What is AOP?
Aspect Oriented Programming is a means to change the behaviour of – or add behaviour to – methods and functions (including constructors) non-invasively. The added behaviour is called “advice” and can be added before, after, or around the function it advises.
This description is similar to the Extract Surrounding refactoring method. The difference is in the direction of the change. It seems AOP is more focused at modifying existing behaviour non-invasively; where as the Extract Surrounding Method actually changes the source code to allow this type of behavioural modification.