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Python script to combine pep8, pylint and hopefully other python code analyzer
#!/usr/bin/env python
# link:
# This is a script which runs and parses the output of various Python code
# checking programs to work with flymake. It has lots of issues, one being that
# flymake does not seem to show more than one error message per line of code,
# meaning that an error or warning which is intentionally left unfixed can mask
# an error or warning that would get more attention.
# Additionally, the scripts which check python code are either rather anemic,
# and don't notice too much (pychecker) or are aggressive, and warn about all
# sorts of things that they should not (pylint). tends to be annoyingly
# aggressive about whitespace.
# You must have, pychecker and pylint in PATH for this script to find
# them. Additionally this script attempts to support virtual environments, but
# this is largely untested.
import os
import re
import sys
import os.path
from subprocess import Popen, PIPE
OUTPUT_FORMAT = "%(filename)s:%(line_number)s: %(level)s:"\
" %(error_type)s%(error_number)s (%(checker)s) %(description)s"
class LintRunner(object):
"""Provides common functionality to run python code checkers."""
sane_default_ignore_codes = set([])
command = None
output_matcher = None
#flymake: ("\\(.*\\) at \\([^ \n]+\\) line \\([0-9]+\\)[,.\n]" 2 3 nil 1)
#or in non-retardate: r'(.*) at ([^ \n]) line ([0-9])[,.\n]'
def __init__(self, virtualenv=None, pythonpath=None, ignore_codes=(),
use_sane_defaults=True, debug=None):
self.env = {}
if virtualenv:
# This is the least we can get away with (hopefully).
self.env['VIRTUAL_ENV'] = virtualenv
self.env['PATH'] = virtualenv + ':' + os.environ['PATH']
if pythonpath:
ppath = os.environ.get('PYTHONPATH', '')
if ppath != '':
pythonpath = pythonpath + ':' + ppath
self.env['PYTHONPATH'] = pythonpath
if self.env == {}:
self.env = None
self.filename = None
self.virtualenv = virtualenv
self.ignore_codes = set(ignore_codes)
self.use_sane_defaults = use_sane_defaults
self.debug = debug
def operative_ignore_codes(self):
if self.use_sane_defaults:
return self.ignore_codes ^ self.sane_default_ignore_codes
return self.ignore_codes
def run_flags(self):
return ()
def fixup_data(self, line, data):
if 'line_number' in data:
data['line_number'] = int(data['line_number'])
return data
def process_output(self, line):
lines = []
m = self.output_matcher.match(line)
if m:
fixed_data = dict.fromkeys(('level', 'error_type',
'error_number', 'description',
'filename', 'line_number'),
fixed_data['checker'] = self.command
fixed_data.update(self.fixup_data(line, m.groupdict()))
elif line and self.debug:
# write to stderr what seems to not work:
# may need to be fixed later to parse it properly
sys.stderr.write("Failed to parse as *%s* output: %r\n" %
(self.command, line))
return lines
def run(self, filename):
self.filename = filename
cmdline = [self.command]
# print the binary that will be launched
if self.debug:
which_proc = Popen(['which', self.command], stdout=PIPE, stderr=PIPE, env=self.env)
sys.stderr.write("Launching : %s" % stdout)
sys.stderr.write("cmdline : %s\n\n" % ' '.join(cmdline))
process = Popen(cmdline, stdout=PIPE, stderr=PIPE, env=self.env)
except Exception:
print "Failed to run command:\n%s" % cmdline
stdoutdata, stderrdata = process.communicate()
# WARNING: return code different from 0 does not work with pylint
# (return code = quality of the reported code)
# But it issues an error code of 1 if a fatal message was issued
# See: pylint --long-help
if process.returncode != 0 and self.debug:
lines_data = []
for line in stdoutdata.split('\n'):
lines_data += self.process_output(line)
return lines_data
class PylintRunner(LintRunner):
""" Run pylint, producing flymake readable output.
The raw output looks like: [C0301] Line too long (82/80) [C0111] Missing docstring [E0611] No name 'Response' in module 'werkzeug' [C0111, render] Missing docstring [F0401] Unable to import '' """
output_matcher = re.compile(
command = 'pylint'
sane_default_ignore_codes = set([
"C0103", # Naming convention
"C0111", # Missing Docstring
# "E1002", # Use super on old-style class
"W0232", # No __init__
