts such as the Bougainville civil war, appears to be an exemplar of the ‘Resource Curse’ theory – the notion that natural resources actively undermine economic development. Using a number of examples from a range of scales, this paper argues that what appear to be ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea are actually better conceived as conflicts around identity and social relationships. The very different conceptualisation of natural resources in most Melanesian societies – as elements of the social world as much as any external environmental sphere – means that resources become a conduit for local social and political agendas and tensions to be expressed. The nature of traditional conflict in Melanesian societies is discussed as a guide to the better management and resolution of what appear to be ‘resource’ conflicts in Papua New Guinea. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - NATURAL resources
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - ECONOMIC policy
KW - GROUP identity
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - SOCIAL problems
KW - MELANESIANS
KW - PAPUA New Guinea
KW - conflict
KW - mining
KW - natural resources
KW - resolution
N1 - Accession Number: 31225223; Banks, Glenn 1; Email Address: g.a.banks@massey.ac.nz; Affiliation: 1: Development Studies, School of People, Environment and Planning, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p23; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: NATURAL resources; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: ECONOMIC policy; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: SOCIAL problems; Subject Term: MELANESIANS; Subject Term: PAPUA New Guinea; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: mining; Author-Supplied Keyword: natural resources; Author-Supplied Keyword: resolution; Number of Pages: 12p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00358.x
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Development, Inequality and Ethnic Accommodation: Clues from Malaysia, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago.
JO - Oxford Development Studies
JF - Oxford Development Studies
Y1 - 2005/03//
VL - 33
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 63
EP - 79
PB - Routledge
SN - 13600818
AB - This article examines the relationship between economic development and ethnopolitical conflict in three developing countries: Malaysia, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago. Each of these countries has been relatively successful in achieving rapid economic development and accommodation amongst constituent ethnic groups. The article explores two particular questions that the experience of these three countries raises: does rapid economic development make ethnic accommodation easier and how important is inter-ethnic inequality? It is suggested that economic development alone cannot prevent ethnopolitical conflict. What matter just as much, if not more, are real and perceived inter-ethnic disparities in access to key economic and political resources. Importantly, each of these countries pursued a hegemonic “one nation” strategy in the early decades following independence that involved strategic partnerships between the major constituent ethnic groups and negotiated economic redistribution. As a result, inter-ethnic inequality has been kept in check. However, there are emerging signs of disruptive ethnopolitical mobilization in each country, based in part on ethnic grievances about discrimination in the distribution of resources. The article concludes that, even in these relatively successful and harmonious cases, the management of socio-economic inequality remains important. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Oxford Development Studies is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - MALAYSIA
KW - MAURITIUS
KW - TRINIDAD & Tobago
N1 - Accession Number: 17343197; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: School of Geography, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Source Info: Mar2005, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p63; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: MALAYSIA; Subject Term: MAURITIUS; Subject Term: TRINIDAD & Tobago; Number of Pages: 17p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/13600810500099675
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=17343197&site=ehost-live
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (1) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Development, Inequality and Ethnic Accommodation: Clues from Malaysia, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago.
JO - Oxford Development Studies
JF - Oxford Development Studies
Y1 - 2005/03//
VL - 33
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 63
EP - 79
PB - Routledge
SN - 13600818
AB - This article examines the relationship between economic development and ethnopolitical conflict in three developing countries: Malaysia, Mauritius and Trinidad and Tobago. Each of these countries has been relatively successful in achieving rapid economic development and accommodation amongst constituent ethnic groups. The article explores two particular questions that the experience of these three countries raises: does rapid economic development make ethnic accommodation easier and how important is inter-ethnic inequality? It is suggested that economic development alone cannot prevent ethnopolitical conflict. What matter just as much, if not more, are real and perceived inter-ethnic disparities in access to key economic and political resources. Importantly, each of these countries pursued a hegemonic “one nation” strategy in the early decades following independence that involved strategic partnerships between the major constituent ethnic groups and negotiated economic redistribution. As a result, inter-ethnic inequality has been kept in check. However, there are emerging signs of disruptive ethnopolitical mobilization in each country, based in part on ethnic grievances about discrimination in the distribution of resources. The article concludes that, even in these relatively successful and harmonious cases, the management of socio-economic inequality remains important. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Oxford Development Studies is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - MALAYSIA
KW - MAURITIUS
KW - TRINIDAD & Tobago
N1 - Accession Number: 17343197; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: School of Geography, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Source Info: Mar2005, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p63; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: MALAYSIA; Subject Term: MAURITIUS; Subject Term: TRINIDAD & Tobago; Number of Pages: 17p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/13600810500099675
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(3)(+0000219): Translate: (2) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_19593838_AN?sid=59fd501b-9807-4050-8bf1-93dab51de827%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Socio-economic inequality and ethno-political conflict: some observations from Sri Lanka.
JO - Contemporary South Asia
JF - Contemporary South Asia
Y1 - 2005/09//
VL - 14
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 341
EP - 356
PB - Routledge
SN - 09584935
AB - Inspired by the recent theoretical interest in the role of material factors in intra-state conflicts, this article examines socio-economic inequality between ethnic groups in Sri Lanka. Drawing on available empirical data, the article suggests that actual disparities in income, education and employment between Sinhalese and Northeastern Tamils were small compared with inequalities within each group, and that these inter-ethnic disparities were decreasing in the decades since independence. However, although the two groups were relatively equal and becoming more equal, inter-ethnic rivalry over access to economic resources became instrumental in the intensification of ethno-political conflict in Sri Lanka. It is argued that real and relative welfare losses among Northeastern Tamils, the politicisation of key areas of disparity, and incendiary state policies served to transform relatively marginal inter-ethnic disparities into salient political issues. The article seeks to build on these observations to highlight the nexus between material grievances and ethno-political conflict, and suggests that formulating public policies that address real and perceived inequalities will remain important in resolving such conflict. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary South Asia is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - REGIONAL economic disparities
KW - SOCIAL classes
KW - ETHNIC groups -- Social conditions
KW - SOCIOECONOMICS
KW - SRI Lanka
N1 - Accession Number: 19593838; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: Magdalen College, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 4AU, UK; Source Info: Sep2005, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p341; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: REGIONAL economic disparities; Subject Term: SOCIAL classes; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups -- Social conditions; Subject Term: SOCIOECONOMICS; Subject Term: SRI Lanka; Number of Pages: 16p; Illustrations: 3 Charts, 2 Graphs; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/09584930500463792
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (2) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Socio-economic inequality and ethno-political conflict: some observations from Sri Lanka.
JO - Contemporary South Asia
JF - Contemporary South Asia
Y1 - 2005/09//
VL - 14
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 341
EP - 356
PB - Routledge
SN - 09584935
AB - Inspired by the recent theoretical interest in the role of material factors in intra-state conflicts, this article examines socio-economic inequality between ethnic groups in Sri Lanka. Drawing on available empirical data, the article suggests that actual disparities in income, education and employment between Sinhalese and Northeastern Tamils were small compared with inequalities within each group, and that these inter-ethnic disparities were decreasing in the decades since independence. However, although the two groups were relatively equal and becoming more equal, inter-ethnic rivalry over access to economic resources became instrumental in the intensification of ethno-political conflict in Sri Lanka. It is argued that real and relative welfare losses among Northeastern Tamils, the politicisation of key areas of disparity, and incendiary state policies served to transform relatively marginal inter-ethnic disparities into salient political issues. The article seeks to build on these observations to highlight the nexus between material grievances and ethno-political conflict, and suggests that formulating public policies that address real and perceived inequalities will remain important in resolving such conflict. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary South Asia is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - REGIONAL economic disparities
KW - SOCIAL classes
KW - ETHNIC groups -- Social conditions
KW - SOCIOECONOMICS
KW - SRI Lanka
N1 - Accession Number: 19593838; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: Magdalen College, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 4AU, UK; Source Info: Sep2005, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p341; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: REGIONAL economic disparities; Subject Term: SOCIAL classes; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups -- Social conditions; Subject Term: SOCIOECONOMICS; Subject Term: SRI Lanka; Number of Pages: 16p; Illustrations: 3 Charts, 2 Graphs; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/09584930500463792
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ER -
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Fox, Jefferson
AU - Swamy, Arun
T1 - Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in Asia Pacific.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 1
EP - 11
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - The papers in this special issue are the product of a comparative interdisciplinary workshop on ‘Natural Resources and Violent Ethnic Conflicts in the Asia Pacific Region’ held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18–20 March 2005. The workshop brought together scholars who study conflicts between ethnic groups and those who study conflicts over natural resource claims in order to examine the interplay of resources and ethnicity and to seek answers to the question of why violence occurs in some cases and not in others. Both sets of scholars agreed on some points but disagreed on others. They agreed that ethnic and resource grievances occur not so much out of objective deprivation but out of ‘relative deprivation’ when groups compare their situation with others, to the past, or to future expectations. They both stressed the role of democratic processes in alleviating resource competition and ethnic conflicts – but they did this in different ways. The perspectives and solutions offered by these papers sum to a deeper and more contextualised understanding of the cause of conflict and to mutually reinforcing solutions for resolving them. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - NATURAL resources
KW - POLITICAL ecology
KW - SOCIAL ecology
KW - ETHNICITY
KW - GROUP identity
KW - ASIA
KW - Asia Pacific
KW - ethnic conflict
KW - natural resources
KW - political ecology
KW - political ethnology
N1 - Accession Number: 31225225; Fox, Jefferson 1; Email Address: foxj@eastwestcenter.org Swamy, Arun; Email Address: arswamy@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: East-West Center, 1601 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848, USA; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p1; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: NATURAL resources; Subject Term: POLITICAL ecology; Subject Term: SOCIAL ecology; Subject Term: ETHNICITY; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: ASIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Asia Pacific; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: natural resources; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ecology; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ethnology; Number of Pages: 11p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00356.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31225225&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (5) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Fox, Jefferson
AU - Swamy, Arun
T1 - Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in Asia Pacific.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 1
EP - 11
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - The papers in this special issue are the product of a comparative interdisciplinary workshop on ‘Natural Resources and Violent Ethnic Conflicts in the Asia Pacific Region’ held in Honolulu, Hawaii, 18–20 March 2005. The workshop brought together scholars who study conflicts between ethnic groups and those who study conflicts over natural resource claims in order to examine the interplay of resources and ethnicity and to seek answers to the question of why violence occurs in some cases and not in others. Both sets of scholars agreed on some points but disagreed on others. They agreed that ethnic and resource grievances occur not so much out of objective deprivation but out of ‘relative deprivation’ when groups compare their situation with others, to the past, or to future expectations. They both stressed the role of democratic processes in alleviating resource competition and ethnic conflicts – but they did this in different ways. The perspectives and solutions offered by these papers sum to a deeper and more contextualised understanding of the cause of conflict and to mutually reinforcing solutions for resolving them. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - NATURAL resources
KW - POLITICAL ecology
KW - SOCIAL ecology
KW - ETHNICITY
KW - GROUP identity
KW - ASIA
KW - Asia Pacific
KW - ethnic conflict
KW - natural resources
KW - political ecology
KW - political ethnology
N1 - Accession Number: 31225225; Fox, Jefferson 1; Email Address: foxj@eastwestcenter.org Swamy, Arun; Email Address: arswamy@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: East-West Center, 1601 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848, USA; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p1; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: NATURAL resources; Subject Term: POLITICAL ecology; Subject Term: SOCIAL ecology; Subject Term: ETHNICITY; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: ASIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Asia Pacific; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: natural resources; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ecology; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ethnology; Number of Pages: 11p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00356.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31225225&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: (5) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in Asia Pacific' (31225225)
(3)(+0000001): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=878e6c85-8bd8-4217-a6cb-f76e27ea69c5%40sessionmgr12&vid=1
(3)(+0000003): Translate: (6) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_39982443_AN?sid=af8f2e4e-4f76-474c-b752-ee1a4dbf3fde%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Kaye, Julie
AU - Béland, Daniel
T1 - The politics of ethnicity and post-conflict reconstruction: The case of Northern Ghana.
JO - Journal of Contemporary African Studies
JF - Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Y1 - 2009/04//
VL - 27
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 177
EP - 200
PB - Routledge
SN - 02589001
AB - Taking into account the complexity of contemporary ethnic conflicts, this article examines the construction and politicisation of ethnicity to understand a recent case of post-conflict reconstruction. More specifically, the article considers theories of post-conflict reconstruction, particularly the conflict transformation school that claims to respond to the hybrid nature of recent ethnic conflicts. By adopting a constructivist perspective, this article argues that post-conflict reconstruction in ethnically-fragmented areas is largely about the problem of de-politicising essentialist discourses of historically constructed ethnic identities. In order to explore this key theoretical issue, the article analyses the 1994-95 case of conflict and reconstruction in the Northern Region of Ghana. This analysis draws on archival research and 21 interviews with individuals representing nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), traditional authorities, religious leaders, opinion leaders, and the state conducted from August to October 2006 in Accra, the capital of Ghana, as well as Tamale, the capital of the Northern Region. Because very little research is available on post-conflict reconstruction in Northern Ghana, this analysis fills a major gap in the contemporary literature on ethnic conflict and post-conflict reconstruction in West Africa. At a broader level, the article suggests that contemporary theories of post-conflict reconstruction would gain from taking a more systematic look at the social and political construction of such identities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Contemporary African Studies is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNIC groups
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - NONGOVERNMENTAL organizations
KW - POSTWAR reconstruction
KW - POLITICS & war
KW - GROUP identity
KW - RELIGIOUS leaders
KW - HISTORY
KW - 1957-
KW - GHANA
KW - AFRICA, West
KW - conflict
KW - development
KW - ethnicity
KW - Ghana
KW - peacebuilding
KW - reconstruction
N1 - Accession Number: 39982443; Kaye, Julie 1; Email Address: julie.kaye@usask.ca Béland, Daniel 2; Affiliation: 1: Department of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan, Canada. 2: Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.; Source Info: Apr2009, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p177; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: NONGOVERNMENTAL organizations; Subject Term: POSTWAR reconstruction; Subject Term: POLITICS & war; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: RELIGIOUS leaders; Subject Term: HISTORY; Subject Term: 1957-; Subject Term: GHANA; Subject Term: AFRICA, West; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: development; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnicity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ghana; Author-Supplied Keyword: peacebuilding; Author-Supplied Keyword: reconstruction; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/02589000902867253
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=39982443&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (6) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Kaye, Julie
AU - Béland, Daniel
T1 - The politics of ethnicity and post-conflict reconstruction: The case of Northern Ghana.
JO - Journal of Contemporary African Studies
JF - Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Y1 - 2009/04//
VL - 27
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 177
EP - 200
PB - Routledge
SN - 02589001
AB - Taking into account the complexity of contemporary ethnic conflicts, this article examines the construction and politicisation of ethnicity to understand a recent case of post-conflict reconstruction. More specifically, the article considers theories of post-conflict reconstruction, particularly the conflict transformation school that claims to respond to the hybrid nature of recent ethnic conflicts. By adopting a constructivist perspective, this article argues that post-conflict reconstruction in ethnically-fragmented areas is largely about the problem of de-politicising essentialist discourses of historically constructed ethnic identities. In order to explore this key theoretical issue, the article analyses the 1994-95 case of conflict and reconstruction in the Northern Region of Ghana. This analysis draws on archival research and 21 interviews with individuals representing nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), traditional authorities, religious leaders, opinion leaders, and the state conducted from August to October 2006 in Accra, the capital of Ghana, as well as Tamale, the capital of the Northern Region. Because very little research is available on post-conflict reconstruction in Northern Ghana, this analysis fills a major gap in the contemporary literature on ethnic conflict and post-conflict reconstruction in West Africa. At a broader level, the article suggests that contemporary theories of post-conflict reconstruction would gain from taking a more systematic look at the social and political construction of such identities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Contemporary African Studies is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNIC groups
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - NONGOVERNMENTAL organizations
KW - POSTWAR reconstruction
KW - POLITICS & war
KW - GROUP identity
KW - RELIGIOUS leaders
KW - HISTORY
KW - 1957-
KW - GHANA
KW - AFRICA, West
KW - conflict
KW - development
KW - ethnicity
KW - Ghana
KW - peacebuilding
KW - reconstruction
N1 - Accession Number: 39982443; Kaye, Julie 1; Email Address: julie.kaye@usask.ca Béland, Daniel 2; Affiliation: 1: Department of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan, Canada. 2: Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.; Source Info: Apr2009, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p177; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: NONGOVERNMENTAL organizations; Subject Term: POSTWAR reconstruction; Subject Term: POLITICS & war; Subject Term: GROUP identity; Subject Term: RELIGIOUS leaders; Subject Term: HISTORY; Subject Term: 1957-; Subject Term: GHANA; Subject Term: AFRICA, West; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: development; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnicity; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ghana; Author-Supplied Keyword: peacebuilding; Author-Supplied Keyword: reconstruction; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/02589000902867253
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=39982443&site=ehost-live
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=af8f2e4e-4f76-474c-b752-ee1a4dbf3fde%40sessionmgr12&vid=1
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (9) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_16719707_AN?sid=44c70cd3-df0e-4e59-aac7-60d8a89162b7%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Caprioli, M.
