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Debootstrap Ubuntu 20.04 with Plasma, without LiveUSB or netboot image

Ubuntu 20.04 LTS with minimal KDE

Netboot images are deprecated (not available at all for 20.10+) so debootstrap utility is used instead. I will install minimal Plasma desktop and enable OEM mode. Then I can create my user account from within OEM session.

Security notice

It seems like Chromium DEB is no longer updated, which is a huge security risk (v87 in repos, v89 upstream). "Sources list from 18.04" section is now removed, it is recommended to use Flatpak instead.

Known issues

  • Ubiquity will crash if you pick system language other than English. You can change language later using either KDE System Settings (already installed) or gnome-language-selector utility (from language-selector-gnome package).
  • If you get squares instead of valid fonts when using Flatpak application, try to clear font cache
    • Command line: flatpak run --command=fc-cache <APPLICATION_ID> -f

Partitions

Created with GParted

Partition Mount point Format Size Flags
/dev/sda1 /boot/efi VFAT 128MiB boot, esp
/dev/sda2 / EXT4 max (n/a)
/dev/sda3 (n/a) swap 8GiB swap

Required packages

apt install debootstrap

Mount points

mkdir /target
mount /dev/sda2 /target

mkdir -p /target/boot/efi
mount /dev/sda1 /target/boot/efi

swapon /dev/sda3

Operating system's barebones

debootstrap --variant=minbase --arch=amd64 focal /target

Mount points, again

for i in dev proc sys
do
mount --bind /$i /target/$i
done

Environment switch

chroot /target /bin/bash
export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"
export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive

Sources list

cat << EOF > /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse 
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
EOF

Optional but highly recommended: disabled packages

cat << EOF > /etc/apt/preferences.d/99-disabled
Package: snapd
Pin: release *
Pin-Priority: -1

Package: unattended-upgrades
Pin: release *
Pin-Priority: -1

Package: apport
Pin: release *
Pin-Priority: -1
EOF

Package updates

apt update
apt dist-upgrade

Filesystem table

Warning: these are example UUID values, make sure you're using the correct ones!

cat << EOF > /etc/fstab
UUID=11111111-1111-1111-1111-111111111111 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
UUID=0000-0000 /boot/efi vfat umask=0077 0 1
UUID=22222222-2222-2222-2222-222222222222 none swap sw 0 0
EOF

Kernel and bootloader

apt install linux-generic grub-efi-amd64
grub-install /dev/sda

Minimal Plasma desktop

Plasma and Xorg will be installed as a dependency

apt install sddm sddm-theme-breeze

Extra packages

Absolute minimum IMO:

apt install plasma-nm konsole

Nice to have:

apt install ark dolphin fonts-noto-color-emoji gwenview kde-spectacle kwrite okular

Useful GNOME stuff:

apt install baobab gnome-calculator gnome-clocks gnome-disk-utility

Flatpak

Flatpak version available in Ubuntu repositories is out of date (confirmed with Chromium). Use PPA for the latest version:

add-apt-repository ppa:alexlarsson/flatpak
apt install flatpak plasma-discover-backend-flatpak

Flathub is the most popular app repository for Flatpak:

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

Installation example for Chromium:

flatpak install flathub org.chromium.Chromium

NetworkManager configuration

cat << EOF > /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/10-globally-managed-devices.conf
[keyfile]
unmanaged-devices=none
EOF

Hibernation

echo "RESUME=UUID=22222222-2222-2222-2222-222222222222" > /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume
update-initramfs -u -k all

sed -i 's/quiet splash/resume=UUID=22222222-2222-2222-2222-222222222222 hibernate=nocompress/g' /etc/default/grub
update-grub2

Optional: increased inotify limit

Might be necessary if you have multiple IDEs opened at the same time

echo "fs.inotify.max_user_watches=131072" >> /etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf

OEM mode

Ignore The unit files have no installation config errors

apt install oem-config-kde
oem-config-prepare

Housekeeping

exit
umount /target/{proc,sys,dev,boot/efi,}

Reboot

And follow the on-screen instructions :)

@dyejon

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@dyejon dyejon commented Apr 12, 2021

thanks- like the arch install guide but for debootstrap =)
this was just what i was looking for, for disk layouts the installer doesn't support

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