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@wuseman
Created June 7, 2022 23:48
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What would you like to do?
Very good Template for iptables
#!/bin/sh
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# File: fw_laptop
# Author: Uwe Hermann <uwe@hermann-uwe.de>
# URL: http://www.hermann-uwe.de/files/fw_laptop
# License: GNU GPL (version 2, or any later version).
# $Id: fw_laptop 515 2006-05-21 17:13:43Z uh1763 $
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# A firewall script intended to be used on workstations / laptops. It basically
# blocks all incoming traffic and only allows minimal outgoing traffic.
# Note: This is work in progress! Any comments and suggestions are welcome!
# Thanks for comments and suggestions:
# * Jean Christophe André <jean-christophe.andre@auf.org>
# * Ryan Giobbi <rgiobbi@gmail.com>
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Configuration.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# For debugging.
# IPTABLES="/sbin/iptables -v"
IPTABLES="/sbin/iptables"
MODPROBE="/sbin/modprobe"
# Logging options.
# Note: We use --log-level debug, so that the messages are not output
# to all virtual consoles (which would be quite annoying).
# Alternative: Start klogd with -c 4 (e.g. by setting KLOGD="-c 4" in the
# /etc/init.d/klogd startup-script.
LOG="LOG --log-level debug --log-tcp-sequence --log-tcp-options"
LOG="$LOG --log-ip-options"
# Load required kernel modules (if automatic module loading is disabled).
$MODPROBE ip_conntrack_ftp
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Kernel configuration.
# For details see:
# * http://www.securityfocus.com/infocus/1711
# * http://www.linuxgazette.com/issue77/lechnyr.html
# * /usr/src/linux/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
# * /usr/src/linux/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Disable IP forwarding.
# Note: Turning this on and off should reset all settings to their defaults.
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
# Enable IP spoofing protection (i.e. source address verification).
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/rp_filter
# Protect against SYN flood attacks (see http://cr.yp.to/syncookies.html).
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies
# Ignore all (incoming + outgoing) ICMP ECHO requests (i.e. disable PING).
# Usually not a good idea, as some protocols and users need/want this.
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_all
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_all
# Ignore ICMP ECHO requests to broadcast/multicast addresses. We do not
# want to participate in smurf (and similar) DoS attacks.
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts
# Log packets with impossible addresses.
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/log_martians
# Don't log invalid responses to broadcast frames, they just clutter the logs.
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_ignore_bogus_error_responses
# Don't accept or send ICMP redirects.
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_redirects
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/send_redirects
# Don't accept source routed packets.
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_source_route
# Disable multicast routing. Should not be needed, usually.
# TODO: This throws an "Operation not permitted" error. Why?
# echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/mc_forwarding
# Disable proxy_arp. Should not be needed, usually.
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/proxy_arp
# Enable secure redirects, i.e. only accept ICMP redirects for gateways
# listed in the default gateway list. Helps against MITM attacks.
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/secure_redirects
# Disable bootp_relay. Should not be needed, usually.
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/bootp_relay
# TODO: These may mitigate ARP poisoning attacks?
# /proc/sys/net/ipv4/neigh/*/locktime
# /proc/sys/net/ipv4/neigh/*/gc_stale_time
# TODO: Check rest of /usr/src/linux/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt.
# Are there any security-relevant options I missed? Check especially:
# icmp_ratelimit, icmp_ratemask, icmp_errors_use_inbound_ifaddr, arp_*.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Cleanup.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Delete all rules.
$IPTABLES -F
$IPTABLES -t nat -F
$IPTABLES -t mangle -F
# Delete all (non-builtin) user-defined chains.
$IPTABLES -X
$IPTABLES -t nat -X
$IPTABLES -t mangle -X
# Zero all packet and byte counters.
$IPTABLES -Z
$IPTABLES -t nat -Z
$IPTABLES -t mangle -Z
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Default policies: drop everything.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$IPTABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD DROP
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT DROP
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Custom user-defined chains.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# LOG packets, then ACCEPT them.
$IPTABLES -N ACCEPTLOG
$IPTABLES -A ACCEPTLOG -j $LOG --log-prefix "ACCEPTLOG "
$IPTABLES -A ACCEPTLOG -j ACCEPT
# LOG packets, then DROP them.
$IPTABLES -N DROPLOG
$IPTABLES -A DROPLOG -j $LOG --log-prefix "DROPLOG "
$IPTABLES -A DROPLOG -j DROP
# LOG packets, then REJECT them. TCP packets are rejected with TCP Reset.
$IPTABLES -N REJECTLOG
$IPTABLES -A REJECTLOG -j $LOG --log-prefix "REJECTLOG "
$IPTABLES -A REJECTLOG -p tcp -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset
$IPTABLES -A REJECTLOG -j REJECT
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# ICMP.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow outgoing pings (echo request, fragmentation needed, time exceeded).