T1 - Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict.
JO - International Studies Quarterly
JF - International Studies Quarterly
Y1 - 2005/06//
VL - 49
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 161
EP - 178
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 00208833
AB - We know, most notably through Ted Gurr's research, that ethnic discrimination can lead to ethnopolitical rebellion–intrastate conflict. I seek to discover what impact, if any, gender inequality has on intrastate conflict. Although democratic peace scholars and others highlight the role of peaceful domestic behavior in predicting state behavior, many scholars have argued that a domestic environment of inequality and violence—structural and cultural violence—results in a greater likelihood of violence at the state and the international level. This project contributes to this line of inquiry and further tests the grievance theory of intrastate conflict by examining the norms of violence that facilitate a call to arms. And in many ways, I provide an alternative explanation for the significance of some of the typical economic measures—the greed theory—based on the link between discrimination, inequality, and violence. I test whether states characterized by higher levels of gender inequality are more likely to experience intrastate conflict. Ultimately, the basic link between gender inequality and intrastate conflict is confirmed—states characterized by gender inequality are more likely to experience intrastate conflict, 1960–2001. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Studies Quarterly is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - DISCRIMINATION
KW - GENDER inequality
KW - EQUALITY
KW - POLITICAL science
N1 - Accession Number: 16719707; Caprioli, M. 1; Affiliation: 1: University of Minnesota-Duluth; Source Info: Jun2005, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p161; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: DISCRIMINATION; Subject Term: GENDER inequality; Subject Term: EQUALITY; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Number of Pages: 18p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.0020-8833.2005.00340.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=16719707&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (9) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Caprioli, M.
T1 - Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict.
JO - International Studies Quarterly
JF - International Studies Quarterly
Y1 - 2005/06//
VL - 49
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 161
EP - 178
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 00208833
AB - We know, most notably through Ted Gurr's research, that ethnic discrimination can lead to ethnopolitical rebellion–intrastate conflict. I seek to discover what impact, if any, gender inequality has on intrastate conflict. Although democratic peace scholars and others highlight the role of peaceful domestic behavior in predicting state behavior, many scholars have argued that a domestic environment of inequality and violence—structural and cultural violence—results in a greater likelihood of violence at the state and the international level. This project contributes to this line of inquiry and further tests the grievance theory of intrastate conflict by examining the norms of violence that facilitate a call to arms. And in many ways, I provide an alternative explanation for the significance of some of the typical economic measures—the greed theory—based on the link between discrimination, inequality, and violence. I test whether states characterized by higher levels of gender inequality are more likely to experience intrastate conflict. Ultimately, the basic link between gender inequality and intrastate conflict is confirmed—states characterized by gender inequality are more likely to experience intrastate conflict, 1960–2001. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Studies Quarterly is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - DISCRIMINATION
KW - GENDER inequality
KW - EQUALITY
KW - POLITICAL science
N1 - Accession Number: 16719707; Caprioli, M. 1; Affiliation: 1: University of Minnesota-Duluth; Source Info: Jun2005, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p161; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: DISCRIMINATION; Subject Term: GENDER inequality; Subject Term: EQUALITY; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Number of Pages: 18p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.0020-8833.2005.00340.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=16719707&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=44c70cd3-df0e-4e59-aac7-60d8a89162b7%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (11) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_76590134_AN?sid=b6c08bdd-586f-498d-b8df-12e875d0b577%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Longhin, Luigi
T1 - Thirteen: Psychoanalysis and social and political conflicts.
JO - Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies
JF - Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies
Y1 - 2011/01//
VL - 13
M3 - Article
SP - 307
EP - 329
PB - Editions Rodopi BV
SN - 15714977
AB - From the psychoanalytic point of view, power may be viewed as a "cancer", both of the individual's mental structure and the collective one. In order to organise its social life, the group normally employs the aspirations and means of the individual. Power and domination are individual and collective features giving rise to totalitarianism in the various institutions. One can argue that power infantilises because the charismatic leader is perceived as an omnipotent parent figure who, as in childhood, is considered capable of solving any problem, with a resulting relief from anxiety. In the power syndrome victims of power find pleasure in the exaltation of power, even when this acts against their own interest. The masses may continue to support political leaders even if they act foolishly and against their interest, because along with those in power they share with the illusion of being protected against anxiety. The psychosocial power syndrome must be clearly differentiated from the capacity to govern, which, instead, acts like a work group (Bion, 1961) in which the anxieties of individuals are processed through the capacity to search for creative solutions, to develop thinking, and to attain a transformative development. Power, considered as domination and not as government, is an end to itself because of the prevalence of narcissistic and destructive parts of the self. This may be found not only in political institutions such as dictatorships, but also in public and private social institutions. As a defence against the anxiety mobilized by the work process and institutional relationships, the members of the institution tend to employ projective identification, namely to project dangerous parts of the self onto external objects. The issue of power is of great social relevance and the intrapsychic and interrelational dimensions should be examined also from the psychoanalytic point of view. It may be stated that no matter how good the group situation which makes up any institution, a certain quantity of socialised anxiety should always be taken into account and kept under control. Ever since its origins, psychoanalysis has been called upon to examine not only intrapsychic conflicts but also social, and political, intra- and inter-institutional conflicts. Psychoanalysis can provide additional information on unconscious structural mechanisms and protomental forms. What specific means does psychoanalysis employ to understand inter- and intrainstitutional conflicts? These are often power conflicts which are connected with transferential and counter-transferential affective processes and take place in the pursuit of the specific tasks of each institution. One may ask whether the crisis faced by certain institutions, such as, education, mental health, the judicial system, and so on, is due only to structural causes, or also to psychological causes operating in the human subjects who act as consumers, or operators, in these institutions. It is only through processing these negative feelings and the unconscious mechanisms of denial, projection, idealisation, and demonisation, that it is possible to begin to modify the disturbed inner world. One form of irrationality, which causes many, serious, social and political conflicts, comprises of the immature feelings of hatred and envy, which are more destructive than creative and which tend to strengthen the aggressive and violent components of personality rather than the tolerant and reliable components. According to Winnicott (1958), the presence of immature individuals, or hidden anti-socials, is a danger to democracy. In conclusion, the usefulness of a psychoanalytic culture oriented to a positive quality of the mind is emphasised. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies is the property of Editions Rodopi BV and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - PSYCHOANALYSIS
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - CHARISMATIC authority
KW - SOCIAL structure
KW - SOCIAL development
KW - MENTAL health
N1 - Accession Number: 76590134; Longhin, Luigi; Email Address: luigi.longhin@fastwebnet.it; Source Info: 2011, Vol. 13, p307; Subject Term: PSYCHOANALYSIS; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: CHARISMATIC authority; Subject Term: SOCIAL structure; Subject Term: SOCIAL development; Subject Term: MENTAL health; NAICS/Industry Codes: 621330 Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians); Number of Pages: 23p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (11) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Longhin, Luigi
T1 - Thirteen: Psychoanalysis and social and political conflicts.
JO - Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies
JF - Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies
Y1 - 2011/01//
VL - 13
M3 - Article
SP - 307
EP - 329
PB - Editions Rodopi BV
SN - 15714977
AB - From the psychoanalytic point of view, power may be viewed as a "cancer", both of the individual's mental structure and the collective one. In order to organise its social life, the group normally employs the aspirations and means of the individual. Power and domination are individual and collective features giving rise to totalitarianism in the various institutions. One can argue that power infantilises because the charismatic leader is perceived as an omnipotent parent figure who, as in childhood, is considered capable of solving any problem, with a resulting relief from anxiety. In the power syndrome victims of power find pleasure in the exaltation of power, even when this acts against their own interest. The masses may continue to support political leaders even if they act foolishly and against their interest, because along with those in power they share with the illusion of being protected against anxiety. The psychosocial power syndrome must be clearly differentiated from the capacity to govern, which, instead, acts like a work group (Bion, 1961) in which the anxieties of individuals are processed through the capacity to search for creative solutions, to develop thinking, and to attain a transformative development. Power, considered as domination and not as government, is an end to itself because of the prevalence of narcissistic and destructive parts of the self. This may be found not only in political institutions such as dictatorships, but also in public and private social institutions. As a defence against the anxiety mobilized by the work process and institutional relationships, the members of the institution tend to employ projective identification, namely to project dangerous parts of the self onto external objects. The issue of power is of great social relevance and the intrapsychic and interrelational dimensions should be examined also from the psychoanalytic point of view. It may be stated that no matter how good the group situation which makes up any institution, a certain quantity of socialised anxiety should always be taken into account and kept under control. Ever since its origins, psychoanalysis has been called upon to examine not only intrapsychic conflicts but also social, and political, intra- and inter-institutional conflicts. Psychoanalysis can provide additional information on unconscious structural mechanisms and protomental forms. What specific means does psychoanalysis employ to understand inter- and intrainstitutional conflicts? These are often power conflicts which are connected with transferential and counter-transferential affective processes and take place in the pursuit of the specific tasks of each institution. One may ask whether the crisis faced by certain institutions, such as, education, mental health, the judicial system, and so on, is due only to structural causes, or also to psychological causes operating in the human subjects who act as consumers, or operators, in these institutions. It is only through processing these negative feelings and the unconscious mechanisms of denial, projection, idealisation, and demonisation, that it is possible to begin to modify the disturbed inner world. One form of irrationality, which causes many, serious, social and political conflicts, comprises of the immature feelings of hatred and envy, which are more destructive than creative and which tend to strengthen the aggressive and violent components of personality rather than the tolerant and reliable components. According to Winnicott (1958), the presence of immature individuals, or hidden anti-socials, is a danger to democracy. In conclusion, the usefulness of a psychoanalytic culture oriented to a positive quality of the mind is emphasised. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies is the property of Editions Rodopi BV and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - PSYCHOANALYSIS
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - CHARISMATIC authority
KW - SOCIAL structure
KW - SOCIAL development
KW - MENTAL health
N1 - Accession Number: 76590134; Longhin, Luigi; Email Address: luigi.longhin@fastwebnet.it; Source Info: 2011, Vol. 13, p307; Subject Term: PSYCHOANALYSIS; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: CHARISMATIC authority; Subject Term: SOCIAL structure; Subject Term: SOCIAL development; Subject Term: MENTAL health; NAICS/Industry Codes: 621330 Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians); Number of Pages: 23p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=b6c08bdd-586f-498d-b8df-12e875d0b577%40sessionmgr11&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (10) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_24233307_AN?sid=c5e4de21-1851-471d-8558-f5c64ccd9bbe%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Yinan He
T1 - History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict.
JO - Journal of Contemporary China
JF - Journal of Contemporary China
Y1 - 2007/02//
VL - 16
IS - 50
M3 - Article
SP - 1
EP - 24
PB - Routledge
SN - 10670564
AB - Anti-Japanese popular nationalism is rising high in China today. Little evidence to date proves that it is officially orchestrated. Nonetheless, Chinese popular nationalism still has deep roots in the state's history propaganda which has implanted pernicious myths in the national collective memory. Fueling mistrust and exacerbating a mutual threat perception, popular nationalism could be a catalyst for future Sino–Japanese conflict over the Taiwan problem, island disputes, and maritime resource competition. The increasingly liberalized but often biased Chinese media, the role of nationalist sub-elites, and the government's accommodation have all contributed to the strength of anti-Japanese nationalism, which cannot be mitigated by bilateral economic interdependence. To rid bilateral relations of the negative historical legacy, the two countries need the vision and determination to remove nationalistic myths and promote a shared history through mutual critique and self-reflection in transnational historians' dialogues. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Contemporary China is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - NATIONALISM
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations
KW - INTERNATIONAL conflict
KW - NATIONAL self-determination
KW - INTERNATIONAL cooperation
KW - INTERNATIONAL organization
N1 - Accession Number: 24233307; Yinan He 1; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor, John C. Whitehead School of Diplomacy, Seton Hall University; Source Info: Feb2007, Vol. 16 Issue 50, p1; Subject Term: NATIONALISM; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL conflict; Subject Term: NATIONAL self-determination; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL cooperation; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL organization; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/10670560601026710
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=24233307&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (10) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Yinan He
T1 - History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict.
JO - Journal of Contemporary China
JF - Journal of Contemporary China
Y1 - 2007/02//
VL - 16
IS - 50
M3 - Article
SP - 1
EP - 24
PB - Routledge
SN - 10670564
AB - Anti-Japanese popular nationalism is rising high in China today. Little evidence to date proves that it is officially orchestrated. Nonetheless, Chinese popular nationalism still has deep roots in the state's history propaganda which has implanted pernicious myths in the national collective memory. Fueling mistrust and exacerbating a mutual threat perception, popular nationalism could be a catalyst for future Sino–Japanese conflict over the Taiwan problem, island disputes, and maritime resource competition. The increasingly liberalized but often biased Chinese media, the role of nationalist sub-elites, and the government's accommodation have all contributed to the strength of anti-Japanese nationalism, which cannot be mitigated by bilateral economic interdependence. To rid bilateral relations of the negative historical legacy, the two countries need the vision and determination to remove nationalistic myths and promote a shared history through mutual critique and self-reflection in transnational historians' dialogues. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Contemporary China is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - NATIONALISM
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations
KW - INTERNATIONAL conflict
KW - NATIONAL self-determination
KW - INTERNATIONAL cooperation
KW - INTERNATIONAL organization
N1 - Accession Number: 24233307; Yinan He 1; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor, John C. Whitehead School of Diplomacy, Seton Hall University; Source Info: Feb2007, Vol. 16 Issue 50, p1; Subject Term: NATIONALISM; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL conflict; Subject Term: NATIONAL self-determination; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL cooperation; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL organization; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/10670560601026710
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=24233307&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: (10) Will try to fetch PDF for 'History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict' (24233307)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=c5e4de21-1851-471d-8558-f5c64ccd9bbe%40sessionmgr11&vid=1
(3)(+0000011): Translate: (13) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_52217770_AN?sid=731fa954-566c-443a-a6bd-a42b15b68423%40sessionmgr12&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Khmelko, Irina
AU - Wiegand, Krista E.
T1 - GOVERNMENT REPRESSION IN ETHNIC CONFLICT: INSTITUTIONAL INCENTIVES AND CULTURAL LEGACIES.
JO - International Journal on World Peace
JF - International Journal on World Peace
Y1 - 2010/06//
VL - 27
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 7
EP - 34
PB - Professors World Peace Academy
SN - 07423640
AB - Why do some governments resort to violence to resolve ethnic conflict, while others use non-violent policies? We test a theory about the role of institutional mechanisms versus the role of cultural legacies in structuring conflict management. Data on the treatment of ethnic groups worldwide from 1996-2006 is analyzed. Institutional factors, including participation in a political process and limitations on executive power, are among the main factors associated with observed outcomes. Cultural factors play some role in conflict resolution, but a minor one in comparison to institutional factors. Liberalizing institutions could alleviate violence and repression in ethnic conflicts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Journal on World Peace is the property of Professors World Peace Academy and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - POLITICAL persecution
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - NEGOTIATION
N1 - Accession Number: 52217770; Khmelko, Irina 1 Wiegand, Krista E. 2; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga. 2: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Georgia Southern University.; Source Info: Jun2010, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p7; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: POLITICAL persecution; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: NEGOTIATION; Number of Pages: 28p; Illustrations: 2 Charts; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=52217770&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000008): Translate: (13) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Khmelko, Irina
AU - Wiegand, Krista E.
T1 - GOVERNMENT REPRESSION IN ETHNIC CONFLICT: INSTITUTIONAL INCENTIVES AND CULTURAL LEGACIES.
