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zircote/ec2.py

Last active May 15, 2018
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What would you like to do?
fixed yo shit
#!/usr/bin/env python
'''
EC2 external inventory script
=================================
Generates inventory that Ansible can understand by making API request to
AWS EC2 using the Boto library.
NOTE: This script assumes Ansible is being executed where the environment
variables needed for Boto have already been set:
export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID='AK123'
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY='abc123'
This script also assumes there is an ec2.ini file alongside it. To specify a
different path to ec2.ini, define the EC2_INI_PATH environment variable:
export EC2_INI_PATH=/path/to/my_ec2.ini
If you're using eucalyptus you need to set the above variables and
you need to define:
export EC2_URL=http://hostname_of_your_cc:port/services/Eucalyptus
For more details, see: http://docs.pythonboto.org/en/latest/boto_config_tut.html
When run against a specific host, this script returns the following variables:
- ec2_ami_launch_index
- ec2_architecture
- ec2_association
- ec2_attachTime
- ec2_attachment
- ec2_attachmentId
- ec2_client_token
- ec2_deleteOnTermination
- ec2_description
- ec2_deviceIndex
- ec2_dns_name
- ec2_eventsSet
- ec2_group_name
- ec2_hypervisor
- ec2_id
- ec2_image_id
- ec2_instanceState
- ec2_instance_type
- ec2_ipOwnerId
- ec2_ip_address
- ec2_item
- ec2_kernel
- ec2_key_name
- ec2_launch_time
- ec2_monitored
- ec2_monitoring
- ec2_networkInterfaceId
- ec2_ownerId
- ec2_persistent
- ec2_placement
- ec2_platform
- ec2_previous_state
- ec2_private_dns_name
- ec2_private_ip_address
- ec2_publicIp
- ec2_public_dns_name
- ec2_ramdisk
- ec2_reason
- ec2_region
- ec2_requester_id
- ec2_root_device_name
- ec2_root_device_type
- ec2_security_group_ids
- ec2_security_group_names
- ec2_shutdown_state
- ec2_sourceDestCheck
- ec2_spot_instance_request_id
- ec2_state
- ec2_state_code
- ec2_state_reason
- ec2_status
- ec2_subnet_id
- ec2_tenancy
- ec2_virtualization_type
- ec2_vpc_id
These variables are pulled out of a boto.ec2.instance object. There is a lack of
consistency with variable spellings (camelCase and underscores) since this
just loops through all variables the object exposes. It is preferred to use the
ones with underscores when multiple exist.
In addition, if an instance has AWS Tags associated with it, each tag is a new
variable named:
- ec2_tag_[Key] = [Value]
Security groups are comma-separated in 'ec2_security_group_ids' and
'ec2_security_group_names'.
'''
# (c) 2012, Peter Sankauskas
#
# This file is part of Ansible,
#
# Ansible is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# Ansible is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with Ansible. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
######################################################################
import sys
import os
import argparse
import re
from time import time
import boto
from boto import ec2
from boto import rds
from boto import route53
import ConfigParser
try:
import json
except ImportError:
import simplejson as json
class Ec2Inventory(object):
def _empty_inventory(self):
return {"_meta" : {"hostvars" : {}}}
def __init__(self):
''' Main execution path '''
# Inventory grouped by instance IDs, tags, security groups, regions,
# and availability zones
self.inventory = self._empty_inventory()
# Index of hostname (address) to instance ID
self.index = {}
# Read settings and parse CLI arguments
self.read_settings()
self.parse_cli_args()
# Cache
if self.args.refresh_cache:
self.do_api_calls_update_cache()
elif not self.is_cache_valid():
self.do_api_calls_update_cache()
# Data to print
if self.args.host:
data_to_print = self.get_host_info()
elif self.args.list:
# Display list of instances for inventory
if self.inventory == self._empty_inventory():
data_to_print = self.get_inventory_from_cache()
else:
data_to_print = self.json_format_dict(self.inventory, True)
print data_to_print
def is_cache_valid(self):
''' Determines if the cache files have expired, or if it is still valid '''
if os.path.isfile(self.cache_path_cache):
mod_time = os.path.getmtime(self.cache_path_cache)
current_time = time()
if (mod_time + self.cache_max_age) > current_time:
if os.path.isfile(self.cache_path_index):
return True
return False
def read_settings(self):
''' Reads the settings from the ec2.ini file '''
config = ConfigParser.SafeConfigParser()
ec2_default_ini_path = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)), 'ec2.ini')
ec2_ini_path = os.environ.get('EC2_INI_PATH', ec2_default_ini_path)
config.read(ec2_ini_path)
