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Small python script to split huge XML files into parts. It takes one or two parameters. The first is always the huge XML file, and the second the size of the wished chunks in Kb (default to 1Mb) (0 spilt wherever possible) The generated files are called like the original one with an index between the filename and the extension like that: bigxml.…
#!/usr/bin/env python
import os
import xml.parsers.expat
from xml.sax.saxutils import escape
from optparse import OptionParser
from math import log10
# How much data we process at a time
CHUNK_SIZE = 1024 * 1024
# The sequence of element leading us to the current one
path = []
# How far we are in the current file
cur_size = 0
# From how much should we start another file
MAX_SIZE = 1024*1024 # 1Mb
# The current index
cur_idx = 0
# The current file handle we are writing to
cur_file = None
# The format string used to introduce the index in the file to be written
FMT = ".%d"
# The filename we are playing with
out_dir = None
root = None
ext = None
# The xml declaration of the file.
xml_declaration = None
# What was the signature of the last start element
start = None
# if we are currently in the process of changing file
ending = False
def attrs_s(attrs):
""" This generate the XML attributes from an element attribute list """
l = ['']
for i in range(0,len(attrs), 2):
l.append('%s="%s"' % (attrs[i], escape(attrs[i+1])))
return ' '.join(l)
def next_file():
""" This makes the decision to cut the current file and starta new one """
global cur_size, ending
if (not ending) and (cur_size > MAX_SIZE):
# size above threshold, and not already ending
global cur_file, cur_idx
print "part %d Done" % cur_idx
ending = True
# Close the current elements
for elem in reversed(path):
# Close the file
# reset the size
cur_size = 0
# Open another file
cur_idx += 1
cur_file = open(os.path.join(out_dir, root + FMT % cur_idx + ext),
if xml_declaration is not None:
cur_file.write('<?xml%s?>\n' % attrs_s(xml_declaration))
# Start again where we stopped
for elem in path:
# We are done 'ending'
ending = False
def xml_decl(version, encoding, standalone):
global xml_declaration
l = ['version', version, 'encoding', encoding]
if standalone != -1:
l.extend(['standalone', 'yes' if standalone else 'no'])
xml_declaration = l
cur_file.write('<?xml%s?>\n' % attrs_s(xml_declaration))
def start_element(name, attrs):
""" Called by the parser when he meet a start element """
global cur_size, start
if start is not None:
# Chaining starts after each others
cur_file.write('<%s%s>' % (start[0], attrs_s(start[1])))
start = (name, attrs)
if ending:
cur_size += len(name) + sum(len(k) for k in attrs)
path.append((name, attrs))
def end_element(name):
""" Caled by the parser when he meet an end element """
global cur_size
global start
if start is not None:
# Empty element, good, we did not wrote the start part
cur_file.write('<%s%s/>' % (start[0],attrs_s(start[1])))
# There was some data, close it normaly
cur_file.write('</%s>' % name)
start = None
if ending:
elem = path.pop()
assert elem[0] == name
cur_size += len(name)
def char_data(data):
""" Called by the parser when he meet data """
global cur_size, start
wroteStart = False
if start is not None:
# The data belong to an element, we should write the start part first
cur_file.write('<%s%s>' % (start[0], attrs_s(start[1])))
start = None
wroteStart = True
# ``escape`` is too much for us, only & and < ned to be escaped there ...
data = data.replace('&', '&amp;')
data = data.replace('<', '&lt;')
if data == '>':
data = '&gt;'
cur_size += len(data)
if not wroteStart:
# The data was outside of an element, it could be the right moment to
# make the split
def main(filename, output_dir):
# Create a parser
p = xml.parsers.expat.ParserCreate()
# We want to reproduce the input, so we are interested in the order of the
# attributess
p.ordered_attributes = 1
# Set our callbacks (we are stripping comments out by not defining
# callbacks for them)
p.XmlDeclHandler = xml_decl
p.StartElementHandler = start_element
p.EndElementHandler = end_element
p.CharacterDataHandler = char_data
global cur_file, cur_idx
global out_dir, root, ext
global FMT
FMT = ".%%0%dd" % (int(log10(os.path.getsize(filename) / MAX_SIZE)) + 1)
out_dir, filename = os.path.split(filename)
if output_dir is not None:
out_dir = output_dir
root, ext = os.path.splitext(filename)
cur_file = open(os.path.join(out_dir, root + FMT % cur_idx + ext), 'wt')
with open(filename, 'rt') as xml_file:
while True:
# Read a chunk
chunk =
if len(chunk) < CHUNK_SIZE:
# End of file
# tell the parser we're done
p.Parse(chunk, 1)
# exit the loop
# process the chunk
# Don't forget to close our handle
print "part %d Done" % cur_idx
if __name__ == "__main__":
parser = OptionParser(usage="usage: %prog [options] XML_FILE")
parser.add_option("-o", "--output-dir",
help="Specify the directory where the xml files will be written" \
"(default to the same directory where the original file is)")
parser.add_option("-M", "--max_size", type="int",
help="Specify the size at which the files should be split (in Kb)")
(options, args) = parser.parse_args()
if len(args) != 1:
parser.error("incorrect number of arguments")
if options.max_size is not None:
MAX_SIZE = options.max_size * 1024
main(args[0], options.output_dir)
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