JO - International Journal on World Peace
JF - International Journal on World Peace
Y1 - 2010/06//
VL - 27
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 7
EP - 34
PB - Professors World Peace Academy
SN - 07423640
AB - Why do some governments resort to violence to resolve ethnic conflict, while others use non-violent policies? We test a theory about the role of institutional mechanisms versus the role of cultural legacies in structuring conflict management. Data on the treatment of ethnic groups worldwide from 1996-2006 is analyzed. Institutional factors, including participation in a political process and limitations on executive power, are among the main factors associated with observed outcomes. Cultural factors play some role in conflict resolution, but a minor one in comparison to institutional factors. Liberalizing institutions could alleviate violence and repression in ethnic conflicts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Journal on World Peace is the property of Professors World Peace Academy and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - POLITICAL persecution
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - NEGOTIATION
N1 - Accession Number: 52217770; Khmelko, Irina 1 Wiegand, Krista E. 2; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga. 2: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Georgia Southern University.; Source Info: Jun2010, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p7; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: POLITICAL persecution; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: NEGOTIATION; Number of Pages: 28p; Illustrations: 2 Charts; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=52217770&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (13) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Government Repression in Ethnic Conflict: Institutional Incentives and Cultural Legacies' (52217770)
(3)(+0000001): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=731fa954-566c-443a-a6bd-a42b15b68423%40sessionmgr12&vid=1
(3)(+0000002): Translate: (7) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_24729509_AN?sid=1d644b26-0b85-4068-bc84-5b262fba8b9a%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Eisenstadt, Todd A.
T1 - USOS Y COSTUMBRES AND POSTELECTORAL CONFLICTS IN OAXACA, MEXICO, 1995-2004.
T2 - USOS Y COSTUMBRES, Y CONFLICTOS POSTELECTORALES EN OAXACA, MÉXICO, 1995-2OO4: UNA EVALUACIÓN EMPÍRICA Y NORMATIVA.
JO - Latin American Research Review
JF - Latin American Research Review
Y1 - 2007/01//
VL - 42
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 52
EP - 77
PB - Latin American Studies Association
SN - 00238791
AB - This article evaluates postelectoral conflicts in Mexico's Oaxaca state before and after the state government legally recognized usos y costumbres--local leader selection via traditional practices (rather than parties and secret ballots). Assessing usos y costumbres within the normative debate between multiculturalists and pluralists on incorporation of ethnic minorities, the article compares the level of postelectoral conflict in usos y costumbres and non-usos y costumbres municipalities. It argues that since such conflicts have increased in Oaxaca over the last decade while simultaneously diminishing dramatically in Mexico's other 31 states, the cause is probably unique to Oaxaca. Conflict may be at least partially attributed to perverse implementation incentives created by the law's provocation of conflicts requiring mediation (rather than judicial verdicts). While further research is needed to test normative claims that usos y costumbres increase governing institutions' credibility and foster positive group identities, the article concludes that while the customary practices "experiment" has failed at least by one criterion, it may warrant reconsideration if customary elections can be viewed as a set of evolving, instrumental processes, rather than as fixed, static, and essentialist conditions. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Este artículo compara los conflictos postelectorales en el estado mexicano de Oaxaca antes y después del reconocimiento legal de "usos y costumbres," es decir, de la selección de dirigentes locales a través de prácticas tradicionales, a oposición de prácticas basadas en partidos políticos y voto secreto. Analizando los usos y costumbres dentro del debate normativo que multiculturalistas y pluralistas han sostenido sobre la incorporación de minorías étnicas, el artículo compara el nivel de conflictividad en municipios donde se ejerce la práctica de usos y costumbres, y en municipios donde no se ejerce. En este trabajo se argumenta que, dado que los conflictos postelectorales han aumentado en Oaxaca durante la última década, y han disminuido dramáticamente en los otros 31 estados de México, las causas del aumento de conflictividad se encuentran exclusivamente en Oaxaca. La conflictividad puede ser atribuida, al menos parcialmente, a la implementación perversa de incentivos que motivan conflictos que requieren mediación (y no conflictos que pueden ser solucionados por veredictos jurídicos). Sostengo que es necesaria más investigación para poder comprobar normativamente que los usos y costumbres aumentan la credibilidad de las instituciones gubernamentales y fortalecen las identidades colectivas. Este artículo concluye que, aunque el éxito de los usos y costumbres ha sido limitado, al menos bajo el criterio de conflictividad, posiblemente, merezca la pena reconsiderarlo si se observan a las elecciones consuetudinarias como procesos instrumentalistas en evolución, y no como condiciones estáticas y esencialistas. (Spanish) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Latin American Research Review is the property of Latin American Studies Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ELECTIONS
KW - MULTICULTURALISM
KW - PLURALISM
KW - STATE governments
KW - MEXICO -- Politics & government
KW - OAXACA (Mexico : State)
KW - MEXICO
N1 - Accession Number: 24729509; Eisenstadt, Todd A. 1; Affiliation: 1: American University; Source Info: 2007, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p52; Subject Term: ELECTIONS; Subject Term: MULTICULTURALISM; Subject Term: PLURALISM; Subject Term: STATE governments; Subject Term: MEXICO -- Politics & government; Subject Term: OAXACA (Mexico : State); Subject Term: MEXICO; Number of Pages: 26p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (7) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Eisenstadt, Todd A.
T1 - USOS Y COSTUMBRES AND POSTELECTORAL CONFLICTS IN OAXACA, MEXICO, 1995-2004.
T2 - USOS Y COSTUMBRES, Y CONFLICTOS POSTELECTORALES EN OAXACA, MÉXICO, 1995-2OO4: UNA EVALUACIÓN EMPÍRICA Y NORMATIVA.
JO - Latin American Research Review
JF - Latin American Research Review
Y1 - 2007/01//
VL - 42
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 52
EP - 77
PB - Latin American Studies Association
SN - 00238791
AB - This article evaluates postelectoral conflicts in Mexico's Oaxaca state before and after the state government legally recognized usos y costumbres--local leader selection via traditional practices (rather than parties and secret ballots). Assessing usos y costumbres within the normative debate between multiculturalists and pluralists on incorporation of ethnic minorities, the article compares the level of postelectoral conflict in usos y costumbres and non-usos y costumbres municipalities. It argues that since such conflicts have increased in Oaxaca over the last decade while simultaneously diminishing dramatically in Mexico's other 31 states, the cause is probably unique to Oaxaca. Conflict may be at least partially attributed to perverse implementation incentives created by the law's provocation of conflicts requiring mediation (rather than judicial verdicts). While further research is needed to test normative claims that usos y costumbres increase governing institutions' credibility and foster positive group identities, the article concludes that while the customary practices "experiment" has failed at least by one criterion, it may warrant reconsideration if customary elections can be viewed as a set of evolving, instrumental processes, rather than as fixed, static, and essentialist conditions. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Este artículo compara los conflictos postelectorales en el estado mexicano de Oaxaca antes y después del reconocimiento legal de "usos y costumbres," es decir, de la selección de dirigentes locales a través de prácticas tradicionales, a oposición de prácticas basadas en partidos políticos y voto secreto. Analizando los usos y costumbres dentro del debate normativo que multiculturalistas y pluralistas han sostenido sobre la incorporación de minorías étnicas, el artículo compara el nivel de conflictividad en municipios donde se ejerce la práctica de usos y costumbres, y en municipios donde no se ejerce. En este trabajo se argumenta que, dado que los conflictos postelectorales han aumentado en Oaxaca durante la última década, y han disminuido dramáticamente en los otros 31 estados de México, las causas del aumento de conflictividad se encuentran exclusivamente en Oaxaca. La conflictividad puede ser atribuida, al menos parcialmente, a la implementación perversa de incentivos que motivan conflictos que requieren mediación (y no conflictos que pueden ser solucionados por veredictos jurídicos). Sostengo que es necesaria más investigación para poder comprobar normativamente que los usos y costumbres aumentan la credibilidad de las instituciones gubernamentales y fortalecen las identidades colectivas. Este artículo concluye que, aunque el éxito de los usos y costumbres ha sido limitado, al menos bajo el criterio de conflictividad, posiblemente, merezca la pena reconsiderarlo si se observan a las elecciones consuetudinarias como procesos instrumentalistas en evolución, y no como condiciones estáticas y esencialistas. (Spanish) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Latin American Research Review is the property of Latin American Studies Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ELECTIONS
KW - MULTICULTURALISM
KW - PLURALISM
KW - STATE governments
KW - MEXICO -- Politics & government
KW - OAXACA (Mexico : State)
KW - MEXICO
N1 - Accession Number: 24729509; Eisenstadt, Todd A. 1; Affiliation: 1: American University; Source Info: 2007, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p52; Subject Term: ELECTIONS; Subject Term: MULTICULTURALISM; Subject Term: PLURALISM; Subject Term: STATE governments; Subject Term: MEXICO -- Politics & government; Subject Term: OAXACA (Mexico : State); Subject Term: MEXICO; Number of Pages: 26p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (7) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Usos Y Costumbres and Postelectoral Conflicts in Oaxaca, Mexico, 1995-2004' (24729509)
(3)(+0000001): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1d644b26-0b85-4068-bc84-5b262fba8b9a%40sessionmgr14&vid=1
(3)(+0000005): Translate: (8) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_31225222_AN?sid=77419a08-f1fb-4874-87b8-1a6ec50ee851%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - van Klinken, Gerry
T1 - Blood, timber, and the state in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 35
EP - 47
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - West Kalimantan (West Borneo) has a history of violent communal conflict.1 It also has extensive forests that have been looted for decades. The argument will be that these two are linked, but not by the grievances of the forest dwellers. Except in its first few days, the two main episodes of 1997 and 1999 were not driven mainly by grievances among marginal groups. Rather, explanations based on the ‘resource curse’ carry more weight. These focus attention on the contested nature of the state, rather than on rebellious activities of marginal groups. When state institutions were thrown into disarray by the sudden resignation of President Suharto in 1998, Dayak militants already close to state power rewrote the rules of local politics by demonstratively ‘cleansing’ certain areas of an unpopular immigrant minority. This theatrical manoeuvre impressed political rivals sufficiently to allow Dayaks to gain control over several timber-rich districts, which had a thriving black economy. Malays later imitated these techniques to stem the tide. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - FORESTS & forestry
KW - POLITICAL ecology
KW - RESOURCE mobilization
KW - SOCIAL action
KW - MINORITIES
KW - SOCIAL isolation
KW - RADICALS
KW - INDONESIA
KW - communal conflict
KW - grievances
KW - political ecology
KW - resource curse
KW - resource mobilisation
KW - violence
N1 - Accession Number: 31225222; van Klinken, Gerry 1; Email Address: klinken@kitlv.nl; Affiliation: 1: Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies, KITLV, Reuvensplaats 2, 2311BE Leiden, the Netherlands; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p35; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: FORESTS & forestry; Subject Term: POLITICAL ecology; Subject Term: RESOURCE mobilization; Subject Term: SOCIAL action; Subject Term: MINORITIES; Subject Term: SOCIAL isolation; Subject Term: RADICALS; Subject Term: INDONESIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: communal conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievances; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ecology; Author-Supplied Keyword: resource curse; Author-Supplied Keyword: resource mobilisation; Author-Supplied Keyword: violence; Number of Pages: 13p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00359.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31225222&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (8) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - van Klinken, Gerry
T1 - Blood, timber, and the state in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2008/04//
VL - 49
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 35
EP - 47
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - West Kalimantan (West Borneo) has a history of violent communal conflict.1 It also has extensive forests that have been looted for decades. The argument will be that these two are linked, but not by the grievances of the forest dwellers. Except in its first few days, the two main episodes of 1997 and 1999 were not driven mainly by grievances among marginal groups. Rather, explanations based on the ‘resource curse’ carry more weight. These focus attention on the contested nature of the state, rather than on rebellious activities of marginal groups. When state institutions were thrown into disarray by the sudden resignation of President Suharto in 1998, Dayak militants already close to state power rewrote the rules of local politics by demonstratively ‘cleansing’ certain areas of an unpopular immigrant minority. This theatrical manoeuvre impressed political rivals sufficiently to allow Dayaks to gain control over several timber-rich districts, which had a thriving black economy. Malays later imitated these techniques to stem the tide. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - FORESTS & forestry
KW - POLITICAL ecology
KW - RESOURCE mobilization
KW - SOCIAL action
KW - MINORITIES
KW - SOCIAL isolation
KW - RADICALS
KW - INDONESIA
KW - communal conflict
KW - grievances
KW - political ecology
KW - resource curse
KW - resource mobilisation
KW - violence
N1 - Accession Number: 31225222; van Klinken, Gerry 1; Email Address: klinken@kitlv.nl; Affiliation: 1: Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies, KITLV, Reuvensplaats 2, 2311BE Leiden, the Netherlands; Source Info: Apr2008, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p35; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: FORESTS & forestry; Subject Term: POLITICAL ecology; Subject Term: RESOURCE mobilization; Subject Term: SOCIAL action; Subject Term: MINORITIES; Subject Term: SOCIAL isolation; Subject Term: RADICALS; Subject Term: INDONESIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: communal conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievances; Author-Supplied Keyword: political ecology; Author-Supplied Keyword: resource curse; Author-Supplied Keyword: resource mobilisation; Author-Supplied Keyword: violence; Number of Pages: 13p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00359.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31225222&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (8) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Blood, timber, and the state in West Kalimantan, Indonesia' (31225222)
(3)(+0000001): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=77419a08-f1fb-4874-87b8-1a6ec50ee851%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000014): Translate: (12) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_3099481_AN?sid=194ae150-710e-41dc-a341-e15efb899fff%40sessionmgr13&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Morris, Barbara
T1 - The dynamics of governmental structure and the advancement of women: A comparison of Sri Lanka....
JO - Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill)
JF - Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill)
Y1 - 1999/11//
VL - 34
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 403
PB - Brill Academic Publishers
SN - 00219096
AB - Economic development, elite cooperation, and a lack of ethnic hostility are necessary for the advancement of women in developing countries. Clearly, the structure of government institutions has determinative power in mediating conflict, along with allowing women and ethnic groups the opportunities and benefits for political participation. Consociational democracies are excellent examples of institutions moderating ethnic tensions through accommodation and power-sharing. I address whether consociational democracy provides an environment conducive to women's political participation in developing countries. The paper examines the history and current status of women in Sri Lanka and Malaysia and notes that women in Malaysia, which uses consociational democracy, fare much better than women in Sri Lanka. The result is particularly compelling because Sri Lanka was believed to have a superior environment for development at the time of its independence than Malaysia. Differing governmental structures are believed to explain the relative success of women in Malaysia and their current difficulties in Sri Lanka. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill) is the property of Brill Academic Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - WOMEN in politics
KW - POLITICAL participation
KW - WOMEN & democracy
N1 - Accession Number: 3099481; Morris, Barbara; Source Info: Nov99, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p403; Subject Term: WOMEN in politics; Subject Term: POLITICAL participation; Subject Term: WOMEN & democracy; Number of Pages: 24p; Illustrations: 8 Charts; Document Type: Article; Full Text Word Count: 9499
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=3099481&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (12) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Morris, Barbara
T1 - The dynamics of governmental structure and the advancement of women: A comparison of Sri Lanka....
JO - Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill)
JF - Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill)
Y1 - 1999/11//
VL - 34
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 403
PB - Brill Academic Publishers
SN - 00219096
AB - Economic development, elite cooperation, and a lack of ethnic hostility are necessary for the advancement of women in developing countries. Clearly, the structure of government institutions has determinative power in mediating conflict, along with allowing women and ethnic groups the opportunities and benefits for political participation. Consociational democracies are excellent examples of institutions moderating ethnic tensions through accommodation and power-sharing. I address whether consociational democracy provides an environment conducive to women's political participation in developing countries. The paper examines the history and current status of women in Sri Lanka and Malaysia and notes that women in Malaysia, which uses consociational democracy, fare much better than women in Sri Lanka. The result is particularly compelling because Sri Lanka was believed to have a superior environment for development at the time of its independence than Malaysia. Differing governmental structures are believed to explain the relative success of women in Malaysia and their current difficulties in Sri Lanka. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Asian & African Studies (Brill) is the property of Brill Academic Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - WOMEN in politics
KW - POLITICAL participation
KW - WOMEN & democracy
N1 - Accession Number: 3099481; Morris, Barbara; Source Info: Nov99, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p403; Subject Term: WOMEN in politics; Subject Term: POLITICAL participation; Subject Term: WOMEN & democracy; Number of Pages: 24p; Illustrations: 8 Charts; Document Type: Article; Full Text Word Count: 9499
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=3099481&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: (12) Will try to fetch PDF for 'The dynamics of governmental structure and the advancement of women: A comparison of Sri Lanka....' (3099481)
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(3)(+0000168): Translate: (50) Fetching RIS from '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_60122582_AN?sid=78ca1560-8686-4998-89b5-780259f5b04d%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1' with prefs:
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Korf, Benedikt
T1 - Functions of violence revisited: greed, pride and grievance in Sri Lanka's civil war.
JO - Progress in Development Studies
JF - Progress in Development Studies
Y1 - 2006/04//
VL - 6
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 109
EP - 122
PB - Sage Publications, Ltd.