# is eucalyptus?
self.eucalyptus_host = None
self.eucalyptus = False
if config.has_option('ec2', 'eucalyptus'):
self.eucalyptus = config.getboolean('ec2', 'eucalyptus')
if self.eucalyptus and config.has_option('ec2', 'eucalyptus_host'):
self.eucalyptus_host = config.get('ec2', 'eucalyptus_host')
# Regions
self.regions = []
configRegions = config.get('ec2', 'regions')
configRegions_exclude = config.get('ec2', 'regions_exclude')
if (configRegions == 'all'):
if self.eucalyptus_host:
self.regions.append(boto.connect_euca(host=self.eucalyptus_host).region.name)
else:
for regionInfo in ec2.regions():
if regionInfo.name not in configRegions_exclude:
self.regions.append(regionInfo.name)
else:
self.regions = configRegions.split(",")
# Destination addresses
self.destination_variable = config.get('ec2', 'destination_variable')
self.vpc_destination_variable = config.get('ec2', 'vpc_destination_variable')
# Route53
self.route53_enabled = config.getboolean('ec2', 'route53')
self.route53_excluded_zones = []
if config.has_option('ec2', 'route53_excluded_zones'):
self.route53_excluded_zones.extend(
config.get('ec2', 'route53_excluded_zones', '').split(','))
# Cache related
cache_dir = os.path.expanduser(config.get('ec2', 'cache_path'))
if not os.path.exists(cache_dir):
os.makedirs(cache_dir)
self.cache_path_cache = cache_dir + "/ansible-ec2.cache"
self.cache_path_index = cache_dir + "/ansible-ec2.index"
self.cache_max_age = config.getint('ec2', 'cache_max_age')
def parse_cli_args(self):
''' Command line argument processing '''
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Produce an Ansible Inventory file based on EC2')
parser.add_argument('--list', action='store_true', default=True,
help='List instances (default: True)')
parser.add_argument('--host', action='store',
help='Get all the variables about a specific instance')
parser.add_argument('--refresh-cache', action='store_true', default=False,
help='Force refresh of cache by making API requests to EC2 (default: False - use cache files)')
self.args = parser.parse_args()
def do_api_calls_update_cache(self):
''' Do API calls to each region, and save data in cache files '''
if self.route53_enabled:
self.get_route53_records()
for region in self.regions:
self.get_instances_by_region(region)
self.get_rds_instances_by_region(region)
self.write_to_cache(self.inventory, self.cache_path_cache)
self.write_to_cache(self.index, self.cache_path_index)
def get_instances_by_region(self, region):
''' Makes an AWS EC2 API call to the list of instances in a particular
region '''
try:
if self.eucalyptus:
conn = boto.connect_euca(host=self.eucalyptus_host)
conn.APIVersion = '2010-08-31'
else:
conn = ec2.connect_to_region(region)
# connect_to_region will fail "silently" by returning None if the region name is wrong or not supported
if conn is None:
print("region name: %s likely not supported, or AWS is down. connection to region failed." % region)
sys.exit(1)
reservations = conn.get_all_instances()
for reservation in reservations:
for instance in reservation.instances:
self.add_instance(instance, region)
except boto.exception.BotoServerError, e:
if not self.eucalyptus:
print "Looks like AWS is down again:"
print e
sys.exit(1)
def get_rds_instances_by_region(self, region):
''' Makes an AWS API call to the list of RDS instances in a particular
region '''
try:
conn = rds.connect_to_region(region)
if conn:
instances = conn.get_all_dbinstances()
for instance in instances:
self.add_rds_instance(instance, region)
except boto.exception.BotoServerError, e:
if not e.reason == "Forbidden":
print "Looks like AWS RDS is down: "
print e
