How to change your commit messages in Git?
At some point you’ll find yourself in a situation where you need edit a commit message.
That commit might already be pushed or not, be the most recent or burried below 10 other commits, but fear not, git has your back
Not pushed + most recent commit:
git commit --amend
This will open your
$EDITOR and let you change the message. Continue with your usual
git push origin master.
Already pushed + most recent commit:
git commit --amend git push origin master --force
We edit the message like just above. But need to
--force the push to update the remote history.
Note that if others have already pulled your commits this may come with undesired effects.
Not pushed + old commit:
git rebase -i HEAD~X # X is the number of commits to go back # Move to the line of your commit, change pick into edit, # then change your commit message: git commit --amend # Finish the rebase with: git rebase --continue
Rebase opened your history and let you pick what to change. With edit you tell you want to change the message. Git moves you to a new branch to let you --amend the message. git rebase --continue puts you back in your previous branch with the message changed.
Already pushed + old commit:
Edit your message with the same 3 steps process as above (
Then force push the commit:
git push origin master --force