SN - 14649934
AB - This paper revisits the rationalist conceptions of warlordism in civil wars, which has amounted into the greed hypothesis as opposed to grievance. This argument states that rebels are not motivated to generate public goods – the betterment of society – but seek private gain. Violence becomes a function to generate wealth. While initial studies focused on explaining why civil war breaks out in the first instance, there is now increasing interest in modelling violence and warlordism in ongoing civil war. In this paper, I sketch out and critically discuss the rationalist approaches in this so-called greed–grievance debate and will then concentrate on one particular aspect in the broader greed–grievance literature: the modelling of warlordism in ongoing civil warfare. A contextual model is suggested to explain the dynamics of violence in the Sri Lankan ethnic conflict, which distinguishes extrinsic ('greed') and intrinsic ('pride') motivations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Progress in Development Studies is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - WARLORDISM
KW - CIVIL war
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SRI Lanka
KW - civil war
KW - greed and grievance
KW - SRI LANKA
KW - WAR ECONOMIES
N1 - Accession Number: 19918651; Korf, Benedikt 1; Affiliation: 1: Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, Roxby Building, Liverpool L69 7ZT, UK; Source Info: Apr2006, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p109; Subject Term: WARLORDISM; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SRI Lanka; Author-Supplied Keyword: civil war; Author-Supplied Keyword: greed and grievance; Author-Supplied Keyword: SRI LANKA; Author-Supplied Keyword: WAR ECONOMIES; Number of Pages: 14p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1191/1464993406ps131oa
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19918651&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000008): Translate: (15) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Korf, Benedikt
T1 - Functions of violence revisited: greed, pride and grievance in Sri Lanka's civil war.
JO - Progress in Development Studies
JF - Progress in Development Studies
Y1 - 2006/04//
VL - 6
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 109
EP - 122
PB - Sage Publications, Ltd.
SN - 14649934
AB - This paper revisits the rationalist conceptions of warlordism in civil wars, which has amounted into the greed hypothesis as opposed to grievance. This argument states that rebels are not motivated to generate public goods – the betterment of society – but seek private gain. Violence becomes a function to generate wealth. While initial studies focused on explaining why civil war breaks out in the first instance, there is now increasing interest in modelling violence and warlordism in ongoing civil war. In this paper, I sketch out and critically discuss the rationalist approaches in this so-called greed–grievance debate and will then concentrate on one particular aspect in the broader greed–grievance literature: the modelling of warlordism in ongoing civil warfare. A contextual model is suggested to explain the dynamics of violence in the Sri Lankan ethnic conflict, which distinguishes extrinsic ('greed') and intrinsic ('pride') motivations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Progress in Development Studies is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - WARLORDISM
KW - CIVIL war
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SRI Lanka
KW - civil war
KW - greed and grievance
KW - SRI LANKA
KW - WAR ECONOMIES
N1 - Accession Number: 19918651; Korf, Benedikt 1; Affiliation: 1: Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, Roxby Building, Liverpool L69 7ZT, UK; Source Info: Apr2006, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p109; Subject Term: WARLORDISM; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SRI Lanka; Author-Supplied Keyword: civil war; Author-Supplied Keyword: greed and grievance; Author-Supplied Keyword: SRI LANKA; Author-Supplied Keyword: WAR ECONOMIES; Number of Pages: 14p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1191/1464993406ps131oa
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19918651&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=5f5c30ea-7234-4435-8729-8d3df5a959fa%40sessionmgr13&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (14) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_18333964_AN?sid=dadaad95-873f-4a74-9b63-10cce14ae06f%40sessionmgr4&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Ndikumana, Léonce
T1 - Distributional conflict, the state and peace building in Burundi.
JO - Round Table
JF - Round Table
Y1 - 2005/09//
VL - 94
IS - 381
M3 - Article
SP - 413
EP - 427
PB - Routledge
SN - 00358533
AB - Burundi's successive conflicts are rooted in an unequal distribution of wealth and power which has strong ethnic and regional dimensions. It is therefore clear that, if the new Burundian leadership is serious about building peace, it must engineer institutions that uproot the legacy of discrimination and promote equal opportunities for social mobility for all ethnic groups and regions. Education is an especially important sector in this regard, and actions to decentralize secondary education, thereby improving access, and to subsidize loans for students attending public universities, could do much to reduce an important source of social exclusion and marginalization. The international community can assist demobilization and use debt relief and aid to support the reduction of inequality and the containment of sectarian tendencies on all sides. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Round Table is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - PEACEBUILDING
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - EDUCATIONAL equalization
KW - BURUNDI
KW - conflict
KW - education
KW - inequality
N1 - Accession Number: 18333964; Ndikumana, Léonce 1; Email Address: ndiku@econs.umass; Affiliation: 1: Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA; Source Info: Sep2005, Vol. 94 Issue 381, p413; Subject Term: PEACEBUILDING; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: EDUCATIONAL equalization; Subject Term: BURUNDI; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: education; Author-Supplied Keyword: inequality; Number of Pages: 15p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/00358530500243526
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=18333964&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (14) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Ndikumana, Léonce
T1 - Distributional conflict, the state and peace building in Burundi.
JO - Round Table
JF - Round Table
Y1 - 2005/09//
VL - 94
IS - 381
M3 - Article
SP - 413
EP - 427
PB - Routledge
SN - 00358533
AB - Burundi's successive conflicts are rooted in an unequal distribution of wealth and power which has strong ethnic and regional dimensions. It is therefore clear that, if the new Burundian leadership is serious about building peace, it must engineer institutions that uproot the legacy of discrimination and promote equal opportunities for social mobility for all ethnic groups and regions. Education is an especially important sector in this regard, and actions to decentralize secondary education, thereby improving access, and to subsidize loans for students attending public universities, could do much to reduce an important source of social exclusion and marginalization. The international community can assist demobilization and use debt relief and aid to support the reduction of inequality and the containment of sectarian tendencies on all sides. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Round Table is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - PEACEBUILDING
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - EDUCATIONAL equalization
KW - BURUNDI
KW - conflict
KW - education
KW - inequality
N1 - Accession Number: 18333964; Ndikumana, Léonce 1; Email Address: ndiku@econs.umass; Affiliation: 1: Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA; Source Info: Sep2005, Vol. 94 Issue 381, p413; Subject Term: PEACEBUILDING; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: EDUCATIONAL equalization; Subject Term: BURUNDI; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: education; Author-Supplied Keyword: inequality; Number of Pages: 15p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/00358530500243526
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=18333964&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000000): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (14) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Distributional conflict, the state and peace building in Burundi' (18333964)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=dadaad95-873f-4a74-9b63-10cce14ae06f%40sessionmgr4&vid=1
(3)(+0000016): Translate: (16) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_51743775_AN?sid=f6e06774-fab1-497c-92fa-4f179ef6b502%40sessionmgr4&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Hallward, Maia
T1 - International relations scholarship, academic institutions and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
JO - Cambridge Review of International Affairs
JF - Cambridge Review of International Affairs
Y1 - 2010/06//
VL - 23
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 259
EP - 280
PB - Routledge
SN - 09557571
AB - This paper explores the role of academic scholarship and practice in constituting, aggravating, and resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The first section of the paper examines how scholarly discourse and methods of analysis contribute to shaping (mis)understandings of on-the-ground conflict dynamics. To demonstrate this point, the paper first overviews conventional social science methods used in mainstream international relations (IR) scholarship that tend to reify, freeze and homogenize 'the conflict' as well as conflict parties and then uses a different scholarly approach—namely a processual, peace-studies-oriented methodology—that provides a very different 'picture' of the conflict, its parties and appropriate strategies of engagement in the pursuit of peace. The second section of the paper uses three brief case studies to demonstrate how Israeli and Palestinian academics help constitute 'the conflict' and its parties not only through their scholarship but also through their 'practice'. These examples also show the importance of re-evaluating analytical models to include contextual dynamics such as time, place and sources of available power as well as to recognize the diversity of Palestinian and Israeli views regarding the sources of—and best approaches for addressing—'the conflict'. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Cambridge Review of International Affairs is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ARAB-Israeli conflict
KW - RESEARCH -- Methodology
KW - RESEARCH methodology evaluation
KW - SOCIAL sciences -- Methodology
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations -- Research
KW - CONFLICT management
N1 - Accession Number: 51743775; Hallward, Maia 1; Affiliation: 1: Kennesaw State University,; Source Info: Jun2010, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p259; Subject Term: ARAB-Israeli conflict; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Methodology; Subject Term: RESEARCH methodology evaluation; Subject Term: SOCIAL sciences -- Methodology; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations -- Research; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Number of Pages: 22p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/09557571003736236
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=51743775&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (16) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Hallward, Maia
T1 - International relations scholarship, academic institutions and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
JO - Cambridge Review of International Affairs
JF - Cambridge Review of International Affairs
Y1 - 2010/06//
VL - 23
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 259
EP - 280
PB - Routledge
SN - 09557571
AB - This paper explores the role of academic scholarship and practice in constituting, aggravating, and resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The first section of the paper examines how scholarly discourse and methods of analysis contribute to shaping (mis)understandings of on-the-ground conflict dynamics. To demonstrate this point, the paper first overviews conventional social science methods used in mainstream international relations (IR) scholarship that tend to reify, freeze and homogenize 'the conflict' as well as conflict parties and then uses a different scholarly approach—namely a processual, peace-studies-oriented methodology—that provides a very different 'picture' of the conflict, its parties and appropriate strategies of engagement in the pursuit of peace. The second section of the paper uses three brief case studies to demonstrate how Israeli and Palestinian academics help constitute 'the conflict' and its parties not only through their scholarship but also through their 'practice'. These examples also show the importance of re-evaluating analytical models to include contextual dynamics such as time, place and sources of available power as well as to recognize the diversity of Palestinian and Israeli views regarding the sources of—and best approaches for addressing—'the conflict'. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Cambridge Review of International Affairs is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ARAB-Israeli conflict
KW - RESEARCH -- Methodology
KW - RESEARCH methodology evaluation
KW - SOCIAL sciences -- Methodology
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations -- Research
KW - CONFLICT management
N1 - Accession Number: 51743775; Hallward, Maia 1; Affiliation: 1: Kennesaw State University,; Source Info: Jun2010, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p259; Subject Term: ARAB-Israeli conflict; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Methodology; Subject Term: RESEARCH methodology evaluation; Subject Term: SOCIAL sciences -- Methodology; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations -- Research; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Number of Pages: 22p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/09557571003736236
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=f6e06774-fab1-497c-92fa-4f179ef6b502%40sessionmgr4&vid=1
(3)(+0000004): Translate: (21) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_12609201_AN?sid=b3aa41fa-3575-4886-bec7-5e214ae74e02%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Lloyd, Robert B.
T1 - Conflict Resolution or Transformation? An Analysis of the South African and Mozambican Political Settlements.
JO - International Negotiation
JF - International Negotiation
Y1 - 2001/09//
VL - 6
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 303
EP - 329
SN - 1382340X
AB - How much conflict must be resolved for a political settlement and its implementation to be successful? This article argues that a political settlement must satisfy the combatants' expectations regarding the resolution of the causes of the conflict. How deeply do these causes need to be resolved for the parties to be satisfied? To answer this question two concepts are introduced: the immediate and underlying causes of a conflict. Immediate causes (grievances) are specific, concrete policies that provoke some subset of a state's population to rebel against the government. Underlying causes are diverging interests that led to the introduction of these policies that caused the grievances. This article examines the political settlements in South Africa and Mozambique that terminated armed hostilities, overcame the conflict, and opened the door to normal politics. The research indicates that in both cases the political settlement satisfactorily resolved the immediate causes of the conflict. There was greater dissatisfaction in South Africa because the political settlement did not resolve the underlying causes of the conflict. A major reason for this dissatisfaction was that although the electoral outcome gave the ANC strong popular support, the political settlement limited its ability to grapple with root causes. In Mozambique, fears of reigniting another protracted armed confrontation and the close electoral outcome dissuaded either side from addressing the underlying causes of the conflict. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Negotiation is the property of Martinus Nijhoff and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - POLITICAL science
KW - NEGOTIATION
KW - INTERNATIONAL mediation
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - DISPUTE resolution (Law)
KW - SOUTH Africa
KW - MOZAMBIQUE
KW - conflict resolution
KW - conflict transformation
KW - expectations
KW - grievances
KW - immediate causes
KW - root causes
KW - satisfaction
N1 - Accession Number: 12609201; Lloyd, Robert B. 1; Email Address: rlloyd@pepperdine.edu; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor, Center for International Studies and Languages, Pepperdine University, 24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA 90263 USA; Source Info: 2001, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p303; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Subject Term: NEGOTIATION; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL mediation; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: DISPUTE resolution (Law); Subject Term: SOUTH Africa; Subject Term: MOZAMBIQUE; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict resolution; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict transformation; Author-Supplied Keyword: expectations; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievances; Author-Supplied Keyword: immediate causes; Author-Supplied Keyword: root causes; Author-Supplied Keyword: satisfaction; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 27p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1163/15718060120849134
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12609201&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (21) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Lloyd, Robert B.
T1 - Conflict Resolution or Transformation? An Analysis of the South African and Mozambican Political Settlements.
JO - International Negotiation
JF - International Negotiation
Y1 - 2001/09//
VL - 6
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 303
EP - 329
SN - 1382340X
AB - How much conflict must be resolved for a political settlement and its implementation to be successful? This article argues that a political settlement must satisfy the combatants' expectations regarding the resolution of the causes of the conflict. How deeply do these causes need to be resolved for the parties to be satisfied? To answer this question two concepts are introduced: the immediate and underlying causes of a conflict. Immediate causes (grievances) are specific, concrete policies that provoke some subset of a state's population to rebel against the government. Underlying causes are diverging interests that led to the introduction of these policies that caused the grievances. This article examines the political settlements in South Africa and Mozambique that terminated armed hostilities, overcame the conflict, and opened the door to normal politics. The research indicates that in both cases the political settlement satisfactorily resolved the immediate causes of the conflict. There was greater dissatisfaction in South Africa because the political settlement did not resolve the underlying causes of the conflict. A major reason for this dissatisfaction was that although the electoral outcome gave the ANC strong popular support, the political settlement limited its ability to grapple with root causes. In Mozambique, fears of reigniting another protracted armed confrontation and the close electoral outcome dissuaded either side from addressing the underlying causes of the conflict. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of International Negotiation is the property of Martinus Nijhoff and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - POLITICAL science
KW - NEGOTIATION
KW - INTERNATIONAL mediation
KW - INTERNATIONAL relations
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - DISPUTE resolution (Law)
KW - SOUTH Africa
KW - MOZAMBIQUE
KW - conflict resolution
KW - conflict transformation
KW - expectations
KW - grievances
KW - immediate causes
KW - root causes
KW - satisfaction
N1 - Accession Number: 12609201; Lloyd, Robert B. 1; Email Address: rlloyd@pepperdine.edu; Affiliation: 1: Assistant Professor, Center for International Studies and Languages, Pepperdine University, 24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA 90263 USA; Source Info: 2001, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p303; Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Subject Term: NEGOTIATION; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL mediation; Subject Term: INTERNATIONAL relations; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: DISPUTE resolution (Law); Subject Term: SOUTH Africa; Subject Term: MOZAMBIQUE; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict resolution; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict transformation; Author-Supplied Keyword: expectations; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievances; Author-Supplied Keyword: immediate causes; Author-Supplied Keyword: root causes; Author-Supplied Keyword: satisfaction; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 27p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1163/15718060120849134
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12609201&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=b3aa41fa-3575-4886-bec7-5e214ae74e02%40sessionmgr14&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (18) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_42532880_AN?sid=94ec585e-b432-4596-b1b3-0bde6d69082d%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Jakobsen, Tor G.
AU - De Soysa, Indra
T1 - Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death! State Repression, Ethnic Grievance and Civil War, 1981-2004.