sys.exit(1)
def get_instance(self, region, instance_id):
''' Gets details about a specific instance '''
if self.eucalyptus:
conn = boto.connect_euca(self.eucalyptus_host)
conn.APIVersion = '2010-08-31'
else:
conn = ec2.connect_to_region(region)
# connect_to_region will fail "silently" by returning None if the region name is wrong or not supported
if conn is None:
print("region name: %s likely not supported, or AWS is down. connection to region failed." % region)
sys.exit(1)
reservations = conn.get_all_instances([instance_id])
for reservation in reservations:
for instance in reservation.instances:
return instance
def add_instance(self, instance, region):
''' Adds an instance to the inventory and index, as long as it is
addressable '''
# Only want running instances
if instance.state != 'running':
return
# Select the best destination address
if instance.subnet_id:
dest = getattr(instance, self.vpc_destination_variable)
else:
dest = getattr(instance, self.destination_variable)
if not dest:
# Skip instances we cannot address (e.g. private VPC subnet)
return
# Add to index
self.index[dest] = [region, instance.id]
# Inventory: Group by instance ID (always a group of 1)
self.inventory[instance.id] = [dest]
# Inventory: Group by region
self.push(self.inventory, region, dest)
# Inventory: Group by availability zone
self.push(self.inventory, instance.placement, dest)
# Inventory: Group by instance type
self.push(self.inventory, self.to_safe('type_' + instance.instance_type), dest)
# Inventory: Group by key pair
if instance.key_name:
self.push(self.inventory, self.to_safe('key_' + instance.key_name), dest)
# Inventory: Group by security group
try:
for group in instance.groups:
key = self.to_safe("security_group_" + group.name)
self.push(self.inventory, key, dest)
except AttributeError:
print 'Package boto seems a bit older.'
print 'Please upgrade boto >= 2.3.0.'
sys.exit(1)
# Inventory: Group by tag keys
for k, v in instance.tags.iteritems():
key = self.to_safe("tag_" + k + "=" + v)
self.push(self.inventory, key, dest)
# Inventory: Group by Route53 domain names if enabled
if self.route53_enabled:
route53_names = self.get_instance_route53_names(instance)
for name in route53_names:
self.push(self.inventory, name, dest)
# Global Tag: tag all EC2 instances
self.push(self.inventory, 'ec2', dest)
self.inventory["_meta"]["hostvars"][dest] = self.get_host_info_dict_from_instance(instance)
def add_rds_instance(self, instance, region):
''' Adds an RDS instance to the inventory and index, as long as it is
addressable '''
# Only want available instances
if instance.status != 'available':
return
# Select the best destination address
#if instance.subnet_id:
#dest = getattr(instance, self.vpc_destination_variable)
#else:
#dest = getattr(instance, self.destination_variable)
dest = instance.endpoint[0]
if not dest:
# Skip instances we cannot address (e.g. private VPC subnet)
return
# Add to index
self.index[dest] = [region, instance.id]
# Inventory: Group by instance ID (always a group of 1)
self.inventory[instance.id] = [dest]
# Inventory: Group by region
self.push(self.inventory, region, dest)
# Inventory: Group by availability zone
self.push(self.inventory, instance.availability_zone, dest)
# Inventory: Group by instance type
self.push(self.inventory, self.to_safe('type_' + instance.instance_class), dest)
# Inventory: Group by security group
try:
if instance.security_group:
key = self.to_safe("security_group_" + instance.security_group.name)
self.push(self.inventory, key, dest)
except AttributeError:
print 'Package boto seems a bit older.'
print 'Please upgrade boto >= 2.3.0.'