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p icmp --icmp-type 3 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p icmp --icmp-type 11 -j ACCEPT
# Allow incoming pings, but rate-limit them. We don't want to be DoS'd.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m limit --limit 3/s --limit-burst 8 \
-p icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m limit --limit 3/s --limit-burst 8 \
-p icmp --icmp-type 3 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m limit --limit 3/s --limit-burst 8 \
-p icmp --icmp-type 11 -j ACCEPT
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Miscellaneous.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Drop SMB, CIFS, and related Windows traffic without logging. We don't care.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp -m multiport \
--sports 135,137,138,139,445,1433,1434 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p udp -m multiport \
--sports 135,137,138,139,445,1433,1434 -j DROP
# Hinder portscanners a bit.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL ALL -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL NONE -j DROP
# Limit logging in case of flooding.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -j LOG -m limit --limit 1/s --limit-burst 8
# TODO: Block known-bad IPs (see http://www.dshield.org/top10.php).
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -s INSERT-BAD-IP-HERE -j DROPLOG
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Drop any traffic from IANA-reserved IPs.
# For details see:
# * ftp://ftp.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space
# * http://www.cymru.com/Documents/bogon-bn-agg.txt
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# TODO: Is this a good idea? Does it work?
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 0.0.0.0/7 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 2.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 5.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 7.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 10.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 23.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 27.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 31.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 36.0.0.0/7 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 39.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 42.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 49.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 50.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 77.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 78.0.0.0/7 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 92.0.0.0/6 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 96.0.0.0/4 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 112.0.0.0/5 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 120.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 127.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 169.254.0.0/16 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 172.16.0.0/12 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 173.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 174.0.0.0/7 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 176.0.0.0/5 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 184.0.0.0/6 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 192.0.2.0/24 -j DROP
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 192.168.0.0/16 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 197.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 198.18.0.0/15 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 223.0.0.0/8 -j DROP
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -s 224.0.0.0/3 -j DROP
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Selectively allow certain special types of traffic.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow all ingoing and outgoing connections on the loopback interface.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT
# Allow incoming connections related to existing allowed connections.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing connections related to existing allowed connections.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
# Uncomment this (and comment the above line) to allow ALL outgoing traffic.
# $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Selectively allow certain outbound connections, block the rest.
# TODO: This could be tightened a bit more (limit source/dest port ranges).
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow outgoing DNS requests. Few things will work without this.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing HTTP requests. Unencrypted, use with care.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing HTTPS requests.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing SMTPS requests. Do NOT allow unencrypted SMTP!
# $IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 465 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing "submission" requests.
# Submission (RFC 2476) is used for sending email, and uses port 587.
# This can be encrypted or unencrypted, depending on the server (I think).
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 587 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing POP3S requests. Do NOT allow unencrypted POP3!
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 995 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing SSH requests.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing FTP requests. Unencrypted, use with care.
# Note: This usually needs the ip_conntrack_ftp kernel module.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing NNTP requests. Unencrypted, use with care.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 119 -j ACCEPT
# Allow outgoing Tor (http://tor.eff.org) requests.
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 9001 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 9030 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 9031 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 9090 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 9091 -j ACCEPT
# TODO: DCHP, IRC, ICQ, ...?
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Selectively allow certain inbound connections, block the rest.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow DNS requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
# Allow HTTP requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
# Allow HTTPS requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
# Allow POP3 requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 110 -j ACCEPT
# Allow POP3S requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 995 -j ACCEPT
# Allow SMTP requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 25 -j ACCEPT
# Allow SSH requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
# Allow FTP requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT
# Allow NNTP requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 119 -j ACCEPT
# Allow BitTorrent requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 6881 -j ACCEPT
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p udp --dport 6881 -j ACCEPT
# # Allow nc requests.
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 2030 -j ACCEPT
# $IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p udp --dport 2030 -j ACCEPT
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Log and drop / reject everything else.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Explicitly REJECT (not DROP) incoming auth requests for increased speed.
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 113 -j REJECTLOG
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -j DROPLOG
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -j REJECTLOG
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -j DROPLOG
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Exit gracefully.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
exit 0
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