JO - Civil Wars
JF - Civil Wars
Y1 - 2009/06//
VL - 11
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 137
EP - 157
PB - Routledge
SN - 13698249
AB - Recent research on the causes of civil war seeks to identify whether group grievances, or opportunity for organisation, motivates rebellion. Similarly, scholars debate whether ethnicity matters in civil war due to group grievances or the opportunity to mobilise. We introduce the lack of empowerment rights, defined as social, political and economic empowerment directly and conditionally in models of civil war onset using novel methods and data. We find no direct effect of repression of rights on war, but higher ethnic fractionalisation increases the risk independently. Nonetheless, higher levels of repression condition the effects of ethnic fractionalisation in ways that maintain peace. State policies that dis-empower people under conditions of high fractionalisation actually reduce the chance of civil war. We do not find that high fractionalisation is only related to lower level armed conflict as some have suggested, but it seems to explain onsets of civil wars above 25 deaths but lower than 1,000 and conflict measured above 1,000 deaths for the period of study that our data allow. The conditional effects of repression and ethnic fractionalisation explain onsets at both levels of war. Our findings are generally unsupportive of the view that grievances due to lack of ethnic group rights drive civil war, but it seems that the opportunity to mobilise does.e [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Civil Wars is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CIVIL war
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - MOBILIZATION (Social action)
KW - STATE power
KW - POLITICAL persecution
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - INSURGENCY
KW - RESISTANCE to government
KW - STUDY & teaching
KW - SOCIAL aspects
N1 - Accession Number: 42532880; Jakobsen, Tor G. 1 De Soysa, Indra; Affiliation: 1: Trondheim Business School, Trondheim, Norway; Source Info: Jun2009, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p137; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: MOBILIZATION (Social action); Subject Term: STATE power; Subject Term: POLITICAL persecution; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: INSURGENCY; Subject Term: RESISTANCE to government; Subject Term: STUDY & teaching; Subject Term: SOCIAL aspects; Number of Pages: 21p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 5 Charts, 1 Graph; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/13698240802631061
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=42532880&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (18) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Jakobsen, Tor G.
AU - De Soysa, Indra
T1 - Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death! State Repression, Ethnic Grievance and Civil War, 1981-2004.
JO - Civil Wars
JF - Civil Wars
Y1 - 2009/06//
VL - 11
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 137
EP - 157
PB - Routledge
SN - 13698249
AB - Recent research on the causes of civil war seeks to identify whether group grievances, or opportunity for organisation, motivates rebellion. Similarly, scholars debate whether ethnicity matters in civil war due to group grievances or the opportunity to mobilise. We introduce the lack of empowerment rights, defined as social, political and economic empowerment directly and conditionally in models of civil war onset using novel methods and data. We find no direct effect of repression of rights on war, but higher ethnic fractionalisation increases the risk independently. Nonetheless, higher levels of repression condition the effects of ethnic fractionalisation in ways that maintain peace. State policies that dis-empower people under conditions of high fractionalisation actually reduce the chance of civil war. We do not find that high fractionalisation is only related to lower level armed conflict as some have suggested, but it seems to explain onsets of civil wars above 25 deaths but lower than 1,000 and conflict measured above 1,000 deaths for the period of study that our data allow. The conditional effects of repression and ethnic fractionalisation explain onsets at both levels of war. Our findings are generally unsupportive of the view that grievances due to lack of ethnic group rights drive civil war, but it seems that the opportunity to mobilise does.e [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Civil Wars is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CIVIL war
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - MOBILIZATION (Social action)
KW - STATE power
KW - POLITICAL persecution
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - INSURGENCY
KW - RESISTANCE to government
KW - STUDY & teaching
KW - SOCIAL aspects
N1 - Accession Number: 42532880; Jakobsen, Tor G. 1 De Soysa, Indra; Affiliation: 1: Trondheim Business School, Trondheim, Norway; Source Info: Jun2009, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p137; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: MOBILIZATION (Social action); Subject Term: STATE power; Subject Term: POLITICAL persecution; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: INSURGENCY; Subject Term: RESISTANCE to government; Subject Term: STUDY & teaching; Subject Term: SOCIAL aspects; Number of Pages: 21p; Illustrations: 1 Diagram, 5 Charts, 1 Graph; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/13698240802631061
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=42532880&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (18) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death! State Repression, Ethnic Grievance and Civil War, 1981-2004' (42532880)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=94ec585e-b432-4596-b1b3-0bde6d69082d%40sessionmgr11&vid=1
(3)(+0000004): Translate: (24) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_61593554_AN?sid=6bfef276-20a6-4473-8578-c1253c61b240%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - ten Dam, Caspar
T1 - How to Feud and Rebel: 2. Histories, Cultures and Grievances of the Chechens and Albanians.
JO - Iran & The Caucasus
JF - Iran & The Caucasus
Y1 - 2011/06//
VL - 15
IS - 1/2
M3 - Article
SP - 235
EP - 273
PB - Brill Academic Publishers
SN - 16098498
AB - This article analyses the historical roots and cultural characteristics of the Chechens and Albanians, and how they relate, in their recurrent conflicts with the Russians and Serbs, to long-term grievances, the second variable of my Brutalisation theory. In this article I also explain why the theory departs from the grievance rather than greed premise. Indeed, most of the Chechen and Albanian grievances appear to be based on real and correctly perceived, i.e. absolute deprivations. More fundamentally, given my post -constructivist proposition on the "acting-out" of norms, values and beliefs irrespective of factual or invented origins, I seek to show that martialism, (Sufiinspired) resistance, and (male) egalitarianism have helped to shape and sustain historic grievances, Islamisation (particularly among Chechens), nationalist aspirations and traditional violence-values in Chechen and Albanian societies. Finally, I describe how pre-1979 trauma's and devastations destroyed most records, buildings and symbols of their cultures and histories, as a cautionary note to my efforts to trace both the factual and mythologised foundations of their identities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Iran & The Caucasus is the property of Brill Academic Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - CHECHENS
KW - ALBANIANS
KW - RUSSIANS
KW - SERBS
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - INTERGROUP relations
KW - Chechens
KW - Egalitarianism
KW - Kosovo
KW - Martialism
KW - NORTH CAUCASUS
KW - POLITICAL ISLAM
KW - SUFI ORDERS
KW - Wahhabism
N1 - Accession Number: 61593554; ten Dam, Caspar 1; Affiliation: 1: Leiden University; Source Info: 2011, Vol. 15 Issue 1/2, p235; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: CHECHENS; Subject Term: ALBANIANS; Subject Term: RUSSIANS; Subject Term: SERBS; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: INTERGROUP relations; Author-Supplied Keyword: Chechens; Author-Supplied Keyword: Egalitarianism; Author-Supplied Keyword: Kosovo; Author-Supplied Keyword: Martialism; Author-Supplied Keyword: NORTH CAUCASUS; Author-Supplied Keyword: POLITICAL ISLAM; Author-Supplied Keyword: SUFI ORDERS; Author-Supplied Keyword: Wahhabism; Number of Pages: 39p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1163/157338411X12870596615674
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (24) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - ten Dam, Caspar
T1 - How to Feud and Rebel: 2. Histories, Cultures and Grievances of the Chechens and Albanians.
JO - Iran & The Caucasus
JF - Iran & The Caucasus
Y1 - 2011/06//
VL - 15
IS - 1/2
M3 - Article
SP - 235
EP - 273
PB - Brill Academic Publishers
SN - 16098498
AB - This article analyses the historical roots and cultural characteristics of the Chechens and Albanians, and how they relate, in their recurrent conflicts with the Russians and Serbs, to long-term grievances, the second variable of my Brutalisation theory. In this article I also explain why the theory departs from the grievance rather than greed premise. Indeed, most of the Chechen and Albanian grievances appear to be based on real and correctly perceived, i.e. absolute deprivations. More fundamentally, given my post -constructivist proposition on the "acting-out" of norms, values and beliefs irrespective of factual or invented origins, I seek to show that martialism, (Sufiinspired) resistance, and (male) egalitarianism have helped to shape and sustain historic grievances, Islamisation (particularly among Chechens), nationalist aspirations and traditional violence-values in Chechen and Albanian societies. Finally, I describe how pre-1979 trauma's and devastations destroyed most records, buildings and symbols of their cultures and histories, as a cautionary note to my efforts to trace both the factual and mythologised foundations of their identities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Iran & The Caucasus is the property of Brill Academic Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - CHECHENS
KW - ALBANIANS
KW - RUSSIANS
KW - SERBS
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - INTERGROUP relations
KW - Chechens
KW - Egalitarianism
KW - Kosovo
KW - Martialism
KW - NORTH CAUCASUS
KW - POLITICAL ISLAM
KW - SUFI ORDERS
KW - Wahhabism
N1 - Accession Number: 61593554; ten Dam, Caspar 1; Affiliation: 1: Leiden University; Source Info: 2011, Vol. 15 Issue 1/2, p235; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: CHECHENS; Subject Term: ALBANIANS; Subject Term: RUSSIANS; Subject Term: SERBS; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: INTERGROUP relations; Author-Supplied Keyword: Chechens; Author-Supplied Keyword: Egalitarianism; Author-Supplied Keyword: Kosovo; Author-Supplied Keyword: Martialism; Author-Supplied Keyword: NORTH CAUCASUS; Author-Supplied Keyword: POLITICAL ISLAM; Author-Supplied Keyword: SUFI ORDERS; Author-Supplied Keyword: Wahhabism; Number of Pages: 39p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1163/157338411X12870596615674
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=61593554&site=ehost-live
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6bfef276-20a6-4473-8578-c1253c61b240%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000003): Translate: (25) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_54452822_AN?sid=5765992f-f4b3-4da2-a1ee-7f23c2c111c4%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Finley, Simon Alexis
T1 - An identity-based understanding of intergroup conflict.
JO - Contemporary Justice Review
JF - Contemporary Justice Review
Y1 - 2010/12//
VL - 13
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 425
EP - 441
PB - Routledge
SN - 10282580
AB - As conflict has at its basis a contest of ideas, values or resources between two or more groups, a comprehensive understanding of intergroup conflict must take into account the psychological processes that make groups and group behavior meaningful. Because individuals value and internalize identities relevant to their social, geographic, economic, historical and political positions, any devaluation, loss or imposed change to one of those identities is likely to be particularly threatening. The Social Identity Approach formulates an understanding of how these identity-based motivations interact with social structures to predict intergroup conflict. Importantly, it also provides an explanation of how procedural justice mechanisms can be utilized to guide conflicting interests to common cooperative goals that can be accepted and pursued. By having representation and participation of relevant actors in the development of a shared identity, as is this case when nation states are formed or re-created, threat is reduced, legitimacy built and the basis for positive intergroup relations created. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary Justice Review is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - INTERGROUP relations
KW - INTERGROUP communication
KW - SOCIAL processes
KW - MOTIVATION (Psychology)
KW - GROUP identity
KW - conflict
KW - group membership
KW - identity
KW - legitimacy
KW - procedural justice
KW - Social Identity Approach
KW - threat
N1 - Accession Number: 54452822; Finley, Simon Alexis 1; Email Address: drsimonfinley@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; Source Info: Dec2010, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p425; Subject Term: INTERGROUP relations; Subject Term: INTERGROUP communication; Subject Term: SOCIAL processes; Subject Term: MOTIVATION (Psychology); Subject Term: GROUP identity; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: group membership; Author-Supplied Keyword: identity; Author-Supplied Keyword: legitimacy; Author-Supplied Keyword: procedural justice; Author-Supplied Keyword: Social Identity Approach; Author-Supplied Keyword: threat; Number of Pages: 17p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/10282580.2010.517977
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DP - EBSCOhost
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (25) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Finley, Simon Alexis
T1 - An identity-based understanding of intergroup conflict.
JO - Contemporary Justice Review
JF - Contemporary Justice Review
Y1 - 2010/12//
VL - 13
IS - 4
M3 - Article
SP - 425
EP - 441
PB - Routledge
SN - 10282580
AB - As conflict has at its basis a contest of ideas, values or resources between two or more groups, a comprehensive understanding of intergroup conflict must take into account the psychological processes that make groups and group behavior meaningful. Because individuals value and internalize identities relevant to their social, geographic, economic, historical and political positions, any devaluation, loss or imposed change to one of those identities is likely to be particularly threatening. The Social Identity Approach formulates an understanding of how these identity-based motivations interact with social structures to predict intergroup conflict. Importantly, it also provides an explanation of how procedural justice mechanisms can be utilized to guide conflicting interests to common cooperative goals that can be accepted and pursued. By having representation and participation of relevant actors in the development of a shared identity, as is this case when nation states are formed or re-created, threat is reduced, legitimacy built and the basis for positive intergroup relations created. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Contemporary Justice Review is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - INTERGROUP relations
KW - INTERGROUP communication
KW - SOCIAL processes
KW - MOTIVATION (Psychology)
KW - GROUP identity
KW - conflict
KW - group membership
KW - identity
KW - legitimacy
KW - procedural justice
KW - Social Identity Approach
KW - threat
N1 - Accession Number: 54452822; Finley, Simon Alexis 1; Email Address: drsimonfinley@gmail.com; Affiliation: 1: Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; Source Info: Dec2010, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p425; Subject Term: INTERGROUP relations; Subject Term: INTERGROUP communication; Subject Term: SOCIAL processes; Subject Term: MOTIVATION (Psychology); Subject Term: GROUP identity; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: group membership; Author-Supplied Keyword: identity; Author-Supplied Keyword: legitimacy; Author-Supplied Keyword: procedural justice; Author-Supplied Keyword: Social Identity Approach; Author-Supplied Keyword: threat; Number of Pages: 17p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/10282580.2010.517977
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=54452822&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
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(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=5765992f-f4b3-4da2-a1ee-7f23c2c111c4%40sessionmgr11&vid=1
(3)(+0000002): Translate: (23) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_43050977_AN?sid=586b98d0-2884-4836-9da6-7162289ad1a2%40sessionmgr13&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Broers, Laurence
T1 - 'David and Goliath' and 'Georgians in the Kremlin': a post-colonial perspective on conflict in post-Soviet Georgia.
JO - Central Asian Survey
JF - Central Asian Survey
Y1 - 2009/06//
VL - 28
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 99
EP - 118
PB - Routledge
SN - 02634937
AB - This article presents a post-colonial perspective on post-Soviet conflict in Georgia. Patterns of group classification and incorporation in the tsarist and Soviet eras are charted, to argue that Soviet Georgia was incorporated as a series of layered peripheries, differentiated not only by ethnic affiliation with titular groups, but also by the mode of incorporation into the wider political unit of which they formed part. This produced contrasting articulations of the link between language, identity and power among Georgians, Abkhazians and Ossetians, mediating conflicting reactions to the prospect of post-Soviet devolution. Finally, the nature of the post-Soviet sovereignty attained by Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia is considered. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Central Asian Survey is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - POSTCOLONIALISM
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNONATIONALISM
KW - HISTORY
KW - AUTONOMY & independence movements
KW - SOUTH Ossetia (Georgia)
KW - ABKHAZIA (Georgia)
KW - GEORGIA (Republic)
KW - RUSSIA (Federation)
KW - SOVIET Union
KW - elite incorporation
KW - ethnic conflict
KW - post-colonialism
KW - secessionism
N1 - Accession Number: 43050977; Broers, Laurence 1; Affiliation: 1: Independent Scholar, London, UK; Source Info: Jun2009, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p99; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: POSTCOLONIALISM; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNONATIONALISM; Subject Term: HISTORY; Subject Term: AUTONOMY & independence movements; Subject Term: SOUTH Ossetia (Georgia); Subject Term: ABKHAZIA (Georgia); Subject Term: GEORGIA (Republic); Subject Term: RUSSIA (Federation); Subject Term: SOVIET Union; Author-Supplied Keyword: elite incorporation; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: post-colonialism; Author-Supplied Keyword: secessionism; Number of Pages: 20p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/02634930903034096
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=43050977&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
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ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (23) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Broers, Laurence
T1 - 'David and Goliath' and 'Georgians in the Kremlin': a post-colonial perspective on conflict in post-Soviet Georgia.
JO - Central Asian Survey
JF - Central Asian Survey
Y1 - 2009/06//
VL - 28
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 99
EP - 118
PB - Routledge
SN - 02634937
AB - This article presents a post-colonial perspective on post-Soviet conflict in Georgia. Patterns of group classification and incorporation in the tsarist and Soviet eras are charted, to argue that Soviet Georgia was incorporated as a series of layered peripheries, differentiated not only by ethnic affiliation with titular groups, but also by the mode of incorporation into the wider political unit of which they formed part. This produced contrasting articulations of the link between language, identity and power among Georgians, Abkhazians and Ossetians, mediating conflicting reactions to the prospect of post-Soviet devolution. Finally, the nature of the post-Soviet sovereignty attained by Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia is considered. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Central Asian Survey is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - POSTCOLONIALISM
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - ETHNONATIONALISM
KW - HISTORY
KW - AUTONOMY & independence movements
KW - SOUTH Ossetia (Georgia)
KW - ABKHAZIA (Georgia)
KW - GEORGIA (Republic)
KW - RUSSIA (Federation)
KW - SOVIET Union
KW - elite incorporation
KW - ethnic conflict
KW - post-colonialism
KW - secessionism
N1 - Accession Number: 43050977; Broers, Laurence 1; Affiliation: 1: Independent Scholar, London, UK; Source Info: Jun2009, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p99; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: POSTCOLONIALISM; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: ETHNONATIONALISM; Subject Term: HISTORY; Subject Term: AUTONOMY & independence movements; Subject Term: SOUTH Ossetia (Georgia); Subject Term: ABKHAZIA (Georgia); Subject Term: GEORGIA (Republic); Subject Term: RUSSIA (Federation); Subject Term: SOVIET Union; Author-Supplied Keyword: elite incorporation; Author-Supplied Keyword: ethnic conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: post-colonialism; Author-Supplied Keyword: secessionism; Number of Pages: 20p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/02634930903034096
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=43050977&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: (23) Will try to fetch PDF for ''David and Goliath' and 'Georgians in the Kremlin': a post-colonial perspective on conflict in post-Soviet Georgia' (43050977)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=586b98d0-2884-4836-9da6-7162289ad1a2%40sessionmgr13&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (22) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_24219650_AN?sid=799d587e-de75-431a-bb83-78c77070a74e%40sessionmgr13&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000001): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Keen, David
AU - Lee, Vivian
T1 - Conflict, trade and the medium-term future of food security in Sudan.