sys.exit(1)
# Inventory: Group by engine
self.push(self.inventory, self.to_safe("rds_" + instance.engine), dest)
# Inventory: Group by parameter group
self.push(self.inventory, self.to_safe("rds_parameter_group_" + instance.parameter_group.name), dest)
# Global Tag: all RDS instances
self.push(self.inventory, 'rds', dest)
def get_route53_records(self):
''' Get and store the map of resource records to domain names that
point to them. '''
r53_conn = route53.Route53Connection()
all_zones = r53_conn.get_zones()
route53_zones = [ zone for zone in all_zones if zone.name[:-1]
not in self.route53_excluded_zones ]
self.route53_records = {}
for zone in route53_zones:
rrsets = r53_conn.get_all_rrsets(zone.id)
for record_set in rrsets:
record_name = record_set.name
if record_name.endswith('.'):
record_name = record_name[:-1]
for resource in record_set.resource_records:
self.route53_records.setdefault(resource, set())
self.route53_records[resource].add(record_name)
def get_instance_route53_names(self, instance):
''' Check if an instance is referenced in the records we have from
Route53. If it is, return the list of domain names pointing to said
instance. If nothing points to it, return an empty list. '''
instance_attributes = [ 'public_dns_name', 'private_dns_name',
'ip_address', 'private_ip_address' ]
name_list = set()
for attrib in instance_attributes:
try:
value = getattr(instance, attrib)
except AttributeError:
continue
if value in self.route53_records:
name_list.update(self.route53_records[value])
return list(name_list)
def get_host_info_dict_from_instance(self, instance):
instance_vars = {}
for key in vars(instance):
value = getattr(instance, key)
key = self.to_safe('ec2_' + key)
# Handle complex types
# state/previous_state changed to properties in boto in https://github.com/boto/boto/commit/a23c379837f698212252720d2af8dec0325c9518
if key == 'ec2__state':
instance_vars['ec2_state'] = instance.state or ''
instance_vars['ec2_state_code'] = instance.state_code
elif key == 'ec2__previous_state':
instance_vars['ec2_previous_state'] = instance.previous_state or ''
instance_vars['ec2_previous_state_code'] = instance.previous_state_code
elif type(value) in [int, bool]:
instance_vars[key] = value
elif type(value) in [str, unicode]:
instance_vars[key] = value.strip()
elif type(value) == type(None):
instance_vars[key] = ''
elif key == 'ec2_region':
instance_vars[key] = value.name
elif key == 'ec2__placement':
instance_vars['ec2_placement'] = value.zone
elif key == 'ec2_tags':
for k, v in value.iteritems():
key = self.to_safe('ec2_tag_' + k)
instance_vars[key] = v
elif key == 'ec2_groups':
group_ids = []
group_names = []
for group in value:
group_ids.append(group.id)
group_names.append(group.name)
instance_vars["ec2_security_group_ids"] = ','.join(group_ids)
instance_vars["ec2_security_group_names"] = ','.join(group_names)
else:
pass
# TODO Product codes if someone finds them useful
#print key
#print type(value)
#print value
return instance_vars
def get_host_info(self):
''' Get variables about a specific host '''
if len(self.index) == 0:
# Need to load index from cache
self.load_index_from_cache()
if not self.args.host in self.index:
# try updating the cache
self.do_api_calls_update_cache()
if not self.args.host in self.index:
# host migh not exist anymore
return self.json_format_dict({}, True)
(region, instance_id) = self.index[self.args.host]
instance = self.get_instance(region, instance_id)
return self.json_format_dict(self.get_host_info_dict_from_instance(instance), True)
def push(self, my_dict, key, element):
''' Pushed an element onto an array that may not have been defined in
the dict '''
if key in my_dict:
my_dict[key].append(element);
else:
my_dict[key] = [element]
def get_inventory_from_cache(self):
''' Reads the inventory from the cache file and returns it as a JSON
object '''
cache = open(self.cache_path_cache, 'r')
json_inventory = cache.read()
return json_inventory
def load_index_from_cache(self):
''' Reads the index from the cache file sets self.index '''
cache = open(self.cache_path_index, 'r')
json_index = cache.read()
self.index = json.loads(json_index)
def write_to_cache(self, data, filename):
''' Writes data in JSON format to a file '''
json_data = self.json_format_dict(data, True)
cache = open(filename, 'w')
cache.write(json_data)
cache.close()
def to_safe(self, word):
''' Converts 'bad' characters in a string to underscores so they can be
used as Ansible groups '''
return re.sub("[^A-Za-z0-9\-]", "_", word)
def json_format_dict(self, data, pretty=False):
''' Converts a dict to a JSON object and dumps it as a formatted
string '''
if pretty:
return json.dumps(data, sort_keys=True, indent=2)
else:
return json.dumps(data)
# Run the script
Ec2Inventory()
# !/usr/bin/env python
import httplib
import logging
import os
import pprint
from salt.utils.decorators import depends
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
