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Similar to User Approved Kernel Extensions (UAKEL) and Privacy Preferences Policy Control (PPPC) in earlier macOS versions, Catalina will now prompt users to allow Notifications from each app. Administrators can manage these prompts using a Configuration Profile. These profiles do not require User Approved MDM.
#!/bin/bash
<<ABOUT_THIS_SCRIPT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Written by:William Smith
Professional Services Engineer
Jamf
bill@talkingmoose.net
https://gist.github.com/talkingmoose/9faf50deaaefafa9a147e48ba39bb4b0
Reference: https://developer.apple.com/documentation/devicemanagement/notifications/notificationsettingsitem
Originally posted: October 5, 2019
Last updated: October 7, 2019
Purpose: Create configuration profiles to manage app notifications.
Upload the configuration profile to Jamf Pro or save to your desktop
Instructions: Run the script with help, -h or --usage for help.
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
"Fortune makes promises to many, keeps them to none.
Live for each day, live for the hours, since nothing is forever yours."
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
ABOUT_THIS_SCRIPT
# Jamf Pro URL and credentials
URL="https://jamfproserver.talkingmoose.net:8443"
userName="API-Editor"
password="P@55w0rd"
organizationName="Talking Moose Industries"
# -- set some variables for the rest of the script ----------------------------
# regular expression for "help" and "usage"
regHelp="^-?-?[Hh]([Ee][Ll][Pp])?|[Uu]([Ss][Aa][Gg][Ee])?$"
# regular expressions for "true" and "false"
regTrue="^[Tt]([Rr][Uu][Ee])?|[Yy]([Ee][Ss])?$"
regFalse="^[Ff]([Aa][Ll][Ss][Ee])?|[Nn]([Oo])?$"
# regular expressions for "upload" and "save"
regUpload="^[Uu]([Pp][Ll][Oo][Aa][Dd])?$"
regSave="^[Ss]([Aa][Vv][Ee])?$"
# regular expressions for "none", "banners" and "alerts"
regNone="^[Nn]([Oo][Nn][Ee])?$"
regBanners="^[Bb]([Aa][Nn][Nn][Ee][Rr][Ss])?$"
regAlerts="^[Aa]([Ll][Ee][Rr][Tt][Ss])?$"
# generate two UUIDs for configuration profile payload identifiers
PayloadUUID1=$( /usr/bin/uuidgen )
PayloadUUID2=$( /usr/bin/uuidgen )
# -- display usage information or parse app path for information --------------
appPath="$1"
if [[ "$appPath" =~ ${regHelp} ]]; then
echo
echo "Manage App Notifications
Purpose: Create configuration profiles to manage app notifications
Upload the configuration profile to Jamf Pro or save to your desktop
Configuration: To upload to your Jamf Pro server, edit these lines before running the script.
The API-Editor account needs the Create privilege for macOS Configuration Profiles in Jamf Pro
URL=\"https://jamfproserver.talkingmoose.net:8443\"
userName=\"API-Editor\"
password=\"P@55w0rd\"
organizationName=\"Talking Moose Industries\"
Usage: \"$0\" [/path/to/application]
Questions are followed by allowed responses with [default] responses in brackets.
Responses are case insensitive and accept the first letter or entire word.
Press return to accept the default response.
Example: $ \"$0\"
Path to managed app (drag app into this Terminal window): /Applications/FaceTime.app
...
or
$ \"$0\" /Applications/FaceTime.app
Allow Notifications from FaceTime ( [Yes] No ): Yes
FaceTime alert style ( None [Banners] Alerts ): A
Show notifications on lock screen ( [Yes] No ): n
Show in Notification Center ( [Yes] No ): true
Badge app icon ( [Yes] No ):
Play sound for notifications ( [Yes] No ): NO
Critical Alerts Enabled ( Yes [No] ): FALSE
Upload to Jamf Pro or Save to Desktop? ( [Upload] Save ): U
Your new Notifications configuration profile for FaceTime was uploaded to Jamf Pro and is ready for scoping.