JO - Disasters
JF - Disasters
Y1 - 2007/03/02/Mar2007 Supplement
VL - 31
M3 - Article
SP - 9
EP - 24
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 03613666
AB - Recent economic growth and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) have both been seen as grounds for optimism about the future of food security in Sudan. However, solving the North- South conflict (if indeed it is solved) does not resolve conflicts within either the North or the South and may even encourage a variety of conflicts. The classic neoliberal prescription of peace, growth and foreign investment may deepen (and obscure) the needs and grievances of those who have historically been left behind in a dysfunctional development process. Historically, some of those marginalised by patterns of development in Sudan have chosen to rebel, while others have had their grievances diverted against those even more marginal than themselves. Dysfunctional and violent processes of development must be reversed. They cannot be adequately compensated for-but may be legitimised-by attempts to use food aid as a ‘safety net’. Meanwhile, those who benefited from war may have incentives to derail the peace. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Disasters is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - FOOD
KW - BUSINESS
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - CONFLICT of interests
KW - PEACE treaties
KW - FOREIGN investments
KW - FOOD relief
KW - PEACE
KW - SUDAN
KW - agriculture
KW - conflict
KW - food security
KW - greed
KW - grievance
KW - oil
KW - peace
KW - Sudan
KW - war
N1 - Accession Number: 24219650; Keen, David 1; Email Address: d.keen@lse.ac.uk Lee, Vivian 2; Email Address: vsjlee@yahoo.com; Affiliation: 1: Reader in Complex Emergencies, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), UK 2: Independent Consultant, UK; Source Info: Mar2007 Supplement, Vol. 31, p9; Subject Term: FOOD; Subject Term: BUSINESS; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: CONFLICT of interests; Subject Term: PEACE treaties; Subject Term: FOREIGN investments; Subject Term: FOOD relief; Subject Term: PEACE; Subject Term: SUDAN; Author-Supplied Keyword: agriculture; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: food security; Author-Supplied Keyword: greed; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievance; Author-Supplied Keyword: oil; Author-Supplied Keyword: peace; Author-Supplied Keyword: Sudan; Author-Supplied Keyword: war; NAICS/Industry Codes: 624210 Community Food Services; NAICS/Industry Codes: 522293 International Trade Financing; Number of Pages: 16p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.00346.x
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (22) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Keen, David
AU - Lee, Vivian
T1 - Conflict, trade and the medium-term future of food security in Sudan.
JO - Disasters
JF - Disasters
Y1 - 2007/03/02/Mar2007 Supplement
VL - 31
M3 - Article
SP - 9
EP - 24
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 03613666
AB - Recent economic growth and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) have both been seen as grounds for optimism about the future of food security in Sudan. However, solving the North- South conflict (if indeed it is solved) does not resolve conflicts within either the North or the South and may even encourage a variety of conflicts. The classic neoliberal prescription of peace, growth and foreign investment may deepen (and obscure) the needs and grievances of those who have historically been left behind in a dysfunctional development process. Historically, some of those marginalised by patterns of development in Sudan have chosen to rebel, while others have had their grievances diverted against those even more marginal than themselves. Dysfunctional and violent processes of development must be reversed. They cannot be adequately compensated for-but may be legitimised-by attempts to use food aid as a ‘safety net’. Meanwhile, those who benefited from war may have incentives to derail the peace. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Disasters is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - FOOD
KW - BUSINESS
KW - ECONOMIC development
KW - CONFLICT of interests
KW - PEACE treaties
KW - FOREIGN investments
KW - FOOD relief
KW - PEACE
KW - SUDAN
KW - agriculture
KW - conflict
KW - food security
KW - greed
KW - grievance
KW - oil
KW - peace
KW - Sudan
KW - war
N1 - Accession Number: 24219650; Keen, David 1; Email Address: d.keen@lse.ac.uk Lee, Vivian 2; Email Address: vsjlee@yahoo.com; Affiliation: 1: Reader in Complex Emergencies, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), UK 2: Independent Consultant, UK; Source Info: Mar2007 Supplement, Vol. 31, p9; Subject Term: FOOD; Subject Term: BUSINESS; Subject Term: ECONOMIC development; Subject Term: CONFLICT of interests; Subject Term: PEACE treaties; Subject Term: FOREIGN investments; Subject Term: FOOD relief; Subject Term: PEACE; Subject Term: SUDAN; Author-Supplied Keyword: agriculture; Author-Supplied Keyword: conflict; Author-Supplied Keyword: food security; Author-Supplied Keyword: greed; Author-Supplied Keyword: grievance; Author-Supplied Keyword: oil; Author-Supplied Keyword: peace; Author-Supplied Keyword: Sudan; Author-Supplied Keyword: war; NAICS/Industry Codes: 624210 Community Food Services; NAICS/Industry Codes: 522293 International Trade Financing; Number of Pages: 16p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2007.00346.x
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (22) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Conflict, trade and the medium-term future of food security in Sudan' (24219650)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=799d587e-de75-431a-bb83-78c77070a74e%40sessionmgr13&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (17) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_51284063_AN?sid=17d03cda-779d-4d92-98e1-b38ffcd2bdc9%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Papagianni, Katia
T1 - Mediation, Political Engagement, and Peacebuilding.
JO - Global Governance
JF - Global Governance
Y1 - 2010/04//Apr-Jun2010
VL - 16
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 243
EP - 263
PB - Lynne Rienner Publishers
SN - 10752846
AB - This article argues that mediation and political engagement by third parties can contribute to peacebuilding by strengthening the political processes in countries exiting civil conflict. Third-party engagement can create the political space within which long-term reconstruction, development, and reconciliation issues can be discussed among national actors. Given that peace agreements are frequently mere cease-fires representing short-term deals among elites, mediation and political engagement can assist the transformation of these deals into long-term commitments and inclusive national politics. Specifically, mediation can contribute to peacebuilding in three ways. First, mediators contribute to peacebuilding by working toward peace agreements that serve as frameworks for the opening up of the political process as opposed to agreements that lock in detailed, long-term governance models and concentrate power in the hands of the wartime elites. Second, in the period immediately following the signing of peace agreements, mediation helps parties adhere to the agreements and settle any remaining issues. Third, mediation contributes to making transitional governments workable and, as much as possible, ensures that they gradually lead to more inclusive political processes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Global Governance is the property of Lynne Rienner Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - MEDIATION
KW - CONSTRUCTIVE engagement (Public policy)
KW - PEACEBUILDING
KW - PEACE treaties
KW - POSTWAR reconstruction
KW - CIVIL war
KW - PEACEFUL change (International relations)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - mediation
KW - peace agreement
KW - peacebuilding
KW - political process
KW - transitional governments
N1 - Accession Number: 51284063; Papagianni, Katia; Source Info: Apr-Jun2010, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p243; Subject Term: MEDIATION; Subject Term: CONSTRUCTIVE engagement (Public policy); Subject Term: PEACEBUILDING; Subject Term: PEACE treaties; Subject Term: POSTWAR reconstruction; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: PEACEFUL change (International relations); Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Author-Supplied Keyword: mediation; Author-Supplied Keyword: peace agreement; Author-Supplied Keyword: peacebuilding; Author-Supplied Keyword: political process; Author-Supplied Keyword: transitional governments; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541990 All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; Number of Pages: 21p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (17) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Papagianni, Katia
T1 - Mediation, Political Engagement, and Peacebuilding.
JO - Global Governance
JF - Global Governance
Y1 - 2010/04//Apr-Jun2010
VL - 16
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 243
EP - 263
PB - Lynne Rienner Publishers
SN - 10752846
AB - This article argues that mediation and political engagement by third parties can contribute to peacebuilding by strengthening the political processes in countries exiting civil conflict. Third-party engagement can create the political space within which long-term reconstruction, development, and reconciliation issues can be discussed among national actors. Given that peace agreements are frequently mere cease-fires representing short-term deals among elites, mediation and political engagement can assist the transformation of these deals into long-term commitments and inclusive national politics. Specifically, mediation can contribute to peacebuilding in three ways. First, mediators contribute to peacebuilding by working toward peace agreements that serve as frameworks for the opening up of the political process as opposed to agreements that lock in detailed, long-term governance models and concentrate power in the hands of the wartime elites. Second, in the period immediately following the signing of peace agreements, mediation helps parties adhere to the agreements and settle any remaining issues. Third, mediation contributes to making transitional governments workable and, as much as possible, ensures that they gradually lead to more inclusive political processes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Global Governance is the property of Lynne Rienner Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - MEDIATION
KW - CONSTRUCTIVE engagement (Public policy)
KW - PEACEBUILDING
KW - PEACE treaties
KW - POSTWAR reconstruction
KW - CIVIL war
KW - PEACEFUL change (International relations)
KW - CONFLICT management
KW - mediation
KW - peace agreement
KW - peacebuilding
KW - political process
KW - transitional governments
N1 - Accession Number: 51284063; Papagianni, Katia; Source Info: Apr-Jun2010, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p243; Subject Term: MEDIATION; Subject Term: CONSTRUCTIVE engagement (Public policy); Subject Term: PEACEBUILDING; Subject Term: PEACE treaties; Subject Term: POSTWAR reconstruction; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: PEACEFUL change (International relations); Subject Term: CONFLICT management; Author-Supplied Keyword: mediation; Author-Supplied Keyword: peace agreement; Author-Supplied Keyword: peacebuilding; Author-Supplied Keyword: political process; Author-Supplied Keyword: transitional governments; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541990 All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; Number of Pages: 21p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (17) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Mediation, Political Engagement, and Peacebuilding' (51284063)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=17d03cda-779d-4d92-98e1-b38ffcd2bdc9%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (19) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_46815700_AN?sid=1d90574a-b640-42f0-9dd8-9181bc5769e1%40sessionmgr4&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Shihade, Magid
T1 - Sectarianism as a Modern Mobile Global Structure.
JO - Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences
JF - Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences
Y1 - 2009/05//
VL - 1
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 107
EP - 135
PB - Guild of Independent Scholars
SN - 19441088
AB - Using a case study of Arabs in Israel as a starting point, this article focuses on the phenomenon of communal and ethnic violence. Through a discussion of different theoretical perspectives on ethnic conflict in the context of the case study in Israel as well as conflicts around the world, the article suggests that there is often a confusion of symptoms and secondary factors with the core causes of ethnic conflicts and communal violence. The article discusses how western centric assumptions might have shaped theorizing on the issue of communal conflict, and proposes an alternative theory that views these conflicts as a modern global structure. Going beyond commonly used explanations such as economic, cultural, or instrumentalist factors, the article argues that the phenomenon is a deeply structural one that is linked to nationalism, the nation-state, and by extension to the European colonial outlook and to modernity. The colonialist perspective was built on the racist assumption that the answer for modern political problems is to be found in the nationstate and its structures of organizing, categorizing, including, and excluding groups. This structure that organizes contemporary life around the world informs the acts of racism and violence against those who are seen as not belonging to a particular nation or the group. Previously colonized groups are trapped within this structure that is not of their own making. Similarly the colonizers are also trapped in the mindset that informed, and still informs, their outlook on the organization of modern politics. In conclusion, the article that work in the field of communal violence needs to pay greater attention to this structural thesis, and move away from limited approaches that often confuse the causes with symptoms. This will help deepen our understanding of what is happening in contexts such as Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq, Rwanda, and India, where colonization lingers or decolonized states are still plagued by the structural ramifications of colonial legacies. This structural thesis can also help understand questions of race and citizenship, in relation to the politics of exclusion and violence, as they are shaped by the framework of citizenship rights in countries such as the U.S., France, or elsewhere. The article calls for a possible solution in countries that are still fighting the after-effects of colonization, by engaging in a dialogue on a possible future polity that could potentially avoid the pitfalls of the nation-state: its narrow-minded nationalism and the inequalities of restrictive citizenship rights. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences is the property of Guild of Independent Scholars and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - SECTARIANISM
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - PERSPECTIVE (Philosophy)
KW - RACISM
KW - CULTURE
KW - ARAB-Israeli conflict
KW - NATION-state
KW - ISRAEL
N1 - Accession Number: 46815700; Shihade, Magid 1; Affiliation: 1: University of California, Davis; Source Info: May2009, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p107; Subject Term: SECTARIANISM; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: PERSPECTIVE (Philosophy); Subject Term: RACISM; Subject Term: CULTURE; Subject Term: ARAB-Israeli conflict; Subject Term: NATION-state; Subject Term: ISRAEL; Number of Pages: 29p; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=46815700&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (19) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Shihade, Magid
T1 - Sectarianism as a Modern Mobile Global Structure.
JO - Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences
JF - Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences
Y1 - 2009/05//
VL - 1
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 107
EP - 135
PB - Guild of Independent Scholars
SN - 19441088
AB - Using a case study of Arabs in Israel as a starting point, this article focuses on the phenomenon of communal and ethnic violence. Through a discussion of different theoretical perspectives on ethnic conflict in the context of the case study in Israel as well as conflicts around the world, the article suggests that there is often a confusion of symptoms and secondary factors with the core causes of ethnic conflicts and communal violence. The article discusses how western centric assumptions might have shaped theorizing on the issue of communal conflict, and proposes an alternative theory that views these conflicts as a modern global structure. Going beyond commonly used explanations such as economic, cultural, or instrumentalist factors, the article argues that the phenomenon is a deeply structural one that is linked to nationalism, the nation-state, and by extension to the European colonial outlook and to modernity. The colonialist perspective was built on the racist assumption that the answer for modern political problems is to be found in the nationstate and its structures of organizing, categorizing, including, and excluding groups. This structure that organizes contemporary life around the world informs the acts of racism and violence against those who are seen as not belonging to a particular nation or the group. Previously colonized groups are trapped within this structure that is not of their own making. Similarly the colonizers are also trapped in the mindset that informed, and still informs, their outlook on the organization of modern politics. In conclusion, the article that work in the field of communal violence needs to pay greater attention to this structural thesis, and move away from limited approaches that often confuse the causes with symptoms. This will help deepen our understanding of what is happening in contexts such as Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq, Rwanda, and India, where colonization lingers or decolonized states are still plagued by the structural ramifications of colonial legacies. This structural thesis can also help understand questions of race and citizenship, in relation to the politics of exclusion and violence, as they are shaped by the framework of citizenship rights in countries such as the U.S., France, or elsewhere. The article calls for a possible solution in countries that are still fighting the after-effects of colonization, by engaging in a dialogue on a possible future polity that could potentially avoid the pitfalls of the nation-state: its narrow-minded nationalism and the inequalities of restrictive citizenship rights. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences is the property of Guild of Independent Scholars and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - SECTARIANISM
KW - VIOLENCE
KW - ETHNIC conflict
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - PERSPECTIVE (Philosophy)
KW - RACISM
KW - CULTURE
KW - ARAB-Israeli conflict
KW - NATION-state
KW - ISRAEL
N1 - Accession Number: 46815700; Shihade, Magid 1; Affiliation: 1: University of California, Davis; Source Info: May2009, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p107; Subject Term: SECTARIANISM; Subject Term: VIOLENCE; Subject Term: ETHNIC conflict; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: PERSPECTIVE (Philosophy); Subject Term: RACISM; Subject Term: CULTURE; Subject Term: ARAB-Israeli conflict; Subject Term: NATION-state; Subject Term: ISRAEL; Number of Pages: 29p; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=46815700&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000000): Translate: (19) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Sectarianism as a Modern Mobile Global Structure' (46815700)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=1d90574a-b640-42f0-9dd8-9181bc5769e1%40sessionmgr4&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (20) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_75499833_AN?sid=fd199d1c-b0e4-4878-abbb-9c97d9ff76a1%40sessionmgr4&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - O., Oteh Chukuwemaka
AU - R. C., Eze.
T1 - Ethnic-Religious Conflicts and the Travails of National Integration in Nigeria's Fourth Republic.
