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Source for https://medium.com/p/3f6f4179652e - "RecyclerView and espresso, a complicated story"
RecyclerViewInteraction.<Item>onRecyclerView(withId(R.id.recyclerview))
.withItems(items)
.check(new ItemViewAssertion<Item>() {
@Override
public void check(Item item, View view, NoMatchingViewException e) {
matches(hasDescendant(withText(item.getDisplayName())))
.check(view, e);
}
});
import android.support.test.espresso.NoMatchingViewException;
import android.support.test.espresso.PerformException;
import android.support.test.espresso.ViewAssertion;
import android.support.test.espresso.util.HumanReadables;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.View;
public class RecyclerItemViewAssertion<A> implements ViewAssertion {
private int position;
private A item;
private ItemViewAssertion<A> itemViewAssertion;
public RecyclerItemViewAssertion(int position, A item, ItemViewAssertion<A> itemViewAssertion) {
this.position = position;
this.item = item;
this.itemViewAssertion = itemViewAssertion;
}
@Override
public final void check(View view, NoMatchingViewException e) {
RecyclerView recyclerView = (RecyclerView) view;
RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolderForPosition = recyclerView.findViewHolderForLayoutPosition(position);
if (viewHolderForPosition == null) {
throw (new PerformException.Builder())
.withActionDescription(toString())
.withViewDescription(HumanReadables.describe(view))
.withCause(new IllegalStateException("No view holder at position: " + position))
.build();
} else {
View viewAtPosition = viewHolderForPosition.itemView;
itemViewAssertion.check(item, viewAtPosition, e);
}
}
}
import android.support.test.espresso.NoMatchingViewException;
import android.view.View;
import org.hamcrest.Matcher;
import java.util.List;
import static android.support.test.espresso.Espresso.onView;
import static android.support.test.espresso.contrib.RecyclerViewActions.scrollToPosition;
public class RecyclerViewInteraction<A> {
private Matcher<View> viewMatcher;
private List<A> items;
private RecyclerViewInteraction(Matcher<View> viewMatcher) {
this.viewMatcher = viewMatcher;
}
public static <A> RecyclerViewInteraction<A> onRecyclerView(Matcher<View> viewMatcher) {
return new RecyclerViewInteraction<>(viewMatcher);
}
public RecyclerViewInteraction<A> withItems(List<A> items) {
this.items = items;
return this;
}
public RecyclerViewInteraction<A> check(ItemViewAssertion<A> itemViewAssertion) {
for (int i = 0; i < items.size(); i++) {
onView(viewMatcher)
.perform(scrollToPosition(i))
.check(new RecyclerItemViewAssertion<>(i, items.get(i), itemViewAssertion));
}
return this;
}
public interface ItemViewAssertion<A> {
void check(A item, View view, NoMatchingViewException e);
}
}
@sughimura

Thank you for very useful code, but i don't know how to use this.
Would you show me a little more specific sample code?

@ryansgot
ryansgot commented Jun 4, 2016 edited

@sughimura

It is indeed useful code, and it worked for me straight away. The key concept that is not explained in this code is "What is an Item?" In this case, an Item is just a placeholder for whatever class you're using to contain the information that populates the view. More concretely, suppose you have 10 items in your recycler view and those 10 items are supposed to have child TextViews with the their corresponding numbers. Then you could write an assertion like this:

RecyclerViewInteraction.<String>onRecyclerView(withId(R.id.recycler_id))
                .withItems(Arrays.asList(new String[] {"1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", '8", "9", "10"}))
                .check(new RecyclerViewInteraction.ItemViewAssertion<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void check(String item, View view, NoMatchingViewException e) {
                        matches(hasDescendant(withText(item))).check(view, e);
                    }
                });

This would scroll the RecyclerView to each position and then check that the item at that position has a child view with the text in the corresponding position of the list that was passed into the withItems method above.

@seanwdas

Can you please show the implementation of these with a little of details?

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