Would you like to view the profile now? ( [Yes] No ): yes"
echo
exit 0
else
appBundleID=$( /usr/bin/defaults read "$appPath/Contents/Info.plist" CFBundleIdentifier 2>/dev/null )
appExecutable=$( /usr/bin/defaults read "$appPath/Contents/Info.plist" CFBundleExecutable 2>/dev/null )
appExecutableString=$( /usr/bin/sed -e 's/ /./g' <<< "$appExecutable" )
fi
# -- request path to managed app if no app path provided ----------------------
while [[ "$appExecutable" = "" ]];
do
read -p "Path to managed app (drag app into this Terminal window): " appPath
appBundleID=$( /usr/bin/defaults read "$appPath/Contents/Info.plist" CFBundleIdentifier 2>/dev/null )
appExecutable=$( /usr/bin/defaults read "$appPath/Contents/Info.plist" CFBundleExecutable 2>/dev/null )
appExecutableString=$( /usr/bin/sed -e 's/ /./g' <<< "$appExecutable" )
done
# -- choose notificationsEnabled ----------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$notificationsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$notificationsEnabled" =~ ${regFalse} ]];
do
echo
read -p "Allow Notifications from $appExecutable ( [Yes] No ): " notificationsEnabled # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
notificationsEnabled=${notificationsEnabled:-true}
done
if [[ "$notificationsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
notificationsEnabled="true"
else
notificationsEnabled="false"
fi
# -- choose alertType ---------------------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$alertType" =~ ${regNone} && ! "$alertType" =~ ${regBanners} && ! "$alertType" =~ ${regAlerts} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
echo
read -p "$appExecutable alert style ( None [Banners] Alerts ): " alertType # none, banners or alerts, case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
alertType=${alertType:-Banners}
done
if [[ "$alertType" =~ ${regNone} ]]; then
alertType="0"
elif [[ "$alertType" =~ ${regBanners} ]]; then
alertType="1"
else
alertType="2"
fi
# -- choose showInLockScreen --------------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$showInLockScreen" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$showInLockScreen" =~ ${regFalse} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
read -p "Show notifications on lock screen ( [Yes] No ): " showInLockScreen # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
showInLockScreen=${showInLockScreen:-true}
done
if [[ "$showInLockScreen" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
showInLockScreen="true"
else
showInLockScreen="false"
fi
# -- choose showInNotificationCenter ------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$showInNotificationCenter" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$showInNotificationCenter" =~ ${regFalse} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
read -p "Show in Notification Center ( [Yes] No ): " showInNotificationCenter # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
showInNotificationCenter=${showInNotificationCenter:-true}
done
if [[ "$showInNotificationCenter" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
showInNotificationCenter="true"
else
showInNotificationCenter="false"
fi
# -- choose badgesEnabled -----------------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$badgesEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$badgesEnabled" =~ ${regFalse} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
read -p "Badge app icon ( [Yes] No ): " badgesEnabled # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
badgesEnabled=${badgesEnabled:-true}
done
if [[ "$badgesEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
badgesEnabled="true"
else
badgesEnabled="false"
fi
# -- choose soundsEnabled -----------------------------------------------------
while [[ ! "$soundsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$soundsEnabled" =~ ${regFalse} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
read -p "Play sound for notifications ( [Yes] No ): " soundsEnabled # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
soundsEnabled=${soundsEnabled:-true}
done
if [[ "$soundsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
soundsEnabled="true"
else
soundsEnabled="false"
fi
# -- choose criticalAlertsEnabled (does not appear in GUI) --------------------
while [[ ! "$criticalAlertsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$criticalAlertsEnabled" =~ ${regFalse} && "$notificationsEnabled" = "true" ]];
do
read -p "Critical Alerts Enabled ( Yes [No] ): " criticalAlertsEnabled # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
criticalAlertsEnabled=${criticalAlertsEnabled:-false}
done
if [[ "$criticalAlertsEnabled" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
criticalAlertsEnabled="true"
else
criticalAlertsEnabled="false"
fi
# -- use this template XML to create a .mobileconfig file --------------------------
mobileconfig="<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC \"-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN\" \"http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd\">
