Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
How to change your commit messages in Git?

How to change your commit messages in Git?

At some point you’ll find yourself in a situation where you need edit a commit message. That commit might already be pushed or not, be the most recent or burried below 10 other commits, but fear not, git has your back 🙂.

Not pushed + most recent commit:

git commit --amend

This will open your $EDITOR and let you change the message. Continue with your usual git push origin master.

Already pushed + most recent commit:

git commit --amend
git push origin master --force

We edit the message like just above. But need to --force the push to update the remote history. Note that if others have already pulled your commits this may come with undesired effects.

Not pushed + old commit:

git rebase -i HEAD~X
# X is the number of commits to go back
# Move to the line of your commit, change pick into edit,
# then change your commit message:
git commit --amend
# Finish the rebase with:
git rebase --continue

Rebase opened your history and let you pick what to change. With edit you tell you want to change the message. Git moves you to a new branch to let you --amend the message. git rebase --continue puts you back in your previous branch with the message changed.

Already pushed + old commit:

Edit your message with the same 3 steps process as above (rebase -i, commit --amend, rebase --continue). Then force push the commit:

git push origin master --force
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.