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Functional style geoprocessing with Fiona, pyproj, Shapely
# Example of using Fiona, pyproj, and Shapely together in a functional
# style.
import functools
import logging
import sys
import fiona
from pyproj import Proj, transform
from shapely.geometry import mapping, shape
logging.basicConfig(stream=sys.stderr, level=logging.INFO)
# The two functions below operate on sequences of records and are generators
# for new sequences.
def transform_coords(func, records):
# Transform record geometry coordinates using the provided function.
for rec in records:
assert rec['geometry']['type'] == "Polygon"
new_coords = []
for ring in rec['geometry']['coordinates']:
x2, y2 = func(*zip(*ring))
new_coords.append(zip(x2, y2))
rec['geometry']['coordinates'] = new_coords
except Exception, e:
# Writing untransformed features to a different shapefile
# is another option.
"Error transforming record %s:", rec['id'])
yield rec
def clean_geom(records):
# Ensure that record geometries are valid and "clean".
for rec in records:
geom = shape(rec['geometry'])
if not geom.is_valid:
clean = geom.buffer(0.0)
assert clean.is_valid
assert clean.geom_type == 'Polygon'
geom = clean
rec['geometry'] = mapping(geom)
except Exception, e:
# Writing uncleanable features to a different shapefile
# is another option.
"Error cleaning record %s:", rec['id'])
yield rec
# I'm experimenting with changing the name of Fiona's file opening function
# from collection() to open(). Feedback greatly appreciated. = fiona.collection
# Here is where the work is done.
with"docs/data/test_uk.shp", "r") as source:
crs={'init': "epsg:27700", 'no_defs': True}
) as sink:
# The transform_coords function returns a generator for records.
# Its first argument is a function that transforms a single
# coordinate pair between two coordinate reference systems.
results = transform_coords(
functools.partial(transform, Proj(, Proj(,
source )
# The transformed record generator is used as input for the
# "cleaning" generator function.
results = clean_geom(results)
# Finally we write records from the last generator to the
# output "sink" file.
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