T2 - CONFLITS ETHNIQUES ET RELIGIEUX ET LES DIFFICULTÉS DE L'INTÉGRATION NATIONALE DANS LA 4ÈME RÉPUBLIQUE DU NIGERIA.
JO - Canadian Social Science
JF - Canadian Social Science
Y1 - 2012/04/30/
VL - 8
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 79
EP - 85
PB - Canadian Academy of Oriental & Occidental Culture
SN - 17128056
AB - Any attempt to understand the development of the Nigerian State cannot escape a study of ethnicity and religion as some of the main challenges to the development of democracy, nation building and national integration. The nature and composition of the State is very important and central to the nature of the relationship that exists within it. If it is an unstable, hegemonic and illegitimate contraption, there is often the tendency of instability and chaos arising from the unhealthy rivalry that will always be built up within it. On the other hand, if it evolved on the platform of consensus and fair play, there is the tendency for it to have a serene domestic politics. The Nigerian situation is such that boycotted the due course of legitimization at formation and this posits serious consequences for its stability at the present moment. This posture is compounded by the intense use of State authority to cover up this malaise, which has in the final analysis impacted on the various segments of society, creating the psychological basis for arbitrariness of citizens and tendency to affront the dignity and rights of fellow citizens. The objective of this paper is to showcase the multi-ethnic and multi-religious complexity and diversity of Nigeria in a bid to establish the possible advantages and the needless domination or contradictory co-existence among groups. This paper therefore focuses on the persistent ethno-religious crises that have become a clog in the attempt at nationhood despite democratization, in a view to demystify its causes and proffer solutions. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - L'étude sur l'ethnicité et la religion, une des principaux défis en développement de démocratie, édification d'une nation et intégration nationale, est incontournable dans toute compréhension du développement de l'État nigérien. La nature et la composition de cet État est très important et central par rapport à la nature des relations en son sein. Si on le voit comme quelque chose d'instable, dominateur et illégitime, il y a souvent une tendance d'instabilité et de chaos résultant de la rivalité malsaine qui pourra toujours être développé là-dedans. D'un autre côté, s'il évolue dans une circonstance de consensus et de fair-play, il aura plus de chance d'obtenir une politique domestique sereine. La situation au Nigeria entrave le bon déroulement de la légitimation primitive. Cela pose des conséquences graves pour sa stabilité actuelle. Cette situation est composée de l'emploi abusif de l'autorité de l'État pour camoufler ce malaise. En fin de compte, cela impacte de nombreuses parties de la société en créant, pour les citoyens, le fondement psychologique de l'arbitraire et la tendance à affronter la dignité et les droits. Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en valeur la complexité et la diversité multiethnique et multi-religieuse au Nigéria dans le but d'établir les avantages possibles et l'inutilité de domination ou la coexistence contradictoire parmi des groupes. Cet article concentre sur les crises ethno-religieuses tenaces qui empêchent la création d'une nation indépendante malgré la démocratisation. Les efforts sont faits pour démystifi er les causes et proposer les solutions. (French) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Canadian Social Science is the property of Canadian Academy of Oriental & Occidental Culture and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNICITY
KW - RELIGION
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - NATION building
KW - NATIONAL unification
KW - POLITICAL science
KW - NIGERIA
KW - Ethnic-religious conflicts
KW - Ethno-religious crises
KW - Nigeria
KW - Conflits ethniques et religieux
KW - Crises ethno-religieuses
KW - Nigéria
N1 - Accession Number: 75499833; O., Oteh Chukuwemaka 1 R. C., Eze. 1; Affiliation: 1: Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria; Source Info: 2012, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p79; Subject Term: ETHNICITY; Subject Term: RELIGION; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Subject Term: NATION building; Subject Term: NATIONAL unification; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Subject Term: NIGERIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethnic-religious conflicts; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethno-religious crises; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nigeria; Author-Supplied Keyword: Conflits ethniques et religieux; Author-Supplied Keyword: Crises ethno-religieuses; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nigéria; Language of Keywords: English; Language of Keywords: French; Number of Pages: 7p; Illustrations: 1 Chart; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120802.2220
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=75499833&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (20) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - O., Oteh Chukuwemaka
AU - R. C., Eze.
T1 - Ethnic-Religious Conflicts and the Travails of National Integration in Nigeria's Fourth Republic.
T2 - CONFLITS ETHNIQUES ET RELIGIEUX ET LES DIFFICULTÉS DE L'INTÉGRATION NATIONALE DANS LA 4ÈME RÉPUBLIQUE DU NIGERIA.
JO - Canadian Social Science
JF - Canadian Social Science
Y1 - 2012/04/30/
VL - 8
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 79
EP - 85
PB - Canadian Academy of Oriental & Occidental Culture
SN - 17128056
AB - Any attempt to understand the development of the Nigerian State cannot escape a study of ethnicity and religion as some of the main challenges to the development of democracy, nation building and national integration. The nature and composition of the State is very important and central to the nature of the relationship that exists within it. If it is an unstable, hegemonic and illegitimate contraption, there is often the tendency of instability and chaos arising from the unhealthy rivalry that will always be built up within it. On the other hand, if it evolved on the platform of consensus and fair play, there is the tendency for it to have a serene domestic politics. The Nigerian situation is such that boycotted the due course of legitimization at formation and this posits serious consequences for its stability at the present moment. This posture is compounded by the intense use of State authority to cover up this malaise, which has in the final analysis impacted on the various segments of society, creating the psychological basis for arbitrariness of citizens and tendency to affront the dignity and rights of fellow citizens. The objective of this paper is to showcase the multi-ethnic and multi-religious complexity and diversity of Nigeria in a bid to establish the possible advantages and the needless domination or contradictory co-existence among groups. This paper therefore focuses on the persistent ethno-religious crises that have become a clog in the attempt at nationhood despite democratization, in a view to demystify its causes and proffer solutions. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - L'étude sur l'ethnicité et la religion, une des principaux défis en développement de démocratie, édification d'une nation et intégration nationale, est incontournable dans toute compréhension du développement de l'État nigérien. La nature et la composition de cet État est très important et central par rapport à la nature des relations en son sein. Si on le voit comme quelque chose d'instable, dominateur et illégitime, il y a souvent une tendance d'instabilité et de chaos résultant de la rivalité malsaine qui pourra toujours être développé là-dedans. D'un autre côté, s'il évolue dans une circonstance de consensus et de fair-play, il aura plus de chance d'obtenir une politique domestique sereine. La situation au Nigeria entrave le bon déroulement de la légitimation primitive. Cela pose des conséquences graves pour sa stabilité actuelle. Cette situation est composée de l'emploi abusif de l'autorité de l'État pour camoufler ce malaise. En fin de compte, cela impacte de nombreuses parties de la société en créant, pour les citoyens, le fondement psychologique de l'arbitraire et la tendance à affronter la dignité et les droits. Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en valeur la complexité et la diversité multiethnique et multi-religieuse au Nigéria dans le but d'établir les avantages possibles et l'inutilité de domination ou la coexistence contradictoire parmi des groupes. Cet article concentre sur les crises ethno-religieuses tenaces qui empêchent la création d'une nation indépendante malgré la démocratisation. Les efforts sont faits pour démystifi er les causes et proposer les solutions. (French) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Canadian Social Science is the property of Canadian Academy of Oriental & Occidental Culture and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - ETHNICITY
KW - RELIGION
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - NATION building
KW - NATIONAL unification
KW - POLITICAL science
KW - NIGERIA
KW - Ethnic-religious conflicts
KW - Ethno-religious crises
KW - Nigeria
KW - Conflits ethniques et religieux
KW - Crises ethno-religieuses
KW - Nigéria
N1 - Accession Number: 75499833; O., Oteh Chukuwemaka 1 R. C., Eze. 1; Affiliation: 1: Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria; Source Info: 2012, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p79; Subject Term: ETHNICITY; Subject Term: RELIGION; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Subject Term: NATION building; Subject Term: NATIONAL unification; Subject Term: POLITICAL science; Subject Term: NIGERIA; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethnic-religious conflicts; Author-Supplied Keyword: Ethno-religious crises; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nigeria; Author-Supplied Keyword: Conflits ethniques et religieux; Author-Supplied Keyword: Crises ethno-religieuses; Author-Supplied Keyword: Nigéria; Language of Keywords: English; Language of Keywords: French; Number of Pages: 7p; Illustrations: 1 Chart; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120802.2220
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=75499833&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (20) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Ethnic-Religious Conflicts and the Travails of National Integration in Nigeria's Fourth Republic' (75499833)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=fd199d1c-b0e4-4878-abbb-9c97d9ff76a1%40sessionmgr4&vid=1
(3)(+0000003): Translate: (26) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_11691705_AN?sid=60e6afff-7dd2-43db-96e1-1fd98816dd6a%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Inequality and conflict in Fiji: From purgatory to hell?
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2003/12//
VL - 44
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 305
EP - 324
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - This article examines socio-economic inequality in Fiji and finds that, contrary to oft-repeated claims, inequality between Fiji"s major ethnic groups (inter-ethnic inequality) is less significant than inequality within each ethnic group (intra-ethnic inequality). In spite of this reality, inter-group inequality and affirmative action policies have remained central features of state policy in Fiji. This article suggests that Fiji's experience has three implications for the growing literature on the relationship between inequality and conflict. First, examining average inequality between groups can be misleading. Secondly, a key to understanding the relationship between ethnic and economic cleavages in post-colonial plural societies, such as Fiji, is in the interaction between intra-group and inter-group inequality. Thirdly, there does not seem to be a straightforward relationship between actual levels of inequality, perceptions of inequality, and the prominence given to inequality in ethno-nationalist discourse. In Fiji's case, the strategic deployment of inter-group inequality has served, and continues to serve, the material and discursive interests of some political elites. As a result, the intersection between ethnicity, inequality and political rivalry in contemporary Fiji has been the source of much conflict and, importantly, may offer a nexus on which attempts at conflict resolution should focus. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - EQUALITY
KW - SOCIOECONOMICS
KW - FIJI
N1 - Accession Number: 11691705; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: School of Geography & the Environment, University of Oxford; Source Info: Dec2003, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p305; Subject Term: EQUALITY; Subject Term: SOCIOECONOMICS; Subject Term: FIJI; Number of Pages: 20p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2003.00216.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=11691705&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (26) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan
T1 - Inequality and conflict in Fiji: From purgatory to hell?
JO - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
JF - Asia Pacific Viewpoint
Y1 - 2003/12//
VL - 44
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 305
EP - 324
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 13607456
AB - This article examines socio-economic inequality in Fiji and finds that, contrary to oft-repeated claims, inequality between Fiji"s major ethnic groups (inter-ethnic inequality) is less significant than inequality within each ethnic group (intra-ethnic inequality). In spite of this reality, inter-group inequality and affirmative action policies have remained central features of state policy in Fiji. This article suggests that Fiji's experience has three implications for the growing literature on the relationship between inequality and conflict. First, examining average inequality between groups can be misleading. Secondly, a key to understanding the relationship between ethnic and economic cleavages in post-colonial plural societies, such as Fiji, is in the interaction between intra-group and inter-group inequality. Thirdly, there does not seem to be a straightforward relationship between actual levels of inequality, perceptions of inequality, and the prominence given to inequality in ethno-nationalist discourse. In Fiji's case, the strategic deployment of inter-group inequality has served, and continues to serve, the material and discursive interests of some political elites. As a result, the intersection between ethnicity, inequality and political rivalry in contemporary Fiji has been the source of much conflict and, importantly, may offer a nexus on which attempts at conflict resolution should focus. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Asia Pacific Viewpoint is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - EQUALITY
KW - SOCIOECONOMICS
KW - FIJI
N1 - Accession Number: 11691705; Sriskandarajah, Dhananjayan 1; Email Address: danny.sriskandarajah@magd.ox.ac.uk; Affiliation: 1: School of Geography & the Environment, University of Oxford; Source Info: Dec2003, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p305; Subject Term: EQUALITY; Subject Term: SOCIOECONOMICS; Subject Term: FIJI; Number of Pages: 20p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1467-8373.2003.00216.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=11691705&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (26) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Inequality and conflict in Fiji: From purgatory to hell?' (11691705)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=60e6afff-7dd2-43db-96e1-1fd98816dd6a%40sessionmgr14&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (27) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_19019609_AN?sid=d3283683-4fcd-481f-a549-e591d3696a7c%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges
T1 - Challenges to state building in Africa.
JO - African Identities
JF - African Identities
Y1 - 2006/04//
VL - 4
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 71
EP - 88
PB - Routledge
SN - 14725843
AB - Recent waves of democratic transformation include the rapid extension of multi‐party democracy. This new stage of State building in Africa can be viewed from the lens of Amilcar Cabral's contributions, from theory to revolutionary practice. The author argues that the political vision of Cabral and other beacons of his generation have not been emulated since and that most Africans continue to hope for a political order which is more participatory and just. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of African Identities is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - SOCIAL problems
KW - SOCIAL policy
KW - SOCIAL history
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - ETHICAL problems
KW - SOCIAL ethics
KW - POLITICAL systems
KW - AFRICA
KW - democracy
KW - democratic transition
KW - multi‐party democracy
KW - multi-party democracy
KW - post-colonial state
KW - revolution
KW - ruling class
KW - state
KW - state, post‐colonial state
N1 - Accession Number: 19019609; Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges 1; Email Address: georges.nzongola-ntalaja@undp.org; Affiliation: 1: UNDP African Bureau, New York; Source Info: Apr2006, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p71; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Subject Term: SOCIAL problems; Subject Term: SOCIAL policy; Subject Term: SOCIAL history; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: ETHICAL problems; Subject Term: SOCIAL ethics; Subject Term: POLITICAL systems; Subject Term: AFRICA; Author-Supplied Keyword: democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: democratic transition; Author-Supplied Keyword: multi‐party democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: multi-party democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: post-colonial state; Author-Supplied Keyword: revolution; Author-Supplied Keyword: ruling class; Author-Supplied Keyword: state; Author-Supplied Keyword: state, post‐colonial state; Number of Pages: 18p; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1080/14725840500268374
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19019609&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000002): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (27) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges
T1 - Challenges to state building in Africa.
JO - African Identities
JF - African Identities
Y1 - 2006/04//
VL - 4
IS - 1
M3 - Article
SP - 71
EP - 88
PB - Routledge
SN - 14725843
AB - Recent waves of democratic transformation include the rapid extension of multi‐party democracy. This new stage of State building in Africa can be viewed from the lens of Amilcar Cabral's contributions, from theory to revolutionary practice. The author argues that the political vision of Cabral and other beacons of his generation have not been emulated since and that most Africans continue to hope for a political order which is more participatory and just. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of African Identities is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - SOCIAL problems
KW - SOCIAL policy
KW - SOCIAL history
KW - SOCIAL conflict
KW - ETHICAL problems
KW - SOCIAL ethics
KW - POLITICAL systems
KW - AFRICA
KW - democracy
KW - democratic transition
KW - multi‐party democracy
KW - multi-party democracy
KW - post-colonial state
KW - revolution
KW - ruling class
KW - state
KW - state, post‐colonial state
N1 - Accession Number: 19019609; Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges 1; Email Address: georges.nzongola-ntalaja@undp.org; Affiliation: 1: UNDP African Bureau, New York; Source Info: Apr2006, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p71; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Subject Term: SOCIAL problems; Subject Term: SOCIAL policy; Subject Term: SOCIAL history; Subject Term: SOCIAL conflict; Subject Term: ETHICAL problems; Subject Term: SOCIAL ethics; Subject Term: POLITICAL systems; Subject Term: AFRICA; Author-Supplied Keyword: democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: democratic transition; Author-Supplied Keyword: multi‐party democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: multi-party democracy; Author-Supplied Keyword: post-colonial state; Author-Supplied Keyword: revolution; Author-Supplied Keyword: ruling class; Author-Supplied Keyword: state; Author-Supplied Keyword: state, post‐colonial state; Number of Pages: 18p; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1080/14725840500268374
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19019609&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (27) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Challenges to state building in Africa' (19019609)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d3283683-4fcd-481f-a549-e591d3696a7c%40sessionmgr11&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (28) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_12353371_AN?sid=bb699525-5b83-4ab2-bd51-bdff3c96fe05%40sessionmgr13&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Fox, Jonathan
T1 - Counting the Causes and Dynamics of Ethnoreligious Violence.
