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Useful resources for working with iOS/ macOS Keychain API

Keychain API

kSecAttrAccessible Mapping

Protection Domain (pdmn) Keychain Accessibility Values
ck kSecAttrAccessibleAfterFirstUnlock
cku kSecAttrAccessibleAfterFirstUnlockThisDeviceOnly
dk kSecAttrAccessibleAlways
akpu kSecAttrAccessibleWhenPasscodeSetThisDeviceOnly
dku kSecAttrAccessibleAlwaysThisDeviceOnly
ak kSecAttrAccessibleWhenUnlocked
aku kSecAttrAccessibleWhenUnlockedThisDeviceOnly


Database (keychain-2.db) Structure

In the iOS keychain, all the keychain items are stored in 4 tables

Table kSecClass
genp kSecClassGenericPassword
inet kSecClassInternetPassword
cert kSecClassCertificate
key kSecClassKey

kSecClassIdentity = kSecClassCertificate + kSecClassKey

Keychain tables column names mapped to the corresponding keychain item class attributes

Column Attribute Description
cdat kSecAttrCreationDate Item creation date in Unix epoch time format
mdat kSecAttrModificationDate Item modification date in Unix epoch time format
desc kSecAttrDescription User visible string that describes the item
icmt kSecAttrComment User editable comment for the item
crtr kSecAttrCreator Application created (4 char) code
type kSecAttrType Item type
scrp kSecAttrScriptCode String script code (such as encoding type)
labl kSecAttrLabel Label to be displayed to the user (print name)
alis kSecAttrAlias Item alias
invi kSecAttrIsInvisible Invisible
nega kSecAttrIsNegative Invalid item
cusi kSecAttrHasCustomIcon Existence of application specific icon (Boolean)
prot kSecProtectedDataItemAttr ? Item’s data is protected (Boolean)
acct kSecAttrAccount Account key (such as user id)
svce kSecAttrService Service name (such as Application identifier)
gena kSecAttrGeneric User defined attribute
data kSecValueData Actual data (such as password, crypto key…)
agrp kSecAttrAccessGroup Keychain access group
pdmn kSecAttrAccessible Access restrictions (Data protection classes)


Apple Material

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