try:
from boto import ec2
except ImportError as e:
log.trace('Failed to import boto: {0}'.format(e))
AWS_CREDENTIALS = {
'access_key': None,
'secret_key': None,
}
EC2_STATE_CODE = {
0: 'pending',
16: 'running',
32: 'shutting-down',
48: 'terminated',
64: 'stopping',
80: 'stopped'
}
def _get_credentials():
if AWS_CREDENTIALS['access_key'] and AWS_CREDENTIALS['secret_key']:
return AWS_CREDENTIALS
access_key = os.environ.get('AWS_ACCESS_KEY') or os.environ.get('AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID')
secret_key = os.environ.get('AWS_SECRET_KEY') or os.environ.get('AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY')
if access_key and secret_key:
return {
'access_key': access_key,
'secret_key': secret_key, }
return AWS_CREDENTIALS
def _call_aws(url):
conn = httplib.HTTPConnection("169.254.169.254", 80, timeout=1)
conn.request('GET', url)
response = conn.getresponse()
if response.status == 200:
return response.read()
def _get_az():
az = _call_aws('/latest/meta-data/placement/availability-zone')
return az
def _get_region():
az = _get_az()
region = az[:-1]
return region
def _get_instance_id():
instance_id = _call_aws('http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id')
return instance_id
def _fallback():
'''
Fallback function for the depends decorator to replace a function with
'''
return '"boto" needs to be installed for this custom grain to exist'
@depends('boto.ec2', fallback_function=_fallback)
def ec2_information():
results = {}
try:
_call_aws('http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data')
except:
return {}
region = _get_region()
credentials = _get_credentials()
try:
conn = ec2.connect_to_region(region,
aws_access_key_id=credentials['access_key'],
aws_secret_access_key=credentials['secret_key'])
except:
if not (credentials['access_key'] and credentials['secret_key']):
log.error("%s: no AWS credentials found, see documentation for how to provide them.", __name__)
return None
else:
log.error("%s: invalid AWS credentials found, see documentation for how to provide them.", __name__)
return None
instance_id = _get_instance_id()
reservation = conn.get_all_reservations(instance_ids=[instance_id])[0]
instance = reservation.instances.pop()
block_mapping = {}
for bd_name, bd in instance.block_device_mapping.items():
block_mapping[bd_name] = {
# 'connection': bd.connection,
'ephemeral_name': bd.ephemeral_name,
'no_device': bd.no_device,
'volume_id': bd.volume_id,
'snapshot_id': bd.snapshot_id,
'status': bd.status,
'attach_time': bd.attach_time,
'delete_on_termination': bd.delete_on_termination,
'size': bd.size,
'volume_type': bd.volume_type,
'iops': bd.iops,
}
sec_group_ids = []
sec_group_names = []
for i in instance.groups:
sec_group_ids.append(i.id)
sec_group_names.append(i.name)
results["sec_group_ids"] = sec_group_ids
results["sec_group_names"] = sec_group_names
interfaces = {}
for eni in instance.interfaces:
interfaces[eni.id] = {
'id': eni.id,
'mac_address': eni.mac_address,
'subnet_id': eni.subnet_id,
'status': eni.status,
'vpc_id': eni.vpc_id,
'owner_id': eni.owner_id,
'private_ip_address': eni.private_ip_address,
'description': eni.description,
'private_dns_name': eni.privateDnsName,
}
return {
'ec2': {
'id': instance.id,
'sec_group_ids': sec_group_ids,
'sec_group_names': sec_group_names,
'public_dns_name': instance.public_dns_name,
'private_dns_name': instance.private_dns_name,
'state_code': instance.state_code,
'state': EC2_STATE_CODE[instance.state_code],
'state_reason': instance.state_reason,
'previous_state': instance.previous_state,
'previous_state_code': instance.previous_state_code,
'key_name': instance.key_name,
'instance_type': instance.instance_type,
'launch_time': instance.launch_time,
'image_id': instance.image_id,
'region': region,
'placement': instance.placement,
'placement_group': instance.placement_group,
'placement_tenancy': instance.placement_tenancy,
'kernel': instance.kernel,
'ramdisk': instance.ramdisk,
'architecture': instance.architecture,
'hypervisor': instance.hypervisor,
'virtualization_type': instance.virtualization_type,
'product_codes': instance.product_codes,
'ami_launch_index': instance.ami_launch_index,
'monitored': instance.monitored,
'monitoring_state': instance.monitoring_state,
'spot_instance_request_id': instance.spot_instance_request_id,
'subnet_id': instance.subnet_id,
'vpc_id': instance.vpc_id,
'private_ip_address': instance.private_ip_address,
'ip_address': instance.ip_address,
'platform': instance.platform,
'root_device_name': instance.root_device_name,
'root_device_type': instance.root_device_type,
'block_device_mapping': block_mapping,
'interfaces': interfaces,
'ebs_optimized': instance.ebs_optimized,
'instance_profile': instance.instance_profile,
'tags': instance.tags
}
}
if __name__ == '__main__':
pprint.pprint(ec2_information())
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