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@styblope
Last active February 1, 2023 22:06
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Enable TCP port 2375 for external connection to Docker

Enable TCP port 2375 for external connection to Docker

See this issue.
Docker best practise to Control and configure Docker with systemd.

  1. Create daemon.json file in /etc/docker:

     {"hosts": ["tcp://0.0.0.0:2375", "unix:///var/run/docker.sock"]}
    
  2. Add /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/override.conf

     [Service]
     ExecStart=
     ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd
    
  3. Reload the systemd daemon:

     systemctl daemon-reload
    
  4. Restart docker:

     systemctl restart docker.service
    
@akhiljalagam
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thanks

@chakib-belgaid
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thank you !

@sheelprabhakar
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Thank you

@mawen12
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mawen12 commented Nov 16, 2021

Thank you!

@ppprabhakara
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Worked like charm on centos 7 too. Was struggling to get this working since 2 days.

Steps followed:

  1. vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

add the line below where you find ExecStart (under Service section):

  1. ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H tcp://0.0.0.0:4243 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock

Then,
3. systemctl daemon-reload
4. systemctl restart docker.service

@valterm
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valterm commented Dec 9, 2021

Can confirm it works both on arch and debian 11.
Thanks!

@rfay
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rfay commented Dec 27, 2021

I was also unable to get it to work on Debian 11 without the workaround in https://gist.github.com/styblope/dc55e0ad2a9848f2cc3307d4819d819f#gistcomment-3482239 (directly editing the docker.service file). It seems that on Debian 11, the docker.service.d/override.conf doesn't actually get read, so you just have to edit the docker.service.

I also used ExecStart=/usr/sbin/dockerd --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock --tls=false to avoid the very strong and important complaints:

Binding to IP address without --tlsverify is insecure and gives root access on this machine to everyone who has access to your network. host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375".
Binding to an IP address, even on localhost, can also give access to scripts run in a browser. Be safe out there! host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375"
Binding to an IP address without --tlsverify is deprecated. Startup is intentionally being slowed down to show this message host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375"
Please consider generating tls certificates with client validation to prevent exposing unauthenticated root access to your network host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375"
You can override this by explicitly specifying '--tls=false' or '--tlsverify=false' host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375"
Support for listening on TCP without authentication or explicit intent to run without authentication will be removed in the next release host="tcp://0.0.0.0:2375"

@boris779
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I absolutely do not get this run with docker 20.10.12 and ubuntu 21.10

I tried to edit /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service or do it via systemctl edit docker.service
Every time when I add -H tcp://127.0.0.1:2375 or tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 the docker.service cannot start
I tried with -H unix, without, with --containerd and without.

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock

Any suggestion how to solve it?

@vincentgerris
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check logs, journalctl -xe. The options overlap, remove the 127.0.0.1 , 0.0.0.0 means all interfaces.

@h4r5h1t-hrs
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h4r5h1t-hrs commented Jan 28, 2022

Follow this:
https://docs.docker.com/engine/install/linux-postinstall/#configure-where-the-docker-daemon-listens-for-connections

NOTE: Just change the IP from 127.0.0.1 to 0.0.0.0 and its work fine for Ubuntu ( for selenium dynamic grid)

@smblott-github
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I found that the docker daemon failed to start on reboot (only) with the approach described here. I never tracked down the source of the problem.

However, it did lead me to implement instead an alternative solution with socat:

exec socat -d TCP-LISTEN:2375,fork UNIX-CONNECT:/var/run/docker.sock

Notes:

  • I used daemontools to launch this an keep it running (https://cr.yp.to/daemontools.html).
  • You can protect the port with the range=... option to socat, or with IP tables or netfilter.

@Nakilon
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Nakilon commented Apr 20, 2022

Does not work for Docker Desktop on Windows. It refuses bind to 0.0.0.0

@rcedillo45
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I was having an issue to connect from another machine, turns out it was a firewall issue.
to fix I did:
ufw allow 2375/tcp
ufw reload
hopefully this helps someone.

@russellhoff
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Thanks!!

@sithson
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sithson commented May 19, 2022

👍 ✔️ 🙇‍♀️
I can also confirm this, very much GG @styblope, my rock star hero!1 :))))))

Specs:

  • Linux Mint 20.3 Una x64
  • Docker version 20.10.16, build aa7e414
  • Docker Compose version v2.5.0

@sumitdhungana14
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🔥

@AbdelazizSharaf001
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I need to run docker from external docker client but the docker server is containerized (no daemon)
is it aplicable ?

@russellhoff
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I need to run docker from external docker client but the docker server is containerized (no daemon) is it aplicable ?

AFAIK, Docker will be run as daemon wherever you deploy it.

@webzakimbo
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webzakimbo commented Sep 28, 2022

Here's another way that worked for me:

/etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/override.conf

[Service]
 ExecStart=
 ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd --config-file /etc/docker/daemon.json

/etc/docker/daemon.json

{
  "hosts": ["tcp://0.0.0.0:2375", "unix:///var/run/docker.sock"]
}

@madcowGit
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Thanks! for me it required a reboot to work

@AbdelazizSharaf001
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AbdelazizSharaf001 commented Dec 9, 2022

AFAIK, Docker will be run as daemon wherever you deploy it.

Docker in Docker has two versions

  • docker:latest daemond and host dependant
  • docker:dind web interface based (seems to be no daemon | or fully isolated from host)

I was testing docker, minikube, and K8s functionalities inside docker

The way I was able to do that without exec command is docker context

for me it was not a server or daemon problem, but a context one

This answer helped me connecting to remote docker client and docker in docker via contexts :

So now we have both exposing docker via tcp and connecting to docker via tcp in this thread..

@AbdelazizSharaf001
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AbdelazizSharaf001 commented Dec 9, 2022

Another thing to think for is security

Is the exposed port with your methods are encrypted or not ?

docker:dind has two ports to expose

  • 2375 no encrypton - context do not require cert or key
  • 2376 encrypted - context require key pair to qualify connection

Is that encryption applicable with your methods ?

I think this is the part where we go inside docker:dind entry point file
code

so it should be this part

dockerd \
     --host="$dockerSocket" \
     --host=tcp://0.0.0.0:2376 \
     --tlsverify \
     --tlscacert "$DOCKER_TLS_CERTDIR/server/ca.pem" \
     --tlscert "$DOCKER_TLS_CERTDIR/server/cert.pem" \
     --tlskey "$DOCKER_TLS_CERTDIR/server/key.pem"

and @russellhoff : you are right

  • the daemon server is running but as an entrypoint and not a service (I miss understood)

@abel-delafuente
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abel-delafuente commented Dec 29, 2022

When i try to build the image be means of the BuildImage command, i am getting the

Connect to http://127.0.0.1:2375 [/127.0.0.1] failed: Connection refused: no further information

Apparently Gradle does not make match with the WSL platform IP.

@lalalazero
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thanks a lot

@KMMehr
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KMMehr commented Jan 14, 2023

Great job
Thanks

@AbdelazizSharaf001
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@abel-delafuente tcp not http
you could also try to use a unix socket instead and test again to make sure if it's a docker behavior or a network restriction

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