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Vyacheslav Egorov mraleph

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Dart VM FFI Vision


The aim of Dart FFI project (tracked as Issue #34452) is to provide a low boilerplate, low ceremony & low overhead way of interoperating with native C/C++ code.

The motivation behind this project is twofold:

mraleph / gist:3397008
Created Aug 19, 2012
simple and incomplete explanation of V8 strings
View gist:3397008

There are two types (actually more, but for the problem at hand only these two are important):

  • flat strings are immutable arrays of characters

  • cons strings are pairs of strings, result of concatenation.

If you concat a and b you get a cons-string (a, b) that represents result of concatenation. If you later concat d to that you get another cons-string ((a, b), d).

Indexing into such a "tree-like" string is not O(1) so to make it faster V8 flattens the string when you index: copies all characters into a flat string.

View gist:49c69e4b90ee3590a957

new Fn(...) vs Object.create(P)

Basics of object layout in V8

Each JavaScript object in V8 looks like this

|  map  | -> pointer to the hidden class

Making iteration faster in Array built-ins.

Lets imagine we have forEach method. The core loop of this method in V8 is implemented in JavaScript and looks like this:

for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
  if (i in array) {
    var element = array[i];
    %_CallFunction(receiver, element, i, array, f);
View test.dart
// Based on Martin Kustermann's version and adding support for
// finalization of memory mapped views.
import 'dart:ffi';
import 'dart:io';
import 'dart:typed_data';
import 'dart:math' as math;
import 'package:ffi/ffi.dart';
View decode.dart
library mirrors.src.decode;
import 'dart:mirrors' as mirrors;
import 'dart:convert';
/// Create an object of the given type [t] from the given JSON string.
decode(String json, Type t) {
// Get deserialization descriptor for the given type.
// This descriptor describes how to handle the type and all its fields.
final TypeDesc desc = getDesc(t);
View test.dart
void main() {
final count = 1000000;
final names = ['good', 'bad', 'whatever'];
final tests = [_test1, _test2, _test3];
final sw = Stopwatch();
var repeat = 10;
while (repeat-- > 0) {
for (var i = 0; i < tests.length; i++) {
final name = names[i];
mraleph / writer.dart
Last active Mar 9, 2021
manual big endian conversion in Dart
View writer.dart
library writer;
import 'dart:typed_data';
/// Writer wraps a fixed size Uint8List and writes values into it using
/// big-endian byte order.
class Writer {
/// Output buffer.
final Uint8List out;
View infinite-loop-trick.log
$ cat test.js
function foo () { while (true) { } }
function bar () { return foo(); }
$ node test.js &
$ gdb attach $(pidof node)
0x00000bf778c63d5f in ?? ()
(gdb) b v8::internal::Runtime_StackGuard
Breakpoint 1 at 0x84a1f0
(gdb) print 'v8::V8::TerminateExecution'(0)
View gist:525e9d8ff91b7a320dd336d98caed8e7
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