# #"I0011", # Warning locally suppressed using disable-msg
# #"I0012", # Warning locally suppressed using disable-msg
# #"W0511", # FIXME/TODO
"W0142", # *args or **kwargs magic.
# "R0904", # Too many public methods
# "R0903", # Too few public methods
# "R0201", # Method could be a function
def fixup_data(self, line, data):
super(self.__class__, self).fixup_data(line, data)
if data['error_type'].startswith('E'):
data['level'] = 'ERROR'
data['level'] = 'WARNING'
data['filename'] = self.filename
return data
def run_flags(self):
return ('--output-format', 'parseable',
'--include-ids', 'y',
'--reports', 'n',
#'--disable-msg=' + ','.join(self.operative_ignore_codes))
class PycheckerRunner(LintRunner):
""" Run pychecker, producing flymake readable output.
The raw output looks like: Parameter (maptype) not used Parameter (markers) not used Parameter (size) not used Parameter (zoom) not used """
command = 'pychecker'
output_matcher = re.compile(
def fixup_data(self, line, data):
super(self.__class__, self).fixup_data(line, data)
#XXX: doesn't seem to give the level
data['level'] = 'WARNING'
return data
def run_flags(self):
return '--no-deprecated', '-0186', '--only', '-#0'
class Pep8Runner(LintRunner):
""" Run, producing flymake readable output.
The raw output looks like:
spiders/ E501 line too long (80 characters)
spiders/ W291 trailing whitespace
spiders/ W602 deprecated form of raising exception
spiders/ E301 expected 1 blank line, found 0 """
command = 'pep8'
sane_default_ignore_codes = set([
# 'W391', # blank line at end of file
# 'W291', # trailing whitespaces
'E262', # inline comment should start with '# '
output_matcher = re.compile(
r' (?P<error_type>[EW])'
r'(?P<error_number>\w+) '
def fixup_data(self, line, data):
super(self.__class__, self).fixup_data(line, data)
if 'W' in data['error_number']:
data['level'] = 'WARNING'
data['level'] = 'ERROR'
return data
def run_flags(self):
return '--repeat', '--ignore=' + ','.join(self.operative_ignore_codes)
def tweak_options(opts, bin_over_omelette):
if opts.pythonpath is None and opts.virtualenv is None:
dirname = os.path.abspath(".")
# look for the bin or the omelette directory
find = False
while dirname != "/":
# look up for the file that fits
if '' in os.listdir(dirname):
find = True
dirname = os.path.split(dirname)[0]
# push in the path or the python path the directory needed
if find:
ext, opt = bin_over_omelette and \
('bin', 'virtualenv') or \
('parts/omelette', 'pythonpath')
targetdir = os.path.join(dirname, ext)
if os.path.exists(targetdir):
setattr(opts, opt, targetdir)
sys.stderr.write("Warning no dir found at %s" % targetdir)
## TODO: Should be detected automatically if "cls.command" is executable in
## path.
RUNNERS = [PylintRunner, Pep8Runner]
if __name__ == '__main__':
from optparse import OptionParser
parser = OptionParser()
parser.add_option("-e", "--virtualenv",
help="virtualenv directory")
parser.add_option("-i", "--ignore_codes",
help="error codes to ignore")
parser.add_option("-p", "--pythonpath",
help="a path to add to PYTHONPATH")
parser.add_option("-d", "--debug",
help="Add debug log (eg: lines failed to be parsed)")
options, args = parser.parse_args()
if len(args) == 0:
sys.stderr.write("%r requires at least one argument.\n"
% os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]))
target = args[0]
## for pylint : handle if this is a "."
## suppose this is a valid file name or a module
temp_target = os.path.abspath(target)
if os.path.exists(temp_target):
target = temp_target
tweak_options(options, True)
## Extract all options into a dict
init_args = dict([(k, getattr(options, k))
for k in dir(options)
if not k.startswith('_') and
not callable(getattr(options, k))])
## Collect data
lines_data = []
for Runner in RUNNERS:
lines_data += Runner(**init_args).run(target)
## Finally print out all errors.
lines_data.sort(cmp=lambda x, y: cmp(x['line_number'], y['line_number']))
for line_data in lines_data:
print OUTPUT_FORMAT % line_data

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commented Jan 12, 2016

Thx for sharing this, really helpful. For everyone on Windows: We need to modify the regular expressions to allow ":" in filenames (we might have paths that start with "C:/"). Change the output_matcher entries from r'(?P<filename>[^:]+):' to r'(?P<filename>.+):'

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