<plist version=\"1.0\">
<dict>
<key>PayloadContent</key>
<array>
<dict>
<key>NotificationSettings</key>
<array>
<dict>
<key>AlertType</key>
<integer>$alertType</integer>
<key>BadgesEnabled</key>
<$badgesEnabled/>
<key>BundleIdentifier</key>
<string>$appBundleID</string>
<key>CriticalAlertEnabled</key>
<$criticalAlertsEnabled/>
<key>NotificationsEnabled</key>
<$notificationsEnabled/>
<key>ShowInLockScreen</key>
<$showInLockScreen/>
<key>ShowInNotificationCenter</key>
<$showInNotificationCenter/>
<key>SoundsEnabled</key>
<$soundsEnabled/>
</dict>
</array>
<key>PayloadDescription</key>
<string>Manage Notifications settings for $appExecutable app.</string>
<key>PayloadDisplayName</key>
<string>Notifications</string>
<key>PayloadEnabled</key>
<true/>
<key>PayloadIdentifier</key>
<string>$PayloadUUID1</string>
<key>PayloadOrganization</key>
<string>$organizationName</string>
<key>PayloadType</key>
<string>com.apple.notificationsettings</string>
<key>PayloadUUID</key>
<string>$PayloadUUID1</string>
<key>PayloadVersion</key>
<integer>1</integer>
</dict>
</array>
<key>PayloadDescription</key>
<string>Set $appExecutable notifications</string>
<key>PayloadDisplayName</key>
<string>Set $appExecutable notifications</string>
<key>PayloadEnabled</key>
<true/>
<key>PayloadIdentifier</key>
<string>$PayloadUUID2</string>
<key>PayloadOrganization</key>
<string>$organizationName</string>
<key>PayloadRemovalDisallowed</key>
<false/>
<key>PayloadScope</key>
<string>System</string>
<key>PayloadType</key>
<string>Configuration</string>
<key>PayloadUUID</key>
<string>$PayloadUUID2</string>
<key>PayloadVersion</key>
<integer>1</integer>
</dict>
</plist>"
# -- choose to upload to Jamf Pro or save to Desktop --------------------------
while [[ ! "$chooseOutput" =~ ${regUpload} && ! "$chooseOutput" =~ ${regSave} ]];
do
echo
read -p "Upload to Jamf Pro or Save to Desktop? ( [Upload] Save ): " chooseOutput # upload or save, case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
chooseOutput=${chooseOutput:-upload}
done
if [[ "$chooseOutput" =~ ${regUpload} ]]; then
# upload to Jamf Pro
profilePayload=$( /usr/bin/xmllint --noblanks - <<< "$mobileconfig" | /usr/bin/sed -e 's/</\&lt;/g' -e 's/>/\&gt;/g' )
profileXML="<os_x_configuration_profile>
<general>
<name>Set $appExecutable notifications</name>
<description>
<string>Manage Notifications settings for $appExecutable app.</string>
</description>
<site/>
<category/>
<distribution_method>Install Automatically</distribution_method>
<user_removable>false</user_removable>
<level>computer</level>
<uuid>$PayloadUUID2</uuid>
<payloads>$profilePayload</payloads>
</general>
</os_x_configuration_profile>"
# flatten the XML for the configuration profile to upload to Jamf Pro
flatXML=$( /usr/bin/xmllint --noblanks - <<< "$profileXML" )
# upload and create configuration profile
result=$( /usr/bin/curl "$URL/JSSResource/osxconfigurationprofiles/id/0" \
--silent \
--insecure \
--write-out "%{http_code}" \
--user "$userName":"$password" \
--header "Content-Type: text/xml" \
--request POST \
--data "$flatXML" 2>&1 )
# evaluate HTTP status code
resultStatus=${result: -3}
if [[ $resultStatus = 201 ]]; then # 201 is successful
echo
echo "Your new Notifications configuration profile for $appExecutable was uploaded to Jamf Pro and is ready for scoping."
# -- offer to open configuration profile in Jamf Pro ------------------
while [[ ! "$openProfile" =~ ${regTrue} && ! "$openProfile" =~ ${regFalse} ]];
do
echo
read -p "Would you like to view the profile now? ( [Yes] No ): " openProfile # true, false, yes or no; case insensitive, first letter accepted, return to accept default
openProfile=${openProfile:-true}
done
if [[ "$openProfile" =~ ${regTrue} ]]; then
resultXML=${result%???}
profileID=$( /usr/bin/xpath '/os_x_configuration_profile/id/text()' <<< "$resultXML" 2>/dev/null )
/usr/bin/open "$URL/OSXConfigurationProfiles.html?id=$profileID&o=r"
fi
else
echo
echo "Unable to upload your new Notifications configuration profile for $appExecutable [Response code: $resultStatus]."
echo
echo "CODE DESCRIPTION
000 Check server URL in script or add
200 Request successful
201 Request to create or update object successful
400 Bad request. Verify the syntax of the request specifically the XML body.
401 Authentication failed. Verify the credentials being used for the request.
403 Invalid permissions. Verify the account being used has the proper permissions for the object/resource you are trying to access.
404 Object/resource not found. Verify the URL path is correct.
409 Conflict. Delete existing profile \"Set $appExecutable notifications\" first.
500 Internal server error. Retry the request or contact Jamf support if the error is persistent."
fi
else
echo
echo "$mobileconfig" > "$HOME/Desktop/Set $appExecutable notifications.mobileconfig"
echo "Your new Notifications configuration profile for $appExecutable was saved to your desktop."
fi
exit 0
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