JO - Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions
JF - Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions
Y1 - 2003///Winter2003
VL - 4
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 119
EP - 144
PB - Routledge
SN - 14690764
AB - This study examines the quantitative literature on religion and conflict in order to build a comprehensive model of religion and ethnic conflict. The results of this examination show that while religion is not the primary cause of ethnic conflict, it does influence ethnic conflict in multiple and complex ways. In fact, religious factors are involved in most ethnic conflicts where the groups involved belong to different religions. Also, the mere fact that the groups involved belong to different religions creates different conflict dynamics than in conflicts where the groups involved belong to the same religion. Religious factors that influence ethnic conflicts include religious discrimination, grievances over religious issues, whether religious issues are important in a conflict relative to other issues, religious institutions, religious legitimacy and demands for more religious rights and privileges. In addition religion is shown to influence the decision by governments to intervene in ethnic conflicts. Finally, while religion influences ethnic conflicts, it appears that Samuel Huntington's concept of civilisations does not. As these findings are based on quantitative studies of ethnoreligious conflict during the early 1990s, they are based not upon theoretical speculation but, rather, upon empirical evidence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - RELIGION in literature
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - RELIGION & politics
KW - RELIGION & literature
KW - DISCRIMINATION
N1 - Accession Number: 12353371; Fox, Jonathan 1; Affiliation: 1: Lecturer at the Department of Political Studies, Bar Ilan University; Source Info: Winter2003, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p119; Subject Term: RELIGION in literature; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: RELIGION & politics; Subject Term: RELIGION & literature; Subject Term: DISCRIMINATION; Number of Pages: 26p; Illustrations: 7 Diagrams; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12353371&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000006): Translate: (28) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Fox, Jonathan
T1 - Counting the Causes and Dynamics of Ethnoreligious Violence.
JO - Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions
JF - Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions
Y1 - 2003///Winter2003
VL - 4
IS - 3
M3 - Article
SP - 119
EP - 144
PB - Routledge
SN - 14690764
AB - This study examines the quantitative literature on religion and conflict in order to build a comprehensive model of religion and ethnic conflict. The results of this examination show that while religion is not the primary cause of ethnic conflict, it does influence ethnic conflict in multiple and complex ways. In fact, religious factors are involved in most ethnic conflicts where the groups involved belong to different religions. Also, the mere fact that the groups involved belong to different religions creates different conflict dynamics than in conflicts where the groups involved belong to the same religion. Religious factors that influence ethnic conflicts include religious discrimination, grievances over religious issues, whether religious issues are important in a conflict relative to other issues, religious institutions, religious legitimacy and demands for more religious rights and privileges. In addition religion is shown to influence the decision by governments to intervene in ethnic conflicts. Finally, while religion influences ethnic conflicts, it appears that Samuel Huntington's concept of civilisations does not. As these findings are based on quantitative studies of ethnoreligious conflict during the early 1990s, they are based not upon theoretical speculation but, rather, upon empirical evidence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - RELIGION in literature
KW - ETHNIC relations
KW - RELIGION & politics
KW - RELIGION & literature
KW - DISCRIMINATION
N1 - Accession Number: 12353371; Fox, Jonathan 1; Affiliation: 1: Lecturer at the Department of Political Studies, Bar Ilan University; Source Info: Winter2003, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p119; Subject Term: RELIGION in literature; Subject Term: ETHNIC relations; Subject Term: RELIGION & politics; Subject Term: RELIGION & literature; Subject Term: DISCRIMINATION; Number of Pages: 26p; Illustrations: 7 Diagrams; Document Type: Article
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12353371&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
(5)(+0000001): Translate: Running handler 0 for itemDone
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (28) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Counting the Causes and Dynamics of Ethnoreligious Violence' (12353371)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=bb699525-5b83-4ab2-bd51-bdff3c96fe05%40sessionmgr13&vid=1
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (2) PDF for Socio-economic inequality and ethno-political conflict: some observations from Sri Lanka (19593838) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=19593838&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbGWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (2) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Socio-economic inequality and ethno-political conflict: some observations from Sri Lanka' (19593838)
(3)(+0000009): Translate: (5) PDF for Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in Asia Pacific (31225225) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=31225225&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (5) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Introduction: Natural resources and ethnic conflicts in Asia Pacific' (31225225)
(3)(+0000004): Translate: (6) PDF for The politics of ethnicity and post-conflict reconstruction: The case of Northern Ghana (39982443) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=39982443&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (6) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'The politics of ethnicity and post-conflict reconstruction: The case of Northern Ghana' (39982443)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (11) PDF for Thirteen: Psychoanalysis and social and political conflicts (76590134) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=76590134&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (11) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Thirteen: Psychoanalysis and social and political conflicts' (76590134)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (9) PDF for Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict (16719707) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=16719707&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (9) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Primed for Violence: The Role of Gender Inequality in Predicting Internal Conflict' (16719707)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (10) PDF for History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict (24233307) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=24233307&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (10) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'History, Chinese Nationalism and the Emerging Sino–Japanese Conflict' (24233307)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (13) PDF for Government Repression in Ethnic Conflict: Institutional Incentives and Cultural Legacies (52217770) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=52217770&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (13) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Government Repression in Ethnic Conflict: Institutional Incentives and Cultural Legacies' (52217770)
(3)(+0000002): Translate: (8) PDF for Blood, timber, and the state in West Kalimantan, Indonesia (31225222) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=31225222&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbOWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (8) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Blood, timber, and the state in West Kalimantan, Indonesia' (31225222)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (7) PDF for Usos Y Costumbres and Postelectoral Conflicts in Oaxaca, Mexico, 1995-2004 (24729509) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=24729509&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbKWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (7) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'Usos Y Costumbres and Postelectoral Conflicts in Oaxaca, Mexico, 1995-2004' (24729509)
(3)(+0000001): Translate: (12) PDF for The dynamics of governmental structure and the advancement of women: A comparison of Sri Lanka.... (3099481) is at http://content.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=3099481&S=R&D=a9h&EbscoContent=dGJyMNHr7ESeqLE40dvuOLCmr0qeprVSsKe4TbOWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPGut1G1qLdKuePfgeyx44Dt6fIA
(3)(+0000000): Translate: (12) Done trying to fetch PDF for 'The dynamics of governmental structure and the advancement of women: A comparison of Sri Lanka....' (3099481)
(3)(+0000518): Translate: (29) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_38213464_AN?sid=b0a75478-9b61-4825-8d6c-8d234c684a79%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Loeweiz, Roydeit
T1 - Cars, Commerce, Church: Religious Conflict in Steinbach, Manitoba. 1905-1930.
JO - Journal of Mennonite Studies
JF - Journal of Mennonite Studies
Y1 - 1993/01//
VL - 11
M3 - Article
SP - 111
EP - 134
PB - University of Winnipeg
SN - 08245053
AB - The article discusses the conflicts that immigrant church face in North America. Historians note that though immigrant church adopt their new social environment and maintain their status quo as relevant institution in ethnic community, they still undergo severe test conducted in their new world. They argue that specific immigrant group tend to initiate a particular phenomena for ethnics self-consciousness which might cause religious conflict for instance the Italian piety of campanilismo of Italian Catholics. Furthermore, Russian Jews struggle to continue their Old World chanting Haftarah and Orthodox church leader fights for Ukrainian nationalism.
KW - CONFLICT of interests
KW - IMMIGRANTS
KW - CHURCH
KW - ETHNIC groups
KW - HISTORIANS
KW - JEWS, Russian
KW - SPIRITUAL life
KW - NORTH America
KW - ORTHODOX Eastern Church
KW - UKRAINIAN Orthodox Church
N1 - Accession Number: 38213464; Loeweiz, Roydeit 1; Affiliation: 1: St. Paul's College, University of Marzitoba; Source Info: 1993, Vol. 11, p111; Subject Term: CONFLICT of interests; Subject Term: IMMIGRANTS; Subject Term: CHURCH; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups; Subject Term: HISTORIANS; Subject Term: JEWS, Russian; Subject Term: SPIRITUAL life; Subject Term: NORTH America; Company/Entity: ORTHODOX Eastern Church Company/Entity: UKRAINIAN Orthodox Church; NAICS/Industry Codes: 813110 Religious Organizations; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
(4)(+0000000): Translate: Binding sandbox to http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/resultsadvanced?sid=b742f0e6-c8cd-442d-aa27-5a681bfe9b42%40sessionmgr4&vid=8&hid=14&bquery=(XX+%22conflict%22%5b100%5d+%7c+%22conflicts%22+AND+(XX+%22grievances%22%5b66%5d+%7c+%22grievance%22+OR+XX+%22identity%22%5b54%5d+%7c+%22identities%22+OR+XX+%22elite%22%5b50%5d+%7c+%22elites%22+OR+XX+%22legacies%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22legacy%22+OR+XX+%22democracy%22%5b44%5d+%7c+%22democracies%22+OR+XX+%22appropriate%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22appropriates%22+OR+XX+%22institutions%22%5b40%5d+%7c+%22institution%22+OR+XX+%22resource%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22resources%22+OR+XX+%22inequality%22%5b39%5d+%7c+%22inequalities%22+OR+XX+%22argues%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22argue%22+OR+XX+%22incentive%22%5b38%5d+%7c+%22incentives%22+OR+XX+%22groups%22%5b37%5d+%7c+%22group%22+OR+XX+%22revenue%22%5b36%5d+%7c+%22revenues%22+OR+XX+%22facilitate%22%5b35%5d+%7c+%22facilitates%22+OR+XX+%22state%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22states%22+OR+XX+%22dynamic%22%5b34%5d+%7c+%22dynamics%22+OR+XX+%22agreement%22%5b33%5d+%7c+%22agreements%22+OR+XX+%22parties%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22party%22+OR+XX+%22leaders%22%5b32%5d+%7c+%22leader%22))+AND+(TX+(causes+W3+conflict))&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZjbGkwPUZUJmNsdjA9WSZjbGkxPVJWJmNsdjE9WSZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl
(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (29) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Loeweiz, Roydeit
T1 - Cars, Commerce, Church: Religious Conflict in Steinbach, Manitoba. 1905-1930.
JO - Journal of Mennonite Studies
JF - Journal of Mennonite Studies
Y1 - 1993/01//
VL - 11
M3 - Article
SP - 111
EP - 134
PB - University of Winnipeg
SN - 08245053
AB - The article discusses the conflicts that immigrant church face in North America. Historians note that though immigrant church adopt their new social environment and maintain their status quo as relevant institution in ethnic community, they still undergo severe test conducted in their new world. They argue that specific immigrant group tend to initiate a particular phenomena for ethnics self-consciousness which might cause religious conflict for instance the Italian piety of campanilismo of Italian Catholics. Furthermore, Russian Jews struggle to continue their Old World chanting Haftarah and Orthodox church leader fights for Ukrainian nationalism.
KW - CONFLICT of interests
KW - IMMIGRANTS
KW - CHURCH
KW - ETHNIC groups
KW - HISTORIANS
KW - JEWS, Russian
KW - SPIRITUAL life
KW - NORTH America
KW - ORTHODOX Eastern Church
KW - UKRAINIAN Orthodox Church
N1 - Accession Number: 38213464; Loeweiz, Roydeit 1; Affiliation: 1: St. Paul's College, University of Marzitoba; Source Info: 1993, Vol. 11, p111; Subject Term: CONFLICT of interests; Subject Term: IMMIGRANTS; Subject Term: CHURCH; Subject Term: ETHNIC groups; Subject Term: HISTORIANS; Subject Term: JEWS, Russian; Subject Term: SPIRITUAL life; Subject Term: NORTH America; Company/Entity: ORTHODOX Eastern Church Company/Entity: UKRAINIAN Orthodox Church; NAICS/Industry Codes: 813110 Religious Organizations; Number of Pages: 24p; Document Type: Article
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DP - EBSCOhost
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: (29) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Cars, Commerce, Church: Religious Conflict in Steinbach, Manitoba. 1905-1930' (38213464)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=b0a75478-9b61-4825-8d6c-8d234c684a79%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000240): Translate: (30) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_31849026_AN?sid=227e99a7-36ef-4726-abb9-7ea36e910fc7%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000000): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Gurses, Mehmet
AU - Mason, T. David
T1 - Democracy Out of Anarchy: The Prospects for Post-Civil-War Democracy.
JO - Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited)
JF - Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited)
Y1 - 2008/06//
VL - 89
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 315
EP - 336
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 00384941
AB - Objective. This study explores the effects of civil war outcome on post-civil-war democratization. We employ an expected utility model to argue that the attributes of the civil war that lead to balanced power relations between the warring parties lead to higher levels of postconflict democracy. Methods. We estimate a series of OLS regression models with change in the level of democracy (from the prewar level to five and ten years after the conflict ended) as the dependent variable. Results. Civil wars that end in negotiated settlements are more likely to experience higher levels of democratization than civil wars that end in military victory by either side. Identity-based conflicts lead to lower levels of democratization while previous democratic experience seems to decrease post-civil-war democratization. We find no support for the argument that high war costs and U.N. peace-keeping forces produce higher levels of democracy. Conclusions. Civil war may lead to more inclusive polities if it serves to even the balance of power between contending groups in the nation. Power balance is more likely to bring about more democratic polities, especially where power sharing is formalized in a negotiated settlement. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited) is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CIVIL war
KW - DEMOCRATIZATION
KW - POWER (Social sciences)
KW - BALANCE of power
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - UNITED Nations
N1 - Accession Number: 31849026; Gurses, Mehmet 1; Email Address: gurses@fau.edu Mason, T. David 2; Affiliation: 1: Florida Atlantic University 2: University of North Texas, Emeritus; Source Info: Jun2008, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p315; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: DEMOCRATIZATION; Subject Term: POWER (Social sciences); Subject Term: BALANCE of power; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Company/Entity: UNITED Nations; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 22p; Illustrations: 3 Charts; Document Type: Article
L3 - 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2008.00534.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31849026&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000000): Translate: Creating translate instance of type import in sandbox
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(4)(+0000001): Translate: Parsing code for RIS
(3)(+0000007): Translate: (30) Calling RIS translator with:TY - JOUR
AU - Gurses, Mehmet
AU - Mason, T. David
T1 - Democracy Out of Anarchy: The Prospects for Post-Civil-War Democracy.
JO - Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited)
JF - Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited)
Y1 - 2008/06//
VL - 89
IS - 2
M3 - Article
SP - 315
EP - 336
PB - Wiley-Blackwell
SN - 00384941
AB - Objective. This study explores the effects of civil war outcome on post-civil-war democratization. We employ an expected utility model to argue that the attributes of the civil war that lead to balanced power relations between the warring parties lead to higher levels of postconflict democracy. Methods. We estimate a series of OLS regression models with change in the level of democracy (from the prewar level to five and ten years after the conflict ended) as the dependent variable. Results. Civil wars that end in negotiated settlements are more likely to experience higher levels of democratization than civil wars that end in military victory by either side. Identity-based conflicts lead to lower levels of democratization while previous democratic experience seems to decrease post-civil-war democratization. We find no support for the argument that high war costs and U.N. peace-keeping forces produce higher levels of democracy. Conclusions. Civil war may lead to more inclusive polities if it serves to even the balance of power between contending groups in the nation. Power balance is more likely to bring about more democratic polities, especially where power sharing is formalized in a negotiated settlement. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AB - Copyright of Social Science Quarterly (Blackwell Publishing Limited) is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
KW - CIVIL war
KW - DEMOCRATIZATION
KW - POWER (Social sciences)
KW - BALANCE of power
KW - DEMOCRACY
KW - UNITED Nations
N1 - Accession Number: 31849026; Gurses, Mehmet 1; Email Address: gurses@fau.edu Mason, T. David 2; Affiliation: 1: Florida Atlantic University 2: University of North Texas, Emeritus; Source Info: Jun2008, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p315; Subject Term: CIVIL war; Subject Term: DEMOCRATIZATION; Subject Term: POWER (Social sciences); Subject Term: BALANCE of power; Subject Term: DEMOCRACY; Company/Entity: UNITED Nations; NAICS/Industry Codes: 928120 International Affairs; Number of Pages: 22p; Illustrations: 3 Charts; Document Type: Article
DO - 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2008.00534.x
UR - http://library3.webster.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31849026&site=ehost-live
DP - EBSCOhost
DB - a9h
ER -
(3)(+0000001): Translate: Invalid field 'publisher' for item type 'journalArticle'.
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(3)(+0000001): Translate: (30) Will try to fetch PDF for 'Democracy Out of Anarchy: The Prospects for Post-Civil-War Democracy' (31849026)
(3)(+0000000): HTTP GET http://web.ebscohost.com.library3.webster.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=227e99a7-36ef-4726-abb9-7ea36e910fc7%40sessionmgr10&vid=1
(3)(+0000114): Translate: (31) Got RIS for '/ehost/delivery/ExportPanelSave/a9h_44343458_AN?sid=222af887-412a-4008-8b7a-468c9976e06d%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d&theExportFormat=1'
(3)(+0000001): Translate: TY - JOUR
AU - Newman, Edward